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FRIDAY - JULY 18, 2008 - ISSUE NO. 320

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Paging and Wireless Messaging Home Page image Recommended Products and Services image Carrier Directory image Reference Papers
Consulting Newsletter Archive Glossary of Terms Send an e-mail to Brad Dye

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Dear Friends of Wireless Messaging,

I have added the new navigation buttons (above) from the Paging Information web site to the newsletter so everyone can check on the progress of the Paging Service Provider Directory that I just started last week. To see how the directory looks click on the Directory button.

All paging companies are invited to send in their contact information.

Here is what each of these eight navigation buttons do.

Home: This is the home page, or starting place, for the Wireless Messaging and Paging Information web site.
Products: Information here on recommended products and services.
Directory: This is the beginning of a new directory of Wireless Messaging and Paging Service Providers.
Reference: Formerly called “Main Topics” this section contains many different articles, whitepapers, tutorials, and other reference materials of interest to sales, marketing, and engineering personnel.
Consulting: Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, and Vic Jackson are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects. This section has a summary of their qualifications and experience. They collaborate on consulting assignments, and share the work according to their individual expertise and their schedules.
Newsletters: This is the archive of past newsletters arranged by year. It contains them all, from issue no. one (February 7, 2002) up to the present — this issue is no. 320.
Glossary: A glossary of terms and primer on wireless industry jargon.
E-Mail: Click on this button to send an e-mail to Brad Dye.

Now on to more news and views. . .

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aapc logo emma logo
brad dye
Wireless Messaging Newsletter
  • Paging
  • Telemetry
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Location-Based Services
  • VoIP
  • Wi-Fi
  • WiMAX
  • Critical Messaging
  • Emergency Radio Communications
wireless logo medium

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This is my weekly newsletter about Wireless Messaging. You are receiving this because you have either communicated with me in the past about a wireless topic, or your address was included in another e-mail that I received on the same subject. This is not a SPAM. If you have received this message in error, or you are not interested in these topics, please click here, then click on "send" and you will be promptly removed from the mailing list.

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iland internet sulutions This newsletter is brought to you by the generous support of our advertisers and the courtesy of iland Internet Solutions Corporation. For more information about the web-hosting services available from iland Internet Solutions Corporation, please click on their logo to the left.

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A new issue of The Wireless Messaging Newsletter gets posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the Internet. That way it doesn't fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world's major Paging and Wireless Data companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It's all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology. I regularly get readers' comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Data communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

NOTE: This newsletter is best viewed at screen resolutions of 800x600 (good) or 1024x768 (better). Any current revision of web browser should work fine. Please notify me of any problems with viewing. This site is compliant with XHTML 1.0 transitional coding for easy access from wireless devices. (XML 1.0/ISO 8859-1.)

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Anyone wanting to help support The Wireless Messaging Newsletter can do so by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above.

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Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, and Vic Jackson are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects. Click here  for a summary of their qualifications and experience. They collaborate on consulting assignments, and share the work according to their individual expertise and their schedules.

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The local newspaper here in Springfield, Illinois costs 75¢ a copy and it NEVER mentions paging. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially? A donation of $25.00 would represent approximately 50¢ a copy for one year. If you are so inclined, please click on the PayPal Donate button above. No trees were chopped down to produce this electronic newsletter.

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help wanted Indiana Paging Network, Inc. has an immediate opening for a RF Field Engineer based out of our Indianapolis, IN Network Operations Center. Our rapidly growing company offers a great work environment. Visit us at to learn more about our exciting history and to apply for the following position send resume to or fax to 219-872-6610.

Position Summary:

Installs, tests, and integrates Quintron, Glenayre, TPL, and Milcom equipment at sites. Responsible for paging site maintenance including preventative maintenance as well as repair. This activity requires ability to troubleshoot site problems using specifications, drawings, plans, schematics and manuals.

Essential Functions:

  • Responsible for all aspects of paging cabinet installation and testing at new sites in the IPN’s network;
  • Works very closely with switch, and RF Engineering to integrate base station equipment into network and ensure optimal performance;
  • Responsible for on site maintenance of paging sites to ensure network reliability;
  • Responds to alarms and dispatches for assigned or on call sites for trouble shooting and network restoral activities.

