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FRIDAY - MARCH 28, 2003 - ISSUE NO. 59

Dear Friends and Industry Colleagues,

There are three news items this week about the use of Wireless Data to alert health-care professionals about the threat of a bioterrorist attack and tell them what to do if one occurs. A quick search, earlier this week, found over a dozen references to this testing of wireless PDAs by the US government. I hope someone has been in touch with them about ReFLEX-enabled PDAs.

This is my weekly newsletter about Wireless Data and Radio Paging. You are receiving this message because you have either communicated with me in the past about a wireless topic, or your address was included in another e-mail that I received on the same subject. This is not a SPAM. If you have received this message in error, or you are not interested in these topics, please click here, then click on “send” and you will be promptly removed from the mailing list with my apologies.

The TECH TIPS section this week includes a tutorial on what radio frequencies are and how they are assigned and used in two-way ReFLEX systems—it's not too long and not too technical. Please let me know if these TECH TIPS are helpful and if I should continue with them.

All my troubles are over! I can't tell you the details, because it is a big secret, but some nice guy over in Africa is going to deposit several million dollars in my personal bank account.

(Of course this is a joke, just in case you haven't received any of these crazy e-mails promising you lots of money. Some people actually believe this scam.)

wristwatch image

Another Wristwatch

NTT DoCoMo to sell wristphone

Wednesday 26 March 2003

NTT DoCoMo has unveiled a mobile telephone in the form of a wristwatch and will put the device on sale in Japan shortly.

The Wristomo device looks like a large wristwatch with a thick, firm strap that snaps around the wrist from each side.

On the end of one of these straps is the phone's microphone and on the end of the other is the earpiece. When making a call a user takes the wristphone off, unfolds the two straps and holds the device like a mobile telephone.

Source: Computer Weekly

wristwatch image

Wireless Palm OS 5 H500 in September

Friday 21st March 2003, 01:53 GMT

The wireless data market is going to get very crowded soon. WebLink Wireless has announced that they will offer a new RIM-killer Palm OS 5 device this fall with thumbboard, at a very low price. The catch? Grayscale screen.

Palm OS licensee Hunetec will soon be releasing its new Palm OS 5 smart pager device, the Hunetec H500. The H500 will be available on WebLink Wireless's ReFLEX network in the United States.

hunetec/palm pdrThe H500 is a tablet-style device similar to the RIM BlackBerry, complete with a QWERTY thumbboard. It has all the usual Palm OS features, as well as additional software from WebLink. Although it is a Palm OS 5 device, and therefore runs an ARM processor, it uses only a 160x160 grayscale screen. All other Palm OS 5 devices announced to date have run on 320x320 color screens. The device also offers 8 MB of RAM, and a flash card expansion card slot. It will offer 2-way paging service as well as Internet connectivity.

The H500 will run on the WebLink Wireless ReFLEX network. While most wireless data devices of late, such as the RIM BlackBerries and the Palm Tungsten W, have been gravitating towards GSM/GPRS as the network of choice, WebLink Wireless uses its own ReFLEX network, which has been built from the bottom up as a data-specific network. GPRS is an overlay for the voice-based GSM network. It is a narrowband PCS network, which is optimized for low-bandwidth transmissions (typical of mobile devices) and in-building penetration. WebLink claims that the ReFLEX network covers over 90% of the US population, and also has coverage in Canada and Mexico. It still offers a TCP/IP connection, however, so devices on the ReFLEX network are fully Internet-capable.

The H500 is expected to be available in September of this year, at an estimated price of $200-$300 USD. That prices it far below many other wireless devices, which sell for $400-$600 USD.


Feds To Test Bioterror Alerts On PDAs

March 21, 2003

The Department of Health and Human Services will test a system that uses handhelds to transmit urgent messages to medical personnel in the event of a biological attack.

The federal government is looking for tools to communicate more quickly with doctors and other frontline clinicians in the event of a biological attack. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services said Friday it will test a system that uses PDAs to send emergency information about biological agents. It will use the privately run eProcates network to send test messages to up to 700,000 clinicians, including 250,000 physicians, to evaluate how and when they download urgent information and whether they find it useful.

The pilot is the first approved under a Health and Human Services initiative begun last year to look at private-sector health efforts to see if they can improve bioterrorism preparedness or public health overall. The program is run by the Council on Private Sector Initiatives to Improve the Security, Safety, and Quality of Health Care.

