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AAPC Wireless Messaging News

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FRIDAY - JUNE 4, 2010 - ISSUE NO. 410

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Paging and Wireless Messaging Home Page image Newsletter Archive image Carrier Directory image Recommended Products and Services
Reference Papers Consulting Glossary of Terms Send an e-mail to Brad Dye

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Dear Friends of Wireless Messaging,

A Public Apology

After 409 issues, I am very happy to have received many favorable comments from thousands of readers in nearly fifty countries. Since I always tell it like I see it, naturally, I have not always pleased everyone.

On rare occasions I do receive messages from unhappy readers. I have been cussed and discussed more than once.

Some have called me unprintable names, cancelled their advertisements, threatened to burn down my house, and even threatened to sue me. One carrier has programmed their e-mail server to block messages from me to any of their employees. I really don't get it — after all the newsletter is free and no one is forced to read it.

Everyone is entitled to his or her own opinions and I occasionally publish mine. So what's the big deal? The only people I ever send the newsletter to, are people who have requested it. Anyone requesting removal from the notification list is promptly removed — without exception.

I guess we all believe in freedom of speech and freedom of press, except when the ideas expressed differ too much from our own.

I did receive a complaint about last week's newsletter. One reader was upset about the "Boycott BP" sections. He said, ". . . my criticism isn't really to [sic] you, except in your latest newsletter where you clearly set aside all indications of any neutrality."

So I sincerely apologise to all of my readers. If you thought I was neutral I am not, I never was, and I don't expect that I ever will be. I thought my comments about BP fell right in line with what I have been saying for years about the terrible errors and excesses of senior corporate management.

(Please see the THOUGHTS FOR THE WEEK section at the end of this newsletter.)

So, dear reader, if you were expecting neutral comments on wireless messaging news, or any other topic reported here, you have tuned to the wrong channel, or I should say, clicked on the wrong web site.

I do promise that I won't lie to you, and if I discover an error, I will correct it right away. I have tried to keep the newsletter from being one-dimensional. For example, one of the most popular of recent articles, was the tutorial on satellites. It was informative but not too technical, and I received several comments from readers who really enjoyed it. Some were engineers and some were not.

By the way, the technical tutorial this week is: “A Philosophy of Science.” It's about logic, and was written yesterday by a German physicist—DF6JB, who has given me permission to publish it here. Engineers are going to love this one.

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Don't miss the following news release about:

". . . a new state-of-the-art emergency alert system, designed by IntelliGuard Systems™, LLC. Through advances in micro technology, the IntelliGuard System™ delivers messages and instructions in less than 20 seconds through dedicated messaging devices, including the revolutionary RAVENAlert™ Keychain."

Am I prejudiced? Yes! Well, maybe "post-judiced" — is that a word? I have been an enthusiastic supporter of the RAVENAlert since the first time I saw it. Now they have a keychain device. How cool is that?

While some paging companies are giving up*, it looks like American Messaging is just getting started. (IntelliGuard Systems is owned by American Messaging.)

No, they didn't pay me to say this. I am dedicated to supporting all the members of AAPC.

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Now on to more news and views.



* One definition of “giving up” — “Buy the cow, milk it dry, and then sell the carcass.”

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Wireless Messaging News
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This is the AAPC's weekly newsletter about Wireless Messaging. You are receiving this because I believe you have requested it. This is not a SPAM. If you have received this message in error, or you are no longer interested in these topics, please click here, then click on "send" and you will be promptly removed from the mailing list.

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iland internet sulutions This newsletter is brought to you by the generous support of our advertisers and the courtesy of iland Internet Solutions Corporation. For more information about the web-hosting services available from iland Internet Solutions Corporation, please click on their logo to the left.

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A new issue of The Wireless Messaging Newsletter gets posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the Internet. That way it doesn't fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world's major Paging and Wireless Data companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It's all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology. I regularly get readers' comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Data communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.


Editorial Opinion pieces present the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of AAPC, its publisher, or its sponsors.

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Anyone wanting to help support The Wireless Messaging Newsletter can do so by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above.

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Newspapers generally cost 75¢ a copy and they hardly ever mention paging. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially? A donation of $25.00 would represent approximately 50¢ a copy for one year. If you are willing and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above. No trees were harmed in the creation of this newsletter; however, several billion electrons were slightly inconvenienced.

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Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, and Vic Jackson are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects. Click here  for a summary of their qualifications and experience. They collaborate on consulting assignments, and share the work according to their individual expertise and their schedules.

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If you would like to have information about advertising in this newsletter, please click here.

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Save $100! — Early Registration ends Friday, May 28
Register before May 28 to attend the Global Paging Convention, hosted by the American Association of Paging Carriers (AAPC) and the European Mobile Messaging Association (EMMA), and save $100.

Hotel Rate only $165/night - Make your hotel reservations by Friday, May 28
To make reservations at the Mills House Hotel, please call 800-874-9600 and be sure to reference AAPC to receive the group rate of $165/night, which includes internet access.

The convention agenda includes both U.S. and international carriers as well as end users discussing topics pertinent to improving and growing your business. We have planned something in the broad range of sessions listed below:

  • Promoting Global Partnerships
  • State of Paging in the Healthcare System
  • An Overview of the IntelliGuard System, LLC, and its Emergency Alert System
  • Lessons Learned: Paging in Rescue Services—A European Perspective
  • First Responders: To Page or Not to Page?
  • SkyTel Mexico's Success with Governmental Social Services
  • Competing or Complementing Technologies within the Healthcare Industry?
  • The Path from Paging to Outsourcing
  • Paging Device Development Panel
  • Facilitated discussions on Pricing Strategies for 3rd Party Subscribers:
    • Infrastructure Needs
    • Business Strategies
    • Expanding Your Customer Base

Thanks to our confirmed participating vendors and sponsors!

American Messaging
Daniel's Electronics
Digital Paging Company
e*Message W.I.S. Deutschland GmbH
Generic Mobile
Hark Systems
Hark Technologies
Indiana Paging Network
Microspace Communications
Multitone Electronics
Northeast Paging & UCOM Paging
Onset Technology
Page Plus
Prism Systems International
SelectPath - Contact Wireless
Teletouch Paging
Unication USA
VoxPro Communications
WiPath Communications


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Thanks to our Premier Vendor!

prism paging
Prism Paging

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Thanks to our Silver Vendors!

recurrent software
Recurrent Software Solutions, Inc.
Unication USA

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Thanks to our Bronze Vendors!