Minimum Position Requirements:

  • Associates degree or 2 years of trade/technical school in related field or equivalent experience/education;
  • 1 year of related experience, preferably in the wireless telecommunications industry.

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 aapc logo AAPC Bulletin • 866-301-2272
The Voice of US Paging Carriers

enterprise wireless 2008

aapcewa logousmss logo

Register Today left arrow click here

“Association meetings are the ideal place to showcase new products, meet with new and existing customers, see and hear what the rest of the industry is doing, and have a little fun.”
—Jim Nelson, Prism Paging

Make your hotel reservations now to stay at the Doubletree Paradise Valley Resort. The Resort is situated on 22 acres of towering palms, majestic desert mountain views, and yet is conveniently located in the heart of Scottsdale, easily accessible from the Sky Harbor airport and minutes from the attractions of Old Town Scottsdale. Call 800-222-8733 and be sure to reference the Enterprise Wireless event to receive the discounted rate of $159/night. If you prefer to make your reservations online, you may do so by entering EWA as the group code here. left arrow

doubletree hoteldoubletree hotel


Showcase your technology at the 2008 Innovator’s Showcase on Thursday, November 6.

Click here for a presentation application. Deadline for applications is July 30.

Secure your exhibit space now to showcase your products and services at the largest paging-related technology and enterprise wireless conference!

Benefits of exhibiting include:

  • The post-conference participant list
  • Company name link to your website on both the Enterprise Wireless 2008 web site and the AAPC conference web site
  • Dedicated time to talk with participants during the reception and networking lunches
  • Your company name listed in the conference materials
  • Opportunity to place a one-page company promotional flyer in the conference materials

Thank you to the following companies for committing early to participate.

Complete list of Sponsorship and Exhibitor Opportunities left arrow click here

Exhibitor Contract left arrow click here


Thanks to our Gold Vendor member!

PRISM Paging

Thanks to our Silver Vendor Members!
isc technologies
ISC Technologies, Inc.
recurrent software
Recurrent Software Solutions, Inc.
Unication USA

Thanks to our Bronze Member Vendors!

AAPC Executive Director
441 N. Crestwood Drive
Wilmington, NC 28405
Tel: 866-301-2272
AAPC Regulatory Affairs Office
Suite 250
2154 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20007-2280
Tel: 202-223-3772
Fax: 202-315-3587

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Motorola Sues Ex-Executive; Says Disclosed Secrets To Apple

July 18, 2008: 04:11 PM EST

NEW YORK -(Dow Jones)- Motorola Inc. (MOT) sued a former executive, claiming he disclosed trade secrets to current employer Apple Inc. (AAPL).

In a filing from late Thursday, Motorola claimed Michael Fenger - who served as the senior vice president of mobile devices for the Europe, Middle East and Africa regions for the handset maker - violated his agreement to not take a position with a competitor during the two years after he left Motorola in March.

He joined Apple as the vice president of global iPhone sales shortly afterward.

Motorola argues that Fenger learned of numerous confidential company practices, which he then leaked to the benefit of Apple.

"Fenger cannot serve as senior vice president of global sales of iPhone for Apple without utilizing and disclosing Motorola's confidential information," the filing said.

Apple declined to comment.

While Apple has soared with the headline-grabbing success of its iPhone, Motorola has struggled in its wake. Motorola's own smartphone, the Q, failed to achieve the kind of success the iPhone attained.

The Schaumburg, Ill., company has dealt with management changes, slumping sales, few innovative new phones and lost market share to rivals. Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. (005930.SE) recently overtook it as the No. 2 global leader in the handset business, as Motorola fell further behind No. 1 player Nokia Corp. (NOK).

Motorola's problems have forced the company into plans to separate the handset unit from the networks and equipment business.

Motorola and Apple had a brief partnership in which a line of Motorola phones, called ROKR, could link up with iTunes. The handset, which was criticized as behind the times and limited in capabilities when it was first released, didn't sell well, and the relationship fizzled.


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Advertiser Index

AAPC—American Association of Paging Carriers NOTIFYall
CPR Technology, Inc.
CRS—Critical Response Systems Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC
CVC Paging Preferred Wireless
Daviscomms USA Prism Paging
EMMA—European Mobile Messaging Association Raven Systems
GTES—Global Technical Engineering Solutions Ron Mercer
Hark Systems Swissphone
HMCE, Inc. TAPS—Texas Association of Paging Services
InfoRad, Inc.    UCOM Paging
Ira Wiesenfeld Unication USA
Minilec Service, Inc. United Communications Corp.
Nighthawk Systems, Inc. WiPath Communications
Northeast Paging Zetron Inc.

