newsletter logo

FRIDAY - NOVEMBER 30, 2007 - ISSUE NO. 287

Dear Friends of Wireless Messaging,

Winter is here in Illinois. We have even had some light snow. I hope you are keeping warm.

I have an opportunity to supply a large amount of paging equipment spare parts for a system is Asia. The original manufacturer was Motorola.

  • RF Baton! (transmitter controller)
  • Power Amplifier module
  • Exciter module
  • Power Supply module
  • Station Controller module
  • UHF Nucleus paging transmitter 125 W)
  • Reference module
  • Receiver module
  • GPS antenna 3000 with connect cable
  • UHF frequency is 284 MHz~286 MHz

Please call me if you would like to get involved in this project and you can help source this equipment. Please note that the 284~286 MHz band is only used in Asia and so some of this equipment may be hard to find.

Over the years, I have received a couple of complaints about my “self promotion.” They usually come from people who have jobs and who are receiving regular paychecks.This newsletter is made possible by paid advertising and individual contributions.

As most of you know, I also do consulting work. Since I don't have a “regular job” the consulting work helps to buy groceries and other extravagances. I have just finished a new consulting web page that includes information about me, my colleagues, and the work we do. I don't really feel it is necessary to apologise for this “promotion.”


Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, and Vic Jackson are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects. Click here for a summary of their qualifications and experience. They collaborate on consulting assignments, and share the work according to their individual expertise and the amount of time they have available.

There is an interesting article this week about the 60th anniversary of the invention of the transistor. It recalls the Raytheon CK-722, one of the first commercial junction transistors. When I was in junior high school, I made a transistor radio using one of these same transistors. I put it into a hollowed-out book and took it to school with me. I remember going around clipping the antenna lead onto different metal objects trying to get a better signal. In the mid 1950's—this was probably the first transistor radio in the little town where we lived at the time.

Now on to more news and views . . .

aapc logo emma logo
brad dye
Wireless Messaging Newsletter
  • VoIP
  • Wi-Fi
  • Paging
  • WiMAX
  • Telemetry
  • Location Services
  • Wireless Messaging
wireless logo medium

This is my weekly newsletter about Wireless Messaging. You are receiving this because you have either communicated with me in the past about a wireless topic, or your address was included in another e-mail that I received on the same subject. This is not a SPAM. If you have received this message in error, or you are not interested in these topics, please click here, then click on "send" and you will be promptly removed from the mailing list.

iland internet sulutions This newsletter is brought to you by the generous support of our advertisers and the courtesy of iland Internet Solutions Corporation. For more information about the web-hosting services available from iland Internet Solutions Corporation, please click on their logo to the left.

A new issue of The Wireless Messaging Newsletter gets posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the Internet. That way it doesn't fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world's major Paging and Wireless Data companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers—so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It's all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology. I regularly get readers' comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Data communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

NOTE: This newsletter is best viewed at screen resolutions of 800x600 (good) or 1024x768 (better). Any current revision of web browser should work fine. Please notify me of any problems with viewing. This site is compliant with XHTML 1.0 transitional coding for easy access from wireless devices. (XML 1.0/ISO 8859-1.)

Anyone wanting to help support The Wireless Messaging Newsletter can do so by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above.


U.S. Mobile Subscriber Monthly Consumption of Content and Applications

M:Metrics Benchmark Survey: September 2007

Activity Subscribers
Percentage Percentage
Sent Text Message 94,891 44.10% 2.20%
Used Photo Messaging 42,067 19.60% 1.70%
Used Personal E-Mail 20,425 9.50% 1.70%
Purchased Ringtone 20,034 9.30% 1.80%
Used Mobile Instant Messenger 15,102 7.00% 2.90%
Used Work E-Mail 12,430 5.80% 3.20%
Downloaded Mobile Game 7,148 3.30% -0.20%
Purchased Wallpaper or Screensaver 6,410 3.00% 1.10%

Source: M:Metrics, Inc., Copyright © 2007 Survey of U.S. mobile subscribers. Data based on three-month moving average for period ending 30 September, 2007, n= 33,813


 aapc logo AAPC Bulletin • 866-301-2272
The Voice of US Paging Carriers


aapc banner

American Association of Paging Carriers (AAPC)
announces formal affiliation with
Enterprise Wireless Alliance (EWA)

AAPC wants to ensure that you are fully aware of its recent formal affiliation with the Enterprise Wireless Alliance (EWA). Under the affiliation, AAPC will continue to function as an independent association with the objective to promote the paging industry, and will now have the advantage of offering the following benefits to its membership as a result of the new affiliation with EWA:

1. Joint regulatory advocacy efforts will be conducted with EWA providing AAPC with an enhanced voice before the Federal Communications Commission on matters concerned with the paging industry.

2. Our annual AAPC Wireless Forum conference will now be held in conjunction with the Enterprise Wireless event in the fall of 2008. While we know many of you will miss Myrtle Beach, we commit that we will have several sessions dedicated to pertinent topics within our industry. Further, our industry vendors will be an integral part of the event continuing their exhibition and participation. In addition, social activities, including an expanded golf tournament will be maintained. Plan now to attend this premier event in early November in Arizona. You will be notified of the exact dates and location when finalized.

3. The affiliation will expose you to the latest in wireless technologies, as well as provide our vendors the opportunity to promote their products and services to potential customers at the annual fall conference.

EWA is an FCC-certified frequency advisory committee serving enterprise, technology providers, and communications service organizations with licensing, spectrum management, and consulting services. Membership in the association is open to all users of wireless communications systems, manufacturers, system operators, and communication service providers. EWA produces a newsletter, regulatory updates, a magazine — Enterprise Wireless™, and will now welcome AAPC's active participation at their annual conference and trade show for new wireless products and business operations sessions. As of November 1, all AAPC members began receiving these additional membership benefits.

We believe this affiliation is a critical step forward in continuing to build AAPC by strengthening our industry's voice before the FCC and by increasing the benefits that our members receive. If you are not currently an AAPC member, now is the perfect time to take another look at this dynamic association. Please e-mail or go to our web site,, for an AAPC membership application.

Scott Forsythe
AAPC President

aapc logo


AAPC Executive Director
441 N. Crestwood Drive
Wilmington, NC 28405
Tel: 866-301-2272
AAPC Regulatory Affairs Office
Suite 250
2154 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20007-2280
Tel: 202-223-3772
Fax: 202-315-3587


Advertiser Index

AAPC—American Association of Paging Carriers   Northeast Paging
ATCOM Wireless
Ayrewave Corporation   Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC
CPR Technology, Inc.   Port City Communications
Critical Response Systems (CRS)   Preferred Wireless
CVC Paging   Prism Paging
Daviscomms USA   Ron Mercer
EMMA—European Mobile Messaging Association   Swissphone
GTES LLC   Texas Association of Paging Services
Hark Systems   TH Communications
HMCE, Inc.   UCOM Paging
InfoRad, Inc.     Unication USA
Ira Wiesenfeld   United Communications Corp.
Minilec Service, Inc.   WiPath Communications
Nighthawk Systems, Inc.   Zetron Inc.


Critical Response Systems

Over 70% of first responders are volunteers
Without an alert, interoperability means nothing.

Get the Alert.

M1501 Acknowledgent Pager

With the M1501 Acknowledgement Pager and a SPARKGAP wireless data system, you know when your volunteers have been alerted, when they've read the message, and how they’re going to respond – all in the first minutes of an event. Only the M1501 delivers what agencies need – reliable, rugged, secure alerting with acknowledgement.

Learn More



Case Parts

pager parts

Above is a sample of what we have, call for a full list.
These parts are fully refurbished to like new condition.
New LCDs and Lenses are also available.

cpr logo

CPR Technology, Inc.

