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AAPC Wireless Messaging News

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FRIDAY - OCTOBER 30, 2009 - ISSUE NO. 382

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Paging and Wireless Messaging Home Page image Newsletter Archive image Carrier Directory image Recommended Products and Services
Reference Papers Consulting Glossary of Terms Send an e-mail to Brad Dye

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Dear Friends of Wireless Messaging,

Brad Is On The Soapbox Again

I like this job more than any other that I have ever had. Being on the lookout for news about Wireless Messaging and related topics all week, really keeps me busy. I am grateful that I can still be actively involved in the industry that I have worked in for most of my adult life.

So, I hear all kinds of things — some that I can publish and some that I can not. I do try to publish most of the information that is sent to me. Sometimes I don't publish something because I just don't think it would be of interest to our readers. I refuse to publish unsigned submittals, but I always honor requests for anonymity — I withhold the author's name when requested to do so. This has cost me dearly in the past. I also try to report both sides of controversial issues whenever possible. On occasion, I have even delayed publishing certain news at a company's request.

I have been accused of being on the side of the "big carriers" by the smaller ones, and at least one "big carrier" has accused me of not representing their interests and those of the US paging industry (which they thought were the same). I think Abraham Lincoln said something about trying to please everyone all the time.

This week there was some grumbling going on about me, the PTC, and about the AAPC. It was about who we listen to, and who we side with. I really don't think that life is nearly as complicated as some people make it out to be. I am frequently amused at all the conspiracy theories and the speculation about hidden agendas. It reminds me of when I was a young boy and heard all the stories about political "witch hunts" for communists in every sector of our society. (Remember U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy?)

There are many people who like this newsletter very much. We have thousands of readers in nearly fifty countries. My last estimate was an approximate total of 4,000 weekly readers. I think one of the reasons — other than the obvious desire to keep up with the happenings in the Wireless Messaging industry — is that most readers know that I am independent. I tell it like I see it and no one owns me. I haven't had a real job since WebLink Wireless fired me — along with about 2,000 others — about 8 years ago. So, since then I don't have to kiss corporate [. . .] well let's say hand.

Please allow me to clarify my association with the AAPC. First of all I enthusiastically support them. I think that the tireless efforts by the AAPC Board Of Directors to support the common interests of all the US Paging Industry are extraordinary. These Directors are "un-paid volunteers" and have demanding, full-time jobs running companies. I am the editor of the "AAPC Wireless Messaging News" and I can assure you that I try to faithfully report all the news that I can find about our industry — both pro and con. This newsletter is supported by paid advertising, voluntary contributions, and by the AAPC. The newsletter support that I receive does not go to the AAPC. They do not actually own the newsletter. Every issue of the newsletter includes this notice:

Editorial Opinion pieces present the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of AAPC, its publisher, or its sponsors.

Ah, now I feel better that I got that off my chest. I hope everyone can relax now.

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Check out Unication USA's new ad. It looks great. They are offering a two-year warranty on their NP88 Numeric Display pager.

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The lady that has been doing my billing for several years had to quit due to some serious family illnesses. So now I am back trying to do it myself. This is not one of my strong points. It's time to renew several ads, so if you are better at keeping track of these renewal dates than I am, please send in your check. Also, please note my new address and telephone number at the end of this newsletter.

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One nice lady sent in a donation of $50.00 last week. You may think fifty bucks is no big deal, but 100 more donations like that would buy a new more powerful computer for editing the newsletter.

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Another False Rumor:

The only two paging channels below 512 MHz that can remain on 25 kHz spacing are 152.0075 MHz and 157.4500 MHz, all others must narrowband by January 1, 2013.

This was referring only to public safety paging channels. The CMRS paging-only channels licensed under Part 90 are NOT being narrowbanded. At a minimum that includes two high power and one low power VHF channel and eight high power and one low power VHF channel.

Now on to more news and views.

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Wireless Messaging News
  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Telemetry
  • Paging
  • VoIP
  • Wi-Fi
  • WiMAX
  • Location-Based Services
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This is the AAPC's weekly newsletter about Wireless Messaging. You are receiving this because you have either communicated with me in the past about a wireless topic, or your address was included in another e-mail that I received on the same subject. This is not a SPAM. If you have received this message in error, or you are not interested in these topics, please click here, then click on "send" and you will be promptly removed from the mailing list.

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iland internet sulutions This newsletter is brought to you by the generous support of our advertisers and the courtesy of iland Internet Solutions Corporation. For more information about the web-hosting services available from iland Internet Solutions Corporation, please click on their logo to the left.

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A new issue of The Wireless Messaging Newsletter gets posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the Internet. That way it doesn't fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world's major Paging and Wireless Data companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It's all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology. I regularly get readers' comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Data communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.


Editorial Opinion pieces present the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of AAPC, its publisher, or its sponsors.

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Anyone wanting to help support The Wireless Messaging Newsletter can do so by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above.

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The local newspaper here in Springfield, Illinois costs 75¢ a copy and it NEVER mentions paging. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially? A donation of $25.00 would represent approximately 50¢ a copy for one year. If you are so inclined, please click on the PayPal Donate button above. No trees were chopped down to produce this electronic newsletter.

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Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, and Vic Jackson are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects. Click here  for a summary of their qualifications and experience. They collaborate on consulting assignments, and share the work according to their individual expertise and their schedules.

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If you would like to have information about advertising in this newsletter, please click here.

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aapc logo American Association of Paging Carriers


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Welcome to our latest new member – James Beckham of A-1 Wireless Communications!

AAPC’s Interactive Map is now active!

As a new benefit to our members we have created an online map to assist potential customers in locating a local AAPC paging provider. Please note that the map was populated with data that we had on record. If your company provides coverage in a state where you are not listed, please e-mail Linda Hoover directly at

Click here to view the map.

Do not forget to explore the recently created AAPC/EMMA Trading Post. The Trading Post is a database of equipment that our members either want to sell or are looking to buy. To access the Trading Post you must be either a current member of AAPC or EMMA.

If you want to be listed on the map or have access to the AAPC/EMMA Trading Post, click here for an AAPC membership application.

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Thanks to our Gold Vendor!

prism paging
Prism Paging

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Thanks to our Silver Vendors!

  recurrent software
Recurrent Software Solutions, Inc.
Unication USA

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Thanks to our Bronze Vendors!

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  AAPC Executive Director
441 N. Crestwood Drive
Wilmington, NC 28405
Tel: 866-301-2272
AAPC Regulatory Affairs Office
Suite 250
2154 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20007-2280
Tel: 202-223-3772
Fax: 202-315-3587

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Advertiser Index

AAPC—American Association of Paging Carriers Leavitt Communications (for Alphamate)
  Northeast Paging
CRS—Critical Response Systems Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC
CVC Paging Preferred Wireless
Daviscomms USA Prism Paging
Easy Solutions Ron Mercer
FleetTALK Management Services Swissphone
GTES—Global Technical Engineering Solutions UCOM Paging
Hark Technologies Unication USA
HMCE, Inc. United Communications Corp.
Leavitt Communications (for Zetron) WiPath Communications

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Zetron's Paging and Remote Monitoring Solutions

leavitt zetron The Model 640 DAPT-XTRA Paging Terminal is a cost effective solution for small to medium-sized systems and private organizations offering a paging service based on bureau-type operator paging and/or direct telephone access. The 640 supports up to 1,500 users with up to 4 telephone lines. It also supports voice paging, voice prompts, talkback paging, and alphanumeric paging.

zetron Zetron's Remote Monitoring equipment provides monitoring and notification of unusual conditions and status changes. Messages are automatically transmitted over a radio or a public address system. Notification can be sent via speaker or radio announcement, telephone, cellular phone, or paging.

leavitt logo
(847) 955-0511
zetron reseller

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USA Mobility Reports Third Quarter Operating Results; Board Declares Quarterly Cash Distribution

Operating Expenses Significantly Reduced;

Cash Flow Margins Remain Near All-Time Highs

ALEXANDRIA, Va.—(BUSINESS WIRE)—Oct. 28, 2009— USA Mobility, Inc. (Nasdaq: USMO), a leading provider of wireless messaging and communications services, today announced operating results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2009.

In addition, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly cash distribution of $0.25 per share. The cash distribution will be paid on December 10, 2009 to stockholders of record on November 17, 2009. The Company expects the entire distribution to be paid as a return of capital.

Total revenue for the third quarter was $69.5 million, compared to $75.1 million in the second quarter and $88.4 million in the third quarter of 2008. Operating income in the third quarter was $15.0 million, compared to $14.5 million in the year-earlier quarter. EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and accretion) increased to $25.7 million from $25.5 million in the third quarter of 2008.

Net income for the third quarter was $9.2 million, or $0.40 per fully diluted share, compared to net income of $2.4 million, or $0.09 per fully diluted share, in the year-earlier quarter.