The test message will contain a memo about the highest-level threat of biological agents, including anthrax, botulism, plague, smallpox, tularemia, and viral fevers such as Ebola. It will include Web links for additional information on diagnosis and treatment of people exposed to biological agents; the information can be saved on a PDA for future reference.

Source: InforMation Week

Instant-messaging system would warn physicians of bioterrorism

March 22, 2003

Federal health officials said Friday they will soon start testing a system that would allow instant messaging of bioterror alerts to nearly half the nation's doctors via handheld computers.

The three-month pilot project is designed to help figure out the best way for the government to communicate with front-line health providers in the event of a bioterrorism attack.

During the 2001 anthrax attacks, the Department of Health and Human Services primarily used teleconferences and the Internet to communicate with physicians and other providers.

" This important new project will allow us to harness the power of technology to communicate with many of the doctors, nurses and other clinicians who will be called on to diagnose and treat patients quickly in the event of a bioterrorist attack," said HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson.

Various brands of digital assistants able to store medical records and connect wirelessly to e-mail and Internet services have become increasingly popular with health providers in the past decade.

Researchers from the federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality want to know how and when providers actually download alerts, and whether they find it useful to get information through their PDAs.

The project will use one private handheld network, called ePocrates, to send an urgent "Doc Alert" message to more than 700,000 clients, including more than 250,000 doctors.

The test message will feature a memo about the six diseases or biological agents that the government considers the highest threats to the public: anthrax, botulism, plague, smallpox, tularemia and viral hemorrhagic fevers, including Ebola.

The message will also include links to Web sites that clinicians can use to seek more information about diagnosing and treating conditions caused by the biological agents.

Officials said the initiative is designed to complement the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's current Health Alert Network.

Source: KnoxNews

PDAs tested to send quick messages on biological attacks

March 22, 2003

The federal government on Friday tested the effectiveness of hand-held personal digital assistants for transmitting data about biological agents to front-line clinicians in the event of a terrorist attack.

"This important new project will allow us to harness the power of technology to communicate with many of the doctors, nurses, and other clinicians who will be called on to diagnose and treat patients quickly in the event of a bioterrorist attack," Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy G. Thompson said. "This will literally allow them to have critical information at their fingertips when they need it most."

The three-month test will evaluate how and when the information is downloaded and whether clinicians consider the devices useful for communicating threats. The test will use ePocrates, the nation's largest physicians' PDA network, for sending "Doc Alert" messages to more than 700,000 front-line clinicians.

Some time in the next two weeks, a test message will be sent to 10,000 infectious disease, emergency room and primary care physicians nationwide, said Lydia Green, director of corporate communications for ePocrates.

It will include information about biological agents that are the greatest threat, such as anthrax, botulism, plague, smallpox, tularemia and Ebola and other hemorrhagic fevers. It also will provide Web links where clinicians can find additional information about diagnosing and treating these diseases. Clinicians will be able to save this information to their PDAs for future reference.

Dr. Bill Kelly, infectious disease specialist at Greenville Hospital System, said it sounds like a reasonable approach, especially for younger physicians who use the devices regularly.

"Our residents use them constantly. I'll be on rounds and they're always pulling these things out when I'm talking about stuff," he said.

The $80,000 project is the first to be tried under special initiatives established last year to ensure that HHS responds to private sector technological advances that could improve public health and bioterrorism preparedness.

It is designed to complement the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's existing Health Alert Network, created in 1998 to communicate directly with more than 25,000 public health officials.

Source: GreenvilleOnline

It's Time for Data to Take Center Stage as Wireless Operators Complete Rollout of Next-Generation Packet Data Networks

Mar 25, 2003, 11:15 am

A Yankee Group report finds that while critical pieces of the wireless data value chain continue to fall into place, the market remains immature and fragmented. But wireless applications and services delivery platforms for the consumer and enterprise markets have gained significant momentum and are a powerful catalyst for jump-starting the nascent wireless data industry.

Source: The Wireless Arena Network

The 101 Dumbest Moments in Business

Whiffed pitch No. 2: swiping your competitor's idea and completely screwing it up.

No. 11  In an attempt to blunt Apple's (AAPL ) "Switch" campaign, Microsoft posts a page on its website, titled "Confessions of a Mac to PC Convert," featuring a woman touting the Windows XP operating system. It's soon revealed, however, that the woman pictured is a model and the touting comes from a freelance writer paid by Gates & Co.

