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baby new year

2003 was a year full of challenges but it is over now and a new year has begun. I think it is always appropriate to review the goals that we made for ourselves in the previous year. I am pleased to report that several of mine have been met on both a personal and professional level. My business has grown, my family ties have strengthened, and my health is reasonably good—which is amazing for a model with this many miles on it. I hope that you made good progress toward your goals as well. The good thing about making goals is that since we set them ourselves, there is no penalty for not completely meeting them—we can continue our pursuit of personal and business growth in the following year. Here is a new one that I am working on (it came in an e-mail this week):

Let go of your attachment to being right, and suddenly your mind is more open. You're able to benefit from the unique viewpoints of others, without being crippled by your own judgment.
(Ralph Marston)

Welcome to the new advertisers, Programming Concepts (PCI) and Daviscomms USA. PCI does a lot of things, but most interesting to our readers is that they are the authorized support center for RTS Wireless™ products. Many of our readers use the RTS Advantage™ as the TNPP routing hub for their International Network. Daviscomms USA represents Daviscomms in Singapore, a diversified manufacturer of Pagers and many other types of electronic devices. Please check out their advertisements.

My friend, mentor, former boss, and co-worker, Ron Mercer is available for various types of communications consulting work. He is the first one that I go to for advice. His poster follows below.

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This is my weekly newsletter about Wireless Data and Radio Paging. You are receiving this message because you have either communicated with me in the past about a wireless topic, or your address was included in another e-mail that I received on the same subject. This is not a SPAM. If you have received this message in error, or you are not interested in these topics, please click here, then click on "send" and you will be promptly removed from the mailing list with my apologies.

A new issue of the Paging and Wireless Data Newsletter gets posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon Eastern US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the Internet. That way it doesn't fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world's major paging and wireless data companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers, so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It's all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get reader's comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the paging, and wireless data communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my website.

NOTE: This newsletter is best viewed at screen resolutions of 800x600 (good) or 1024x768 (better). Any current revision of web browser should work just fine. Please notify me of any problems with viewing. This site is compliant with XHTML 1.0 transitional coding for easy access from wireless devices. (XML 1.0 / ISO 8859-1)

PAGING CARRIERS: Our industry must move forward together or we will perish individually.

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Last year we were fortunate to have some great opinion pieces from other authors. I would like to invite everyone to submit articles on wireless topics for inclusion in the newsletter this year. If you are like me, you probably think that there are many others who are more qualified to write articles. That may be true, but they generally don't write articles! Remember the saying: "If it is to be, it has to begin with me."

Between Christmas and the New Year, there is not a lot of news available about Paging and Wireless Data. During the first two weeks in January, after everyone gets back from the holidays and the extra vacation days that many take, there usually are many press releases that come out. If this year is anything like last year, I expect to be very busy keeping up with all the news and bringing it to you in the next two issues. For this week's issue I have included some news clips from the Federal Communications Commission (US-FCC) about recent issues at our regulatory agency. Also included is some interesting historical information about the licensing of paging in the United States.

  • The FCC's definition of Paging
  • The FCC's definition of Narrowband PCS (two-way paging)
  • The History of Licensing Commercial Paging

Following are some digital snapshots of the New Year's Eve celebrations in New York City from a live television feed that I captured directly into my computer with an A/D converter. Enjoy!


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Times Square NYC just before midnight

times square
Times Square NYC just after midnight
exactly midnight
Times Square NYC at exactly midnight
statue of liberty
The Statue of Liberty NYC at midnight
Advertiser Index
AAPC—American Association of Paging Carriers Motorola Inc.
Advanced RF CommunicationsPreferred Wireless
Cassel & AssociatesProgramming Concepts
Cook Paging ProfitPlu$
Daviscomms USARon Mercer
DX Radio Systems SALCOM Technologies
Enrique Llaca—Authentium rep. in Mexico Selective Communications
Global Fax Network Services Swissphone Wireless
Hark Systems TGA Technologies
ISC Technologies Zetron Inc.
ron mercer globalindiana paging

Motorola Introduces Two New Pagers Ideal for Health Care, Hospitality, Manufacturing, and Utilities Markets

Motorola's newest one-way pagers—the Advisor II pager and the LS355 pager—are ideal for users in demanding business environments who need a convenient and cost effective way to stay in touch.