Third quarter results included:

  • Operating expenses (excluding depreciation, amortization and accretion) totaled $43.8 million, compared to $51.2 million in the second quarter and $62.8 million in the third quarter of 2008.
  • EBITDA margin (or EBITDA as a percentage of revenue) was 37.0 percent, compared to 31.9 percent in the second quarter and 28.9 percent in the year-earlier quarter.
  • Total paging ARPU (average revenue per unit) was $8.89, compared to $8.96 in the second quarter and $8.69 in the third quarter of 2008.
  • The quarterly rate of revenue erosion increased to 7.5 percent from 5.7 percent in the second quarter and 4.0 percent in the third quarter of 2008. The annual rate of revenue erosion was 21.3 percent, compared to 18.4 percent in the second quarter and 16.2 percent in the year-earlier quarter.
  • Net unit loss in the third quarter was 152,000, compared to 158,000 in the second quarter and 174,000 in the third quarter of 2008. At September 30, 2009, total units in service were 2,297,000, compared to 2,449,000 at June 30, 2009.
  • The quarterly rate of net unit loss was 6.2 percent, compared to 6.0 percent in the second quarter and 5.5 percent in the third quarter of 2008. The annual rate of subscriber loss was 23.5 percent, compared to 22.9 percent in the second quarter and 17.1 percent in the year-earlier quarter.
  • Capital expenses were $1.8 million versus $4.4 million in the second quarter.
  • The Company’s cash balance at September 30, 2009 was $95.7 million.

“We reported another solid performance in the third quarter despite a continued high rate of unit loss,” said Vincent D. Kelly, president and chief executive officer. “Operating results met or exceeded the majority of our targeted objectives and were consistent with our previously stated financial guidance. Cash flow margins remained high, operating expenses were reduced to their lowest level in many years, and we continued to provide cost effective and reliable wireless communications services to customers on a profitable basis.” Kelly said the slow economy and continuing high unemployment nationwide contributed to higher than expected subscriber cancellations. “Still,” he added, “we saw encouraging signs in our Healthcare segment – which now comprises more than 50 percent of our customer base – with the addition of numerous hospital and medical-related accounts.”

Kelly said the Company again returned capital to stockholders in the third quarter in the form of cash distributions, consistent with its goal of producing sufficient free cash flow to return capital to stockholders. “Generating $23.6 million in cash from operations in the quarter allowed us to pay a regular quarterly cash distribution of $0.25 per share on September 10, 2009, representing a return of capital to stockholders of approximately $5.7 million. With the third quarter distribution, we have returned $316.7 million to stockholders since 2005.”

The Company continued to reduce operating expenses during the third quarter through ongoing cost control measures. Thomas L. Schilling, chief operating officer and chief financial officer, said: “We made excellent progress in the third quarter reducing expenses throughout the organization. Moreover, we continued to reduce operating expenses faster than the rate of revenue erosion as expenses (excluding depreciation, amortization and accretion) declined 30.3 percent from the year-earlier quarter while revenue declined 21.3 percent. In addition, third quarter operating expenses as a percentage of revenue improved to 63.0 percent, the lowest level in many years.” Schilling said lower operating expenses also helped keep the Company’s cash flow margins near all-time highs. However, he cautioned, “Our ability to sustain operating margins at these levels going forward will become increasingly difficult given current subscriber and revenue trends.”

Commenting on the Company’s financial expectations for the balance of the year, Schilling said, “Based on our performance through September 30th, we are maintaining our financial guidance for 2009 of revenue between $286 million to $291 million, operating expenses (excluding depreciation, amortization and accretion) between $194 million to $197 million, and capital expenses between $16 million to $18 million.

* * * * * * * * *

USA Mobility plans to host a conference call for investors on its third quarter results at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Thursday, October 29, 2009. The dial-in number for the call is 877-208-2391 (toll-free) or 913-312-9321 (toll). The pass code for the call is 5046918. A replay of the call will be available from 3:00 p.m. ET on October 29 until 11:59 p.m. on Thursday, November 12. The replay number is 888-203-1112 (toll-free) or 719-457-0820 (toll). The pass code for the replay is 5046918.

* * * * * * * * *

About USA Mobility

USA Mobility, Inc., headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia, is a comprehensive provider of reliable and affordable wireless communications solutions to the healthcare, government, large enterprise and emergency response sectors. As a single-source provider, USA Mobility's focus is on the business-to-business marketplace and supplying wireless connectivity solutions to a majority of the Fortune 1000 companies. The Company operates the largest one-way paging and advanced two-way paging networks in the United States. In addition, USA Mobility offers mobile voice and data services through Sprint Nextel, including BlackBerry® smartphones and GPS location applications. The Company's product offerings include customized wireless connectivity systems for the healthcare, government and other campus environments. USA Mobility also offers M2M (machine-to-machine) telemetry solutions for numerous applications that include asset tracking, utility meter reading and other remote device monitoring applications on a national scale. For further information visit

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act: Statements contained herein or in prior press releases which are not historical fact, such as statements regarding USA Mobility’s future operating and financial performance, are forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that may cause USA Mobility’s actual results to be materially different from the future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expectations include, but are not limited to, declining demand for paging products and services, the ability to continue to reduce operating expenses, future capital needs, competitive pricing pressures, competition from both traditional paging services and other wireless communications services, government regulation, reliance upon third-party providers for certain equipment and services, as well as other risks described from time to time in periodic reports and registration statements filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Although USA Mobility believes the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, it can give no assurance that its expectations will be attained. USA Mobility disclaims any intent or obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

[financial tables]

Source: USA Mobility (The Financial Tables are included in the original.)

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Complete Technical Services For The Communications and Electronics Industries

Design • Installation • Maintenance • Training • Engineering • Licensing • Technical Assistance

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Consulting Engineer
Registered Professional Engineer

Tel/Fax: 972-960-9336
Cell: 214-707-7711
7711 Scotia Dr.
Dallas, TX 75248-3112

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FleetTALK Management Services

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Wireless Industry Management Specialist

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Tom Williams 973-625-7500 x102

FleetTALK Management Services
101 Roundhill Drive
Rockaway, NJ 07866

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FleetTALK Management Services

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Paging & Wireless Network Planners

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R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street South
East Northport, NY 11731
ron mercer

Cell Phone: 631-786-9359

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Paging & Wireless Network Planners

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Strategy of New Chief at Motorola Appears Poised to Pay Off

Published: October 28, 2009
The New York Times

LIBERTYVILLE, Ill. —Sanjay Jha’s honeymoon as co-chief executive at Motorola lasted just a few minutes into his first meeting with employees in 2008.

Hiroko Masuike for The New York Times
Sanjay Jha, co-chief executive of Motorola, with the company's new smartphones, the Droid, left, and the Cliq.

“Why should we trust you?” one employee blurted. The frustration was understandable. Motorola, which pioneered cellphones and built such consumer favorites as the StarTac and the Razr, had not had a hit phone in years, and a succession of leaders could not find one.

Mr. Jha, 46, an engineer who worked his way up at Qualcomm from a chip designer to the No. 3 executive, answered the challenge, saying employees should not take him on faith but watch what he did.

Mr. Jha recalled in a recent interview that he had hoped, at a minimum, that his talk “gave the team general comfort I wasn't a huckster.”

He knew he had to act fast to slash costs and prune dozens of phones based on dead-end technology that simply were not profitable. That made the last several months of 2008 a financial disaster — losses doubled as sales fell by a third.

Mr. Jha also knew he had only a year to deliver new handsets that could go head to head with Apple’s iPhone if he had any hope of retaining the trust of Motorola’s employees, investors and customers — not to mention its board, which had lured him with an enormous grant of stock and options.

“If I didn’t have smartphones in the market for Christmas of ’09, this business wouldn't have a runway,” he said.

Mr. Jha does not have Motorola flying again, but he at least has it poised for a takeoff. On Wednesday, Verizon Wireless introduced Motorola’s new Droid smartphone, which is nearly as thin as an iPhone but with a bigger screen and a slide-out keyboard. T-Mobile has started selling another Motorola smartphone called the Cliq.

“Motorola is a different place than it was a year ago,” said Paul E. Cole, T-Mobile’s vice president for product development. “Sanjay has done a spectacular job.”

Hiroko Masuike for The New York Times
Analysts said that the Droid, which will be backed by the biggest ad campaign by Verizon Wireless, is a crucial milestone in Motorola’s recovery. Mr. Jha with a Droid phone.

Looking back, Mr. Jha said that Motorola was in worse shape than he knew when he took the job, largely because of a dysfunctional management culture that missed the shift in consumer preferences from phones intended primarily for talking to those that do nearly everything a computer can do. The company’s engineering talent, which had once developed great phones, remained intact, he said.

As luck would have it, one of those engineers, Rick Osterloh, grabbed Mr. Jha just as he stepped off the stage at that first town meeting in August 2008. Mr. Jha had mentioned Google’s Android operating system for smartphones. Mr. Osterloh rushed the stage to tell him he was working on an Android phone in Motorola’s Silicon Valley outpost that would bring together text messages, e-mail and social-network updates.