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AAPC Executive Director
441 N. Crestwood Drive
Wilmington, NC 28405
Tel: 866-301-2272
AAPC Regulatory Affairs Office
Suite 250
2154 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20007-2280
Tel: 202-223-3772
Fax: 202-315-3587

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Advertiser Index

AAPC—American Association of Paging Carriers Preferred Wireless
CVC Paging Prism Paging
Daviscomms USA Ron Mercer
Easy Solutions UCOM Paging
Hark Technologies Unication USA
HMCE, Inc. United Communications Corp.
Northeast Paging WiPath Communications
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC  

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Providence College Successfully Tests new Emergency Alert System
(“All good” Says Campus Emergency Management)

spacer PROVIDENCE, Rhode Island – May 26 – Providence College is one of seven colleges and universities nationwide participating in a pilot program to test a new state-of-the-art emergency alert system, designed by IntelliGuard Systems™, LLC. Through advances in micro technology, the IntelliGuard System™ delivers messages and instructions in less than 20 seconds through dedicated messaging devices, including the revolutionary RAVENAlert™ Keychain.

spacer The RAVENAlert™ Keychain is a breakthrough in micro-technology, weighing less than an ounce and about two and a quarter inches long, it emits a loud audible alert upon receipt of a text message and was specifically designed so that it can be carried by students, staff and faculty alike, as a keychain or simply attached to a carabiner, backpack, purse or lanyard.

spacer “For several years we have been searching for a way to connect to our classrooms” commented Providence College Director of Emergency Management, Koren Kanadanian. “Rewiring buildings and FM signals from third party providers were not convincing solutions and text messaging using cellular phones is too slow because messages are delivered sequentially. As a result, students who are alerted first immediately call parents and friends, delaying messages to the rest of the students.”

spacer “I wanted Providence to participate in the pilot program since the IntelliGuard System™ is the only system that sends messages simultaneously, thereby ensuring all persons with a RAVENAlert™” Keychain or in close proximity to a RAVENAlert™ Wall Unit are immediately and simultaneously alerted in the event of an emergency.” Kanadanian continued, “The test was a complete success and the entire team was great. There were no problems with the installation of our dedicated network, the RAVENAlert™ Keychains or the RAVENAlert™ Wall Units, all of which went off within 15 seconds of dispatch. Our campus is only a hundred acres, but we tested the IntelliGuard System™ in old underground tunnels, buildings with steel roofs and brick walls 18 inches thick, a police and fire department room with 400 Mhz to 800 Mhz equipment in full operation, and even dead cellular areas, and we could not be happier with the results.”

spacer Director Kanadanian, who has a master’s degree in Emergency Management, served as both a military and civilian medic and worked as a policeman for twelve years before becoming Director of Emergency Management at Providence. “Emergency management and the ability to alert students, faculty and staff alike is an unfortunate reality as business and workplace violence has become a severe problem,” observes Kanadanian. “A very appealing feature of the IntelliGuard System™ is that all network equipment is located right here on campus,” Kanadanian asserts. “I feel more secure knowing we control the sending of emergency messages.”

spacer Jenna Richardson, Vice President of Product Development for IntelliGuard Systems™ noted “the fact that Providence College was the first College in the nation to sign up for our pilot program speaks to its commitment to its students and new technologies that provide clear benefits. They immediately recognized the limitation of existing email and text messaging systems and could not have done more, or acted quicker, to consider, evaluate and now test all elements of our system and related messaging devices.”

spacer The RAVENAlert™ Keychain and Wall Unit (which alerts critical locations like classrooms) are products of advances in micro-technology and wireless messaging by IntelliGuard Systems™ LLC a wholly owned subsidiary of American Messaging™ LLC™ a leading provider of immediate mass notification systems and messaging devices serving over one million first responders and other emergency personnel.

Company Contact: Jenna Richardson (602) 448-0396

# # #

Jenna Richardson
Vice President Product Development

Office: (623) 581-0740
Mobile: (602) 448-0396


Source: IntelliGuard Systems™

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Research In Motion may benefit from new AT&T rate plans

Analysts note that BlackBerry generates less traffic than iPhone for data

By Dan Gallagher, MarketWatch
June 2, 2010, 2:57 p.m. EDT

SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) — A new plan by AT&T to sell tiered wireless data plans — and do away with unlimited plans — is expected to help makers of smartphone devices such as Research In Motion and Motorola, as lower-priced offerings may help drive more customers to their products.

Research In Motion (RIMM 60.76, -0.89, -1.44%) in particular may get a boost, as its popular BlackBerry line of smart phones typically consumes less data bandwidth than rival devices such as the iPhone, analysts said on Wednesday.

Shares of RIM picked up more than 4% to hit $61.50 by late afternoon. Motorola (MOT 6.76, -0.11, -1.60%) shares were up more than 1.4% to $6.80.

Before the opening bell, AT&T (T 24.30, -0.50, -2.02%) announced plans to introduce new data pricing plans for smart phone users. The plans will include a new $15-per-month service as well as a $25-per-month plan, which would allow a user to consume 2GB of data per month. The carrier's $30-a-month unlimited plan is being phased out.

The move is part of the carrier's efforts to get a better handle on runaway data usage that has come in large part due to the popularity of the Apple (AAPL 259.69, -3.43, -1.30%) iPhone, which AT&T carries exclusively in the U.S. See full story on AT&T's changes.

While the iPhone competes with other smart phone devices such as RIM's BlackBerry line and the Droid from Motorola, analysts say the new lower-priced data offering is likely to benefit the entire smart phone market by bringing in new customers — especially if other carriers follow AT&T's lead.

"Lower entry-level plans for smart phones will drive more penetration of smart phones," said wireless analyst Matt Thornton of Avian Securities.

Shaw Wu of Kaufman Bros. said RIM in particular may benefit, since the company operates its own network to serve its devices, which allow BlackBerry devices "to utilize carrier network capacity much more efficiently" than other products.

"We believe this could give carriers and customers extra incentive to utilize RIM products," Wu wrote in a note to clients Wednesday.

Tavis McCourt of Morgan Keegan said that BlackBerry devices can send five times the number of e-mails as other smart phones using the same bandwidth, and browse three times the number of web sites "due to RIM's proprietary compression algorithms and back-end network architecture."

He expects other carriers such as Verizon Wireless (VZ 27.23, -0.41, -1.48%) and Sprint (S 4.90, -0.05, -1.01%) to follow AT&T's lead.

"We expect other wireless carriers to follow suit, and for this new pricing to substantially increase adoption of smart phones as the 'data pricing' hurdle has just been cut by 50%," he wrote in a report Wednesday.

RIM itself touted the new plans Wednesday. In a statement, the company cited a Consumer Reports survey that found that BlackBerry users consume about 54 MB of data per month, which could allow the majority of them to qualify for the $15-a-month plan.

"Thanks to RIM's longstanding focus on wireless data efficiency and investment in related technologies and infrastructure, the BlackBerry platform is significantly more efficient than other mobile platforms and this leads to a major advantage for users with tiered pricing plans," the company said.

Dan Gallagher is MarketWatch's technology editor, based in San Francisco.