Both the Advisor II pager and the LS355 pager were developed for use in hospitals and medical facilities, manufacturing environments, utilities, hospitality applications, campus settings, and for businesses that own and operate their own paging systems.

advisor 2The Advisor II pager's alphanumeric four-line display and expanded functionality incorporate many of the most advanced paging features available. A major advantage of the Advisor II pager is that it is synthesized which enables the user to program the pager to a specific frequency in the field. Other features of the Advisor II pager include:

  • Displays up to four lines of text and 80 characters per line
  • Zooms in on two lines for larger view
  • Optimax® EL Electra Light for optimum readability
  • 52 message slots for storing multiple pages
  • Two notebook areas, including a personal notebook and a mail drop notebook

ls355The LS355 numeric pager enables users to receive a "call-back" number that can be returned at the user's convenience. This pager has a one-button design for ease of use. Features of the new LS355 pager include:

  • 16 message slots for storing multiple pages
  • Six individual addresses to allow the user to receive individual or group pages
  • 4 icons including Message Preview, Unread Message Indication, Alert Mode, and Out of Range Indication
  • Saves messages when off or when the battery is being changed and offers the time and date when on standby
  • RS232 programmable to allow for programming changes in the field

Both the Advisor II pager and the LS355 pager are available in POCSAG, UHF or VHF models and ship with a one-year standard warranty. As part of the continued support of these pagers, Motorola offers a two-year Express Service Plus program. This feature provides hardware repair coverage for two years beyond the standard one-year warranty for a total of three years of pager repair coverage. Both pagers are available through Motorola Authorized Resellers.

MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © Motorola, Inc. 2003.

Paging System Technician

Immediate opening for technician responsible for maintenance and expansion of paging systems throughout Northern California. Applicant should have experience with Glenayre and Motorola Paging Transmitters. Experience with related equipment including paging switching terminals and telephone interconnection, Excel and light Word processing is a plus. Position is based in San Rafael, California and Cook Paging offers a competitive salary and a full benefits package.

Please send your resume to: or

Or fax it to: Cook Paging, Engineering Dept. at: 415-456-5566.

small postermedium poster
small poster
small: $3.85/weekmedium: $7.70/week
large poster
large: $11.54/week
extra large poster
extra large: $15.38/week
A poster size to fit every budget.

For more information on advertising click here.


Paging Training Course

For Sales, Marketing, and Administration employees.

A one-day training course on paging that can be conducted at your place of business. Please take a look at a draft of the course outline to see if you think this might be beneficial in your company. Paging training course outline.

swissphone excellence

quattrino pager

two tone pager

  • Reliable operation
  • Flexible programming
  • Weather resistant

A fast and reliable alarming system is an indisputable prerequisite for emergency fire and rescue services to respond successfully and efficiently. State-of-the-art paging enables groups as well as individuals to be alerted.

The Quattrino Voice and Memo two tone pagers are suitable for everyone, even for those working in an emergency during severe weather conditions. Continual further development of previous popular models has resulted in a practical, reliable and user-friendly device, innovatively housed with ergonomic operating controls. Design elements include a very long standby function and weather proofing to the European IP54 specifications.

I am an authorized Manufacturer Representative for Swissphone. Please contact me directly for any additional information. left arrow CLICK

advanced rf logo

Advanced RF Communications offers a complete line of products and services to support your new or existing paging system. Our RF and System engineering team utilizes the latest technologies and techniques to deliver reliable high-speed digital data messaging or tone/voice paging for local or wide area simulcast one-way or two-way paging systems.

Advanced RF Communications is a proud sponsor of the:

American Association of Paging Carriers

join aapc

Our System design and installation services integrate all the "boxes" and deliver fully operational one or two-way paging "system". We can also "tune-up" that existing paging system with our diagnostic and troubleshooting services to restore System performance that has deteriorated over time.


1 or 2 ea. Glenayre/Quintron T-5353 UHF transmitters with or without RL900/903 link receivers. Please call!!

Advanced RF Communications, Inc.
301 Oak Street—Suite 2-46A
Quincy, IL 62301 USA
For further information please contact:
Fred Pakosta or Jim Neves
Telephone/Fax: 217-221-9500
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Authentium's COMMAND Antivirus™

COMMAND Antivirus™ is used by leading education institutions, Fortune 500 companies and government agencies for one simple reason - it works. Based on the proven F-Prot engine and developed continuously over a period of more than ten years, COMMAND Antivirus™ deploys more easily, detects more viruses (and potential viruses), handles more file extensions, and returns fewer false positives than competing antivirus products.

Authentium's new representative for Mexico:

Enrique Llaca
Llacom, SA de CV
Mexico City
Telephone: 011 52 55 53734241

Enrique Llaca left arrow CLICK HERE TO E-MAIL

Advertise Hereprice reduced graphic

Your company's logo and product promotion can appear right here for 6 months. It only costs $500 for a full-size ad in 26 issues—that's $19.23 an issue.