By the end of that week, Mr. Osterloh was sitting on the corporate jet, flying with Mr. Jha back to California and explaining the Android concept in detail. A few days later, the top dozen members of Mr. Osterloh’s group assembled in a conference in Motorola’s office in Sunnyvale, Calif., to review the work done so far. The four-hour meeting was scheduled for 6 p.m., a shock for Motorola’s 9-to-5 culture. And Mr. Jha had not only asked for the PowerPoint of the presentation in advance, he had read all 100 slides and asked such detailed questions that the presenters had had to produce 20 more slides.

“He was able to understand what we were doing at such a detailed level. I was very impressed,” Mr. Osterloh said.

Mr. Jha was just as impressed with Mr. Osterloh’s unit. “Very quickly, I figured out they knew how to write software,” Mr. Jha said. “It felt like a team that would execute.”

In the weeks after, as Mr. Jha scrutinized Motorola’s other product groups, he often had the opposite reaction. At another meeting that ran late into the night, he discovered that the group making phones with Nokia’s Symbian operating system was staffed almost entirely by outside contractors. The entire project appeared to lack coordination and it was constantly months late in delivering phones. “They were fixing the same bug three or four times,” he said. “It was the contractors run amok.” Even worse, Motorola was not making money on its Symbian phones.

Mr. Jha soon decided to axe the entire Symbian product line as well as phones using several other operating systems. He wanted to simplify product development to standardize on one or two core systems. It came down to a Microsoft Windows mobile operating system and Android. When Microsoft said that a crucial release of its mobile operating system would be delayed, Mr. Jha gave Microsoft the stiff arm and bet on Android.

At the same time, Mr. Jha had to pick which microprocessors and radio chips would be at the core of its new line. This forced him to choose between chips made by the division he had run at Qualcomm and a custom design Motorola had been developing with Texas Instruments.

“This was very hard for me,” Mr. Jha said. “I was very strongly associated with the Qualcomm chip.” He spurned his former employer.

In the fall of 2008, Mr. Jha received an e-mail from Verizon, asking for ideas for a “long ball play for the fourth quarter” of 2009, Mr. Jha recalls. That meant a smartphone that could take on the iPhone. He flew to the carrier’s headquarters in Basking Ridge, N.J., bringing with him models of several of the company’s latest designs. Verizon executives seemed partial to one thin, angular handset that had been designed in London. Even without a firm order, Mr. Jha immediately assigned Iqbal Arshad, who had been the project manager for the Verizon version of the Razr, to transform the mockup into a smartphone Verizon could sell a year later.

“Sanjay said ‘Burn the ships and focus on Android,’ ” Mr. Arshad recalled. That meant rearranging the existing, tightly packed interior to accommodate the larger chips needed to connect to Verizon’s network. Meanwhile the phone’s overall design needed to be exciting enough to go head-to-head with the iPhone.

They found a way to fit a slide-out keyboard into a phone that was only 1.5 millimeters thicker than the iPhone. And they used a 3.7-inch touch screen, noticeably bigger than the 3.5-inch screen on the iPhone. To take advantage of the higher resolution of that screen, Motorola, working with Google, developed new software that would support high-definition video and 3-D graphics.

Motorola’s Droid is the first phone to use the latest release of Android, called Éclair, which features free turn-by-turn directions from Google and sophisticated speech recognition. The biggest problem was the balance between design, which was once a Motorola hallmark, and the phone’s performance. “When you are trying to make something small and powerful, everything is a tradeoff,” Mr. Osterloh explained. “You have to iterate the design thousands of times to get it right.”

Even a small change, like the color of the paint, means that the design of the several radio antennas embedded into the phone’s case have to be rearranged.

Verizon worried that the angular design of what was to be the Droid appealed more to men than women. Motorola quickly rounded some of the phone’s edges and added a rubberized backing to create a softer feel.

By March, T-Mobile had placed a firm order for the social-networking phone that it would name the Cliq. But Verizon was still skeptical, remembering many times in the past when Motorola had missed important deadlines. So Mr. Jha hand-delivered a working prototype to Lowell C. McAdam, the chief executive of Verizon Wireless. A few weeks later, e-mail messages started arriving with purchase orders from Verizon for what it decided to call the Droid.

Mr. Jha was back on stage Wednesday morning, this time at a news conference to formally introduce the Droid, which will go on sale next week for $199.

Analysts in the audience said that the Droid, which will be backed by the biggest ad campaign by Verizon Wireless, is a crucial milestone in Motorola’s recovery.

“To be able to come out with a sexy flagship device that is getting so much promotion from Verizon and really shows off their hardware skills — it looks like their bet on Android is going to pay off,” said Avi Greengart, the research director for consumer devices at Current Analysis. “If they hadn't delivered something like this, they’d be out of business.”

Source: The New York Times

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October 24, 2009

David Coursey, N5FDL

ARPC Files Petition to Amend 97.113: WB6NOA, N5GAR & N5FDL Seek Changes Allowing Volunteers and Professionals to Train Together

October 24, 2009 — The Amateur Radio Policy Committee today released a copy of its Petition for Rule Making recently filed with the Federal Communications Commission.

The petition seeks changes necessary to allow amateur radio operators who are also paid emergency responders to participate in on-the-air emergency training exercises. The FCC recently stated that such activities--which had been taking place for many years--violate Part 97.113(a) of its rules and must be stopped.

Part 97.113 states that amateur radio operators may not communicate on behalf of their employer, even if it is a fire department, hospital, law enforcement, or a disaster relief charity, except during actual emergencies.

That means on a day-to-day basis that these professionals are prohibited from participating in on-air training exercises or even casual on-air conversations about their agency's emergency programs. Thus, hams working for an emergency management agency cannot participate in the agency's on-air training events with agency volunteer ham operators.

The Amateur Radio Policy Committee was formed to seek changes to FCC rules and put an end to this nonsense. Emergency responders should be able to train with their volunteers without needless interference from the FCC.

The committee consists of well-known amateur radio author Gordon West, WB6NOA; former North Texas ARRL Section Manager Tom Blackwell, N5GAR; and San Joaquin County (CA) ARES Coordinator David Coursey, N5FDL.

The petition proposes a change to Part 97.111 which describes communications permitted in the Amateur Radio Service. The proposed new language would make legal the following:

(6) Transmissions necessary for disaster relief or emergency response, including training exercises, planning, drills or tests, without regard to whether the amateur operator has related employment, where the transmissions are for the exclusive use of amateur radio operators for noncommercial purposes.

The petition also proposes minor wording changes to 97.113 to make it consistent with the suggested new language.

A copy of the petition may be downloaded from, which also includes much additional information about this controversy.

Text of the petition here.

Source: (Thanks to Barry Kanne)

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  • VoIP telephone access — eliminate interconnect expense
  • Call from anywhere — Prism SIP Gateway allows calls from PSTN and PBX
  • All the Features for Paging, Voicemail, Text-to-Pager, Wireless and DECT phones
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  • Direct Connect to NurseCall, Assisted Living, Aged Care, Remote Monitoring, Access Control Systems

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Critical Response Systems

Over 70% of first responders are volunteers
Without an alert, interoperability means nothing.

Get the Alert.

M1501 Acknowledgent Pager

With the M1501 Acknowledgement Pager and a SPARKGAP wireless data system, you know when your volunteers have been alerted, when they’ve read the message, and how they’re going to respond – all in the first minutes of an event. Only the M1501 delivers what agencies need – reliable, rugged, secure alerting with acknowledgement.

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make your minitor II like new again


Finally, Minitor II housings available
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Pieces sold separately

Repair of Minitor II pagers
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United Communications Corp.
Serving the Emergency Service Market Since 1986
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BloostonLaw Telecom Update

Published by the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

[Portions reproduced here with the firm's permission.]

   Vol. 12, No. 37 x October 21, 2009   

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Enforcement of Red Flag Rules Takes Effect Nov. 1

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) last summer granted a three-month enforcement delay—until November 1—of its Red Flag Rules to give creditors and financial institutions more time to review FTC guidance and develop and implement written Identity Theft Prevention Programs. The delay applies to entities under the jurisdiction of the FTC and does not affect the Address Discrepancy or Card Issuer Rules. Under the new rules, all businesses that maintain a creditor-debtor relationship with customers, including virtually all telecommunications carriers (but other companies as well), must adopt written procedures designed to detect the relevant warning signs of identity theft, and implement an appropriate response.

The Red Flag compliance program was in place as of Nov. 1, 2008. But the FTC will not enforce the rules until November 1, 2009, meaning only that a business will not be subject to enforcement action by the FTC if it delays implementing the program until Nov. 1, 2009. The FTC announcement does not affect other federal agencies’ enforcement of the original Nov. 1, 2008, compliance deadline for institutions subject to their oversight. Other liabilities may be incurred if a violation occurs in the meantime. The requirements are not just binding on telcos and wireless carriers that are serving the public on a common carrier basis. They also apply to any “creditor” (which includes entities that defer payment for goods or services) that has “covered accounts” (accounts used mostly for personal, family or household purposes). This also may affect private user clients, as well as many telecom carriers’ non-regulated affiliates and subsidiaries. BloostonLaw has prepared a Red Flag. Compliance Manual to help your company achieve compliance with the Red Flag Rules. Please contact: Gerry Duffy (202-828-5528) or Mary Sisak (202-828-5554) with any questions or to request the manual.