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Paging & Wireless Network Planners

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R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street South
East Northport, NY 11731
ron mercer

Cell Phone: 631-786-9359

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Paging & Wireless Network Planners

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Huge Fireball Seen as Meteor Strikes Jupiter

Published June 04, 2010

Anthony Wesley

This photo of Jupiter taken June 3, 2010 by Australian amateur astronomer Anthony Wesley shows a bright fireball from an apparent meteor or other object. Skywatcher Christopher Go of the Philippines also caught the event on video.

A huge fireball has been spotted on Jupiter in yet another collision from space caught on camera and video by amateur astronomers.

The new Jupiter crash occurred on June 3 at 20:31 UT (4:31 p.m. Eastern Time) and was spotted by skywatcher Anthony Wesley in Australia and fellow amateur astronomer Christopher Go in the Philippines.

Wesley's photos show the Jupiter fireball blazing in the atmosphere of the gas giant planet. So far, no visible scar in the clouds has been reported from the event.

Wesley described the event as a "large fireball" on his website, where he posted the photos taken from Broken Hill, Australia.

This new impact on Jupiter comes less than a year after a spectacular crash on July 19, 2009, when what scientist now think was an asteroid about 1,600 feet wide slammed into the planet. That collision created a massive bruise the size of the Pacific Ocean.

It was Wesley, too, who first spotted the July 2009 collision. His observations kicked off an international observation campaign to study the impact site.

Astronomers initially suspected a comet in last year's impact, but announced this week that a rogue asteroid was the most likely culprit.

And Jupiter has been smacked before.

In 1994, the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 broke into more than 20 pieces and pelted Jupiter repeatedly. At the time, astronomers estimated such impacts could occur on Jupiter every 50 to 250 years. So they were surprised by the July 2009 impact.


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  • All the Features for Paging, Voicemail, Text-to-Pager, Wireless and DECT phones
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Motorola doubles CEO’s stock options

PUBLISHED: 2010/05/31 07:30:42 AM

MOTOROLA, the cellphone manufacturer planning to split into two companies next year, said on Friday it had more than doubled the value of stock options joint CEO Greg Brown would receive afterward.

Brown would get $8,3m in stock if the company split next year, compared with $3,3m in his previous contract, the Schaumburg, Illinois-based company said on Friday in a regulatory filing.

Motorola expected to separate in the first quarter of next year, and Brown might end his contract if the split did not happen by September 1 next year, the company said.

Motorola, struggling to revive sales growth, plans to combine its handset and set-top-box unit into one business, and separate its network division, which Brown will head, into another.

Brown’s counterpart, Sanjay Jha, will receive equity totaling as much as 3% of his new company if the plan is successful and $38m if the split did not occur by June 30 next year.

Brown, who like Jha earned a base salary of about 906000 last year that included a voluntary 25% pay cut, heads up the other half of the company, which makes telecommunications equipment and other gear.

The company failed to get a majority of shareholders to support its compensation policies this month, signalling investors think executives are paid too much. Pay practices have been criticised by billionaire activist investor Carl Icahn, who has a 7% stake.

Motorola fell 7c to $6,85 on Friday in New York composite trading.

Source: BusinessDay

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Apple conference likely to yield new iPhone

AP Technology Writer
Posted: Friday, June 4, 2010 11:17 am

steve jobs
Apple CEO Steve Jobs, in a statement Thursday, said the Adobe Flash technology has too many bugs, drains batteries too quickly and is too oriented to personal computers to work on the iPhone and iPad. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma, File)

SEATTLE — After a series of leaked prototypes, it's almost a given that Apple Inc. will unveil a new version of the iPhone during its annual software developers conference that opens Monday in San Francisco.

The revelation of a splashy new iPhone would clear up one of the highest-profile Apple mysteries of the year — second to the existence, confirmed in January, of the iPad. Yet it would leave another unknown simmering at Apple, one with far-reaching implications for how we listen to music.

First, let's talk iPhone.

Apple won't comment on its plans, but it has used this conference to launch the last two generations of its smart phone. In April, Gizmodo, a tech blog, paid $5,000 to obtain a working iPhone prototype that was lost by an Apple engineer in a Silicon Valley bar. Apple didn't say the prototype represented the next model of the iPhone, but if the descriptions posted online are accurate, the device will be getting a clearer display, longer battery life and a front-facing camera that could be used for videoconferencing. It's also likely to have the updated iPhone software Apple previewed in April that makes it easier for users to run more than one program at a time.

In another sign Apple is readying a new model, Wal-Mart Stores Inc. in late May halved the price of one kind of the iPhone 3GS, the model that debuted last year, to $97. And as of Monday, AT&T Inc., the sole carrier — at least for now — of the iPhone in the U.S., will stop letting new customers use an unlimited amount of wireless data for a flat fee. Instead, in an attempt to reduce iPhone-driven congestion on its network, AT&T will offer plans that will cost the biggest users of data more money.

It may not make an appearance during CEO Steve Jobs' presentation Monday, but Apple is also likely working on a service that could change the way many of us think about buying and listening to music.

The success of the iPod and the iTunes store has made Apple the world's largest music retailer, but now there's another revolution stirring in the digital song business. As Apple's iPhone and other smart phones became more popular, several new services started sending music over the Internet straight to the devices, letting users skip the step of plugging in and transferring songs from a computer as iTunes still requires. Such services, including Rhapsody and Spotify, which operates in Europe, give people access to just about every song imaginable for a monthly fee.

Forrester Research analyst Sonal Gandhi said these streaming services are still too small to lure Apple into directly competing. But Apple does need to keep an eye on Google Inc., which is building music-streaming technology into its increasingly popular Android phones. Google acquired a company called Simplify Media this year and said in May it plans to build a desktop program that can beam people's iTunes libraries over the Internet to Android phones.

Apple may be cooking up something similar. In late 2009, Apple bought, which gave customers a way to listen to songs online, anywhere, if they had already purchased and stored the tracks on their own computer. Lala users could add new songs to their mix, paying 10 cents per song for an unlimited number of plays online or more if they also wanted to download the song to a device. Lala had built an iPhone application, but Apple bought the company before the app was made available to consumers.

Apple shuttered Lala's service in May, and technology analysts believe that was a temporary step before Apple transforms the service into a way for iTunes shoppers to access music from the Web, the iPhone and other Apple devices.

Jobs was asked Tuesday at The Wall Street Journal's "D: All Things Digital" conference about Apple's plans for over-the-Internet access to music and other data, but he didn't show his hand. "There's a lot of things we're working on," he said.

Even if the technology is ready, letting people stream music online — even music they have already paid for — requires new agreements between Apple and recording companies. Apple and the recording labels had general talks about possible plans for Lala several months ago, but there haven't been substantive talks since then, according to executives in the music industry.


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BloostonLaw Telecom Update

Published by the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

[Portions reproduced here with the firm's permission.]