'Serving the Paging industry since 1987'


Europe’s most popular Fire-Pager now available in the USA!
fireman with swissphone pager
  • 32 addresses with 50 user profiles
  • 2-tone format (also available 5- or 5/6-tone)
  • Narrow-band (12.5 KHz) or wide-band capability
  • Large display for clarity at a glance
  • Four minutes voice memory (RE629 Stored Voice)
  • Water resistant case
  • Synthesized, multi channel option

RE629 Voice — the comfort model
Ideal for use in all alarm and emergency turn-out networks. Can be adapted at any time to fit changing assignments.

RE629 Stored Voice — the premium model
Offers a voice memory with a four-minutes recording capacity. All alarms are archived and can be replayed as often as is required.

display Stopwatch
Once an alarm has been received, the stopwatch starts running in the display until acknowledged. You can thus tell the urgency of the current alarm at a glance.

North-American Office
Paul Kaiser
1460 Main Street, Suite #9
Sarasota, FL 34236
Phone: 800-596-1914 • Fax: 941-955-8432

Wed, November 28, 2007

U of C involved in space research mission

UPDATED: 2007-11-28 15:30:08 MST

Calgary scientists are part of a Canadian team planning a space mission to research severe solar storms that are to blame for satellite disruption.

The research is important because satellite failure can lead to everything from the disruption of airplane navigation systems to cell phone coverage, said Dr. Andrew Yau, a physics and astronomy professor and research chair in experimental space science at the University of Calgary.

“We are increasingly relying on GPS-based systems,” Yau said today.

Space storms — as powerful as a Category 5 hurricane — omit radiation and “killer electrons” that bury themselves into sensitive electronic components of satellites, he said.

“The reason we want to study it is it is really nasty stuff,” Yau said about the damaging electrons.

In May 1998, the Galaxy 4 satellite failed, silencing about 80% of the pager traffic in the United States and disrupting paging services, television networks and financial services.

And in January 1994, Anik E-1 and Anik E-2 satellites, built and operated by Telesat Canada, were damaged by high energy electrons, affecting nationwide television and news gathering services.

Led by the University of Alberta, the purpose of the proposed ORBITALS Mission is to better understand the dynamics of space weather and to eventually map it to protect satellites from severe storms, said Dr. Gregory Taylor, dean of science at the UofA.

“This is a very exciting project that is leveraging our specialised expertise to design leading-edge technologies that may help answer some fundamental scientific questions about how space weather affects our daily lives,” said Taylor.

The mission is a collaboration of the Canadian Space Agency, NASA, the University of Alberta and the U of C.

There are more than 350 telecommunication satellites currently orbiting the Earth, providing signals for television, pager and other global communication applications. The mission is scheduled to launch in 2012.

Source: Calgary Sun

INFORAD Wireless Office

Wireless Messaging Software

AlphaPage® First Responder (Windows 2000, XP, Vista). When the message matters, AlphaPage® First Responder is the fast, reliable, and secure solution Emergency Management Professionals choose. AlphaPage® First Responder is designed for the modern professional who requires full-featured commercial wireless messaging capabilities that include advanced features such as automated Route-on-Failure, custom message templates, and secure messaging with SSL encryption. AlphaCare™ extended premium support plans are also available. For more information on all InfoRad Wireless Messaging software solutions, and fully supported free demos, please click on the InfoRad logo.

InfoRad logo left arrow CLICK HERE

InfoRad Wireless Office

minilec service logo

Newsletter repair prices—starting at:

  • $6.50 labor for numeric or alphanumeric pagers
  • $12.00 labor for 2-way pagers
  • $19.50 labor for cellular phones

**Special pricing on cellular and pager refurbishment**

motorola logo Motorola Authorized Service Center for Paging and Cellular.

Ask for Special Newsletter Pricing.

Please call: 800-222-6075 ext. 306 for pricing.

E-mail: left arrow CLICK HERE
Minilec Service, Inc.
Suite A
9207 Deering Ave.
Chatsworth, CA 91311
Minilec Service


The Best in Paging Is Also the Biggest!


Zetron’s Model 2700:
Our largest-capacity paging terminal.

  • Supports over 1,000,000 subscribers.
  • Fully redundant design features RAID-1-mirrored, hot-removable disk drives.
  • Supports remote access to Windows®-based user-management software.
  • Supports E1 trunks, T1 trunks, analog trunks, and dial-up modems.
  • Includes extensive voice-messaging features.
  • Provides Ethernet interface for e-mail and paging over the Internet.
  • Provides an ideal replacement for Unipage or Glenayre™ systems.
  • When used with the Model 600/620 Wireless Data Manager, a simulcast network can be connected to the Model 2700 over Ethernet links.

Contact Zetron today to discuss your paging needs.

Zetron, Inc.
P.O. Box 97004
Redmond, WA 98073-9704 USA
Phone: 425-820-6363
Fax: 425-820-7031


$500.00 FLAT RATE

TAPS—Texas Association of Paging Services is looking for partners on 152.480 MHz. Our association currently uses Echostar, formerly Spacecom, for distribution of our data and a large percentage of our members use the satellite to key their TXs. We have a CommOneSystems Gateway at the uplink in Chicago with a back-up running 24/7. Our paging coverage area on 152.480 MHz currently encompasses Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Louisiana, and Kansas. The TAPS paging coverage is available to members of our Network on 152.480 MHz for $.005 a transmitter (per capcode per month), broken down by state or regions of states and members receive a credit towards their bill for each transmitter which they provide to our coverage. Members are able to use the satellite for their own use If you are on 152.480 MHz or just need a satellite for keying your own TXs on your frequency we have the solution for you.

TAPS will provide the gateways in Chicago, with Internet backbone and bandwidth on our satellite channel for $ 500.00 (for your system) a month.

Contact Ted Gaetjen @ 1-800-460-7243 or left arrow CLICK TO E-MAIL


daviscomms usa

     Available Now!     
  • VoIP WiFi SIP Phone - 801.11 b/g
  • Quad Band GSM Phone
  • MTD1000 GPRS/GPS Mobile Tracking Device
802.11 b/g VoIP
WiFi SIP Phone
  • Virtually free calls anywhere in the world with Internet connection
  • 2-way text messaging and voice call for hassle-free enterprise communication
  • 2.412 – 2.848 GHz
  • 64 Mb (Flash) + 128 Mb (SRAM)
Quad Band
GSM Phone
  • GSM-850 /EGSM-900/
  • DCS-1800/ PCS-1900
  • GPRS: Type-B Class 10
  • 128 Mb (Flash) + 64 Mb (SRAM)
  • Micro SD card (up to 1GB)
  • USB & Bluetooth Connectivity

* Specifications Subject to change without notice

Mobile Tracking
Physical Specs
  • 87 x 57 x 30 mm
  • 100g (including battery)
  • 8-30V Operating Voltage
  • 1 TX and 1 RX RS232 comm. port (interface to PC)
  • 4/3 Digital In/Out Ports
  • Serial Speeds-4800 bps thru 115,200 bps
  • Vehicle Tracking Device
  • Anti-Theft
  • Personal Emergency alert with panic button (option)
GSM/GPRS Receiver Specs
  • Quad band GSM GPRS
  • ESTI GSM Phase 2+ Standard
  • Multi-slot Class 10 GPRS Module
  • GPRS, SMS]
  • Supports 1.8V & 3V SIM Card
daviscomms GPS Receiver Specs
  • 12 Channels with continuous tracking
  • L1 (1575.42 MHz) Frequency
  • Accuracy:
    • Position: 10m (CEP)
    • Velocity: 0.2 m/s (50%)
    • Time: 20 ns RMS (static mode)

For information call 480-515-2344 or visit our website
Email addresses are posted there!