Source: Business 2.0

Let Your Phone Give You Directions

Three new products that turn cell phones into navigation devices were unveiled at the Cellular Telecommunication and Internet Association's Wireless 2003 trade show. Navigation Technologies unveiled software, developed with help from Motorola, that enables computer-generated voice directions on a Nextel phone.

Source: Wireless Newsfactor


ReFLEX™ frequencies

I used to conduct training for my marketing staff every week while I was managing Motorola's international paging market development group. They all told me that they loved that hour that we spent together. I really don't think it was just the box of donuts that I usually brought, I think it was the "non-threatening" environment that we met in. These were professionals—most of them with MBAs—so they certainly weren't dumb, they just didn't have a background in technical topics. The problem was, they were embarrassed sometimes to ask a technical question in a room full of engineers. No one likes to hear, "what, you mean you don't know that?" So my first goal was to make them feel comfortable asking anything about paging. I said that if I couldn't answer the question, someone in the building could. (This was the building where a large portion of the world's pagers were produced.) One day, the market specialist for Latin America asked, "Brad I hear people talking about microwave equipment being used in paging and I always wonder what they are talking about. My wife has a microwave in the kitchen but I don't think they mean the same thing. Could you explain how microwave equipment is used in paging?" Well, I gave him a simple explanation and from then on he didn't have to feel embarrassed when the engineers talked about microwave links.

So my point is, there seems to still be a lot of confusion about how frequencies are assigned and used in ReFLEX two-way paging systems, and some of you may be too embarrassed to ask about this. Since we both know you are not dumb, this week I will give you a fairly non-technical review of how this all works. First of all, the FCC and others refer to ReFLEX as "narrowband" PCS and this is confusing to paging people because the two-way channel assignments are usually wider than the one-way paging channels. They are "narrowband" only when you compare them with "wideband" PCS (telephone) channels, not to one-way paging channels.

The next confusing thing is how you should refer to the frequencies that ReFLEX uses. But first, let's review what radio frequencies are—just the basics—nothing too complicated. A radio frequency, or one cycle of a radio wave is measured in hertz, named after Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, the German physicist who first proved that electricity could be transmitted in electromagnetic waves. Back when I started in radio, we used the terms "cycles per second" or "kilocycles" or "megacycles." Now-a-days, the correct terms are "hertz" or "kilohertz" or "megahertz." In the following example, you can see how these three terms are related:

frequency illustration

The frequency 929,662,500 hertz can also be stated as 929,662.5 kilohertz, or 929.6625 megahertz. They all mean the same thing; the decimal point just gets moved over three places as the name charges. To put all this in perspective, look at some examples: 1 megahertz is a frequency that you can receive on your AM radio, and 100 megahertz is a frequency you can receive on your FM radio. TV stations operate all over the place between 54 MHz and 806 MHz. Microwave ovens operate on 2,500 megahertz (2.5 gigahertz). Cellphones operate around 850 and 1,700 MHz. Now you know a little more about radio frequencies.

What then is the right way to specify a ReFLEX radio frequency? There are two ways you can do this. The first and traditional way is to refer to the center frequency of a radio channel. This is simply the middle frequency between the upper and lower channel limits. The other way is to specify the range by stating the lower frequency followed by the upper frequency. For example, following below you will find a graphical illustration of a typical 50 KHz ReFLEX forward channel. Forward means that this range of frequencies is used to transmit from a base station transmitter (some people say "the tower") out to the ReFLEX pager or telemetry device. So, you can say that this is a 50 kilohertz channel centered on 940.275 megahertz or you can say that this is a 940.250 to 940.300 MHz (megahertz) channel. Either way is correct.

ReFLEX technology puts three forward sub-channels into 50 KHz of bandwidth by using 12.5 KHz spacing instead of the traditional 25 KHz spacing used on most of the radio channels here in the USA. They leave a little empty space in the upper and lower limits of the channel to help avoid interference (splatter) on the adjacent channels. On the reverse channels, they squeeze 4 sub-channels into the same amount of bandwidth since these are the frequencies that the pagers transmit on, and their power is much less than a base station—so the chance of interference to other radios is much less.