Details about the NEW 2004 advertising plans can be read here. left arrow CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFO

aapc logo

AAPC’s Mission Statement Defines Purpose

  • Identifying issues of common concern to its members
  • Providing an effective forum for the discussion and progression of issues relating to the industry
  • Monitoring and addressing regulatory and legal matters as a unified organization
  • Providing research into and development of our industry and its current and prospective markets
  • Providing education and resources to address the challenges and trends affecting our operating environments
  • Encouraging and maintaining high standards of ethics and services
  • Championing the industry and representing paging carriers with a positive voice

Our industry must move forward together or we will perish individually. If you want to get involved, please click here. Come and join us!

The AAPC "newsroom" is a great source of information.

The AAPC also hosts the Paging Technical Committee site. There is a lot of good paging industry information here.

join aapc

Click on the logo above to get a membership application.

Zetron Simulcast System

High-speed simulcast paging with protocols such as POCSAG and FLEX™ requires microsecond accuracy to synchronize the transmission of digital paging signals.

zetron simulcast

Zetron's Simulcast System uses GPS timing information to ensure that the broadcasted transmissions between the nodes of the Simulcast System and associated transmitters are synchronized to very tight tolerances.

This system is ideal for public or private paging system operators that use multiple transmitters and wish to create new paging systems or to build out existing systems into new regions.

For more information about Zetron's High Speed Simulcast Paging System, the Model 600 and Model 620, go to: left arrow CLICK HERE

Zetron, Inc.
P.O. Box 97004
Redmond, WA 98073-9704 USA
Tel: 425-820-6363
Fax: 425-820-7031
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Web: arrow CLICK
isc logo

ISC Technologies is the industry leader in the pre-owned Paging equipment marketplace. We specialize in purchasing, reconditioning, reconfiguring and sales of quality paging infrastructure. We can customize and configure equipment at a fraction of the cost of new. All equipment carries a standard warranty to insure your trouble free operation.

At ISC Technologies we service what we sell and more. Our factory-trained technicians repair most Quintron, Glenayre, Motorola, and Skydata equipment. All of our repairs are done on a Time and Material basis, saving you money over flat rate repair. From vacuum tubes to surface mount equipment, we are ready to handle your repair needs quickly and cost effectively.

Glenayre’s only licensed repair facility!

isc glenayre logo

Chris Kephart
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Ken Knapp
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Web: left arrow CLICK

hark logo

Wireless Communication Solutions

The Hark ISI-400LX is a hardware device that encapsulates serial data into TCP/IP for transmission over the Internet. It can also be configured to convert incoming TAP messages from the serial port and send them over the Internet to paging providers in email (SMTP) or Simple Network Paging Protocol (SNPP) format. The ISI-400LX with the optional external modem can connect to a secondary dial-up ISP when a failure on the ethernet port is detected.


This device is the perfect companion for the Hark Gateway products. An ISI can be located at a remote location for receiving TAP, TNPP, or Billing traffic using a local ISP eliminating long distance phone charges.

isi image

Hark Systems, Inc.
2675 Lake Park Drive
N. Charleston, SC 29406
Tel: +1 800-367-4275 or 843-764-1560 ext. 8104
Fax: +1 843-764-3692
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daviscomms usa

  • ISO 9001 - 2000 certified manufacturing facility.
  • THE High-Quality RF design and Contract Manufacturer of choice.
  • Do you have a product or product component that you would like to have manufactured?
  • Would you like to have us design and manufacture a product just for you?
  • Would you like to know firsthand that your contract manufacturer is one of the leading providers of service with the highest degree of quality in mind?

Daviscomms USA Inc. is your direct connection to Daviscomms (S) Pte Ltd., the leading pager manufacturer in the world with many years experience in Engineering, Design, and Manufacturing of highly-reliable, premium-quality FLEX and POCSAG Alphanumeric and Numeric pagers. Daviscomms offers unparalleled quality, features and functions. We perform our own stringent quality testing as well as certification by Underwriters Laboratories (UL) to meet all of their standards. All of our paging products meet FCC and IC Standards for use in the USA and Canada.

Our manufacturing facility, located in Malaysia, is a 40,000 square foot, state-of-the-art facility. Customers, globally, choose Daviscomms for our QUALITY, RELIABILITY, ON-TIME DELIVERY, COMPETITIVE PRICING and our TOTAL COMMITMENT to providing the best value for their needs.

bravo 800
Bravo 800
We offer full product support (ODM/OEM) for our worldwide customers, including a complete design center, research facilities, proto-typing, field services, contract manufacturing, commodity sourcing, and distribution.
In addition to both Numeric and Alphanumeric pagers, we have designed, engineered and manufactured 1-way Telemetry devices, paging receivers, 2-way paging (ReFLEX) telemetry devices, DECT phones/devices and PDA accessories.bravo 501

At Daviscomms, we are proud to provide our customers with end-to-end manufacturing solutions while delivering superior quality and support. Daviscomms is at the forefront of the industry with its commitment to leading-edge technology, cost-effective manufacturing and the highest degree of customer service.