   Vol. 13, No. 23 June 2, 2010   

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Tower Compliance Manual

BloostonLaw has assembled a compliance manual for all tower/antenna structure owners, as well as any licensee mounting antennas on structures. The manual helps structure owners and licensees avoid FCC fines, minimize Federal and state approval delays, and minimize or avoid the potential for civil and/or criminal liability that could be associated with tower operations/accidents. The manual includes a detailed explanation of FCC, FAA and other Federal regulatory requirements so that your staff can understand the legal do’s and don’ts associated with tower construction and antenna mounting. We have also developed checklists that can be used by your employees and contractors to (1) make sure that necessary compliance steps are taken and (2) create a paper trail documenting such compliance. There are separate checklists for antenna structure owners and radio licensees that will use such structures. These checklists cover such issues as environmental protection, historic preservation, harmful RF radiation limits, interference protection, aviation safety, and Federal reporting requirements. A sample tower log is included.

In recent years, tower owners have faced million dollar fines and even higher civil liabilities due to rule violations that may contribute to an aviation accident. Similar liability can arise from environmental or harmful radiation violations. Also, many licensees do not realize that, for every antenna mounted in the United States, the licensee must either obtain the prior approval of the applicable State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO), or establish that the antenna qualifies for an exemption from this requirement. BloostonLaw is offering its antenna structure compliance manual in binder format, with the checklists provided on CD-ROM as well, so that you can print off the appropriate checklist for each new structure or antenna. If you wish to purchase a copy of the manual, please contact the firm.

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, 202-828-5520; and John Prendergast, 202-828-5540.

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FTC EXTENDS ENFORCEMENT DEADLINE FOR IDENTITY THEFT RED FLAG RULE: At the request of several Members of Congress, the Federal Trade Commission is further delaying enforcement of the “Red Flag” Rule through December 31, 2010, while Congress considers legislation that would affect the scope of entities covered by the Rule.

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  • Broadband Internet Service Reclassification NOI on tap for June 17 open meeting.
  • FCC sets Aug. 31 for electronic USF support payments.
  • Auction 89 set for Dec. 17: includes 218 MHz & Phase II 220 MHz.
  • FCC reminds consumers of June 12 transition date for 700 MHz wireless microphones.
  • FCC addresses waste, fraud abuses in TRS Fund.

Broadband Internet Service Reclassification On Tap For June 17 Open Meeting

The FCC has announced that it tentatively will consider a Notice of Inquiry (NOI) regarding the reclassification of broadband Internet service at its June 17 open meeting. The NOI comes in response to the April 7 decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in Comcast v. FCC. In that case, the court cast serious doubt on prior understandings about the FCC’s ability to ensure fair competition and provide consumers with basic protections when they use today’s broadband Internet services.

In the proposed Broadband Internet Service NOI, the FCC says it will seek comment on all three options regarding the reclassification of broadband Internet service: (1) to continue relying on ancillary authority; (2) reclassify Internet communications as “telecommunications services” under Title II of the Communications Act; or (3) find a “third way”—i.e., reclassify only the transmission component of broadband Internet access services as telecommunications services. (The “third way,” of course, is the proposal of FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski and General Counsel Austin Schlick (BloostonLaw Telecom Update, May 12)).

As a result, the NOI (tentatively scheduled for the June 17 open meeting) will seek comment on:

  • Whether the Commission’s “information service” classification of broadband Internet service remains legally sound and adequate to support effective performance of the Commission’s responsibilities;
  • The legal and practical consequences of classifying broadband Internet connectivity as a “telecommunications service” to which the requirements of Title II of the Communications Act would apply; and
  • The so-called “third way” under which the Commission would reaffirm that the Internet remains unregulated and Internet-based information services remain generally unregulated under Title I of the Communications Act; identify the Internet connectivity service that is offered as part of wired broadband Internet service as a telecommunications service; and forbear under Section 10 of the Act from applying all provisions of Title II other than the small number that are needed to implement fundamental universal service, competition, and consumer protection policies.

The NOI will also seek comment on the appropriate classification of terrestrial wireless and satellite broadband Internet services, as well other issues.

At present, the Commission is split 3-2 on the “third way” approach, with Commissioners McDowell and Baker opposed. Essentially, the “third way” approach calls for forbearing from enforcing Title II regulation on all but six of the provisions of the Communications Act:

  • Sections 201, 202, and 208. These fundamental provisions collectively forbid unreasonable denials of service and other unjust or unreasonable practices, and allow the Commission to enforce the prohibition
  • Section 254. Section 254 requires the Commission to pursue policies that promote universal service goals including “[a]ccess to advanced telecommunications and information services . . . in all regions of the Nation.”
  • Section 222. This section requires providers of telecommunications services to protect the confidential information they receive in the course of providing service.
  • Section 255. Telecommunications service providers and providers of telecommunications equipment or customer premises equipment must make their services and equipment accessible to individuals with disabilities, unless not reasonably achievable.

There is also opposition from both Congressional Democrats and Republicans, who recently expressed their concerns to the Chairman (BloostonLaw Telecom Update, May 28).

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

FCC Sets August 31 As Date For Electronic Universal Service Support Payments

On September 28, 2009, the FCC’s Wireline Competition Bureau (WCB) announced that, pursuant to the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (DCIA), all federal Universal Service Fund (USF) support payments must be made by electronic funds transfer (EFT). The WCB indicated that recipients of USF support payments must provide their financial institution information and other relevant information on the FCC Form 498 (Service Provider Identification Number and Contact Information Form), which was being revised to conform to the requirements of the DCIA. On November 2, 2009, the revised FCC Form 498 was approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).

To facilitate the processing of EFT by the Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC), the FCC has established the effective date of August 31, 2010 for the electronic disbursement requirement. After August 31, 2010, if a recipient of universal service support payments fails to provide the required financial institution information on its FCC Form 498 to enable payment by EFT, USAC will not make universal service support payments to that entity until the entity provides the required information.

The WCB is also releasing an order addressing issues related to the invoicing process used by USAC in its administration of the E-rate program. Among other things, the Bureau, on its own motion, clarifies that an EFT mechanism to distribute universal service support payments invoiced by service providers does not conflict with the Commission’s directive that service providers must remit the E-rate discount amount to the applicant “prior to tendering or making use of the payment from Administrator.” The Bureau finds that the EFT system will not undermine the fundamental purpose of the restriction on the FCC Form 472 (Billed Entity Applicant Reimbursement Form), which is to ensure that the service provider does not divert universal service support payments from the applicant.

BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

Auction 89 Set For Dec. 7

Includes 218-219 MHz & Phase II 220 MHz

The FCC has announced an auction of 218-219 MHz Service licenses and Phase II 220 MHz Service licenses to commence on December 7, 2010. This Auction No. 89 will include a total of 1,868 licenses. These will include licenses for spectrum not previously offered at auction, licenses that remained unsold from a previous auction, licenses on which a winning bidder in a previous auction defaulted, and licenses for spectrum previously associated with licenses that canceled or terminated. In a few cases, the available license does not cover the entire geographic area or bandwidth that was covered by a previously auctioned license due to partitioning or disaggregation by a previous licensee.