The forward channel is the one the two-way pager listens to, and the reverse channel is the one it talks back on. Easy! OK, so here is how the forward channel is set up:

reflex tx channels

Now for the reverse channel, where four sub-channels are used instead of three. The correct way to refer to this channel is, "50 KHz centered on 901.275 MHz" or just "901.250 - 901.300." Either one is OK.

reflex rx chanels

simulcast   4-level modulation   Modulation speeds
Forward channel speed: 6400 bps
Reverse channel speed options
Option 1: 800 bps
Option 2: 1600 bps
Option 3: 6400 bps
Option 4: 9600 bps

(The following clarification was added on 03/30/03.)

Forward channel options:
Reverse channel options:
2-level FSK @ 1600 bps 4-level FSK @ 800 bps
2-level FSK @ 3200 bps 4-level FSK @ 1600 bps
4-level FSK @ 3200 bps 4-level FSK @ 6400 bps
4-level FSK @ 6400 bps 4-level FSK @ 9600 bps

OK, school is out. That is the end of the lesson for this week.


vytel logo


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Specifications and Features

User's Manual

To request pricing and delivery information for the PTX-150, please click here. left arrow


The PTX-150 VHF Direct Digital Paging Transmitter is designed to meet the paging industry’s latest standards for high-speed FLEX and simulcast operation. It operates with a wide range of standard network interfaces, and is ideal for both new systems as well as upgrading of existing paging networks.

This Direct Digital Paging Transmitter is designed to generate all modern paging formats including POCSAG, FLEX and ERMES. Standard output power is 100 watts continuous (adjustable 25-100 Watts). Optional amplifiers are available with 250 and 500 Watts output. Up to sixteen channels can be preset for multichannel operation over the 138-174 MHz frequency range.

For simulcast operation the standard internal 1 ppm TCXO may be supplemented by either a built-in 0.05 ppm high stability option or an external reference oscillator. Precision control over carrier offset and delay equalization is also provided.

The PTX-150 incorporates a wide variety of network interface and remote diagnostic capabilities. The standard unit includes an interface for conventional POCSAG controllers and paging terminals. It also includes an interface for C2000 and C-Net controllers. A separate data port provides comprehensive local or remote programming, real time diagnostics, and alarms for all key operational parameters. A WINDOWS®-based software package is available to provide a convenient and easy-to-use remote monitoring capability.

The PTX-150 is ultra-efficient in operation and incorporates a built-in universal 115/230 VAC power supply (auto select) 50/60 Hz. It is supplied in a compact 4 RU high rack mounted case and includes internal front to back cooling optimized to maintain low PA junction temperatures. The unit is rated for 100% continuous duty at up to 60° C ambient temperature.

animated wireless logo Wireless Data

I am a manufacturer representative (MR) for Vytek Wireless Products. (Formerly Sonik.) Please look at their web site to see what they have to offer to the Paging and Wireless Messaging industry.

To download the product brochure for the PL-900 Paging Data Receiver, please click here. left arrow left arrow CLICK FOR MORE INFO

To let me know if you would like to receive a price quotation on any Vytek product, click on the link above.

Check out this great telemetry product: right arrow

Why shouldn't your paging company be using these to bring in new revenue? right arrow

VYTEK's PL-900 Paging Data Receiver

paging data receiver

Wireless Data—breathing new life into the paging industry. The Daviscomms TMR (Telemetry Messaging Receiver) is a one-way FLEX™ telemetry device and is being manufactured by Daviscomms in Singapore. It is being stocked and distributed in the Americas by Vytek Wireless Products as the PageLink™ PDR (Paging Data Receiver). The PL-900 provides a solution for customers looking for a CreataLink™ one-way receiver replacement. THIS IS A HOT PRODUCT.

Legacy Technology Solutions LLC

Paging infrastructure repair with warranty. Please ask for Virgil Jarrard, President, and tell him Brad sent you. Toll-free voice: 1-877-436-8044 or voice: 972-436-8044, fax: 972-436-8944. They are located in the Dallas suburbs, and they occasionally have some good deals on reconditioned paging equipment as well. Check with them for current product availability. You can send Virgil an e-mail by clicking here. left arrowCLICK

Would you like to put something in the newsletter?