  • FCC adopts “net neutrality” NPRM at open meeting.
  • FCC gets objections to Flow Mobile request to use public safety interoperable voice channels for broadband service.
  • McCain introduces “Internet Freedom Act of 2009.”
  • Comment sought on 2010 average schedule formulas.
  • FCC seeks comment on protecting children in new digital media age.

Stimulus Application Update: Grants Due In Dec.-Feb. Timeframe

At the Oct. 27 Senate Commerce Committee oversight hearing, NTIA and RUS announced that first round broadband stimulus grant and loan awards will be made from mid-December through mid-February.

NTIA/RUS also announced that there will be only one additional application round (rather than two) before the statutory Sept. 30 deadline. Therefore, any clients interested in seeking BTOP or BIP stimulus funding should prepare ASAP to participate in the last funding round, since the application filing window could be announced imminently (and almost certainly by the end of the year).

Comments Sought on Another Batch of Applications by Nov. 20: On Thursday, October 22, RUS and NTIA reported that they have updated the BroadbandUSA Mapping Tool and Searchable Database to include approximately 40 additional broadband stimulus applications (and corresponding Public Notice Filings). Some of these applications are paper applications that were received by the August 14 deadline, while others are valid electronic applications which were simply not published in the original Searchable Database and Mapping Tool Public Notice Filing round. These applications were officially posted to the Searchable Database and the BroadbandUSA Mapping Tool on October 20, 2009, and therefore Public Notice Responses can be submitted for these particular infrastructure applications through the Mapping Tool until November 20, 2009. The list of the applications by organization can be found at

The corresponding Public Notice Filings and maps are viewable by going to the and using the normal search functions. As with the initial round of Public Notice Filings, we are able to provide assistance drafting summary and comment language for your Public Notice Responses.

It should also be noted that, if an incumbent carrier was unable to submit timely comments on the first batch of applications (due Oct. 28), it is possible to submit late comments. NTIA has stated that “if an existing service provider submits a response outside the timeframe specified in this NOFA, it will not be considered an existing service provider for determining whether the applicant’s service area is eligible, but will still be considered with respect to the agencies’ other applicable eligibility requirements.” The NOFA does not make clear what other eligibility requirements apply, but to the extent that NTIA and RUS are supposed to make an informed decision in awarding funds, late comments may be useful.

BloostonLaw contacts: Gerry Duffy, Mary Sisak, Ben Dickens.

FCC Adopts “Net Neutrality” NPRM at Open Meeting

At its October 22 open meeting last week, the FCC adopted a “net neutrality” Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), with Commissioners Robert McDowell and Meredith Atwell Baker dissenting in part, and concurring in part. The NPRM seeks comment on draft rules to codify the four principles the Commission articulated in its 2005 Internet Policy Statement. The NPRM also seeks comment on draft rules that would codify additional principles of nondiscrimination and transparency:

  • The draft nondiscrimination principle would require that, subject to reasonable network management, a provider of broadband Internet access service must treat lawful content, applications, and services in a nondiscriminatory manner.
  • The draft transparency principle would require that, subject to reasonable network management, a provider of broadband Internet access service must disclose such information concerning network management and other practices as is reasonably required for users and content, application, and service providers to enjoy the protections specified in the rulemaking.

In a departure from the past, this NPRM actually publishes the language of the proposed draft rules:

1. Subject to reasonable network management, a provider of broadband Internet access service may not prevent any of its users from sending or receiving the lawful content of the user’s choice over the Internet.

2. Subject to reasonable network management, a provider of broadband Internet access service may not prevent any of its users from running the lawful applications or using the lawful services of the user’s choice.

3. Subject to reasonable network management, a provider of broadband Internet access service may not prevent any of its users from connecting to and using on its network the user’s choice of lawful devices that do not harm the network.

4. Subject to reasonable network management, a provider of broadband Internet access service may not deprive any of its users of the user’s entitlement to competition among network providers, application providers, service providers, and content providers.

5. Subject to reasonable network management, a provider of broadband Internet access service must treat lawful content, applications, and services in a nondiscriminatory manner.

6. Subject to reasonable network management, a provider of broadband Internet access service must disclose such information concerning network management and other practices as is reasonably required for users and content, application, and service providers to enjoy the protections specified in this part.

Further, the NPRM proposes a draft rule for “reasonable network management”:

Reasonable network management consists of:

(a) reasonable practices employed by a provider of broadband Internet access service to

(i) reduce or mitigate the effects of congestion on its network or to address quality-of-service concerns;

(ii) address traffic that is unwanted by users or harmful;

(iii) prevent the transfer of unlawful content; or

(iv) prevent the unlawful transfer of content; and

(b) other reasonable network management practices.

The FCC said its draft rules make clear that providers would also be permitted to address harmful traffic and traffic unwanted by users, such as spam, and prevent both the transfer of unlawful content, such as child pornography, and the unlawful transfer of content, such as a transfer that would infringe copyright. Further, nothing in the draft rules supersedes any obligation a broadband Internet access service provider may have — or limits its ability — to deliver emergency communications, or to address the needs of law enforcement, public safety, or national or homeland security authorities, consistent with applicable law.

The Commission is also seeking comment on how it should address “managed” or “specialized” services, which are Internet-Protocol-based offerings provided over the same networks used for broadband Internet access services. While the proceeding will seek input on how best to define and treat such services, managed services could include voice, video, and enterprise business services, or specialized applications like telemedicine, smart grid, or eLearning offerings. These services may provide consumer benefits and lead to increased deployment of broadband networks.

The NPRM asks how the Commission should define the category of managed or specialized services, what policies should apply to them, and how to ensure that broadband providers’ ability to innovate, develop valuable new services, and experiment with new technologies and business models can co-exist with the preservation of the free and open Internet on which consumers and businesses of all sizes depend.

The NPRM affirms that the six principles it proposes to codify would apply to all platforms for broadband Internet access, including mobile wireless broadband, while recognizing that different access platforms involve significantly different technologies, market structures, patterns of consumer usage, and regulatory history. To that end, the NPRM seeks comment on how, in what time frames or phases, and to what extent the principles should apply to non-wireline forms of broadband Internet access, including mobile wireless.

Recognizing that the Commission’s decisions in this rulemaking must reflect a thorough understanding of current technology and future technological trends, the Chief of the Commission’s Office of Engineering & Technology will create an inclusive, open, and transparent process for obtaining the best technical advice and information from a broad range of engineers.

Our clients will want to comment on a number of issues related to the proposed rules that may affect smaller broadband providers, such as what constitutes “reasonable network management” as that term will be applied to specific circumstances faced by small carriers; and whether the rules impose any sort of proactive obligation (and potential liability) for policing some of the practices governed by the proposed rules. Comments in this GN Docket No. 09-191 and WC Docket No. 07-52 proceeding are due January 14, 2010, and replies are due March 5, 2010.

FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski stressed the importance of the “openness” of the Internet. “Accordingly, I fully support this Notice, which will launch a fact-based, transparent, and participatory process to develop rules to preserve an open Internet. The Notice seeks to identify the hard questions the Commission must address as part of this rulemaking, and that the Commission must ultimately address based on the facts and the record before it.”

The Chairman said he has “been clear that government should not be in the business of running or regulating the Internet. Government should promote competition. It should protect consumers’ right to access the lawful content, applications, and services of their choosing. It should ensure that there is no central authority preventing people or businesses from communicating over the Internet. It should certainly not be that central authority. As others have said: ‘The minute that anyone, whether from government or the private sector, starts to control how people use the Internet, it is the beginning of the end of the Net as we know it.’ There should be no confusion on this point, at home or abroad. This Commission fully agrees that government must not restrict the free flow of information over the Internet.”

He also noted that “openness is essential for the Internet however it’s accessed. It doesn't make sense to have one Internet when your laptop is plugged into a wall and another when accessing the Internet through a wireless modem. At the same time, wireless networks are different from wired networks. Given fundamental differences in technology, how, when and to what extent open Internet rules should apply to different access platforms, particularly mobile broadband, will undoubtedly vary. This is an important issue on which the Notice seeks to develop a full and informed record.”

FCC Commissioner Robert McDowell said he does not agree with the majority that the Commission has the legal authority to regulate the network management of the Internet as proposed. He hoped the FCC can explore the differences between discriminatory conduct and anti-competitive conduct. “During the course of this debate, many have confused the important difference between discriminatory conduct and anticompetitive conduct,” he said. “But the reality is that the Internet can function only if engineers are allowed to discriminate among different types of traffic. The word ‘discriminate’ carries with it negative connotations, but to network engineers it means ‘network management.’ Discriminatory conduct, in the network management context, does not necessarily mean anticompetitive conduct.”