218-219 MHz Service: Auction 89 will offer 1,420 licenses in the 218-219 MHz Service: 716 A Block licenses and 704 B Block licenses covering a total of 727 Cellular Market Areas (CMAs). The 218-219 MHz Service is a short-distance communication service designed to provide any fixed or mobile communications service to subscribers within a specified service area. A licensee may provide service on a common carrier or private basis, using one- and two-way communications. Although the service rules are designed to allow licensees the maximum flexibility to structure services to meet demand, 218-219 MHz Service channels are unable to support operations that require large amounts of spectrum, including certain video, voice, and advanced data applications. The components of each 218-219 MHz Service system are its administrative apparatus, its response transmitter units (RTUs), and one or more cell transmitter stations (CTSs). RTUs may be used in any location within the service area. CTSs provide service from a fixed point. CTSs and RTUs are authorized under the 218-219 MHz Service licenses offered in Auction 89; however, CTSs that do not meet the limitations of section 95.811 of the Commission’s rules must be licensed separately.

Phase II 220 MHz Service: Auction 89 will offer 448 Phase II 220 MHz Service licenses, including 444 Economic Area (EA) licenses and 4 Economic Area Grouping (EAG) licenses, covering a total of 154 separate EAs and EAGs. Licensees in the 220 MHz Service will be able to use this spectrum to provide voice, data, paging, and fixed operations.

Incumbency issues: The Commission has authorized certain site-based, low power operations on a secondary basis in the 216-220 MHz band. There are also incumbent geographic area 218-219 MHz Service licenses in certain CMAs. Additional information on those licenses may be found through the Commission’s Universal Licensing System (ULS).

A number of incumbent Phase I (site-based) 220 MHz licensees are licensed and operating on frequencies between 220 and 222 MHz. Such Phase I incumbents must be protected from harmful interference by Phase II 220 MHz licensees in accordance with the Commission’s rules. These limitations may restrict the ability of Phase II geographic area licensees to use certain portions of the electromagnetic spectrum or provide service to certain areas in their geographic license areas. There are also incumbent geographic area 220 MHz licenses in certain EAs and EAGs. Additional information on those licenses may be found through ULS or by contacting the firm.

The Commission seeks comments on auction procedures and practices. Comments in this AU Docket No. 10-107 proceeding are due June 15, and replies are due June 29.

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, Richard Rubino, Cary Mitchell, and Bob Jackson.


FCC REMINDS CONSUMERS OF JUNE 12 TRANSITION DATE FOR 700 MHz WIRELESS MICROPHONES: To avoid interference to public safety communications and next generation commercial services, the FCC has issued a reminder that users of wireless microphones operating in the 700 MHz Band must retune or replace their equipment by June 12. The FCC said this action helps complete an important component of the DTV Transition by clearing the 700 MHz band and enabling the rollout of communications services for public safety and the deployment of next generation 4G wireless devices for consumers. The Commission said that to ensure individuals and groups currently using unauthorized devices in the 700 MHz band had ample time to move to appropriate frequencies, it provided a transition period until June 12, 2010, one year from the DTV Transition. During this period, the Commission has been engaging in an aggressive consumer outreach plan to educate consumers who previously purchased wireless microphone systems and other related devices that utilized the 700 MHz band. As part of this outreach, the FCC now reminds individuals and groups using these devices in the 700 MHz band, either on a licensed on unlicensed basis, to cease operations by the June 12, 2010, deadline. The FCC also reminds users of certain low power auxiliary stations (such as wireless intercoms and cueing equipment used in the entertainment industry) to stop operations by June 12, 2010, on any of the frequencies in the 700 MHz. Because any operation in violation of these rules creates a danger of interference to important radio communications, users who operate wireless devices in violation of these rules may be subject to monetary forfeitures, seizure of the radio equipment, or criminal sanctions. Users of wireless microphones and similar devices that operate outside the 700 MHz Band are not affected. These devices that operate on other broadcast frequencies can continue. Microphones and other similar devices with cords also are not affected, and may continue to operate as before. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, Richard Rubino, and Cary Mitchell.

FCC ADDRESSES WASTE, FRAUD ABUSES IN TRS FUND: The FCC has adopted measures to address waste, fraud, and abuse regarding the Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS) Fund. The FCC adopted an emergency interim rule requiring the CEO or other senior executive of a provider submitting data to the TRS Fund Administrator to make various certifications under penalty of perjury. The Commission said it was adopting this interim rule without notice and comment in light of the explosive growth in the TRS Fund in recent years and evidence of fraud against the Fund, the fact that minutes are submitted for payment on a monthly basis, and the expectation that providers seeking compensation are doing so in compliance with the rules. The FCC also adopted a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) seeking comment on a host of additional anti-waste, fraud, and abuse measures, such as:

  • Whether the FCC should adopt specific whistleblower protection rules for the employees and subcontractors of TRS providers;
  • Whether Video Relay Service (VRS) providers must use automated, rather than manual, methods to capture a call’s conversation time, to the nearest second, for each call submitted for compensation;
  • Whether the FCC should adopt more specific and stringent auditing rules for VRS providers;
  • Whether VRS providers should make public their cost and demand data;
  • Whether Internet-based TRS providers must retain their call detail records, and other records to support their claims for payment from the Fund, for five years;
  • Whether a CA should disconnect a VRS call in which the caller’s face does not appear on the screen;
  • How to address fraud and misuse associated with international VRS calls;
  • Whether the Commission should make the senior executive certification requirement permanent; and,
  • Whether the Commission should prohibit “white-label” Internet-based TRS services — where non-certified providers offer service and bill the Fund through certified providers.

BloostonLaw contact: Gerry Duffy.

FCC URGES SERVICE PROVIDERS TO SIGN UP FOR DIRS IN LIGHT OF POSSIBLE ACTIVE HURRICANE SEASON: Given predictions of an active hurricane season this year, the FCC has issued a reminder to communications service providers of FCC emergency contact information and the need for their participation in the Disaster Information Reporting System (DIRS). Communications service providers needing emergency special temporary authorizations (STAs) or seeking consultation with FCC Bureaus and Offices about their communications recovery efforts after hours or on weekends may contact the FCC’s 24/7 Operations Center at 202-418-1122 or FCC contact information during regular business hours and more comprehensive details about the process for receiving STAs are available at: The FCC also urges all communications service providers to participate in DIRS, its voluntary, web-based system that allows wireless, wireline, broadcast, and cable providers to report communications infrastructure status and situational awareness information to the FCC during times of crisis. By participating in DIRS, communications service providers can facilitate Federal efforts to assist in the restoration of essential services affected by the disaster. The FCC urges all communications service providers that have previously registered in DIRS to ensure that their contact information is current and accurate. The Commission also urges all communications providers that have not yet submitted their emergency contact information to please register in DIRS at the following URL: The information provided will be secured by the FCC and protected from public disclosure. Hurricane season annually runs from June 1 through November 30. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