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unication pagerunimaxunication voip

10 Selectable Alerting Tones
3 Alerting Duration Settings
No Physical Connections
Powered by 3 - AA or AC Adapter

Unication USA 817-303-9320

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Apple: 10 million apps, 1 million iPhone 3Gs

by Peter Cohen
Jul 14, 2008 8:33 am

Apple noted on Monday that the iPhone 3G, which went on sale on Friday, July 11th, has already sold more than one million units. What's more, the newly-launched App Store for iPhone and iPod touch has already hosted more than 10 million application downloads. The App Store went online on Thursday, July 10th.

The iPhone 3G is now available in 21 countries, including the United States, Canada, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the U.K. It goes on sale in france on July 17.

Apple CEO Steve Jobs called the opening weekend "stunning" in a statement. “It took 74 days to sell the first one million original iPhones, so the new iPhone 3G is clearly off to a great start around the world," he added.

The App Store launched with over 500 applications available for download, many of them free. Apple indicates that more than 800 native applications are now available for download from the App Store, with more than 200 available for free. More than 90 percent of them are priced at less than $10.

Source: Macworld

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shooting alert

The new RAVENAlert answers the need for a fast, intelligent, and dependable indoor alerting device. Features include:

  • High volume audible alert.
  • Large backlit screen.
  • Clear voice via new text to speech technology.
  • Compact Size. 5.5 X 5 inches
  • Easy wall mount or sits upright on any flat surface
  • Battery or line powered
  • Vast grouping capability
  • FLEX or POCSAG in all frequency bands
  • UL Listed


Public Schools
Industrial Facilities
Military Bases
Fire Departments

The new RAVEN-500 series of high decibel alerting products allows for dynamic alerting and voice messaging for indoor and outdoor areas. Perfect for athletic fields, indoor gymnasiums, large retail stores and outdoor common areas.


raven logo Phone: 303-980-2490

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Toyota Announces New Bluetooth-Enabled Car

By Teresa von Fuchs
WirelessWeek - July 15, 2008

Toyota Motor Sales plans to make its integrated Bluetooth hands-free system available on the all-new 2009 Venzas set to go on sale this fall. Toyota currently offers integrated Bluetooth in 15 car models.

With more states enacting laws that prohibit driving while talking on cell phones, Toyota promises its easy Bluetooth connection system will provide an easy hands-free solution to staying connected while on the road. With Bluetooth built into onboard DVD navigation and JBL audio systems, the solution provides users with convenient hands-free phone capabilities – there is no need to connect any interface cables between the phone and the vehicle. Owners simply need to register the phone by pairing to the system.

The solution also includes 1-touch call answering via steering-wheel controls or the navigation screen; automatic stereo mute when receiving or making a call; drivers can place a call from the outgoing or incoming call log right from the DVD navigation system; and voice command functions allowing the driver to control his or her phone without lifting a finger.

Currently, Bluetooth hands-free systems are available on Toyota RAV4, Corolla and Matrix models with a JBL audio unit. The system is also available on Toyota 4Runner, Highlander, Highlander Hybrid, Land Cruiser, Sequoia, Sienna, Tundra, Avalon, Camry, Camry Hybrid, Prius and Solara models with the JBL audio unit or DVD navigation system.

Source: WirelessWeek

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gtes logo gtes logo

GL3000 Paging Terminals - C2000 Transmitter Controllers
GL3200 Internet Gateways - Transmitter Equipment


GTES is the only Glenayre authorized software support provider in the paging industry. With years of combined experience in Glenayre hardware and software support, GTES offers the industry the most professional support and engineering staff available.

GTES Partner Maintenance Program
Glenayre Product Sales
Software Licenses, Upgrades and Feature License Codes
New & Used Spare Parts and Repairs
Customer Phone Support and On-Site Services
Product Training


   Sales Support - Debbie Schlipman
  Phone: +1-251-445-6826
   Customer Service
  Phone: +1-800-663-5996 or +1-972-801-0590
   Website -

Case Parts

pager parts

Above is a sample of what we have, call for a full list.
These parts are fully refurbished to like new condition.
New LCDs and Lenses are also available.

cpr logo

CPR Technology, Inc.