“For example,” McDowell continued, “to enjoy online video downloads without interruption or distortion, consumers expect video bits to be given priority over other bits, such as email bits. Such conduct is discriminatory, but not necessarily anticompetitive. If discriminatory conduct were to become anticompetitive conduct, then could it not be addressed in the context of competition and anti-trust laws? While [the NPRM] provides an opportunity to comment on the applicability of such laws, I hope that the record will contain a relevant market analysis before we venture further. Without a finding of a concentration of market power and abuse of such power in the broadband market, additional regulation is likely not warranted.”

“In fact, just over two years ago the Commission launched an inquiry into the state of the broadband services market. We cast a wide net in an effort to harvest evidence of fundamental market failure, and we came up empty. Similarly, after a lengthy and thorough market analysis, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) issued a report on the state of the broadband market just 27 months ago. In a unanimous and bipartisan 5-0 vote, the FTC strongly cautioned against imposing Internet regulation, saying:

‘[W]e suggest that policy makers proceed with caution in evaluating calls for network neutrality regulation …. No regulation, however well-intended, is cost-free, and it may be particularly difficult to avoid unintended consequences here, where the conduct at which regulation would be directed largely has not yet occurred. … Policy makers should be very wary of network neutrality regulation.’

“What tectonic market changes have occurred since the 2007 FTC report that would warrant a change in policy?” McDowell asked rhetorically.

“Since the Supreme Court’s decision in Brand X v. NCTA, we have been busy taking broadband services out of the common carriage realm of Title II and classifying them as largely unregulated Title I information services due to market conditions,” he continued. “So an important question to ask might be to what degree would a lack of a change in market conditions threaten the viability of any new regulations on appeal?”

“Some point to less than a handful of troublesome actions – some several years old – by a few market players as sufficient evidence to justify a new regulatory regime,” McDowell said. “An important fact lacking in this debate is that once these actions were brought to light, however, all were resolved without imposing new regulations. Additionally, given the context of the uncountable number of Internet communications that occur every day, is such a small number of quickly resolved incidents evidence that the Internet is breaking to the point of needing more regulation?”

“As the Commission embarks upon this regulatory journey, we should do so with our eyes wide open regarding the potential consequences of our actions, be they beneficial or harmful and intended or unintended. For instance, the recent 700 MHz auction teaches important lessons about unintended consequences. I cast the only dissent against the open access requirements because the evidence in the record told me that the market was already headed toward offering more device and application portability. As it turns out, not only were several Wi-Fi-enabled handsets already on the market at the time of our order, but, more importantly, several carriers, device manufacturers and application providers were working together to produce open devices and networks long before even a draft of the 700 MHz order was contemplated. At the time, I also did not think that the rule would achieve the advertised goal of attracting a new national broadband provider. Additionally, I was concerned that larger carriers would avoid the encumbered spectrum and outbid smaller players in the smaller, unregulated spectrum blocks. Sadly, my fears proved to be correct, but I wish I had been wrong. Hopefully, we can all learn from that experience: Even with the best of intentions, our rules can produce unpredictable outcomes that cause unforeseen harms,” McDowell said.

BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

FCC Receives Objections To Flow Mobile Request To Use Public Safety Spectrum For Broadband Service

New EA, Inc. dba Flow Mobile, in conjunction with the State of North Dakota, has requested a waiver of the public safety allocation rules, to allow Flow Mobile to utilize 700 MHz spectrum allocated for nationwide and local public safety voice communications. Flow Mobile also seeks a waiver to utilize the 700 MHz public safety broadband spectrum, for use in constructing a WiFi-based network.

The FCC has raised questions about whether Flow Mobile is eligible to apply for public safety spectrum, with or without assistance from North Dakota; and whether Flow’s proposed use of the public safety spectrum for a WiFi broadband network would disrupt the plans for interoperable public safety broadband operations on the broadband spectrum, and for interoperable voice operations on the narrowband spectrum.

In response to the FCC’s request for public comment, the Commission received comments from the Public Safety Spectrum Trust (PSST), APCO, NPSTC and IACP, among others, opposing any use of the public safety narrowband channels for Flow’s proposed network, since it would harm the P25 interoperable voice network plan for the United States, and create the potential for interference to neighboring jurisdictions’ public safety radios. The commenters also indicated concern that the Flow Mobile WiFi technology would not be compatible with public safety’s evolution to Long Term Evolution (LTE) broadband technology.

Additionally, the National Telecommunications Cooperative Association (NTCA) filed comments opposing Flow Mobile’s request. NTCA stated that Flow Mobile recently submitted hundreds of individual applications seeking broadband stimulus funding for last mile remote area projects so that it could provide for-profit broadband service in rural areas. NTCA said that Flow Mobile is not a permissible licensee of the public safety spectrum and cannot escape the restriction by having a state file a request for waiver on its behalf.

NTCA said its members are deploying broadband service to their subscribers. They are using innovative methods, combining fiber, wireless and other technology to reach that difficult “last mile.” In furtherance of their efforts, NTCA said its members spent millions of dollars to obtain commercial 700 MHz spectrum. “The State of North Dakota now proposes to introduce an unproven commercial competitor with free access to spectrum and a guaranteed source of revenue in the form of a public safety subscriber. This plan undermines the business decisions of the rural carriers who are dedicated to the rural communities they serve and who have been offering service for decades,” NTCA said.

According to NTCA, “Rural carriers who paid for spectrum would not be able to compete for customers with a state subsidized competitor. Rural carriers could not offer a competitive price and still recoup their initial investment. Without the ability to offer a competitive broadband product, rural carriers would likely delay, if not abandon, broadband deployment.”

A number of North Dakota ILECs also filed comments expressing concerns about the numerous issues raised by the Flow proposal.

Reply comments on the Flow Mobile PS Docket No. 06-229 petition, as well as waiver requests filed by various state and local government entities seeking to operate on the public safety broadband spectrum, are due November 16.

BloostonLaw contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.


McCAIN INTRODUCES “INTERNET FREEDOM ACT OF 2009”: U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Ariz.) has introduced the Internet Freedom Act of 2009 that would prohibit the FCC from enacting rules that would regulate the Internet. The Commission has adopted a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to propose “net neutrality” rules (see separate story above). Specifically, Sen. McCain said in a statement, the Commission will seek to impose "net neutrality" rules that would reign in the network management practices of all Internet service providers, including wireless phone companies. “This government takeover of the Internet will stifle innovation, in turn slowing our economic turnaround and further depressing an already anemic job market. Outside of health care, the technology industry is the nation's fastest growing job market. Innovation and job growth in this sector of our economy is the key to America's future prosperity. In 2008, while most industries were slashing jobs in the worst economy in nearly 30 years, high tech industries actually added over 77,000 good high-paying jobs. Just this month, Google and Yahoo both released positive earnings reports.” McCain said “the wireless industry exploded over the past twenty years due to limited government regulation. Wireless carriers invested $100 billion in infrastructure and development over the past three years which has led to faster networks, more competitors in the marketplace and lower prices compared to any other country. Meanwhile, wired telephones and networks have become a slow dying breed as they are mired in state and Federal regulations, universal service contribution requirements and limitations on use. Today I'm pleased to introduce the Internet Freedom Act of 2009 that will keep the Internet free from government control and regulation. It will allow for continued innovation that will in turn create more high-paying jobs for the millions of Americans who are out of work or seeking new employment. Keeping businesses free from oppressive regulations is the best stimulus for the current economy.” Meanwhile, Sen. Jay Rockefeller (D-W.V.) and Rep. Henry Waxman (D-Calif.), the chairmen of Congress' commerce committees, sent a letter to FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski signaling their support for the draft rules. The two, who have expressed support for net neutrality in the past, said that they continued to support "policies that protect consumers and promote an open Internet," and expected to commission to "make every effort to consider all voices prior to voting on final rules." BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

COMMENT SOUGHT ON 2010 AVERAGE SCHEDULE FORMULAS: On August 27, 2009, the National Exchange Carrier Association, Inc., (NECA) filed its 2010 Modification of Average Schedule Universal Service High-Cost Loop Support Formula. On September 28, 2009, the Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC) filed its 2010 Average Schedule Company Local Switching Support Formula. The proposed formulas, if approved, would be scheduled to take effect on January 1, 2010, and remain in effect through December 31, 2010. The FCC’s Wireline Competition Bureau seeks comment on the proposed formulas. Comments in this WC Docket No. 05-337 proceeding are due November 20, and replies are due December 7. BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

FCC SEEKS COMMENT ON PROTECTING CHILDREN IN NEW DIGITAL MEDIA AGE: The FCC has released a Notice of Inquiry (NOI) asking how children can be served and protected and how parents can be further empowered in the new digital media landscape. The NOI comes almost 20 years after enactment of the Children’s Television Act and follows the Commission’s recently issued Child Safe Viewing Act Report, which examined parental control technologies for video and audio programming. The NOI asks to what extent children are using electronic media today, the benefits and risks this presents, and the ways in which parents, teachers, and children can help reap the benefits while minimizing the risks of using these technologies. The NOI also recognizes that a wealth of academic research and studies exists on these issues and asks commenters to identify additional data and studies, and to indicate where further study is needed. The NOI additionally seeks comment about the effectiveness of media literacy efforts in enabling children to enjoy the benefits of media while minimizing the potential harms. The NOI recognizes that other federal agencies are addressing similar issues, at least with respect to online safety, and asks what the Commission can do to assist with these efforts. The deadline for filing comments in this MB Docket No. 09-194 proceeding is 60 days after publication in the Federal Register and the deadline for reply comments is 30 days thereafter. BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