Daviscomms delivers low cost, high volume manufacturing solutions to our customers. We help maximize time-to-market objectives while minimizing procurement, materials management, and manufacturing costs.

For information about our contract manufacturing services or our Bravo-branded line of numeric and alphanumeric pagers, please call Bob Popow, our Director of Operations for the Americas, 480-515-2344. (Scottsdale, Arizona) or visit our website

pci logo

Concepts, Inc.

Since 1979

RTS Wireless ADVX System
Support and Enhancements

Programming Concepts, Inc. provides authorized RTS ADVX Wireless Gateway Support & Enhancements. Our RTS lab includes source code control, development tools, and test beds for all deployed RTS systems. Call now to sign-up for our first class support of your aging RTS system. More info ...

PCI ( has been in business for 24 years providing custom application programming for medium to large businesses. PCI's primary business segments include web enabled application development, financial industry systems, telephony (IVR, CTI, and Wireless), Secure Enterprise Instant Messaging System, Microsoft Customer Relationship Management (MS-CRM) Applications, and a wide variety of commercial applications.

Contact Sales
or 631-563-3800 x220.

DX Radio Systems

dx radio systems

DX Radio Systems, Inc. manufactures high quality, high specification type communications products. The following is a list of products that DX Radio Systems, Inc. manufactures or supplies as a single supplied product and can be included as part of a turnkey system:

  • Repeaters
  • Repeater Systems
  • Paging Transmitters
  • Paging Systems
  • LTR & MPT1327 Trunking Systems
  • MPT1327 Trunking Repeaters
  • SmarTrunk II Trunking Repeaters
  • Complete Trunking Systems
  • Airport Ground to Air Base Radios
  • Airport Ground to Air Systems
  • Rural Radiotelephone Link Systems
  • Antenna Systems
  • Combining Systems
  • Complete Turnkey Systems
  • Engineering & Installation of All Systems

Performance that is tough to find anywhere at a price you can afford.

DX Radio Systems, Inc.
10941 Pendleton Street
Sun Valley, California 91352-1522 USA
Telephone: 818-252-6700
Fax: 818-252-6711
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News Clips from the FCC

NOTICE: The FCC web site and systems will be unavailable to the public from 7:00 p.m. (EST) on Friday January 2, 2004 to 7:00 a.m. on Saturday January 3, 2004 in order to conduct emergency maintenance.

NOTICE: In response to the December 21, 2003 increase in the Homeland Security Threat Level from "Elevated" (Yellow) to "High" (Orange), the FCC has taken additional security precautions that will limit visitor access to the FCC headquarters building in Washington, DC. Until further notice, the Maine Avenue lobby is closed. All visitors must enter the building through the 12th Street lobby, and must be escorted by FCC staff. The Reference Information Center is closed. Filing and docket information remains accessible online.

FCC Open Proceeding On Smart Radios Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is Released.
NPRM: Acrobat "pdf"

"The growth of wireless services over the past several years demonstrates the vast and growing demand of American businesses, consumers, and government for spectrum-based communication links. Spectrum access, efficiency, and reliability have become critical public policy issues. Advances in technology are creating the potential for radio systems to use spectrum more intensively and more efficiently than in the past. Among these advances are cognitive radio technologies that can make possible more intensive and efficient spectrum use by licensees within their own networks, and by spectrum users sharing spectrum access on a negotiated or an opportunistic basis. These technologies include, among other things, the ability of devices to determine their location, sense spectrum use by neighboring devices, change frequency, adjust output power, and even alter transmission parameters and characteristics. Cognitive radio technologies open spectrum for use in space, time, and frequency dimensions that until now have been unavailable. Such technologies are employed today in applications such as wireless LANs and mobile wireless service networks, and promise greater future benefits."

WorldCom, Inc and its Subsidiaries (debtors-in-possession), Transferor, and MCI, Inc., Transferee, Application for Consent to Transfer and/or Assign Section 214 Authorizations, Section 310 Licenses, and Submarine Cable Landing Licences.
Order: Acrobat "pdf"

FCC Releases Data on High-speed Services For Internet Access.
News Release: Acrobat "pdf"

FCC Adopts Rules for Intelligent Transportation Systems to Advance Homeland Security and Traveler Safety.
News Release: Acrobat "pdf"

"Washington, D.C. – The Federal Communications Commission today adopted licensing and service rules for the 5.9 GHz Band (5.850-5.925 GHz band) for Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) in the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Radio Service. ITS services will provide many public safety benefits that will enhance homeland security."