'Serving the Paging industry since 1987'


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FCC Takes Second Shot at D-Block Auction

Stringent conditions doomed agency's initial sale attempt
Written By: Aleks Karnick
Published In: Info Tech & Telecom News
Publication Date: August 1, 2008
Publisher: The Heartland Institute

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is making another attempt to auction the "D-block" spectrum and has issued a request for public comment on the idea.

The May 14 FCC request came in the wake of the otherwise-successful spectrum auction held in March 2008.

Failed at Main Goal

By the end of FCC's auction of the 700 MHz part of the analog spectrum, the commission had earned a record high $19.1 billion, but it failed to sell a significant part of the spectrum—the 10 MHz D-block.

The sale of the D-block would have required the buyer to build and operate a nationwide wireless system to be used mainly for public safety communications in addition to commercial wireless communications.

According to FCC Commissioner Michael Copps, the successful sale of the D-block and construction of a wireless network dedicated to public safety was one of the most important parts of FCC's plan for auctioning parts of the analog spectrum, which will be vacated by the mandatory switch to digital television broadcasts in February 2009.

"Auction 73 brought us both good news and bad, but on the most important score—providing for the public safety—the news is still out and the really hard work is just beginning," said Copps in a public statement after the auction. "We are still nowhere near improving the sad state of communications infrastructure available to America's heroic first responders.

"And remember this," Copps continued. "Public safety was a primary, and in some minds the hands-down, most important reason, that we reclaimed TV channels 52 through 69 in the first place. So there is no more important mission for the FCC in 2008 and beyond than finishing this job and doing it right."

FCC Faulted for Failure

One bid was submitted for the block, but it was for far less than the $1.3 billion reserve price, so the spectrum segment went unsold. Gennady Stolyarov II, editor-in-chief of the Rational Argumentator Web site, says FCC is to blame for the failure of the D-block to sell.

"In general, I believe that any attempt to move government assets into the private sector is desirable, as it eliminates the need for taxpayers to fund those assets. Nonetheless, the FCC's highly stringent requirements for how the D block must be used after the auction doomed this particular attempt from the beginning," said Stolyarov.

"After all," Stolyarov continued, "how many companies would be interested in creating an emergency communications network using the spectrum? Surely the regulators at the FCC could not have been so knowledgeable as to say that this—and precisely this—would be the use to which the unhampered market would put this block of the 700 MHz spectrum."

Government Control Is Culprit

Cord Blomquist, a technology policy analyst and online editor for the Competitive Enterprise Institute, agrees.

"The D Block debacle is part of a larger problem with the FCC. Unlike nearly any other resource, wireless spectrum in the United State is controlled entirely by the government," said Blomquist.

"The FCC is the equivalent of a steel or coal planning board in the old Soviet Union," Blomquist continued. "We can't turn the airwaves into a market-based system overnight, but we can take steps to make it as market-like as possible in the short term."

Flexibility Suggested

Blomquist recommends FCC rethink its policy concerning the auction. While it is not necessary to eliminate the public safety component of the spectrum sale, FCC needs to make it worthwhile for bidders to try to buy the spectrum, he says.

"With that in mind, my first suggestion would be to lift the reserve on the auction, but only after the licenses being offered are modified so that they become a desirable investment," said Blomquist. "The licensees will have to offer their services to public safety, but they should be allowed to lease excess capacity to commercial interests—this would be only secondary, of course, and public safety should have priority.

"Minimum performance standards will need to be laid out by the FCC to ensure that public safety standards are met, but the FCC should not go so far as prescribing specific technologies—an issue better tackled by the network operators themselves," Blomquist continued.

Considering New Approaches

FCC is planning a new auction and has been taking comments and suggestions about how the D-block should be used. Some ideas offered include a public-private partnership to build a wireless public-safety network, similar to the original plans, or a national wireless Internet system.

Regardless of which plan FCC uses, Stolyarov thinks it must be significantly changed if there is to be a successful sale.