NRG™ batteries by Motorola*
ucc wireless photo
Call me today to find out how you can get NRG™ replacement batteries by Motorola.
  • Very competitive pricing
  • Quality performance
  • The NRG™ series of replacement batteries are compatible with:
green diamond  ICOM green diamond  Maxon nrg series
green diamond  Kenwood green diamond  Yaesu/Vertex
green diamond  M/A-COM green diamond  And Others

United Communications Corp.
Call today: 888-763-7550
Fax: 888-763-7549
62 Jason Court, St. Charles, MO 63304

* NRG™ batteries are distributed by Motorola.

motorola original

Motorola Names Greg Brown Chief Executive Officer, Succeeding Edward J. Zander Who Remains Chairman

SCHAUMBURG, Ill. – 30 November 2007 – Motorola, Inc. (NYSE: MOT) today announced that its Board of Directors has elected Greg Brown, 47, as Chief Executive Officer of Motorola, effective January 1, 2008. Mr. Brown currently serves as President and Chief Operating Officer. Mr. Brown will succeed Edward J. Zander as CEO, and Mr. Zander, 60, will continue to serve as Chairman of the Board of Directors until the annual meeting of stockholders in May 2008.

On behalf of Motorola’s Board of Directors, Samuel C. Scott III, lead director, said, “I want to take this opportunity to thank Ed for his vision, expertise and tireless commitment to Motorola. We greatly appreciate his many contributions and wish him all the best in the years ahead. Today’s decision is the culmination of a thoughtful and disciplined process of succession planning.”

Scott added, “The Board is delighted that Greg will serve as CEO. We are confident that he will bring a combination of strategic insight, operational discipline, and inspirational leadership needed for accelerated and sustained growth.”

"We are exceedingly fortunate to have a leader of Greg’s caliber, vision and experience. He has been an invaluable partner and I am confident he is the right person to be the next CEO of Motorola and lead the Company through its multi-year transformation,” said Zander. “Next year marks my 40th year in the technology industry. This is the right time for me to move on to the next phase in my life and spend more time with my family. I am grateful I had the opportunity to lead Motorola over the last four years. It’s been a wonderful experience.”

“I am privileged to become the CEO of Motorola,” said Greg Brown. “This is a unique Company with strong technology, people and customers. I welcome this opportunity to lead Motorola successfully into the future. We have a lot to do and I am intensely focused on building shareholder value. I look forward to working closely with Ed to ensure a smooth transition.”

Greg Brown Background

Since March 2007, Mr. Brown has served as President and Chief Operating Officer of Motorola and was elected to the Company’s Board of Directors earlier this year.

Prior to his role as President and COO, Mr. Brown headed four different businesses at Motorola. He also led the $3.9 billion acquisition of Symbol Technologies, the second largest transaction in Motorola’s history and an important strategic move to strengthen Motorola’s enterprise offering. Additionally, Mr. Brown returned the automotive business to profitability, while also leading the divestiture of that business which was sold to Continental for $1.0 billion. He also led the government and public safety business for four years, substantially growing earnings over that time. Mr. Brown joined Motorola in 2003.

Prior to joining Motorola, Mr. Brown was chairman and CEO of Micromuse Inc., a network management software company. Before that, he was President of Ameritech Custom Business Services and Ameritech New Media Inc. Before joining Ameritech in 1987, Mr. Brown held a variety of sales and marketing positions with AT&T for five years, resulting in 25 years of high-tech experience.

An active member of the civic and business communities, he was appointed by the White House to serve on President Bush’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee (NSTAC) in May 2004. Mr. Brown is also a member of the board of directors for United Way, World Business Chicago, and the U.S.-China Business Council.

Mr. Brown received his bachelor's degree in economics from Rutgers University and is a member of the Rutgers board of overseers.

About Motorola
Motorola is known around the world for innovation and leadership in wireless and broadband communications. Inspired by our vision of seamless mobility, the people of Motorola are committed to helping you connect simply and seamlessly to the people, information and entertainment that you want and need. We do this by designing and delivering "must have" products, "must do" experiences and powerful networks — along with a full complement of support services. A Fortune 100 company with global presence and impact, Motorola had sales of US $42.8 billion in 2006. For more information about our company, our people and our innovations, please visit

# # #

Media Contact:
Jennifer Erickson
Motorola, Inc.

Investor Contact:
Dean Lindroth
Motorola, Inc.

MOTOROLA and the stylized M Logo are registered in the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners.© Motorola, Inc. 2007

Source: Motorola (Thanks to Barry Kanne.)


  • January 11, 1997—Telstar 401 suffers a short in the satellite circuitry—TOTAL LOSS
  • May 19, 1998—Galaxy 4 control processor causes loss of fixed orbit—TOTAL LOSS
  • September 19, 2003—Telstar 4 suffers loss of its primary power bus—TOTAL LOSS
  • March 17, 2004—PAS-6 suffers loss of power—TOTAL LOSS
  • January 14, 2005—Intelsat 804 suffers electrical power system anomaly—TOTAL LOSS


Allow us to uplink your paging data to two separate satellites for complete redundancy! CVC owns and operates two separate earth stations and specializes in uplink services for paging carriers. Join our list of satisfied uplink customers.

  • Each earth station features hot standby redundancy
  • UPS and Generator back-up
  • Redundant TNPP Gateways
  • On shelf spares for all critical components
  • 24/7 staffing and support

cvc paging

cvc antennas

For inquires please call or e-mail Stephan Suker at 800-696-6474 or left arrow

New ReFLEX Telemetry Module

atcom wireless
  • Easy To Use
  • Small
  • Reliable
  • Data Communications

at300   ATM300

check RF Protocol:
       ReFLEX™ 2.7.2
check Interface Protocol with host:
   CLP (Motorola FLEXsuite™)
check Parameter Settings:
   PPS Software (PC application)
check Message size — Transmit and Receive:
   Up to 8 Kbytes, depending on carrier)

 Download the complete specification here. left arrow

 Cory Edwards
 Director of Sales & Operations
 ATCOM Wireless
 Telephone: 800-811-8032 extension 106
 Fax: 678-720-0302
 E-mail: left arrow
 Web site:
left arrow

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Promote your company's image with one of these posters.

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Package 2 variable $26.92
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* cost per week—six-month minimum—or 26 issues

For more details, and pricing on the various advertising options please click here left arrow CLICK HERE

Remote Control Beer Pager

beer pager Be able to instantly locate your missing beverage in a sea of open containers. With a press of the remote button, this coozie with removable coaster lights up and lets loose a satisfying belch. Mini remote clips to your belt and will activate up to 60 ft, even through walls. Laugh at the reactions you'll get when you set it off from another room!

Source: The Lighter Side Co.