If you have any wireless equipment that you would like to buy or sell, please let me know. Everything that is offered for sale in this newsletter is on the honor system. I don't charge individuals for listing something for sale. There is a small charge for companies wanting to promote their products here. If a sale is made, I ask the seller to send me a 10% commission, much the same as the voluntary payments that are requested on the Internet for shareware. There is no cost to the buyer. left arrow CLICK TO MAIL

Recommended Paging Equipment Broker

Pat Merkel

Telephone: 770-638-1006 left arrow CLICK TO MAIL

I have known Pat for many years. We worked together at BBL Industries in Atlanta about 20 years ago. She is a friend—you can trust her.

Can You Help?

newsstream As we all know, Wireless Messaging is less than 20 years old yet it is almost impossible to find evidence of our early experiments and successes.  Many of us experimented with wireless delivery of e-mail using the Teknow solution from the late 80s and others wrote simple scripts to parse and send SMTP messages to our pagers.  However how many of us documented these experiments?

Before what is left goes to the landfill, or is lost as us old timers start to die off, I would request help in archiving the following into a Museum of Early Messaging.  It appears that support to house this museum may be forthcoming from a pioneering company in Wireless Messaging but nothing is firm at this point.

  • Articles or papers on early 90s use of a browser on a two-way wireless device (Newton etc.)
  • Description of Anterior Technologies / RadioMail (pre Motorola) messaging Gateway and PDA/paging solutions.  Any magazine articles or early brochures on RadioMail would be very helpful.
  • Documentation and HP95LX software for the Motorola NewsStream module. Any articles on examples of uses would be great.
  • Any documentation magazine articles on the use of delivery of e-mail to a wireless device.
  • Back issues of Telocator Magazine from 1990-1995 time frame.
  • Motorola PCMCIA PagerCard with documentation and PC or PDA software.  Any articles depicting early use of the card also helpful.

If you think you can help with any of the above I am prepared to cover all hard costs as well as compensate fairly for any old hardware offered to the cause.  

Can you help? Give me a call or e-mail.

Paul Cassel
Telephone: 519-634-5139

Motorola Keynote Voice & Numeric Pager

Do you remember the Motorola Keynote pager? There was a model that included both voice and numeric display paging in the same unit. I have a customer that needs several hundred of these pagers. They haven't been manufactured for ten years now. The frequency is 149.185 MHz but anything is this VHF sub-band would be OK—the pagers can be re-crystalized. If you know where I can find some of these pagers, please send me an e-mail. Surely there is a big box full of these in a back room somewhere. left arrow CLICK TO MAIL

PDR photoFLEX™ Telemetry device

A reader has 190 surplus Tellus one-way PDR's (paging data receivers), model no. TSPM9FXSB, tuned to 929.0125 MHz, re-tunable 929-932 MHz (synthesized), with RJ-11 out. All are in original bubble wrap/individual cardboard box packaging.

For general info on the product click here. For technical specs click here.

These are a steal at $49 each—(FOB source)—if you take the whole batch. If you want to buy them, please contact me by e-mail or telephone at: . They wont last long at this price.

wiring for wireless

Wiring for Wireless Sites

by Ira Wiesenfeld

ISBN 1-4018-1037-3

Price: $41.95

A "go to" resource for site planning engineers and technicians, as well as professionals already in the radio and wireless installation and maintenance business, this book virtually eliminates hours of time linking generic electrical/electronic circuit theory to manufacturer-specific descriptions of cables before moving on to actual installation. Comprehensive coverage spans the spectrum, from equipment layout and wiring through grounding and lighting protection.

  • Safety precautions allow novices to develop sound and professional work practices as they gain new knowledge and hands-on skills
  • The importance of testing and documentation is emphasized, with specific procedures and guidelines included in nearly every chapter
  • Objectives, summaries and review questions focus attention on key points, allowing readers to gauge their understanding of key concepts and cabling techniques

About the Author
Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E., has been in the commercial radio business for a long time and has built many radio systems and sites over the last three and a half decades. He has a BSEE from SMU in Dallas, Texas, is a licensed professional engineer in Texas, has been involved with amateur radio since 1963, and holds a commercial FCC General Radiotelephone Operator License.

To Order, Call 800-347-7707 or visit

Wireless Messaging Software

InfoRad® Wireless Office (Windows 95, 98, ME, NT, 2000, XP) is designed for the professional who needs full-featured wireless messaging capabilities. Features include enhanced user interface,  message log with search function, scheduled paging,  group and individual message addresses, TAPI Smart™, multiple protocol SMS communication compatibility. AlphaCare™ support services available. With a 32-bit architecture, InfoRad Wireless Office is designed for compatibility with Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP. For more information on InfoRad Wireless Messaging software, and a free demo, please click on the logo.