"DSRC systems will provide a short-range, wireless link to transfer information between vehicles traveling at high speeds and roadside units or other vehicles. Some examples of short-range ITS applications include: intersection collision avoidance, work zone warnings, road condition warnings, electronic toll collection, and electronic payment for gas, fast food, or parking. ITS applications are expected to improve traveler safety, decrease traffic congestion, reduce air pollution, and conserve vital fossil fuels. The FCC has been working closely on ITS with the U.S. Department of Transportation and will continue this partnership as ITS applications are developed and implemented."

FCC: Paging

Commercial paging is a Commercial Mobile Radio Service (CMRS) and is thus, 1) provided for profit, 2) interconnected to the public switched network, and 3) available to the public.

Traditional commercial paging service consists of one-way data communications sent to a mobile device that alerts the user when it arrives. The communication could consist of a phone number for the user to call, a short message, or an information update. Other licensees in addition to paging carriers offer paging services. For instance, most digital mobile telephone handsets include a paging component or Caller ID feature that allows users to view the phone number of someone who has called them. Narrowband PCS licensees offer more advanced two-way paging type services.

Commercial paging may operate in the 35-36, 43-44, 152-159, and 454-460 MHz bands (referred to as the "Lower Band") and the 929 and 931 MHz bands (referred to as the "Upper Band") (refer to bandplan) and after 1997 was geographically licensed based on either Economic Area (EA) and Market Economic Area (MEA) Market Area designations. You can read more about the history of licensing commercial paging. [below]

The rules governing commercial paging are found in the Code of Federal Regulations, Volume 47, Part 1 and Part 22 (and Part 90 for 929 MHz channels).

Source: FCC web site

Narrowband PCS

Personal Communications Service (PCS) encompasses a wide variety of mobile, portable and ancillary communications services to individuals and businesses. The Commission broadly defined PCS as mobile and fixed communications offerings that serve individuals and businesses, and can be integrated with a variety of competing networks. The spectrum allocated to PCS is divided into three major categories: (1) broadband, (2) narrowband, and (3) unlicensed.

Narrowband PCS uses a smaller portion of the spectrum than broadband PCS. Narrowband PCS licenses are used to provide such services as two-way paging and other text-based services. For example, licensees offer services using devices that come equipped with a small keyboard allowing a subscriber to both retrieve and send complete messages through microwave signals (e.g. wireless e-mail). Licensees also use the spectrum to offer wireless telemetry which is the monitoring of mobile or fixed equipment in a remote location. For example, a licensee may remotely monitor utility meters of energy companies (this is called automatic meter reading or "AMR").

Narrowband PCS operates in the 901-902 MHz, 930-931 MHz, and 940-941 MHz bands and is licensed based on nationwide, regional, and MTA market designations. The rules governing narrowband PCS are found in the Code of Federal Regulations, Volume 47, Part 24.

Source: FCC web site

FCC: History of Licensing Commercial Paging


Commercial paging operates in the 35-36, 43-44, 152-159, and 454-460 MHz bands (sometimes referred to as the "Lower Band") and the 929 and 931 MHz bands (sometimes referred to as the "Upper Band") (refer to bandplan). Two types of commercial paging licensees operate within these bands, common carrier paging (referred to as CCP or 931 MHz) and private carrier paging (referred to as PCP or 929 MHz).

The Commission first allocated spectrum for CCP services in 1949. CCP operates in all but the 929 MHz band. Historically, a CCP channel was assigned to a single licensee in each area on an exclusive basis. Licensees' protected service areas were based on predicted coverage of the transmitters in their systems, and licensees were required to apply for additional transmitter locations when expanding their systems. On all CCP allocations other than 931 MHz, applicants had to specify the channels they wanted. In the 931 MHz band, applications were not channel specific and the Commission had the discretion to assign a channel different from that requested. In major markets, the number of applications often exceeded the number of available channels, resulting in all applications being treated as mutually exclusive. There was a 60-day period for filing 931 MHz mutual exclusive applications and 30 days for all other CCP applications. Lotteries were used to choose which applications would be granted. In 1982, the Commission allocated 40 new channels in the 931 MHz band exclusively for use by CCP operators and dedicated three of these channels for use by nationwide systems.