If you really need this pager, maybe you should check this out: Is A.A. For You?

wipath header

Intelligent Solutions for Paging & Wireless Data

WiPath manufactures a wide range of highly unique and innovative hardware and software solutions in paging and mobile data for:

  • Emergency Services Messaging
  • Utilities Job Management
  • Telemetry and Remote Switching
  • Fire House Automation
  • Load Shedding and Electrical Services Control

PDT2000 Paging Data Terminal

pdt 2000 image

  • Built-in POCSAG encoder
  • Huge capcode capacity
  • Parallel, 2 serial ports, 4 relays
  • Message & system monitoring

Paging Controlled Moving Message LED Displays

welcom wipath

  • Variety of sizes
  • Integrated paging receiver

PDR2000/PSR2000 Paging Data Receivers

paging data receiver

  • Highly programmable, intelligent PDRs
  • Message Logging & remote control
  • Multiple I/O combinations and capabilities
  • Network monitoring and alarm reporting

Specialized Paging Solutions

paging data receiver

  • Remote switching & control
  • Fire station automation
  • PC interfacing & message management
  • Paging software and customized solutions
  • Message interception, filtering, redirection, printing & logging
  • Cross band repeating, paging coverage infill, store and forward
  • Alarm interfaces, satellite linking, IP transmitters, on-site systems

Mobile Data Terminals & Two Way Wireless  Solutions
mobile data terminal
  • Fleet tracking, messaging, job processing, and Field service management
  • Automatic vehicle location (AVL), GPS
  • CDMA, GPRS, ReFLEX, conventional, and trunked radio interfaces
pdt 2000 image
radio interface

WiPath Communications LLC
4845 Dumbbarton Court
Cumming, GA 30040
4845 Dumbbarton Court
Cumming, GA 30040
Web site: left arrow CLICK
E-mail: left arrow CLICK
Phone: 770-844-6218 Office
770-844-6574 Fax
805-907-6707 Mobile
WiPath Communications

I am an authorized Manufacturer Representative for WiPath Communications. Please contact me directly for any additional information. left arrow CLICK

Preferred Wireless
preferred logo
Equipment For Sale
2 Aluminum Equipment racks
1 Outdoor Motorola Cabinet (many others)
1 Outdoor Hennessey Cab w/AC
10 Glenayre PM-250C (NEW) Power Monitor Panels w/Alarms
13 RL-70 XC Midband Link Receivers
  Several New 900 MHz Antennas
Link Transmitters:
1 Glenayre QT6994, 150W, 900 MHz Link TX
3 Glenayre QT4201, 25W Midband Link TX
3 Glenayre Hot Standby Panels
3 Motorola 10W, 900 MHz Link TX (C35JZB6106)
2 Motorola 30W, Midband Link TX (C42JZB6106AC)
VHF Paging Transmitters
8 QT-100C, 100W VHF, TCC, RL70XC
1 Glenayre GL-T8311, 125W
1 Motorola PURC 5000, 350W, ACB
5 Motorola PURC 5000, 125W, ACB or TRC
2 Motorola PURC 5000, 350W, ACB or TRC
6 Motorola Nucleus 350W, NAC
UHF Paging Transmitters:
10 Glenayre GLT5340, 125W, DSP Exciter
3 Motorola PURC 5000, 110W, ACB
2 Motorola PURC 5000, 225W, ACB
900 MHz Paging Transmitters:
1 Glenayre GLT 8600, 500W
35 Glenayre GLT-8500, 250W, C2000, I20
10 Motorola PURC 5000, 300W, DRC or ACB
6 Glenayre QT-7995, 250W (will part out)
GL3000 & Unipage Cards—Many misc. cards.
1 Complete GL3000L w/ T1s, 2.2G HD, LCC

left arrow CLICK HERE

Too Much To List • Call or E-Mail
Preferred Wireless
Rick McMichael
888-429-4171 left arrow
Preferred Wireless
satellite dish ucom logo

Satellite Uplink
As Low As $500/month

  • Data input speeds up to 38.4 Kbps
  • Dial-in modem access for Admin
  • Extremely reliable & secure
  • Hot standby up link components

Knowledgeable Tech Support 24/7

Contact Alan Carle Now!
1-888-854-2697 x272

arrow Paging & Two-Way Radio Service Centre arrow
  • Supplier of Motorola and Unication
    pagers, offering an extensive range of
    UHF and VHF models
  • Repair service on all Motorola pagers
    and two-way radios
  • Motorola's appointed service centre for
    parts, repairs and accessories

Contact us to find out more:
Tel: +44 (0)2380 666 333

th comms logo

Apple's Jobs is most powerful businessman-Fortune

Reuters Wednesday November 28 2007

NEW YORK, Nov 28 (Reuters) - Apple CEO Steve Jobs, the man behind the popular iPod, is the world's most powerful businessman, according to Fortune Magazine's list of the 25 most influential executives.

PepsiCo CEO Indra Nooyi, who reshaped the soft drinks giant, is the most powerful businesswoman, said the magazine, which made its selection partly based on executives' "world-class oomph".

The heads of conglomerates including Procter & Gamble, General Electric, Goldman Sachs, Toyota, Boeing and BHP Billiton made the list, as did the men behind search engine Google — Larry Page, Eric Schmidt and Sergei Brin — who jointly came in at number 4.

Following is the Fortune "Power 25" list: 1. Steve Jobs, CEO and Chairman, Apple 2. Rupert Murdoch, Chairman and CEO, News Corp 3. Lloyd Blankfein, Chairman and CEO, Goldman Sachs 4. Eric Schmidt, Larry Page, Sergei Brin, Google 5. Warren Buffett, Chairman and CEO, Berkshire Hathaway 6. Rex Tillerson, Chairman and CEO, Exxon Mobil 7. Bill Gates, Chairman, Microsoft 8. Jeff Immelt, Chairman and CEO, General Electric 9. Katsuaki Watanabe, President, Toyota 10. A.G. Lafley, Chairman and CEO, Procter & Gamble 11. John Chambers, Chairman and CEO, Cisco 12. Li Ka-shing, Chairman, Cheung Kong Holdings/Hutchison Whampoa 13. Lee Scott, CEO, Wal-Mart 14. Lakshmi Mittal, steel magnate 15. Jamie Dimon, Chairman and CEO, JPMorgan Chase 16. Mark Hurd, Chairman and CEO, Hewlett-Packard 17. James McNerney, Chairman and CEO, Boeing 18. Marius Kloppers, CEO, BHP Billiton 19. Steve Schwarzman, CEO, Blackstone 20. Carlos Slim, Chairman, TelMex and Carso Foundation 21. Steve Feinberg, CEO, Cerberus 22. Indra Nooyi, Chairman and CEO, PepsiCo 23. Ratan Tata, Chairman, Tata Group 24. Bob Iger, CEO, Walt Disney 25. Bernard Arnault, chairman and CEO, LVMH

(Writing by Miral Fahmy; Editing by Ian Geoghegan)

Source: Guardian Unlimited


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RIM may be next with touch screen

Consultant Levy argues Waterloo firm is anxious to lure more consumers

Nov 27, 2007 04:30 AM

With the iPhone making its way onto Christmas lists around the world, the guessing game about BlackBerry-maker Research In Motion Ltd.'s response has already begun in earnest.

At least one industry-watcher says Waterloo-based RIM is poised to unveil a touch-screen device as early as next year to compete with Apple Inc.'s iPhone, which is not yet available in Canada.

RIM's new device will mark a departure from the traditional half-screen, half-keyboard look of the company's popular BlackBerry models and would be aimed squarely at consumers, said Carmi Levy, a former tech analyst who is now the senior vice-president of strategic consulting for AR Communications Inc.

The logic behind such a move is simple, said Levy, who cited sources at RIM for his information. A growing segment of RIM's new subscribers are consumers, as opposed to corporate types, and consumers want multimedia-capable devices with large, vivid screens to view photos, browse the Web and watch video.

"They're playing in a very different sandbox than they were in the past," Levy said. "The philosophy that endeared them so strongly to the enterprise market needs to evolve as they move into the consumer space. They are learning from the Apple experience."

RIM declined to comment on the speculation, citing company policy.

Apple unveiled the iPhone to great fanfare in late June. At the time, several observers suggested that the design-oriented computer and iPod maker had raised the bar for the entire handset industry with the sleek touch-screen device.

Unlike competing smartphones made by RIM and Palm Inc., the iPhone requires users to type in phone numbers or email messages via a virtual keyboard.