"My great hope is that this requirement will be more reasonable than the one that mandated the creation of the emergency communications network, and that therefore the D-block will be successfully privatized and put to better use than its current status allows. I do salute the FCC for repeatedly trying for privatization and for discarding failed ideas upon demonstration of their failure," said Stolyarov.

Aleks Karnick ( writes from Indianapolis, Indiana.

Source: Heartland Institute

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UCSF Nurses Turn to Texting for Swift, Simple Communication

Scott Mace
Monday July 14, 2008

sandra torres
Sandra Torres, RN, MSN, informatics nurse specialist manager at UCSF Medical Center, holds a two-way text pager used by nurses and physicians to communicate with each other. (Scott Mace)

Sandra Torres, RN, MSN, launches a web browser and types in a colleague's name. In a few seconds, she can send that colleague a text message without having to look up any phone or pager numbers.

Some staff still carry one-way pagers that receive only phone numbers. But more and more busy nurses and physicians at UCSF Medical Center are using two-way pagers, which can send or receive text messages. These pagers allow medical professionals to prioritize and respond to multiple messages at a time.

At their fingertips

With a numeric pager, or a pager that can only receive phone numbers or messages in a numeric code, “there's no way for the physician to discern which of 10 pages has a higher priority than another,” says Torres, informatics nurse specialist manager at the two-site, 600-bed academic medical center.

“By default, they would just go down the list and answer each page one by one, when somewhere down the line, an urgent issue could have been addressed earlier if more information was provided.”

A typical text message might read, “Critical labs available to review.” Nurses don't transmit the results themselves — re-entering such data invites errors — but the page tells physicians to find a computer to review the lab reports themselves. Also, nurses often send text pages with messages that state, “Please call back STAT,” so physicians can triage these calls.

The service that allows Torres to page colleagues using only their name and a web browser such as Internet Explorer or Firefox is PagerBox (, a website invented by a cancer researcher at Johns Hopkins University.

Since computers are so accessible at UCSF, PagerBox is never far away, and it confirms the page has been successfully delivered.

“Listening to voice mail takes time, and e-mail is just not practical, so text messaging is really just the best mode of communication in the acute or sub-acute hospital setting,” says Luis Diaz, MD, CEO of PagerBox. Interested hospitals and medical centers can e-mail if they are interested in joining the growing service.


For emergencies, UCSF relies on a second set of pagers known as code blue pagers. These pagers are carried by a team of nurses, physicians, and others on call during a particular shift to respond to emergencies. An alphanumeric page is sent to notify the team of the emergency's exact location.


One of the biggest challenges facing nursing is unifying all existing devices — cordless phones, cell phones, and two-way pagers — into a single device that would also be able to read bar codes for medication administration and track the wearer's location. Also, a small screen can only display so much information.

Although voice recognition shows promise, “it might take awhile for the voice recognition application to function efficiently and proficiently for the mobile, fast-paced nursing realm,” Torres says. “It takes awhile for a system to learn someone's voice," and nurses, who typically work three days a week in 12-hour shifts, are not documenting all 12 hours, she explains.

Finally, devices that send and receive texts must do a better job of documenting actions. Right now, nurses at UCSF have to separately document that they have sent a page to a physician. In the future, such a system should automatically document that fact, Torres says.


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prism paging

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Domestic violence GPS law

Wednesday, Jul 16, 2008 - 05:30 AM Updated: 05:49 AM

By NBC News Channel

For many people Global Position System (GPS) technology is used as a co-pilot on the roads, letting drivers know where to go.

However, that same technology is now providing a new measure of protection to victims of domestic violence in Michigan.

On July 10, Governor Jennifer Granholm signed "Mary's Law".

It's named after Mary Babb who was murdered by her husband in front her workplace in January 2007.

Under the new law GPS equipped tethers are allowing domestic violence victims to be alerted to whenever their offenders are nearby.

"I think what Mary's Law has done is educate the public on the option of a more strict monitoring of the offender to protect the victim," said Regina Theriault, a probation officer with the 46th district court system.

Here's how it works: The tracking device is placed on the offender's ankle.

On the other end is a monitoring service locating their every move.

If at any point the offender travels into a pre-determined "hot zone" which they're prohibited from doing, then a pager carried by the victim will go off altering them that the offender is near by.

"What you're looking for when making these safety zones is that you're giving enough room for law enforcement to get the to residence or for the victim to leave," Theriault said.