PCP was established by the Commission as a service distinct from CCP and prior to 1993 was subject to different regulatory treatment. PCP operates in the 152-159, 454-460 and 929 MHz bands. Initially, PCP was authorized on specified channels within each private radio service category, with licensees authorized either to operate systems for their own internal use or to provide service to limited categories of eligible users. In 1982, the Commission allocated 40 channels in the 929 MHz band for PCP, with some channels to be licensed for internal-use systems (30 channels) and others for PCP systems that could provide commercial paging service to eligible users (10 channels) under 47 CFR Part 90. As demand grew, the Commission responded by allowing PCP operators access to the pool of 929 MHz channels set aside to meet the internal communications needs of Business Radio Service eligibles, and expanding the classes of users eligible to obtain service from PCP licensees and paging licensees in the Business Radio Service. PCP channels were licensed on a shared basis. Since multiple licenses could be granted for the same channel, these applications were not subject to mutual exclusivity selection procedures.

Transition to Geographic Licensing

In 1993, the Omnibus Reconciliation Act amended the Communications Act to divide all mobile services into two categories, Commercial Mobile Radio Services (CMRS) and Private Mobile Radio Services (PMRS), and mandated that "substantially similar" mobile services receive comparable regulatory treatment. The Commission determined that PCP and CCP were substantially similar and that geographic area licensing should be considered for both services. As a result, the Commission allowed PCP operators to provide service to the public on virtually the same unrestricted basis as CCP operators. In a separate proceeding ("PCP Exclusivity Order") the Commission also established a mechanism for exclusive licensing on 35 of the 40 929 MHz PCP channels in order to encourage the development of wide-area paging systems. The 5 remaining channels, while allocated on a shared basis, along with lower band shared paging channels may be licensed to offer either commercial paging services or private, internal-use paging services. Only approximately 10 percent of the total allocated paging spectrum continues to be licensed on a shared basis.

Prior to 1997, both CCP and PCP paging operators chose the areas they sought to serve by applying for licenses on a site-by-site basis. Thus, the boundary of the licensee's service area was derived from the composite service areas of existing base stations. In 1996, the Commission began to consider geographic licensing of paging channels. While the Commission considered this change, it established interim licensing rules in order to prevent a flood of speculative applications and an increase in opportunities for fraudulent investment schemes. The interim licensing rules suspended acceptance of new applications for paging channels (except for nationwide exclusive channels and for private, internal-use systems) pending resolution of fraud-related issues, but allowed incumbent licensees to add sites within 40 miles of operating sites. In a subsequent modification of the interim rules, incumbents operating on shared channels were not subject to the 40 mile limitation.

In 1997, the Commission adopted geographic licensing for exclusive channels which would give greater flexibility to licensees and greater ease of administration for the FCC. The Commission also adopted competitive bidding rules to resolve mutually exclusive applications. The remaining shared channels were not converted to exclusive channels nor to geographic area licensing. Nationwide 929 MHz and 931 MHz geographic area licenses were granted without competitive bidding. The Commission determined that all mutually exclusive applications for non-nationwide 931 MHz channels and exclusive non-nationwide 929 MHz channels would be subject to competitive bidding for geographic area licenses for 51 Major Economic Areas (MEAs). All remaining CCP channels (i.e. 35-36 MHz, 43-44 MHz, 152-159 MHz, and 454-460 MHz) would be subject to competitive bidding for geographic area licenses in 172 Economic Areas (EAs) for each channel.

As a result, all pending mutually exclusive applications for paging licenses (other than applications on nationwide and shared channels) filed with the Commission on or before July 31, 1996 were dismissed. All non-mutually exclusive applications filed with the Commission on or before July 31, 1996 were processed.

Incumbent site-by-site licensees were permitted to either continue operating under existing authorizations or trade in their site-specific licenses for a single system-wide license demarcated by the aggregate of the interference contours around each of the incumbents' contiguous sites operating on the same channel. Incumbent licensees are permitted to add a "fill-in" site or relocate existing facilities provided there is no expansion of the existing composite interference contour.

A fill-in application seeks to add a transmitter to a station, in the same area and transmitting on the same channel or channel block as previously authorized transmitters but does not expand the existing composite interference contour. Generally, a fill-in is established to improve reception in dead spots. All fill-ins must be filed on FCC Form 601. Those above Line A must be filed on Form 601 and receive coordination clearance from Industry Canada prior to operation (refer to the International Agreement).

In 2001, the Commission lifted the interim licensing rules for shared paging channels after adding language to FCC Form 601 warning applicants that failure of a licensee to meet construction or coverage requirements would result in termination of the license. The Commission determined that adding such language would be generally helpful to applicants in all services and might also help deter fraud. The lifting of the freeze enables non-incumbent applicants to again file for commercial operation on the lower band shared paging channels and the five 929 MHz shared paging channels.

Source: FCC web site

profit plus logo

ProfitPlus by Netflow—the software that streamlines pager billing and system maintenance. ProfitPlus interfaces to your Zetron terminals allowing easy changes to pager settings and billable services.