ACLP RELEASES REPORT ON BARRIERS TO BROADBAND ADOPTION: The Advanced Communications Law & Policy Institute (ACLP) at New York Law School has released a report identifying major barriers to broadband adoption among senior citizens and people with disabilities, and across the telemedicine, energy, education, and government sectors. This report was prepared in coordination with staff of the Omnibus Broadband Initiative (OBI) for use in the development of the FCC's National Broadband Plan. The factors impeding more robust broadband adoption among different demographics and sectors are numerous, varied, and substantial. Throughout the following analysis, major themes regarding non-adoption will emerge for each of this Report’s six focus areas. As an overview:

  • For senior citizens, a general lack of adequate education and training are key contributors to a relatively low broadband adoption rate;
  • For people with disabilities, widespread negative perceptions regarding the accessibility of broadband impedes further adoption and use of this technology;
  • In the telemedicine sector, a number of outdated legal and policy frameworks hinder more robust adoption and use of broadband-enabled telemedicine services by patients and healthcare providers;
  • In the energy arena, the highly regulated and conservative nature of many energy utilities challenges the dynamic nature of broadband and the ecosystem of innovation that it fosters;
  • In the education space, lack of targeted funding and inadequate training impede further adoption and usage of broadband and broadband-enabled educational tools in schools across the country; and
  • For government entities, institutional inertia and a lack of cross-government collaboration regarding best practices has slowed the effective integration of broadband into many government processes.

With regard to forging policies that spur broadband adoption in each sector, the Report states, one size will not fit all. Indeed, as discussed throughout this Report, each sector faces a unique set of barriers to further broadband adoption. Overcoming these barriers will likely require carefully tailored policies that target the distinctive needs of each discrete group. In addition, promoting widespread awareness of the many benefits that can flow from a broadband connection, including an array of cost savings and economic opportunities, is critical to spurring adoption. BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

9th CIRCUIT SAYS CITY CAN BAN TOWERS FOR AESTHETIC REASONS: The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco has reversed and remanded a lower court decision that had sided with Sprint in a tower dispute case. In Sprint PCS Assets v. City of Palos Verdes Estates, the 9th Circuit found that the City was justified in denying Sprint’s application for a permit to construct two new towers on aesthetic grounds. The court said the City’s denial is supported by substantial evidence, and the disputed issues of material fact preclude a finding that the decision amounted to a prohibition on the provision of wireless service. The court noted that the California Constitution gives the City the power to regulate local aesthetics, and that nothing in the Public Utilities Code divests it of that authority. The ruling is potentially harmful to wireless carriers trying to provide ubiquitous coverage that their customers have come to expect. This is especially true in a market like San Francisco that is confined by terrain features, making it difficult to provide a reliable signal from remote tower sites. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, and Cary Mitchell.

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This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.

Source: Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy and Prendergast, LLP For additional information, contact Hal Mordkofsky at 202-828-5520 or

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CVC Paging

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  • January 11, 1997—Telstar 401 suffers a short in the satellite circuitry—TOTAL LOSS May 19, 1998—Galaxy 4 control processor causes loss of fixed orbit—TOTAL LOSS September 19, 2003—Telstar 4 suffers loss of its primary power bus—TOTAL LOSS March 17, 2004—PAS-6 suffers loss of power—TOTAL LOSS
  • January 14, 2005—Intelsat 804 suffers electrical power system anomaly—TOTAL LOSS


Allow us to uplink your paging data to two separate satellites for complete redundancy! CVC owns and operates two separate earth stations and specializes in uplink services for paging carriers. Join our list of satisfied uplink customers.

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GL3000 Paging Terminals - C2000 Controllers
GL3200 Internet Gateways - Transmitter Equipment


GTES is the only Glenayre authorized software support provider in the paging industry. With years of combined experience in Glenayre hardware and software support, GTES offers the industry the most professional support and engineering staff available.


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WiPath Communications

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Intelligent Solutions for Paging & Wireless Data

WiPath manufactures a wide range of highly unique and innovative hardware and software solutions in paging and mobile data for:

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Mobile Data Terminals & Two Way Wireless  Solutions

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  • Fleet tracking, messaging, job processing, and field service management Automatic vehicle location (AVL), GPS
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WiPath Communications LLC
4845 Dumbbarton Court
Cumming, GA 30040
4845 Dumbbarton Court
Cumming, GA 30040
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Phone: 770-844-6218
Fax: 770-844-6574
WiPath Communications

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Preferred Wireless

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Equipment For Sale
Terminals & Controllers:
1 Motorola C-Net Platinum Controller
1 Motorola ASC1500 Controller
1 Skydata Model 5090 Uplink Power Control
1 Skydata Model 8360 MSK Modulator
8 Skydata Multi Channel Receivers - NEW
1 Gilat Transmitter
2 Gilat Skyway ODU Controller
2 Rad RSD-10
3 Gilat Satellite Transmitter
2 Gilat Skymux Controller
8 Skymux Expansion
2 Gilat Transmitters
2 GL3100 RF Director
30 Zetron Model 66 Controllers
Link Transmitters:
6 Glenayre GL C2100 Link Repeaters
1 Glenayre QT6994, 150W, 900 MHz Link TX
1 Glenayre QT4201, 25W Midband Link TX
3 Glenayre QT-6201, 100W Midband Link TX
3 Motorola 10W, 900 MHz Link TX (C35JZB6106)
2 Motorola 30W, Midband Link TX (C42JZB6106AC)
VHF Paging Transmitters
14 Motorola Nucleus 125W, NAC
3 Motorola Nucleus 350W, NAC
1 Motorola VHF PURC-5000 125W, ACB or TRC
10 Glenayre GLT8411, 250W, VHF TX
UHF Paging Transmitters:
24 Glenayre UHF GLT5340, 125W, DSP Exciter
2 Quintron QT-7795, 250W UHF, w/TCC & RL70 Rx.
3 Motorola PURC-5000 110W, TRC or ACB
3 Motorola PURC-5000 225W, ACB
900 MHz Paging Transmitters:
3 Glenayre GLT 8600, 500W
20 Glenayre GLT-8500, 250W, C2000, w/ or w/o I20
4 Motorola PURC 5000, 300W, DRC or ACB
3 Motorola PURC 5000, 150W, DRC or ACB

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Too Much To List • Call or E-Mail
Preferred Wireless
Rick McMichael
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Preferred Wireless

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Joshua's Mission left arrow Helping Wounded Marines Homepage
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Easy Solutions

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Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

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Hark Technologies

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Wireless Communication Solutions

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USB Paging Encoder

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  • Single channel up to eight zones
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  • Programmable timeouts and batch sizes
  • Supports 2-tone, 5/6-tone, POCSAG 512/1200/2400, GOLAY
  • Supports Tone Only, Voice, Numeric, and Alphanumeric
  • PURC or direct connect
  • Pictured version mounts in 5.25" drive bay
  • Other mounting options available
  • Available as a daughter board for our embedded Internet Paging Terminal (IPT)

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Paging Data Receiver (PDR)


  • Frequency agile - only one receiver to stock
  • USB or RS-232 interface
  • Two contact closures
  • End-user programmable w/o requiring special hardware
  • 16 capcodes
  • Eight contact closure version also available
  • Product customization available

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Other products

  • Please see our web site for other products including Internet Messaging Gateways, Unified Messaging Servers, test equipment, and Paging Terminals.
Hark Technologies
717 Old Trolley Rd Ste 6 #163
Summerville, SC 29485
Tel: 843-821-6888
Fax: 843-821-6894
E-mail: left arrow CLICK HERE

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Hark Technologies

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UCOM Paging

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Satellite Uplink
As Low As

  • Data input speeds up to 38.4 Kbps Dial-in modem access for Admin Extremely reliable & secure
  • Hot standby up link components

Knowledgeable Tech Support 24/7

Contact Alan Carle Now!
1-888-854-2697 x272

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UCOM Paging

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Battery Tutorial

If you have done any research on how batteries work or what you should look for when selecting a battery, you are probably buried in information, some of which is conflicting. At BatteryStuff, we aim to clear that up a bit.You have most likely heard the term K.I.S.S. (Keep It Simple, Stupid). I am going to attempt to explain how lead acid batteries work and what they need without burying you with a bunch of needless technical data. I have found that battery data will vary somewhat from manufacturer to manufacturer, so I will do my best to boil that data down. This means I may generalize a bit, while staying true to purpose.

The commercial use of the lead acid battery is over 100 years old. The same chemical principal that is being used to store energy is basically the same as our Great Grandparents may have used.