The order to wear the ankle tether comes down from the judge, but the victim must also give consent.

That's because the victim has to be willing to carry the pager.

"It's sometimes a double edged sword because if you are constantly, as a victim, required to wear a pager on you all the time to make sure you're safe then you're never forgetting the victim," Theriault said. "But, then if you're a victim and you're really terrified of your offender and your life has been threatened then it is a security to know that you can go to your grocery store or your church and tell if he or she is close by."

"The GPS tether would be available to them during the time they're in the court system but it's going to be up to the judge whether or not someone is placed on the GPS tether and it's also up to the victim if they want it in place," said Cathy Baragrey, a victim's advocate.

There are two points at which the tether may be ordered.

First, during pre-sentencing where it's a condition of bond allowing the offender out of jail, or post-sentence and made an order of the probation that the offender maintains the unit and that they are monitored.

"Either way the sole intention is to protect the victim," Theriault said. "It's also a relief for jail overcrowding because now we can take this person out of jail and allow the offender go to back to work."

Allowing the offender to continue their employment is important according to Theriault.

She says often times in cases such as this families are involved and fees such as child support and court costs must be paid.

In addition the offender is responsible for all associated costs of the tracking device which averages $10 to $15 per day.

With costs potentially being an issue Baragrey says they are looking into federal grants provided by the Department of Justice to help defray some of the costs.

As for the technology this is nothing new Baragrey says.

In 2003 Otsego County tested this very same technology, however within the rural area they experienced issues with reception.

Since that time the technology has been tweaked and tested and is said to be now ready.

Source: WCBD-TV 2 — 24-hour Newsroom — Charleston, South Carolina

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Critical Response Systems

Over 70% of first responders are volunteers
Without an alert, interoperability means nothing.

Get the Alert.

M1501 Acknowledgent Pager

With the M1501 Acknowledgement Pager and a SPARKGAP wireless data system, you know when your volunteers have been alerted, when they’ve read the message, and how they’re going to respond – all in the first minutes of an event. Only the M1501 delivers what agencies need – reliable, rugged, secure alerting with acknowledgement.

Learn More

  • 5-Second Message Delivery
  • Acknowledged Personal Messaging
  • Acknowledged Group Messaging
  • 16 Group Addresses
  • 128-Bit Encryption
  • Network-Synchronized Time Display
  • Simple User Interface
  • Programming/Charging Base
  • Secondary Features Supporting Public Safety and Healthcare

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Motorola, MSTV Spar Over Results of FCC Field Test

FCC completes first field test of prototype unlicensed wireless device that would share DTV spectrum with broadcasters.

By John Eggerton — Broadcasting & Cable, 7/16/2008 5:58:00 PM

The Federal Communications Commission completed its first field test of a prototype unlicensed wireless device that would share the digital-TV spectrum with broadcasters.

Motorola said it showed that its proposed geolocation database works, while broadcasters argued that the devices continue to fall short.

Bruce Oberlies, Motorola’s senior director of advanced technology and strategy, said the first test was a tough one, in a valley with trees, and the device's geolocation database correctly identified channels in use.

He added that the testing in sensing mode also went "very well," saying that there might have been a missed a channel or two, but the geolocation database is the primary safeguard for TV channels and the devices’ first line of defense.

David Donovan, who heads the broadcasters' spectrum watchdog group, the Association for Maximum Service Television, saw the tests a lot differently, zeroing in on the sensing tests, where the devices remotely sense whether a channel is being used.

"The FCC’s field tests demonstrated that these devices are not reliable and will result in interference to consumers’ DTV sets," he said. "Today, the FCC conducted two tests of two devices at two locations roughly 50 feet apart. In each instance, the devices recorded sensing different channels. The same device operating at the same location got different results. Some of the most significant stations in Washington [D.C.] were missed. In other cases, the devices registered channels as being occupied that were in fact vacant. Another device being examined took more than an hour-and-a-half to scan 30 channels."

The Motorola devices had some sensing problems in FCC lab testing, which broadcasters said showed that they were not ready to share the DTV band and potentially interfere with the beautiful new digital pictures most viewers would be migrating to in February 2009. Motorola countered that the device ultimately passed the test and that the combination of spectrum sensing, geolocation and other technologies will "fully protect the television-viewing public."