Most analysts, however, have so far played down the impact of the iPhone on RIM's core market of business users. That's because Apple's virtual keyboard, while nifty, has been criticized in several reviews for not being as functional as RIM's tactile one.

Still, it's no secret that RIM has its eye on the consumer space with devices such as the BlackBerry Pearl, which looks more like a cellphone. In fact, co-chief executive officer Jim Balsillie said during an October conference call that the number of new non-business customers in North America eclipsed new corporate customers for the first time in RIM's history during the second quarter.

Other analysts said they could not corroborate Levy's information about the possibility that RIM was set to unveil a touch-screen device.

Ken Dulaney, an analyst at Gartner Research, said he believes RIM's future growth will depend on its ability to engineer new "form factors." He stressed, however, that "RIM has always been about text input, and my experience is that, on the iPhone, text (input) is one of the weakest features."

Michelle Warren, an analyst with Info-Tech Research Group, said she wouldn't be surprised to learn that RIM's engineers were exploring the idea of a touch-screen interface.

She stressed, however, that RIM was not the type of company to launch a device until the technology had been perfected.

Source: The

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ISI-LX Internet Serial Interface with Protocol Conversion

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BloostonLaw Telecom Update

Published by the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

[Selected portions reproduced here with the firm's permission.]

   Vol. 10, No. 46 November 28, 2007   

Wireless Carriers Must Meet E911 Location Requirements At PSAP Service-Area Level

The FCC has adopted a Report and Order clarifying that wireless carriers must meet the Enhanced 911 (E911), Phase II location accuracy requirements at the Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP) service-area level. To accomplish this, the FCC requires carriers to meet interim, annual benchmarks over the next five years in order to ensure that they achieve PSAP-level compliance no later than September 11, 2012.

These annual benchmarks include interim progress reports, as well as requirements to measure the Commission’s accuracy requirements on progressively smaller geographic levels until the PSAP-level is met. This includes:

(1) Fulfilling the Commission’s location accuracy requirements within each Economic Area in which a carrier operates by September 11, 2008;
(2) Filing a report with the FCC describing the status of the carrier’s efforts to comply with the rules by September 11, 2009;
(3) By September 11, 2010, each carrier subject to the rule must (a) satisfy the location accuracy requirements within each Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and Rural Service Area (RSA) in which that carrier operates; (b) demonstrate PSAP-level compliance within at least 75% of the PSAPs the carrier serves; and (c) demonstrate accuracy in all PSAP service areas within at least 50% of the applicable location accuracy standard (in other words, a carrier subject to the accuracy standard for handset-based technologies in Section 20.18(h)(2), which is 50 meters for 67% of calls, must achieve location accuracy of 75 meters for 67% of calls in all PSAPs in order to comply with this requirement);
(4) By September 11, 2011, each carrier subject to the rule must file with the Commission a report describing the status of its ongoing efforts to comply with the requirement; and
(5) By September 11, 2012, each carrier must demonstrate full compliance.

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, Cary Mitchell, and Bob Jackson.

FCC Opens Window For Filing 3650 MHz Licenses

The FCC’s Wireless Telecommunications Bureau (WTB) recently announced November 15, 2007, as the start date for filing applications for nationwide non-exclusive licenses in the 3650-3700 MHz band (3650 MHz band). The FCC also issued a Public Notice explaining how to use the Universal Licensing System (ULS) to acquire a nationwide non-exclusive license for terrestrial operations in the 3650 MHz band and how to register fixed and base stations under such a license. Mobile and portable stations, which are typically used by consumers, i.e., end users or subscribers, do not require a separate license and do not have to be registered in ULS.

In 2005 the Commission adopted a Report and Order that revised the FCC’s rules to open the 3650 MHz band for terrestrial wireless broadband operations. Recently, the Commission addressed petitions for reconsideration of the Report and Order by affirming the rules and policies adopted in 2005, with one rule modification and a clarification.

These rules involve minimal regulatory burdens to encourage multiple entrants and to stimulate the rapid expansion of broadband services—especially in America's rural heartland—while at the same time ensuring that incumbent, grandfathered satellite Earth stations and Federal radiolocation stations in this band are protected from harmful interference.

Briefly, there are four key steps involved in obtaining authority to operate a base or fixed station: (1) Obtain a nationwide, non-exclusive license using ULS; (2) Before registering a station, examine ULS for nearby stations; (3) Obtain FCC-certified equipment (fixed, base and mobile equipment operating in the band must incorporate a “contention-based protocol”); and (4) Register each fixed and base station using ULS.

All terrestrial licensees will have the mutual obligation to cooperate and avoid harmful interference to one another as well as to protect grandfathered operations, as further described below. There are no eligibility restrictions for licenses (other than the statutory foreign ownership restrictions) and no in-band or out-of-band spectrum aggregation limits. Licenses will have a 10-year license term and licensees will have a right to a renewal expectancy. Licensees will be free to assign and transfer their nationwide non-exclusive licenses and to “assign” or share fixed and base stations that are registered. Applicant qualifications for nationwide non-exclusive licenses in the 3650 MHz band will be assessed in accordance with the requirements of FCC Form 601 and the Commission’s rules.

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, and Cary Mitchell.


FCC SEEKS COMMENT ON EXTENDING DO NOT CALL REGISTRY: The FCC, at yesterday’s open meeting, adopted a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) seeking comment on whether to require telemarketers to honor registrations with the National Do-Not-Call Registry beyond the current five-year registration period. Under this proposal, telemarketers would be required to honor registrations indefinitely, until the registration is cancelled by the consumer or the telephone number is removed by the database administrator because it was disconnected or reassigned. Since the opening of the National Do-Not- Call Registry in June of 2003, over 145 million telephone numbers have been placed on the Registry. Under the current rules, registered numbers will begin to expire in June 2008 and may be dropped from the Registry, unless consumers take steps to re-register the numbers. The FCC proposes making registrations permanent to alleviate the inconvenience to consumers of having to re-register their preferences not to receive telemarketing calls. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

FCC LAUNCHES RULEMAKING ON POLE ATTACHMENTS: The FCC has launched a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to consider comprehensively the appropriate changes, if any, to its implementation of Section 224 of the Communications Act, which confers on cable television companies and telecommunications carriers the right to pole attachments at just and reasonable rates, and terms and conditions. Utilities and attachers have had nearly a decade of experience with the pole attachment rules that the Commission adopted to implement the 1996 Act, and the FCC now seeks to draw on their experience and that of other interested parties as it considers adopting rules to facilitate pole and conduit access. The FCC said it intends to promote the procompetitive and deregulatory goals of the Act, as well as to reduce the need of parties to resort to the Section 224 complaint process. The FCC said it is further guided by the overarching concerns embodied in the statute and our precedent, including safety, certainty, administrability, and nondiscrimination. The FCC asks commenters to assist it in compiling a record that will create, to the extent possible, a context into which it can place the experiences of utilities, attachers, state commissions, end users, and others in the decade since the Commission began to implement the 1996 Act. Specifically, the FCC seeks comment on a variety of issues relating to our implementation of Section 224 including whether the existing rules governing pole attachment rates remain appropriate in light of increasing intermodal competition in the marketplace today; whether Section 224 confers rights on incumbent local exchange carriers (LECs) to regulation of the rates they pay for pole attachments; and whether it would be appropriate to adopt specific rules regarding certain non-price terms and conditions associated with Section 224 access rights. With regard to rates, the FCC tentatively concludes that all attachments used for broadband Internet access service should be subject to a single rate, regardless of the platform over which those services are provided, and that that rate should be greater than the current cable rate, yet no greater than the telecommunications rate. In addition, the FCC seeks comment regarding possible changes in bargaining power between electric utilities and incumbent LECs, and whether pole attachment rates paid by incumbent LECs could affect the vitality of competition to deliver telecommunications, video services, and broadband Internet access service. Comments in this WC Docket No. 07-245 proceeding will be due 30 days after publication of the item in the Federal Register, and replies will be due 30 days thereafter.

BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

FCC GRANTS 700 MHz PUBLIC SAFETY LICENSE TO PSSTC: The FCC has grant ed the application of the Public Safety Spectrum Trust Corporation (PSSTC) for the single nationwide license for the public safety 700 MHz broadband spectrum allocation (i.e., the Public Safety Broadband License). In its Second Report and Order last July 31, the FCC re-designated 10 megahertz of public safety 700 MHz spectrum (763-768/793-798 MHz) for the purpose of establishing a nationwide, interoperable broadband public safety communications network. It also created a single nationwide license for this spectrum – the Public Safety Broadband License. Further, it stated that it would assign this license to a single entity – the Public Safety Broadband Licensee (PSBL). The Public Safety Broadband License and the PSBL were created for the purpose of partnering with a commercial entity – the auction winner of the immediately adjacent ten megahertz of commercial “D Block” spectrum – in order to facilitate a public/private partnership (the 700 MHz Public/Private Partnership) that would result in the build out of this nationwide public safety network. The FCC received only one application for the Public Safety Broadband License. The application was filed by the PSSTC, an entity incorporated under the laws of the District of Columbia as a non-profit corporation. In its application, PSSTC states that it exceeds the eligibility criteria set forth in Second Report and Order and the Order on Reconsideration to hold the Public Safety Broadband License. The PSSTC asserts that it is managed and controlled by public safety entities, has no commercial interests, is a non-profit organization, and is broadly representative of the public safety community. Further, PSSTC states that it has provided the necessary written certifications from at least ten geographically diverse state and local government entities. In addition, PSSTC provides a description of the organization, including its Articles of Incorporation, and a discussion of how it is qualified to carry out the duties and responsibilities of the PSBL. The Commission will retain significant oversight of the 700 MHz Public/Private Partnership, including monitoring negotiations and adjudicating disputes arising during the negotiation or implementation of the Network Sharing Agreement (NSA) — to be executed between the PSBL and the commercial D Block auction winner — and ultimately approving the NSA itself. The PSBL, however, will bear a significant responsibility and play a substantial role in ensuring the success of the 700 MHz Public/ Private Partnership. Among other things, the PSBL must:

  • Act as chief promoter of the broadband spectrum needs of public safety entities;
  • Negotiate the NSA with the D Block auction winner;
  • Administer access to the 700 MHz public safety broadband network;
  • Assess usage fees;
  • Approve equipment and applications used by public safety entities;
  • Oversee the relocation of 700 MHz public safety narrowband operations;
  • Review requests for early local build-outs and wideband waiver requests;
  • Manage the internal guard band between public safety broadband and narrowband operations;
  • Manage priority access to commercial broadband spectrum in the D Block during emergencies (as defined in the NSA).

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, Richard Rubino, and Cary Mitchell.


JANUARY 1: CARRIERS MUST NOTIFY CUSTOMERS OF “DO NOT CALL” OPTIONS: The FCC requires each common carrier (wireline and wireless) offering local exchange service to inform subscribers of the opportunity to provide notification to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) that the subscriber objects to receiving telephone solicitations. The carrier must inform subscribers of (1) their right to give or revoke a notification of their objection to receiving telephone solicitations pursuant to the national “Do Not Call” database; and (2) the methods by which such rights may be exercised. Beginning on January 1, 2004, and annually thereafter, such common carriers shall provide an annual notice, via an insert in the customer’s bill, to inform their subscribers of the opportunity to register or revoke registrations on the national Do Not Call database. BloostonLaw will provide clients with the wording for an appropriate notice upon request.

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

Source: Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy and Prendergast, LLP

For additional information, contact Hal Mordkofsky at 202-828-5520 or



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The transistor: sixty years old and still switching

By Jack Ganssle
Embedded Systems Design
(11/28/07, 03:30:00 PM EST)

Sixty years ago this month, scientists at Bell Labs demonstrated the most important invention of the 20th century: the first real transistor.

It's hard to say when the electronics age started, but William Sturgeon's 1825 development of the electromagnet laid the seeds that led to Joseph Henry's crude telegraph in 1830, which was the first electrical system used to communicate over long distances (a mile). Just 14 years later, Samuel Morse sent a message by telegraph over a 40-mile link he had strung between Washington DC and Baltimore.

Considering the primitive nature of telegraphy at the time, it's astonishing just how quickly the demand grew. By 1851 Western Union was in business, and in the same decade Cyrus Field had connected the Old and New Worlds via a fragile cable that failed a mere three weeks after the first message was sent. But later attempts succeeded. Instantaneous transatlantic communication quickly lost its novelty.

Although Alexander Graham Bell's 1875 invention of the telephone is universally lauded today, it was a less than practical device till Thomas Edison came up with the carbon microphone two years later. The speaker's voice modulated a pack of carbon granules, changing the circuit's resistance and thus sending a signal to the receiver.

A number of inventors soon came up with the idea of wireless transmission, codified by Guglielmo Marconi's 1896 patent and subsequent demonstrations. Like the telephone and telegraph early radios used neither CPUs, transistors, nor vacuum tubes. Marconi, drawing on the work of others, particularly Nikola Tesla, used a high voltage and spark gap to induce electromagnetic waves into a coil and an antenna. The signals, impossibly noisy by today's standards, radiated all over the spectrum . . . but they worked. In fact, Titanic's famous SOS was broadcast using a 5 KW spark gap set manufactured by the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company.

The circuits were electrical, not electronic.

Telephone signals, though, degraded quickly over distance while radio remained crude and of limited range. The world desperately needed devices that could control the flow of the newly discovered electron. About this time Ambrose Fleming realized that the strange flow of electricity in a vacuum Edison had stumbled on could rectify an alternating current, which has the happy benefit of detecting radio waves. He invented the first simple vacuum tube diode. But it didn't find much commercial success due to high costs and the current needed by the filament.

In the first decade of the new century, Lee de Forest inserted a grid in the tube between the anode and cathode. With this new control element, a circuit could amplify, oscillate, and switch. Those are the basic operations of any bit of electronics. With the tube, engineers learned they could create radios of fantastic sensitivity, send voices over tens of thousands of miles of cable, and switch ones and zeroes in microseconds. During the four years of World War I, Western Electric alone produced a half million tubes for the U.S. Army. By 1918, over a million a year were being made in the U.S., more than fifty times the pre-war numbers.

Electronics was born.

Electronics is defined as "the science dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors," and the word came into being nearly at the same time the tube was created. But that's a lousy definition. I think the difference between electrical and electronic circuits is that the latter uses "active" elements, components that rectify, switch, or amplify. The very first active devices may have been cats whisker crystals, a bit of springy wire touching a raw hunk of galena that works as a primitive diode. I can't find much about their origins, but it seems these crystals first appeared shortly before Fleming did his pioneering vacuum tube research. It's rather ironic that this, the first active element, which predated the tube, was a semiconductor, but that nearly another half century was required to "discover" semiconductors.

Radios originally sported just a few tubes but soon high-end units used dozens. In the late 1960s, I had a military-surplus 1940-era RBC radio receiver that had 19 tubes. Reputedly it cost $2,400 in 1940 (over $33k today). The $600 toilet seat is nothing new.