If you can grasp the basics you will have fewer battery problems and will gain greater battery performance, reliability, and longevity. I suggest you read the entire tutorial, however I have indexed all the information for a quick read and easy reference.

A battery is like a piggy bank. If you keep taking out and putting nothing back you soon will have nothing. Present day chassis battery power requirements are huge. Consider today’s vehicle and all the electrical devices that must be supplied. All these electronics require a source of reliable power, and poor battery condition can cause expensive electronic component failure. Did you know that the average auto has 11 pounds of wire in the electrical system? Look at RVs and boats with all the electrical gadgets that require power. It was not long ago when trailers or motor homes had only a single 12-volt house battery. Today it is standard to have two or more house batteries powering inverters up to 4000 watts.

Average battery life has become shorter as energy requirements have increased. Life span depends on usage; 6 months to 48 months, yet only 30% of all batteries actually reach the 48-month mark.

A Few Basics

The Lead Acid battery is made up of plates, lead, and lead oxide (various other elements are used to change density, hardness, porosity, etc.) with a 35 % sulfuric acid and 65% water solution. This solution is called electrolyte, which causes a chemical reaction that produce electrons. When you test a battery with a hydrometer, you are measuring the amount of sulfuric acid in the electrolyte. If your reading is low, that means the chemistry that makes electrons is lacking. So where did the sulfur go? It is resting on the battery plates and when you recharge the battery, the sulfur returns to the electrolyte.

  1. Safety
  2. Battery types, Deep Cycle and Starting
  3. Wet Cell, Gel-Cell and Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM)
  4. CCA, CA, AH and RC; what's that all about?
  5. Battery Maintenance
  6. Battery Testing
  7. Selecting and Buying a New Battery
  8. Battery Life and Performance
  9. Battery Charging
  10. Battery Do's
  11. Battery Don'ts

1. We must think safety when we are working around and with batteries. Remove all jewelry. After all you don't want to melt your watchband while you are wearing the watch. The hydrogen gas that batteries make when charging is very explosive. We have seen several instances of batteries blowing up and drenching everything in sulfuric acid. That is no fun, and would have been a good time to use those safety goggles that are hanging on the wall. Heck, just break out your disco outfit. Polyester is not affected by Sulfuric Acid, but anything with cotton will be eaten up. If you do not feel the need to make a fashion statement just wear junk clothes, after all Polyester is still out of style. When doing electrical work on vehicles it is best to disconnect the ground cable. Just remember you are messing with corrosive acid, explosive gases and 100's amps of electrical current.

2. Basically there are two types of lead acid batteries (along with 3 sub categories); The two main types are Starting (cranking), and Deep Cycle (marine/golf cart). The starting battery (SLI starting lights ignition) is designed to deliver quick bursts of energy (such as starting engines) and therefore has a greater plate count. The plates are thinner and have somewhat different material composition. The deep cycle battery has less instant energy, but greater long-term energy delivery. Deep cycle batteries have thicker plates and can survive a number of discharge cycles. Starting batteries should not be used for deep cycle applications because the thinner plates are more prone to warping and pitting when discharged. The so-called Dual Purpose Battery is a compromise between the two types of batteries, though it is better to be more specific if possible.

3. Wet Cell (flooded), Gel Cell, and Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM) are various versions of the lead acid battery. The Wet cell comes in two styles; Serviceable and Maintenance free. Both are filled with electrolyte and are basically the same. I prefer one that I can add water to and check the specific gravity of the electrolyte with a hydrometer. The Gel Cell and the AGM batteries are specialty batteries that typically cost twice as much as a premium wet cell. However they store very well and do not tend to sulfate or degrade as easily as wet cell. There is little chance of a hydrogen gas explosion or corrosion when using these batteries; these are the safest lead acid batteries you can use. Gel Cell and some AGM batteries may require a special charging rate. If you want the best,most versatile type, consideration should be given to the AGM battery for applications such as Marine, RV, Solar, Audio, Power Sports and Stand-By Power just to name a few. If you don't use or operate your equipment daily, AGM batteries will hold their charge better that other types. If you must depend on top-notch battery performance, spend the extra money. Gel Cell batteries still are being sold but AGM batteries are replacing them in most applications. There is a some common confusion regarding AGM batteries because different manufactures call them by different names; some of the more common names are "sealed regulated valve", "dry cell", "non spillable", and "Valve Regulated Lead Acid" batteries. In most cases AGM batteries will give greater life span and greater cycle life than a wet cell battery.

SPECIAL NOTE about Gel Batteries: It is very common for individuals to use the term GEL CELL when referring to sealed, maintenance free batteries, much like one would use Kleenex when referring to facial tissue or "Xerox machine" when referring to a copy machine. Be very careful when specifying a battery charger, many times we are told by customer they are requiring a charger for a Gel Cell battery and in fact the battery is not a Gel Cell.

AGM: The Absorbed Glass Matt construction allows the electrolyte to be suspended in close proximity with the plates active material. In theory, this enhances both the discharge and recharge efficiency. Common manufacturer applications include high performance engine starting, power sports, deep cycle, solar and storage battery. The larger AGM batteries we sell are typically good deep cycle batteries and they deliver their best life performance if recharged before allowed to drop below the 50% discharge rate. The Scorpion powersports batteries we carry are a nice upgrade from your stock flooded battery, and the Odyssey branded batteries are fantastic for holding their static charge over long periods of non use. When Deep Cycle AGM batteries are discharged to a rate of no less than 60% the cycle life will be 300 plus cycles.

GEL: The Gel Cell is similar to the AGM style because the electrolyte is suspended, but different because technically the AGM battery is still considered to be a wet cell. The electrolyte in a Gel Cell has a silica additive that causes it to set up or stiffen. The recharge voltage on this type of cell is lower than the other styles of lead acid battery. This is probably the most sensitive cell in terms of adverse reactions to over-voltage charging. Gel Batteries are best used in VERY DEEP cycle application and may last a bit longer in hot weather applications. If the incorrect battery charger is used on a Gel Cell battery poor performance and premature failure is certain.

4. CCA, CA, AH and RC. What are these all about? These are the standards that most battery companies use to rate the output and capacity of a battery.

Cold cranking amps (CCA) is a measurement of the number of amps a battery can deliver at 0 ° F for 30 seconds and not drop below 7.2 volts. So a high CCA battery rating is especially important in starting battery applications, and in cold weather.This measurement is not particularly important in Deep cycle batteries, though it is the most commonly 'known' battery measurement.

CA is cranking amps measured at 32 degrees F. This rating is also called marine cranking amps (MCA). Hot cranking amps (HCA) is seldom used any longer but is measured at 80 ° F.

Reserve Capacity (RC) is a very important rating. This is the number of minutes a fully charged battery at 80 ° F will discharge 25 amps until the battery drops below 10.5 volts.

An amp hour (AH) is a rating usually found on deep cycle batteries. If a battery is rated at 100 amp hours it should deliver 5 amps for 20 hours, 20 amps for 5 hours, etc.

5. Battery Maintenance is an important issue. The battery should be cleaned using a baking soda and water solution; a couple of table spoons to a pint of water. Cable connections need to be cleaned and tightened as battery problems are often caused by dirty and loose connections. A serviceable battery needs to have the fluid level checked. Use only mineral free water, Distilled is best as all impurities have been removed, and there is nothing left that could contaminate your cells. Don't overfill battery cells especially in warmer weather because the natural fluid expansion in hot weather can push excess electrolytes from the battery. To prevent corrosion of cables on top post batteries use a small bead of silicon sealer at the base of the post and place a felt battery washer over it. Coat the washer with high temperature grease or petroleum jelly (Vaseline), then place cable on the post and tighten. Coat the exposed cable end with the grease. Most folks don't know that just the gases from the battery condensing on metal parts cause most corrosion.

6. Battery Testing can be done in more than one way. The most accurate method is measurement of specific gravity and battery voltage. To measure specific gravity buy a temperature compensating hydrometer, to measure voltage use a digital D.C. Voltmeter. A quality load tester may be a good purchase if you need to test sealed batteries.

For any of these methods, you must first fully charge the battery and then remove the surface charge. If the battery has been sitting at least several hours (I prefer at least 12 hours) you may begin testing. To remove surface charge the battery must be discharged for several minutes. Using a headlight (high beam) will do the trick. After turning off the light you are ready to test the battery.

State of Charge Specific Gravity Voltage
    12V 6V
100% 1.265 12.7 6.3
*75% 1.225 12.4 6.2
50% 1.190 12.2 6.1
25% 1.155 12.0 6.0
Discharged 1.120 11.9 6.0

*Sulfation of Batteries starts when specific gravity falls below 1.225 or voltage measures less than 12.4 for a 12v battery, or 6.2 for a 6 volt battery. Sulfation hardens on the battery plates reducing and eventually destroying the ability of the battery to generate Volts and Amps.

Load testing is yet another way of testing a battery. Load test removes amps from a battery much like starting an engine would. A load tester can be purchased at most auto parts stores. Some battery companies label their battery with the amp load for testing. This number is usually 1/2 of the CCA rating. For instance, a 500CCA battery would load test at 250 amps for 15 seconds. A load test can only be performed if the battery is near or at full charge.