Zetron Interface: Multiple Zetron Series 2000 terminals supported. Default pager settings. Terminal/phone number association. Future activation/deactivation dates. Easy group maintenance.

Automatic Billing Records: Point of Sale transaction automatically enters pager airtime into monthly billing cycle. Contract pricing. Recurring and one-time billing capabilities.

Tracking: Agent commissions. Phone number inventory/analysis. Product inventory transfer from stockroom to sales locations to customer. Capcode usage reports. Duplicate capcode detection.

  • Automatic Past Due
  • Prompts and Disconnects!
  • Customer Alerts!
  • Over 70 reports!

netflow logo

Contact Netflow, Inc at: 800-236-5861
or e-mail:
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Visit us on the web:
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preferred logo

GL3000 Cards

  • RAM Cards, CPU’s, LCC, UOE, QVSB’s, T1s, DIDs, SIO, Drives, Almost any card you need—priced right.
  • TOWERS (NEW) Self supporting, Guyed, Monopoles, with all the hardware
  • Antenna Line Hanging kits, and misc hardware.


  • (12) Motorola Nucleus, 350W, VHF, Advanced Control
  • (2) Glenayre QT5994, 45W, 900 MHz Link TX, w/ Hot Standby
  • (1) Glenayre QT6994, 150W, 900 MHz Link TX.
  • (3) Glenayre QT4201, 25W Midband Link TX.
  • (15) Glenayre RL70XC, Midband Link RX.
  • (10) Glenayre GLT5340, 125W UHF TX.
  • (75) Motorola PURC 5000, UHF, 110W, ACB
  • (12) Glenayre GLT85/8600, 250/500W, 900 MHz w/C2000
  • (5) Micor PURC UHF, 250W Complete – (Make Offer)

Motorola PURC UHF RF Trays & UHF 110W PAs, tested and ready to ship. Motorola PURC Advanced Control Units, tested and ready to ship.


Rick McMichael
888-429-4171 left arrow

Mark Dawson
972-467-8188 left arrow

TGA Technologies

tga logoPRISM PMG 4500e

Radio Paging
Control Terminal

pmg 4500e image

Supports both current and future radio paging network needs. Offers both analog (2-tone, 5/6-tone, Quick-Call I and II) formats with voice and digital (Golay, POCSAG and FLEX™) paging formats. Can be tailored to meet special operating requirements of your organization.

Features redundant AC and DC power supplies, plug-in hard disk drives, standard MS Windows 2000 operating system, voice prompts, caller password screening, direct connection to your dispatch console and more. You can use common time source for logging. Supports PURC transmitter control or can be connected to existing transmitter control system.

Redundancy option with geographic separation is available to provide additional protection for critical message control points. Let us discuss your specific needs.

Other PMG models are available with more features and capacities. Also inquire about TGA’s Special Network Application Platform (SNAP)* featuring e-mail messaging inbound and outbound with Web Site Hosting, and don't forget:

sparkgap logoTWO-WAY PAGING

TGA Technologies, Inc.
100 Pinnacle Way
Suite 140
Norcross, Georgia 30071 USA
Tel: +1 770-441-2100
Fax: +1 770-449-7740
left arrow CLICK HERE
left arrow CLICK HERE

* TGA SNAP is a trademark of TGA Technologies, Inc.

selective logo

Developers and Manufacturers of Paging and Mobile Data Equipment

Selective is a developer and manufacturer of intelligent paging receiver/decoders and mobile data equipment. The PDT2000 Paging Data Terminal is a large display pager designed for desktop or in-vehicle mounting and it, along with our range of other Paging Data Receivers provide a significant message processing capability. The PDT and PDR range have multiple uses and capabilities including:

  • FLEX or POCSAG decoding
  • TNPP input & output
  • TAP input & output
  • POCSAG output (encoder)
  • Parallel printer output
  • Serial inputs & outputs (up to 2)
  • Relay outputs (1-256 or more)
  • PC interfacing
  • Interception
  • Remote control
  • Cross band repeating
  • Paging infill
  • LED Sign Control
  • Remote Printing etc.

selective products

Our mobile data equipment includes a range of Mobile Data Terminals (MDTs) which may be interfaced to a variety of wireless networks including trunked and conventional radio, paging, GPRS & CDMA cellular, Mobitex etc. Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) and GPS solutions, Dispatch & Messaging software. Local area paging systems, paging interception and message reprocessing software, field force automation and mobile dispatch solutions. We export worldwide.