Increasing capability lead then, as it still does today, to ever-escalating cries for more features, speed, and functionality. The invention of radar in World War II created heavier demands for active electronics. Some sets used hundreds of tubes. Perhaps the crowning achievement of vacuum-tube technology was the ENIAC in 1946, which employed some 18,000. The machine failed every two days. Clearly, the advent of digital technology had pushed tubes to their very limits. A new sort of active element was needed, something that produced less waste heat, used vastly fewer watts, and was reliable.

first transistor
“The first transistor ever assembled , invented in Bell Labs in 1947.” Photo and text from, (Follow that link to see more historical documents and images about Bell Labs and the transistor.)

Serendipitously, the very next year Walter Brattain and John Bardeen (who, with William Shockley won the 1956 Nobel Prize for this and related semiconductor work) invented the transistor. Though some claim this was the first "practical" such semiconductor, the Bell Labs scientists had actually constructed a point-contact transistor, a difficult-to-manufacture device that is no longer used and whose use was never widespread.

Around 1950 (sources vary), Raytheon produced their CK703, the first commercially available device. At $18 each ($147 in today's inflated dollars), these simply weren't competitive with vacuum tubes, which typically cost around $0.75 each at the time. Though point-contact transistors were tantalizingly close to an ideal active element, something better was needed.

Shockley had continued his semiconductor work, and in 1948 patented the modern junction transistor. Three years later, Bell Labs demonstrated part number M1752 (photos at M1752.htm), though it was apparently produced only in prototype quantities.

The modern transistor was born. But it didn't immediately revolutionize the electronics industry, which continued its love affair with tubes. It wasn't till 1956 that Japan's ETL Mark 3, probably the first transistorized computer, appeared, but it used 130 point-contact transistors and wasn't a practical, saleable unit. The following year IBM started selling their 608 machine, which used 3,000 germanium transistors. It was the first commercial transistorized computer. The 608 used 90% less power than a comparable machine built using tubes. With a 100 KHz clock, 9 instructions, and 11 msec average multiplication time for two 9-digit BCD numbers, it had 40 words of core memory and weighed 2,400 pounds.

The telephone industry's demand for amplifiers accelerated the development of vacuum tubes, and it unsurprisingly snapped up semiconductor technology. As early as 1952 Bell Telephone installed the first transistorized central office equipment in New Jersey--again, using point contract transistors.

Ma Bell was started by Alexander Graham Bell of course, who started as a teacher of the deaf and who spent much of his career in service to the hearing impaired. So not surprisingly the Bell Corporation waived all patent royalties for the very first transistorized consumer product--a hearing aid, around 1953.

Old-timers probably remember Raytheon's CK-722, one of the first commercial junction transistors. It was available in 1953 for about $7 each, a lot of money in those days. I remember buying bags of random transistors from Radio Shack in the '60s that often had CK-722s, probably factory seconds. I have no memory of the cost, but as this was all allowance money it couldn't have been more than a buck or two for a bag of parts.

By late 1955 the same part cost $0.99. Moore's Law didn't exist, but the inexorable collapse of the prices of electronic components had started, entirely enabled by the new semiconductor technology.

Regency Electronics did produce the first commercial transistor radio (eponymously called the TR-1) as early as 1954. (To see videos of this four-transistor radio being assembled check out TI, looking for a market for their new transistors, had approached a number of domestic radio manufacturers but was turned down by all but Regency. A contemporary TI press release about the TR-1 calls the components "n-p-n grown junction, germanium triodes." A triode was—and is—a three element vacuum tube.

By the early 1960s, consumers were infatuated with miniature radios (half of the 10 million units sold in 1959 were transistorized). Marketers, then as now anxious to differentiate their products, started using transistor counts to sell product. Although at least one vendor managed to build a radio with just two transistors (schematic here:, and rarely were more than 8 actually used, often as many as 16 were soldered on the board--most, of course, unconnected. That may be analogous to today's GB wars. How many iPod owners come close to filling their 40 GB drives?

Today, discrete transistors seem almost like anachronisms, although they're still widely used in many demanding applications. Costs range from nearly nothing to tens of dollars or more for certain specialized parts. An IC the size of that venerable CK-722 might have hundreds of millions of transistors, each of which costs the buyer a few microcents.

Ironically, some of the problems that plagued vacuum tubes and lead to their near-demise now haunt transistorized products. In 1946, all of the computer capability in the world consumed a few hundred kilowatts. Today a single server farm sucks many megawatts. According to, in 2005 server farms worldwide needed the equivalent of 14 one-gigawatt power plants. Google's data center in The Dalles, Oregon reputedly has cooling towers four-stories tall.

Transistors come in many varieties, the field-effect transistor (FET) being the most important. Invented in 1960 (drawing on Shockley's work) by John Atalla, it was at first a novelty. RCA introduced a series of logic chips using FETs, but they were used only in specialty, low-power applications due to their low speed. Everyone knew the technology would never replace the much more useful junction transistor.

Now, of course, FETs are the basis of the digital revolution. The speed problems were solved, and their extremely low power requirements made it possible to pack millions on to a single IC.

A three tube radio didn't generate all that much heat, but group 18,000 into a computer and the air conditioning system becomes a significant problem. The same holds true for all kinds of transistors: a single IC with hundreds of millions low-power FETs will thermally self-destruct. So, ironically once again, vendors are grappling with different technologies like multicore to get better MIPs per milliwatt ratios.

At the same time Morse was perfecting the telegraph, the first real electrical system, Rudolf Clausius codified the basic idea of the second law of thermodynamics, which has haunted the entire history of electronics. Multicore may or may not be a solution to MIPs/mW today, but put huge numbers of low-power CPUs on a single core and Clasius's law will surface yet again. I suspect that long before the transistor's 100th birthday entirely novel, low-entropy technologies will be invented. And those, too, will fall to inexorable thermal scaling problems.


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Nighthawk Systems Inc. manufactures low cost and reliable remote control products for fire house alerting, volunteer alerting, activation of warning signs and sirens, and a number of applications for public safety.  The Company manufactures the EA1 and the FAS-8 which have been designed specifically for these applications.  Both products are paging based and will work with any public or private paging network.  They are available in all VHF, UHF, and 900 MHz paging frequencies.  The products can serve as the primary notification system or an excellent, low-cost backup to existing systems.

Public Emergency Notification & Volunteer Alerting

The EA1 is the solution for remotely activating public warning signage.  Examples include tornado sirens, flash flood warnings, fire danger, Amber Alert, icy roads, etc.  The EA1 can also send text messages to scrolling signs.  This can occur in conjunction with the activation of audible alarms and visual strobes.  This is ideal for public notification in buildings, schools, hotels, factories, etc. The group call feature allows for any number of signs or flashing lights to be activated at the same time over a wide geographic area.  In addition, the EA1 Emergency Alert is the perfect solution for low cost yet highly effective alerting of volunteer fire fighters in their home.  When activated the EA1 will emit an audible alarm and activate the power outlet on the units faceplate.  A common setup is to simply place the EA1 on a table and plug a lamp into the faceplate.  When paged from dispatch or any touch tone phone the EA1 will awaken the fire fighter to a lit room.  As an option the EA1 can be ordered with a serial cable, allowing for attachment of a serial printer.  When paged the alphanumeric message will be printed out at the same time the alarm sounds and the outlet is activated.  The EA1 is an ideal complement to alphanumeric belt pagers common to volunteers.

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Firehouse Automation

The FAS-8 is designed for activating one or more relays in a firehouse and if desired, printing the alphanumeric message to a serial printer.  For this application the FAS-8 is set to activate upon receiving the proper paging cap code sent from 911 dispatch.  Up to eight different devices can be activated all with individual time functions.  The most common devices to turn on include the PA amplifier, audible wake up alarm, and house lights.  The most common device turned off is the stove.  The FAS-8 can accept up to 8 different cap codes and have separate relay and time functions per cap code.  This allows for different alerting to be accomplished at the same physical location depending upon which cap code is sent.  This can be very helpful when fire crews and medical crews are housed in the same building.