The results of your testing should be as follows:

Hydrometer readings should not vary more than .05 differences between cells.

Digital Voltmeters should read as the voltage is shown in this document. The sealed AGM and Gel-Cell battery voltage (full charged) will be slightly higher in the 12.8 to 12.9 ranges. If you have voltage readings in the 10.5 volts range on a charged battery, that typically indicates a shorted cell. If you have a maintenance free wet cell, the only ways to test are voltmeter and load test. Any of the maintenance free type batteries that have a built in hydrometer(black/green window) will tell you the condition of 1 cell of 6. You may get a good reading from 1 cell but have a problem with other cells in the battery.

When in doubt about battery testing, call the battery manufacturer. Many batteries sold today have a toll free number to call for help.

7. Selecting a Battery - When buying a new battery I suggest you purchase a battery with the greatest reserve capacity or amp hour rating possible. Of course the physical size, cable hook up, and terminal type must be a consideration. You may want to consider a Gel Cell or an Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM) rather than a Wet Cell if the application is in a harsher environment or the battery is not going to receive regular maintenance and charging.

Be sure to purchase the correct type of battery for the job it must do. Remember that engine starting batteries and deep cycle batteries are different. Freshness of a new battery is very important. The longer a battery sits and is not re-charged the more damaging sulfation build up there may be on the plates. Most batteries have a date of manufacture code on them. The month is indicated by a letter 'A' being January and a number '4' being 2004. C4 would tell us the battery was manufactured in March 2004. Remember the fresher the better. The letter "i" is not used because it can be confused with #1.

Battery warranties are figured in the favor of battery manufactures. Let's say you buy a 60-month warranty battery and it lives 41 months. The warranty is pro-rated so when taking the months used against the full retail price of the battery you end up paying about the same money as if you purchased the battery at the sale price. This makes the manufacturer happy. What makes me happy is to exceed the warranty. Let me assure you it can be done.

8. Battery life and performance - Average battery life has become shorter as energy requirements have increased. Two phrases I hear most often are "my battery won't take a charge, and my battery won't hold a charge". Only 30% of batteries sold today reach the 48-month mark. In fact 80% of all battery failure is related to sulfation build-up. This build up occurs when the sulfur molecules in the electrolyte (battery acid) become so deeply discharged that they begin to coat the battery's lead plates. Before long the plates become so coated that the battery dies. The causes of sulfation are numerous. Let me list some for you.

  • Batteries sit too long between charges. As little as 24 hours in hot weather and several days in cooler weather.
  • Battery is stored without some type of energy input.
  • "Deep cycling" an engine starting battery. Remember these batteries can't stand deep discharge.
  • Undercharging of a battery to only 90% of capacity will allow sulfation of the battery using the 10% of battery chemistry not reactivated by the incompleted charging cycle.
  • Heat of 100 plus F., increases internal discharge. As temperatures increase so does internal discharge. A new fully charged battery left sitting 24 hours a day at 110 degrees F for 30 days would most likely not start an engine.
  • Low electrolyte level - battery plates exposed to air will immediately sulfate.
  • Incorrect charging levels and settings. Most cheap battery chargers can do more harm than good. See the section on battery charging.
  • Cold weather is also hard on the battery. The chemistry does not make the same amount of energy as a warm battery. A deeply discharged battery can freeze solid in sub zero weather.
  • Parasitic drain is a load put on a battery with the key off. More info on parasitic drain will follow in this document.

There are ways to greatly increase battery life and performance. All the products we sell are targeted to improve performance and battery life.

An example: Let's say you have "toys"; an ATV, classic car, antique car, boat, Harley, etc. You most likely don't use these toys 365 days a year as you do your car. Many of these toys are seasonal so they are stored. What happens to the batteries? Most batteries that supply energy to power our toys only last 2 seasons. You must keep these batteries from sulfating or buy new ones. We sell products to prevent and reverse sulfation. The PulseTech products are patented electronic devices that reverse and prevent sulfation. Also Battery Equaliser, a chemical battery additive, has proven itself very effective in improving battery life and performance. Other devices such as Solar Trickle Chargers are a great option for battery maintenance.

Parasitic drain is a load put on a battery with the key off. Most vehicles have clocks, engine management computers, alarm systems, etc. In the case of a boat you may have an automatic bilge pump, radio, GPS, etc. These devices may all be operating without the engine running. You may have parasitic loads caused by a short in the electrical system. If you are always having dead battery problems most likely the parasitic drain is excessive. The constant low or dead battery caused by excessive parasitic energy drain will dramatically shorten battery life. If this is a problem you are having, check out the Priority Start and Marine Priority Start to prevent dead batteries before they happen. This special computer switch will turn off your engine start battery before all the starting energy is drained. This technology will prevent you from deep cycling your starting battery.

9. Battery Charging - Remember you must put back the energy you use immediately. If you don't the battery sulfates and that affects performance and longevity. The alternator is a battery charger. It works well if the battery is not deeply discharged. The alternator tends to overcharge batteries that are very low and the overcharge can damage batteries. In fact an engine starting battery on average has only about 10 deep cycles available when recharged by an alternator. Batteries like to be charged in a certain way, especially when they have been deeply discharged. This type of charging is called 3 step regulated charging. Please note that only special SMART CHARGERS using computer technology can perform 3 step charging techniques. You don't find these types of chargers in parts stores and Wal-Marts. The first step is bulk charging where up to 80% of the battery energy capacity is replaced by the charger at the maximum voltage and current amp rating of the charger. When the battery voltage reaches 14.4 volts this begins the absorption charge step. This is where the voltage is held at a constant 14.4 volts and the current (amps) declines until the battery is 98% charged. Next comes the Float Step. This is a regulated voltage of not more than 13.4 volts and usually less than 1 amp of current. This in time will bring the battery to 100% charged or close to it. The float charge will not boil or heat batteries but will maintain the batteries at 100% readiness and prevent cycling during long term inactivity. Some Gel Cell and AGM batteries may require special settings or chargers.

10. Battery Do's

  • Think Safety First.
  • Do read entire tutorial
  • Do regular inspection and maintenance especially in hot weather.
  • Do recharge batteries immediately after discharge.
  • Do buy the highest RC reserve capacity or AH amp hour battery that will fit your configuration.
Battery Don'ts
  • Don't forget safety first.
  • Don't add new electrolyte (acid).
  • Don't use unregulated high output battery chargers to charge batteries.
  • Don't place your equipment and toys into storage without some type of device to keep the battery charged.
  • Don't disconnect battery cables while the engine is running (your battery acts as a filter).
  • Don't put off recharging batteries.
  • Don't add tap water as it may contain minerals that will contaminate the electrolyte.
  • Don't discharge a battery any deeper than you possibly have to.
  • Don't let a battery get hot to the touch and boil violently when charging.
  • Don't mix size and types of batteries.

There are many points and details I have not written about because I wanted to keep this as short and simple as possible. Further information can be found at the links below. If you are aware of sites with good battery maintenance information please let me know.

Additional Battery Tutorial


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its stil here


It's still here — the tried and true Motorola Alphamate 250. Now owned, supported, and available from Leavitt Communications. Call us for new or reconditioned units, parts, manuals, and repairs.

We also have refurbished Alphamate II, and the original Alphamate.

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( for pricing and delivery information or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

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Phil Leavitt
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  7508 N. Red Ledge Dr.
  Paradise Valley, AZ • 85253

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From: Michael Lyons
Subject: PTC—AAPC
Date: October 30, 2009 11:02:10 AM CDT
To: Brad Dye


I am pleased to report that the PTC Membership overwhelmingly approved making the PTC a standing sub-committee under the AAPC. The leadership of both AAPC and PTC unanimously supported this change and were delighted that nearly eighty percent of the Membership approved the measure.

The PTC's goal is to support both past and future technological developments in the paging industry and to assist the industry as a whole to continue to move forward by providing a larger technical pool of resources than any one entity may possess and respond to the industries needs in one collective voice.

Now with the aid of AAPC and EMMA, the PTC will continue to identify, establish and maintain appropriate liaisons to insure working relationships with external organizations (e.g.: standard bodies) and other paging organizations which will or are undertaking detailed technical work in support of applications utilizing paging technologies.

Because AAPC is the only national association representing paging carriers and vendors in the United States, it only makes sense that the technical arm of the industry would formalize its relationship with the association. The leadership from AAPC and the PTC believe this is a hand-in-glove fit that is well overdue and will serve to further unify the industry.

Best Regards,

Michael Lyons
PTC Chair

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Thanks for reading the newsletter. Please recommend it to your friends and colleagues. Good news, bad news, happy news, or sad news, if you think it would be of interest to the readers of this newsletter, please share it with me so I can include it the the next issue.

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With best regards,

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Newsletter Editor


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Wireless Messaging News
Brad Dye, Editor
P.O. Box 266
Fairfield, IL 62837 USA

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Skype: braddye
Telephone: 618-599-7869

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