Selective Communications Group Ltd.
PO Box 8798
Symonds St.
Auckland, New Zealand
3/2 Haultain St.
Eden Tce
Auckland, New Zealand
Web site:
E-mail: left arrow CLICK
left arrow CLICK

I am an authorized Manufacturer Representative for Selective. Please contact me directly for any additional information. left arrow CLICK

salcom logo

SALCOM designs and manufactures a range of VHF and UHF FM radio transmitters and receivers to integrate with systems data equipment as well as for voice operation. The design philosophy has always been to be low cost and yet meet the most demanding compliance requirements. Salcom's synthesized UHF and VHF transmitters, receivers and transceivers are utilized in many areas of the telecommunications industry, often in conjunction with Salcom signalling products. To realize additional market segments for the RF products, specialized OEM products have been developed utilizing the standard core technology. Most of these products are utilized in third party telecommunications and telemetry systems.

Salcom manufactures an extensive range of POCSAG paging products suited to a wide range of system applications such as remote switching, automatic machine monitoring, security and fire alarm systems and nurse calling systems.

A transceiver has been developed to meet the demand for a low cost, simple to use, fully immersible, floatable emergency radio. It provides a means of communication from aircraft to personnel in distress where they can not be reached and no alternative communication method exists.

120 St Asaph Street
Christchurch, New Zealand
Phone: +64 3 3792298 • Fax: +64 3 3651580

I am an authorized Manufacturer Representative for SALCOM. Please contact me directly for any additional information. left arrow CLICK

A Call For Help With Paging History

A late comer claims to have invented Wireless E-mail in 1991. We all know that the paging community was doing this in the mid to late 80s and I need your help to prove this.

I am looking for the following:

  • Any copies of articles on the announcement of the HP95 and the NewsStream or any printed articles describing reception of e-mail on the NewsStream/HP95
  • NewsStream RSS software and cradle for same—unless Motorola still sells same?
  • Copies of Motorola Paging Price pages from 1989-91
  • NEC Printer/RS-232 interface for the NEC D4 Alpha
  • ZETRON DAPT 1000 encoder with TAP dial-up port capable of Golay and POCSAG Alpha—must have been manufactured before 1991
  • Operational Motorola Moden Plus encoder with dual-port interface option and documentation
  • Old Motorola bag phone (pre 1991) with Telular, CellJack or equiv RJ-11 Interface
  • TELOCATOR back issues from 1985 - 1992

Please look in your storeroom or your basement and see if you have any of these items. It would be very helpful if you could assist me in showing that wireless e-mail was being used before 1991.

Best regards,

Paul Cassel VE3SY
Cassel & Associates
1083 Notre Dame Drive
Petersburg, ON
N0B 2H0

Telephone: 519-634-5139

paul ve3sy

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Executive of the Year

Steve's Jobs: Balancing performance at Pixar, innovation at Apple

Steve Jobs has been lauded as a technology visionary since he co-founded Apple Computers more than 20 years ago, but even he couldn't have foreseen how doubly good 2003 would be.

Both companies where Jobs is CEO — Apple and Pixar Animation Studios — notched profitable years despite continued anemia in the larger tech economy.

Much more importantly, each broke ground in its respective industry, and in a way that heralds a razzle-dazzle future.

At Apple, Jobs rolled out iTunes, positioning Apple as a leader in the burgeoning digital music field and driving sales of its popular iPod gadgets. As of mid-December, Apple said users had downloaded 25 million songs from iTunes.

And Pixar? All it did was release "Finding Nemo," its fifth straight blockbuster film. By year's end, Nemo was the highest-grossing animated film of all time, with a box-office total of $400 million and rising. Released on DVD last month, it became the best-selling animation DVD ever — in two weeks.

All this is even more surprising, given one thing that Jobs has rarely been called: a good executive. With two companies to steer, it's been vital that Jobs surround himself with good people, and give them the leeway to do their jobs — skills at which he has been notoriously deficient in the past.

In fact, in 1985 that inability to delegate responsibility and reconcile his long-term dreams with short-term business realities led to then 30-year-old Jobs being stripped of power and ultimately exiled from Apple. It's been a different story since the board beseeched him to return in 1997.

"Steve's learned to delegate. That wasn't true in the early years, but he does now and he's become a master at it," said Larry Sonsini, a partner at Wilson Sonsini, Goodrich & Rosati and a Pixar board member who has been a friend and confidante of Jobs for nearly a quarter century.

The proof is in the two companies he now heads. For displaying his leadership skills twice over, the San Francisco Business Times has selected Jobs as the 2003 Executive of the Year.

Source: San Francisco Business Times


2004 is going to be a great year— if we choose to make it so! Please recommend this newsletter to a friend or co-worker. Let me know if you find any news that I can include in future issues. Company press releases, of interest to our readers, would be helpful as well.

brad photo

With best regards,

brad's signature

Brad Dye

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