InfoRad logo left arrow CLICK HERE


outr net logo


handhelds image

For All Popular Wireless Handhelds

Want to see some ROI? How about Field Force Automation with faster dispatching of technicians and better inventory management using wireless devices? For more information please call me so we can talk, and check out their web site at: www.outr.netleft arrow CLICK

These customized solutions cost a lot less than you might think.

tga logosparkgap photo

Two-way Paging Network and Transmitter Controller

TGA Technologies believes that the future of the radio paging industry lies in the evolution of 2-way paging for both man and machine, based on the ReFLEX™ format. To that end, TGA has produced the SPARKGAP™ ReFLEX Network Manager. This device is fully ReFLEX 2.7.x compliant and will support campus, local, regional or national networks.  When used in conjunction with the TGA PRISM paging terminal, SPARKGAP™ offers a controlled path for growth in paging technology.

They also have a new product that can replace the RTS Advantage™ that many international paging network members are using.

I completely agree with TGA's strategy. If you would like to have more information about the SPARKGAP™ click here.

aapc logojoin aapc

AAPC’s Mission Statement Defines Purpose

  • Identifying issues of common concern to its members
  • Providing an effective forum for the discussion and progression of issues relating to the industry
  • Monitoring and addressing regulatory and legal matters as a unified organization
  • Providing research into and development of our industry and its current and prospective markets
  • Providing education and resources to address the challenges and trends affecting our operating environments
  • Encouraging and maintaining high standards of ethics and services
  • Championing the industry and representing paging carriers with a positive voice

Our industry must move forward together or perish individually. If you want to get involved, please click here. Come and join us!

nolia 3390 image

Nokia GSM Phones

I am able to offer up to 20,000 units (per month) brand-new Nokia GSM phones (model #3390) 1900 MHz, to anyone from outside of the USA. These phones are all ESN unlocked. All phones must be exported, and are in original-new boxes and have never been used. Price is very low and depends on quantity—heavy discounts are possible. Let's make a deal. Other new models are available as well.

I also have some great deals on refurbished phones. They are Sony-Ericsson, Nokia, Siemens, Mitsubishi, Samsung, LG, and Motorola—a mix of CDMA and GSM phones. left arrow CLICK TO GET THE MOST RECENT LIST

Wireless Automation

Check out the following four categories of two-way wireless data communications. We have the ability to customize solutions to meet your (or your customer's) needs.

Data Communications Level 1 A basic ReFLEX transceiver, sending and receiving serial RS-232 ASCII data.
Telemetry (Alarm and Control) Level 2 An enhanced ReFLEX transceiver, monitoring alarms from a remote site, and sending commands to the remote site.
Asset or Fleet Tracking Level 3 An enhanced ReFLEX transceiver, with the addition of a GPS module for the reporting of accurate locations to enable tracking.
Field Force Automation Level 4 An enhanced ReFLEX transceiver, with the addition of a GPS module and a handheld computer terminal for full automation of field service activities all the way from the customer's location back to the service company's back office.
AMTEL Wireless can generally turn a specification into a prototype in two to four weeks. If you have an interesting application in mind, please give me a call so we can talk.

Special Model Cellphone Needed

A friend of a friend of mine has a 2002 BMW that is pre-wired for a cellphone. It requires a special model made by Motorola for this car and for use on AT&T's TDMA system. It is a CPT-8000. If you know where we can find one, please let me know. left arrow CLICK


Thanks to everyone for all the positive comments about the story concerning my uncle in World War II. If anyone was offended, they didn't say anything. One good friend in Mexico said that this war is being conducted according the the laws of the jungle. The strongest are killing to keep from being killed. I guess he is right. I hate war, but sometimes it is necessary. I am very sorry that people are suffering—on both sides. It's all about choice. We all have the ability to choose between good and evil.


brad photo

With best regards,

brad's signature

Brad Dye

animated logo
Web: Consulting and Job search page left arrow CLICK HERE
Can I help you with some consulting on one of your projects?
I am also looking for a full-time position and I am willing to relocate.
FLEX, ReFLEX, and InFLEXion, are trademarks or registered trademarks of Motorola, Inc.
CreataLink is a trademark of SmartSynch Communications Corp. The product and trademark were formerly owned by Motorola Inc.
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