RURAL ASSOCIATIONS PRAISE HOUSE MEMBERS FOR VOICING CONCERN OVER NATIONAL BROADBAND PLAN: The National Telecommunications Cooperative Association (NTCA), the Organization for the Promotion and Advancement of Small Telecommunications Companies (OPASTCO) and the Western Telecommunications Alliance (WTA) last week praised Reps. Sam Graves (R-Mo.), Betsy Markey (D-Co.) and 38 other members of the House for voicing their concerns about the potential negative impact of the FCC's National Broadband Plan (NBP) on rural America. In a May 28 letter to FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski, the representatives said the NBP sets the country on a course toward a greater urban/rural digital divide by proposing a broadband speed goal of just 4 megabits per second (Mbps) for rural regions while boasting of the benefits of 100 Mbps for urban areas. They note that 4 Mbps is inadequate broadband capacity for today's consumer and business needs—let alone future commerce, health care, education, energy and public safety needs. The letter points to the relatively predictable regulatory structure and support provided by the Universal Service Fund as the reason for successful voice and broadband deployment in rural areas. It notes that as proposed, the NBP abandons this successful policy approach, endangering the national statutory goal of affordable and comparable communications service for all consumers — including those in rural and insular areas. "Our grave concern is that implementing the NBP as recommended will not provide all Americans with adequate broadband service because it puts at risk the regulatory structure and support that rural communications providers need to maintain and expand their networks," the representatives said in the letter. "We request that you seriously consider these concerns and that you take the appropriate steps to modify the plan's recommendations to ensure all Americans play a role in, and benefit from, the global communications leadership Congress envisioned this plan evoking." BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

COMMENT SOUGHT ON QWEST-CENTURYLINK TANSFER OF CONTROL: On May 10, 2010, Qwest Communications International Inc. and CenturyTel, Inc. d/b/a CenturyLink filed a series of applications, seeking FCC approval for various transfers of control of licenses and authorizations held by Qwest and its subsidiaries from Qwest to CenturyLink. Through the merger of Qwest, CenturyLink will acquire all outstanding shares of Qwest. Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, Qwest shareholders will receive 0.1664 CenturyLink shares for each share of Qwest common stock that they own at closing. CenturyLink shareholders are expected to own approximately 50.5% of the combined company, and Qwest shareholders are expected to own approximately 49.5% of the combined company. Comments on this Docket No. WC Docket No. 10-110 proceeding are due July 12, and replies are due July 27. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

FCC FINDS THAT 80% OF CONSUMERS DO NOT KNOW THEIR OWN BROADBAND SPEEDS, SEEKS COMMENT ON MOBILE BROADBAND: Four out of five home broadband users (80%) say they do not know the speed of their home internet connection, according to the FCC. That is, when asked to specify their home internet connection speed, described as “the download or downstream speed of your connection per second,” the vast majority of home broadband users in the United States cannot identify it. This figure, from the FCC’s April-May 2010 national random digit dial telephone survey, is essentially the same captured by the Pew Internet & American Life Project in 2006, when 81% of broadband users said they did not know their home connection speed. As part of the National Broadband Plan proceeding, the Commission issued Public Notice # 24 to gather additional information on fixed residential and small business Internet broadband services. With that Public Notice, the Commission began its effort to measure and publish data on actual performance of fixed broadband services, as ultimately recommended in the National Broadband Plan. The Commission recently contracted with a third-party, SamKnows Limited, to embark on this initiative, and has released a Public Notice seeking comment on the proposed methodology. The FCC now seeks comment on whether and how to pursue a similar measurement program for mobile broadband services given the growing significance of mobile Internet access. Additionally, it seeks comment on how providers can improve voluntary self-reporting of network performance and coverage. Comments in this CG Docket No. 09-158. CC Docket No. 98-170, and WC Docket No. 04-36 proceeding are due July 1, and should be titled “Comments — Mobile Broadband Measurement.” BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, and Cary Mitchell.

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This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.

Source: Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy and Prendergast, LLP For additional information, contact Hal Mordkofsky at 202-828-5520 or

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CVC Paging

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  • January 11, 1997—Telstar 401 suffers a short in the satellite circuitry—TOTAL LOSS May 19, 1998—Galaxy 4 control processor causes loss of fixed orbit—TOTAL LOSS September 19, 2003—Telstar 4 suffers loss of its primary power bus—TOTAL LOSS March 17, 2004—PAS-6 suffers loss of power—TOTAL LOSS
  • January 14, 2005—Intelsat 804 suffers electrical power system anomaly—TOTAL LOSS


Allow us to uplink your paging data to two separate satellites for complete redundancy! CVC owns and operates two separate earth stations and specializes in uplink services for paging carriers. Join our list of satisfied uplink customers.

  • Each earth station features hot standby redundancy UPS and Generator back-up Redundant TNPP Gateways On shelf spares for all critical components
  • 24/7 staffing and support

cvc paging cvc antennas For inquires please call or e-mail Stephan Suker at 800-696-6474 or left arrow

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CVC Paging

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WiPath Communications

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wipath header

Intelligent Solutions for Paging & Wireless Data

WiPath manufactures a wide range of highly unique and innovative hardware and software solutions in paging and mobile data for:

  • Emergency Mass Alert & Messaging Emergency Services Communications Utilities Job Management Telemetry and Remote Switching Fire House Automation
  • Load Shedding and Electrical Services Control

black line PDT3000 Paging Data Terminal pdt 2000 image

  • FLEX & POCSAG Built-in POCSAG encoder Huge capcode capacity Parallel, 2 serial ports, 4 relays
  • Message & system monitoring

black line Paging Controlled Moving Message LED Displays

welcom wipath

  • Variety of sizes Indoor/outdoor
  • Integrated paging receiver

black line PDR3000/PSR3000 Paging Data Receivers paging data receiver

  • Highly programmable, off-air decoders Message Logging & remote control Multiple I/O combinations and capabilities
  • Network monitoring and alarm reporting

black line Specialized Paging Solutions paging data receiver

  • Emergency Mass Alerting Remote telemetry switching & control Fire station automation PC interfacing and message management Paging software and customized solutions Message interception, filtering, redirection, printing & logging Cross band repeating, paging coverage infill, store and forward
  • Alarm interfaces, satellite linking, IP transmitters, on-site systems

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Mobile Data Terminals & Two Way Wireless  Solutions

mobile data terminal

radio interface

  • Fleet tracking, messaging, job processing, and field service management Automatic vehicle location (AVL), GPS
  • CDMA, GPRS, ReFLEX, conventional, and trunked radio interfaces

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WiPath Communications LLC
4845 Dumbbarton Court
Cumming, GA 30040
4845 Dumbbarton Court
Cumming, GA 30040
Web site: left arrow CLICK
E-mail: left arrow CLICK
Phone: 770-844-6218
Fax: 770-844-6574
WiPath Communications