Put the innovative technology of Nighthawk to work for you. For more information on any of our products or services, please contact us.

Nighthawk Systems, Inc.
10715 Gulfdale, Suite 200
San Antonio, TX 78216

Phone: 877-764-4484
Fax: 210-341-2011


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R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street South
East Northport, NY 11731
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Telephone: (631) 266-2604 — Cell Phone: (631) 786-9359

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Paging equipment for Sale

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  • 1 CT Systems Service monitor
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Please call Jeff Beckett at 810-984-5141 or e-mail at

Complete Technical Services For The
Communications and Electronics Industries
Design • Installation • Maintenance • Training

Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
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Tel/Fax: 972-960-9336
Cell: 214-707-7711
7711 Scotia Dr.
Dallas, TX 75248-3112


From: Stephen Oshinsky
Subject: Chair and Vice-chair Elections
Date: November 29, 2007 5:01:19 PM CST
To: Paging Technical Committee

Dear PTC Members:

I want to thanks everybody that sent in nominations for Chair and Vice-chair for 2008. I received 7 responses and all of them nominated Stephen Oshinsky for Chair and Vic Jensen for Vice-chair to serve another year. No other nominations were received.

Given that outcome, there will be no need for a vote.

Again thanks for all the support and we hope everyone has a great end of year.


Stephen M. Oshinsky
Director, Systems Architecture

From: Jay Moskowitz
Subject: Android
Date: November 24, 2007 9:09:11 AM CST
To: Brad Dye

I don’t think you’ve written anything about the Google et al Android project to get all the hackers and part time developers around the planet to develop new wireless applications.


Building a better phone for consumers
Today, there are 1.5 billion television sets in use around the world. 1 billion people are on the Internet. But nearly 3 billion people have a mobile phone, making it one of the world's most successful consumer products. Building a better mobile phone would enrich the lives of countless people across the globe. The Open Handset Alliance™ is a group of mobile and technology leaders who share this vision for changing the mobile experience for consumers.

Innovating in the open
Each member of the Open Handset Alliance is strongly committed to greater openness in the mobile ecosystem. Increased openness will enable everyone in our industry to innovate more rapidly and respond better to consumers' demands. Our first joint project as a new Alliance is Android. Android™ was built from the ground up with the explicit goal to be the first open, complete, and free platform created specifically for mobile devices.

Making the vision a reality
Android is not just a blueprint for the faraway future, but a complete platform that will give mobile operators, handset manufacturers, and developers everything they need to build innovative devices, software and services. We are committed to commercially deploy handsets and services using the Android Platform in the second half of 2008. On November 12th, an early look at the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) will be made available to developers via our website.

Android™ will deliver a complete set of software for mobile devices: an operating system, middleware and key mobile applications. On November 12, we will release an early look at the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) to allow developers to build rich mobile applications.

Android was built from the ground-up to enable developers to create compelling mobile applications that take full advantage of all a handset has to offer. It is built to be truly open. For example, an application could call upon any of the phone's core functionality such as making calls, sending text messages, or using the camera, allowing developers to create richer and more cohesive experiences for users. Android is built on the open Linux Kernel. Furthermore, it utilizes a custom virtual machine that has been designed to optimize memory and hardware resources in a mobile environment. Android will be open source; it can be liberally extended to incorporate new cutting edge technologies as they emerge. The platform will continue to evolve as the developer community works together to build innovative mobile applications.

All applications are created equal
Android does not differentiate between the phone's core applications and third-party applications. They can all be built to have equal access to a phone's capabilities providing users with a broad spectrum of applications and services. With devices built on the Android Platform, users will be able to fully tailor the phone to their interests. They can swap out the phone's homescreen, the style of the dialer, or any of the applications. They can even instruct their phones to use their favorite photo viewing application to handle the viewing of all photos.

Breaking down application boundaries
Android breaks down the barriers to building new and innovative applications. For example, a developer can combine information from the web with data on an individual's mobile phone — such as the user's contacts, calendar, or geographic location — to provide a more relevant user experience. With Android, a developer could build an application that enables users to view the location of their friends and be alerted when they are in the vicinity giving them a chance to connect.

Fast & easy application development
Android provides access to a wide range of useful libraries and tools that can be used to build rich applications. For example, Android enables developers to obtain the location of the device, and allow devices to communicate with one another enabling rich peer-to-peer social applications. In addition, Android includes a full set of tools that have been built from the ground up alongside the platform providing developers with high productivity and deep insight into their applications.

From: Brad Dye
Subject: Android
To: Jay Moskowitz

After a brief, first look... here are my initial thoughts...

I am all for innovation and thinking outside of the box but...

This sort of reminds me of a certain company and their home-grown paging terminal project...

They had formed an internal product group to develop a "radically new" paging terminal platform that was based on (the then new) object-oriented s/w and off-the-shelf hardware. The goal was to have a new terminal that could be enhanced and modified very quickly to respond to the changing needs of the market thus allowing them to stay out in front of their competitors. They were absolutely convinced that none of the existing paging terminals could meet this requirement and that none of the paging terminal manufacturers could or would develop such a product.

Their thinking was: 

OK... I concede that they had some very smart people in the development group. They would have these pie-in-the-sky meetings that were sort of like  "intellectual-group-mental-masturbation sessions."  

They spent over $25 million on the project and the terminal never went on line to handle real traffic. It was eventually scrapped and all the people fired.

The problem was that the design was faulty because the h/w and s/w were both configured to process the traffic like a telephone switch — the relatively long transactions of voice calls. A paging terminal's design philosophy had to be much different. It had to connect—process—and—then disconnect many very short transactions very quickly. Like numeric paging traffic.

A new approach can't hurt. Sometimes a player comes along from outside of an industry and kicks ass with a great new product. A good example of this is the new Apple iPhone. They went up against the world's biggest and strongest electronics companies in an established and mature market and took it over "by storm." Go figure.

So this may be the start of an editorial. Comments appreciated. Hope you had a happy thanksgiving.

From: Jay Moskowitz
Subject: Android
To: Brad Dye

The Android SDK comes with an emulator just like the WAP SDK originally came with an emulator to develop apps before WAP phones were available. The first gPhones that can run Android are due mid-08. Google has used their software horsepower to put a sophisticated development environment on the street. And the $10M prize offer will get many developers to put endless hours into creating interesting apps.

Last year Netflix made a database of 100 Million movie ratings available to developers. They offered $1M to anyone who could guess the ratings of a few hundred thousand people based on that database and improve how well they guess by 10% over Netflix own system. Over 11,000 people worked on this over the year (I was one of them) and a team won $50k for an 8.5% improvement (the best after 1 year). Certainly Netflix will eventually integrate techniques that come out of the work of all those people and reap more than $1M from the resultant improvement in recommendations and thereby rentals. The prize money model gets amateurs, professions, students, professors, hackers, and other developers to buy into the effort. And it is taken as an intellectual challenge.

So this is not like the paging terminal being built by academics. This is more like the open source movement of releasing software source and letting people offer incremental improvements. Those that don't make things better are rejected and those that do become part of the updated baseline. They are looking for the guy sitting in his dorm room that could have created eBay, or Skype, or file sharing Kazaa, etc. who have the skills to create significant apps. Remember, that is where the google guys came from.

I had no idea that $25M was invested in that paging terminal project. Boy could that have been put to better use.


That's all for this week folks. Please get one friend or co-worker to sign up for the newsletter..

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With best regards,
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Newsletter Editor


Brad Dye, Editor
The Wireless Messaging Newsletter
P.O. Box 13283
Springfield, IL 62791 USA

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