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Preferred Wireless

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preferred logo

Terminals & Controllers:
8 Motorola C-Net Platinum Controller - NCU Cards
1 Motorola C-Net Platinum Controller - NCX Cards
2 Motorola C-Net Platinum Controller - CIU Cards
1 Skydata Model 8360 MSK Modulator
8 Skydata Multi Channel Receivers - NEW
2 Gilat Skyway ODU Controller
2 Rad RSD-10
3 Gilat Satellite Transmitter
2 Gilat Skymux Controller
8 Skymux Expansion
2 Gilat Transmitters
2 GL3100 RF Director
30 Zetron Model 66 Controllers
3 Glenayre GL2164 Satellite Receivers
1 Lengren Copper Screen Room, 6'X9'
Link Transmitters:
6 Glenayre GL C2100 Link Repeaters
1 Glenayre QT6994, 150W, 900 MHz Link TX
12 Glenayre QT4201, 25W Midband Link TX
1 Glenayre QT-6201, 100W Midband Link TX
3 Motorola 10W, 900 MHz Link TX (C35JZB6106)
2 Motorola 30W, Midband Link TX (C42JZB6106AC)
VHF Paging Transmitters
8 Motorola Nucleus 125W, NAC
1 Motorola Nucleus 350W, NAC
1 Motorola VHF PURC-5000 125W, ACB or TRC
10 Glenayre GLT8411, 250W, VHF TX
UHF Paging Transmitters:
24 Glenayre UHF GLT5340, 125W, DSP Exciter
3 Motorola PURC-5000 110W, TRC or ACB
3 Motorola PURC-5000 225W, ACB
900 MHz Paging Transmitters:
3 Glenayre GLT 8600, 500W
15 Glenayre GLT-8500, 250W, C2000, w/ or w/o I20
50 Glenayre GLT-8500 DSP Exciters - $600 each
50 Glenayre GLT-8500 PAs - $800 each
50 Glenayre GLT-8500 Power Supplies - $500 each

left arrow CLICK HERE

Too Much To List • Call or E-Mail
Preferred Wireless
Rick McMichael
left arrow CLICK HERE
left arrow OR HERE

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Preferred Wireless

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EastWest Communications Inc.

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Media 1® live
by EastWest Communications Inc.

Real-time response to live events

spacer The audience may attend or view/listen to an event nationwide and respond in real time without requiring a computer — even respond while attending an event.

spacer Participate in sporting events, concerts, training programs or other programs to allow the producers to change the program based on audience participation.

Ed Lyda
P.O. Box 8488
The Woodlands, Texas 77387
Cell: 832-928-9538


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EastWest Communications Inc.

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“Special Event Broadcasting Professionals”

media 1

by EastWest Communications Inc.

Media 1®, a Houston company, has a very simple method of providing live response to almost any media using the return path of a two-way paging network, M2M, or data network for communication. The concept is for a person viewing or listening to a program, or even reading a newspaper, to be able to respond to what they see or hear — in real time.

The program will be assigned a code to differentiate it from all other programs, so the audience may initiate a response to a question by entering the program code once, and then their response to all questions that are asked.

The low cost of the response is a primary feature, as the person may be either in a group setting like a theater or auditorium, or even home alone and still respond (a computer is not required). The company designed a personalized FM station at PGA golf events, concerts and air shows in the mid 1980's. With proper implementation this could allow a live sporting event to have live audience response in real time across the nation and a special broadcast could be implemented to the audience if desired.

The patent on the technology is a tool that could allow a nationwide job skills program to be effective. The plan is to use live response for persons attending a live satellite program held in theaters and auditoriums during the week, teaching people ways to start their own business, and update the unemployed. By utilizing 400 theaters, 4 screens per theater, the audience could be 400,000 people per day scattered across the nation, with responses recorded from each person. Each screen could be a different class. Partners are needed to implement those plans, and suggestions are appreciated at Media 1®, PO Box 8488, The Woodlands TX. 77387.


Source: EastWest Communications Inc.

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Easy Solutions

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easy solutions

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don't just fix problems...
    • We recommend and implement better cost effective solutions.
    We are not just another vendor — We are a part of your team.
    • All the advantages of high priced full time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business...
    • We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure
Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
Excellent Service Contracts
Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
Contracts for Glenayre and other Systems starting at $100
Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 28 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or e-mail us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023

Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119
left arrow CLICK

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Easy Solutions

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Hark Technologies

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hark logo

Wireless Communication Solutions

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USB Paging Encoder

paging encoder

  • Single channel up to eight zones
  • Connects to Linux computer via USB
  • Programmable timeouts and batch sizes
  • Supports 2-tone, 5/6-tone, POCSAG 512/1200/2400, GOLAY
  • Supports Tone Only, Voice, Numeric, and Alphanumeric
  • PURC or direct connect
  • Pictured version mounts in 5.25" drive bay
  • Other mounting options available
  • Available as a daughter board for our embedded Internet Paging Terminal (IPT)

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Paging Data Receiver (PDR)


  • Frequency agile - only one receiver to stock
  • USB or RS-232 interface
  • Two contact closures
  • End-user programmable w/o requiring special hardware
  • 16 capcodes
  • Eight contact closure version also available
  • Product customization available

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Other products

  • Please see our web site for other products including Internet Messaging Gateways, Unified Messaging Servers, test equipment, and Paging Terminals.
Hark Technologies
717 Old Trolley Rd Ste 6 #163
Summerville, SC 29485
Tel: 843-821-6888
Fax: 843-821-6894
E-mail: left arrow CLICK HERE

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Hark Technologies

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UCOM Paging

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satellite dish ucom logo

Satellite Uplink
As Low As

  • Data input speeds up to 38.4 Kbps Dial-in modem access for Admin Extremely reliable & secure
  • Hot standby up link components

Knowledgeable Tech Support 24/7

Contact Alan Carle Now!
1-888-854-2697 x272

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UCOM Paging

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A Philosophy of Science . . .

The most basic form of logic is the propositional logic. A proposition in the definition of propositional logic is a linguistic entity which can be assigned a logic value like "true" or "false" or "0" or "1" without any ambiguity. Whether a proposition is true or false may depend on circumstances. For example the proposition "Today is Tuesday" is true on Tuesdays and wrong on all other days of week.

Other propositions are true or false due to their logic construction. The combined proposition "Today is Tuesday or today is not Tuesday" is always true from a logic point of view despite the fact that you may consider it as kind of "useless".

Propositional logic then deals with the question [of] what happens when two or more propositions are combined by logic operators as in the second example with the operator "or". Since a proposition, say "a", and a second proposition, say "b", can only have the values of "0" or "1" it is easy to put every possible combination of a and b values into a simple diagram, for example for the "or" operator:

a  b  a or b
0  0     0
0  1     1
1  0     1
1  1     1

Most if not all of us not only know such diagrams but really make use of them in digital electronics. The well known operators are the "or", the "and" and the "negation" and indeed it can be shown that ALL digital operators can be constructed by a a combination of "negation" and either "and" or "or". BTW this is the reason why the first logic circuit to appear as a single chip, the 7400, was a quad NAND gate, a combination of "negation" and "and". The designers had learned their lesson and made their very first chip in a way that ALL possible combinations of two input variables could be realized with one type of chip.

Nevertheless the 3rd column of the above diagram can be considered a four-digit binary value and so it becomes immediately clear that there must be a total of 16 different logic operators with each of them producing a number between 0 and 15 (Decimal) or rather 1111 (Binary) in the 3rd column. Each of these operators has a name of its own. Although widely used in common speech one of the not so well known operators is the "formal implication", or "a implies b" as we say or "b follows from a".

The "formal implication" has the logic diagram (which is identical to "(not a) or b"):

a  b  a -> b
0  0     1
0  1     1
1  0     0
1  1     1

What may look unspectacular at the first glance in effect holds two of the most important supports of ALL scientific reasoning:

While the third row of the diagram basically says that it not possible to achieve wrong results when logic is applied correctly to correct propositions, rows one and two say that logic may deliver wrong results (line one) or correct results (line two) if applied correctly to WRONG (false) propositions. That is why already ancient logicians knew: Ex falsi omnis which freely translated from Latin means as much as: "From wrong propositions [any]thing can be concluded".

One of the consequences of this is, the fact that for a true proposition "b" it is NOT possible to conclude the trueness of proposition "a" based on an inference drawn from proposition "b".

A second consequence of this is that NO scientific theory can be verified by an experiment. A theory may formulate a proposition on the outcome of a certain experiment. Even if the outcome of the experiment and the proposition are in good congruence it would be completely wrong to infer that the theory is correct due to the experiment.

It is possible to harden the theory by experiments. For this purpose it is necessary to produce a big number of different and independent propositions based on the theory and test each single proposition with an experiment. The more propositions and the more experiments the chance that the theory is correct increases, but note that even with an unbound number of propositions and experiments this is no proof of the theory. Interesting enough that you need only a SINGLE experiment to falsify a theory if the outcome of the experiment is different from the theory's proposition. What can really be inferred from experiments and observations may also be shown by the following joke:

A physicist, a mathematician and a logician are sitting in a train riding through Germany. Suddenly they notice a herd of sheep with all being white with the exception of one which is black.

The physicist: "That is a proof that there are black sheep in Germany"

The mathematician: "You physicists are using the term 'proof' in a too-relaxed way. If this is a proof at all, then there is at least ONE black sheep in Germany"

The logician: "Let's get serious: This is a proof that there is at least ONE sheep in Germany with ONE BLACK SIDE".

Ulrich Bangert—DF6JB

Ortholzer Weg 1
27243 Groß Ippener

Source: Time-nuts Digest, Vol 71, Issue 13
Date: June 3, 2010 7:50:33 AM CDT

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From: Paul Shinn
Date: June 1, 2010 8:54:25 AM CDT
To: Brad Dye
Subject: From the Paging Information Web Site

Hi Brad.

Thank you very much for your informative newsletter.  I always enjoy reading it and learning from your content.

Lately I have seen a slow, steady shift from reporting to editorializing. In the May 28, 2010 newsletter, you have gone completely beyond mere editorializing and have become political and leaning toward activism.

We are all well aware of the BP accident which is causing unprecedented quantities of oil to gush into the gulf.  However, your newsletter which continued to be highly respected by me and others in the industry (as small as we may be) should be above political activism and emotional charged images and slanted commentary about current events not related to the industry itself.  If I want to catch up on the latest activist issues or commentary, I will tune in CNN.

Thank you for your consideration,

Paul Shinn

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From: Paul Shinn
Subject: Re: Wireless Messaging News
Date: June 1, 2010 1:12:25 PM CDT
To: Brad Dye

Hi Brad.

Thank you very much for writing back. And, especially for not just sending me a 'form letter'. That was actually very polite.

I understand your need to vent now and then, and can understand why (based on my previous letter to this last one) you would believe that I have nothing but criticism for your newsletter. That is my fault, as I have indeed failed to properly commend you on your successes and the tenacity for being the only real paging newsletter resource available. For that, I apologize.

Like you, I have also been hurt by the paging decline, and I hold some resentment over it. Like you, I also recognize paging as a superior technology and communication tool when it's really on the line. Yet, I just can't seem to convince anyone else of it. The latest cell phone gadget catches the hearts of the public, and they seem to hold some kind of false security in its usefulness at all times and in all circumstances. I just don't get it.

Also like you, I have felt the financial loss with the decline. I shifted into the broadcast industry in the 90's, and took a pay cut to do it. I used to earn over [...] per year as a tech, with all the usual perks. Now, even with inflation, earning almost half of that. And yes, I also drive an older truck. I know the feeling.

So, my criticism isn't really to you, except in your latest newsletter where you clearly set aside all indications of any neutrality. And, that criticism was mostly an attempt to inform you that not everyone who reads your newsletter is unaware of current events.

My last point, in response to your closing line, I do not watch CNN as I cannot stand the left-wing slant of the network. If I really want to wallow in cable news over-coverage, I choose BBC or FOX news, in that order.

With kindest regards,

Paul Shinn

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[neutrality — emphasis added]

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From: J Dunn
Date: May 21, 2010 8:50:38 AM CDT
To: Brad Dye <>
Subject: Re: AAPC Wireless Messaging News for Jay Dunn

Morning Brad,

     I know that you are a paging guy, as was I until 3 years ago (SkyTel). I still follow your weekly newsletter as it is hard to walk away from 20 years in the field. However with the recent demise of SkyTel, I was thinking that you might start listing some other fields in your newsletter? I took my RF knowledge and moved to the Smart Grid (electric utility) field. I have been able to use my 900 MHz experience to help me flourish in this new field. The reason I bring this up is that several of my colleagues from SkyTel and a few other paging companies continue to struggle in the job market. The Smart Grid industry is still new but it is growing, and I am sure there are other fields that our shared knowledge and experience could be used in but maybe the people out there are not aware of us yet. I hope you will think about this and maybe look into it. Maybe a little section on the newsletter where you talk about possible cross over industries? Thanks for your time and for the newsletter!

James Dunn
Tantalus Systems Corp.

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With best regards,

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Newsletter Editor


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Wireless Messaging News
Brad Dye, Editor
P.O. Box 266
Fairfield, IL 62837 USA

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Skype: braddye
Telephone: 618-599-7869

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“If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor. If an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse and you say that you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality.”

—Bishop Desmond Tutu

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“The hottest place in Hell is reserved for those who remain neutral in times of great moral conflict.”

—Employing Dante's words

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“Washing one's hands of the conflict between the powerful and the powerless means to side with the powerful, not to be neutral.”

—Paulo Freire


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