Google -- which is all for promoting wireless Internet access via laptops that would operate in the white spaces -- backed Motorola's approach.

Broadcasters fear that if a device cannot tell when a broadcaster is already using a channel, it could mistakenly start transmitting on that channel and interfere, literally and figuratively, with the DTV transition.

The FCC is trying to figure out how and whether to allow unlicensed devices to operate in the DTV spectrum in an effort to more efficiently use the spectrum. Most are on the record favoring allowing them to share the band, but only so long as they don't interfere with DTV broadcasts. It is conducting the field tests in about one-dozen locations over the next month or so.

Source: Broadcasting & Cable

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The Best in Paging Is Also the Biggest!


Zetron’s Model 2700:
Our largest-capacity paging terminal.

  • Supports over 1,000,000 subscribers.
  • Fully redundant design features RAID-1-mirrored, hot-removable disk drives.
  • Supports remote access to Windows®-based user-management software.
  • Supports E1 trunks, T1 trunks, analog trunks, and dial-up modems.
  • Includes extensive voice-messaging features.
  • Provides Ethernet interface for e-mail and paging over the Internet.
  • Provides an ideal replacement for Unipage or Glenayre™ systems.
  • When used with the Model 600/620 Wireless Data Manager, a simulcast network can be connected to the Model 2700 over Ethernet links.

Contact Zetron today to discuss your paging needs.

Zetron, Inc.
P.O. Box 97004
Redmond, WA 98073-9704 USA
Phone: 425-820-6363
Fax: 425-820-7031

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$500.00 FLAT RATE

TAPS—Texas Association of Paging Services is looking for partners on 152.480 MHz. Our association currently uses Echostar, formerly Spacecom, for distribution of our data and a large percentage of our members use the satellite to key their TXs. We have a CommOneSystems Gateway at the uplink in Chicago with a back-up running 24/7. Our paging coverage area on 152.480 MHz currently encompasses Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Louisiana, and Kansas. The TAPS paging coverage is available to members of our Network on 152.480 MHz for $.005 a transmitter (per capcode per month), broken down by state or regions of states and members receive a credit towards their bill for each transmitter which they provide to our coverage. Members are able to use the satellite for their own use If you are on 152.480 MHz or just need a satellite for keying your own TXs on your frequency we have the solution for you.

TAPS will provide the gateways in Chicago, with Internet backbone and bandwidth on our satellite channel for $ 500.00 (for your system) a month.

Contact Ted Gaetjen @ 1-800-460-7243 or left arrow CLICK TO E-MAIL

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July 14, 2008
Contact: Joe Farren

July Edition of the "Wonder of Wireless" Webcast Now Available

Featuring In-Depth Interview with Sprint CEO

WASHINGTON, DC – CTIA-The Wireless Association® announced today that the July edition of the "Wonder of Wireless" (WOW) webcast is now available. The webcast includes several video segments that highlight a variety of wireless related topics involving the mobile enterprise, emergency rescues, significant public policy milestones, and much more.

The July WOW webcast features an engaging one-on-one interview with Sprint CEO, Dan Hesse. In just about six months on the job, Hesse has made a number of dramatic changes and decisions that will have significant effects on the company's future. Hesse candidly talks about these changes and gives his assessment of Sprint's challenges and opportunities.

This month's webcast also highlights Montclair State University (MSU) in New Jersey and the innovative ways this college is integrating wireless technology into all aspects of campus life. Watch examples of how wireless is improving academics, safety and convenience for MSU students and faculty. The "Wireless Lifesaver" story recounts the heroic efforts of an Illinois man who used his cell phone to turn a potential tragedy into a successful rescue operation, and the WOW "Policy Point" examines the challenges of the Universal Service Fund.

Another element of the July WOW webcast is the #4 U.S. Wireless Moment, as selected by visitors to; Marty Cooper and colleagues develop the world's first portable wireless phone in 1973, which was the first device of its kind to offer true portability giving people the freedom to talk on the go.



CTIA is the international association for the wireless telecommunications industry, representing carriers, manufacturers and wireless Internet providers.

Source: Virtual Press Office

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On Full Alert

Local officials tout free service that delivers emergency alerts to mobile devices, computers

By FAITH HUFFMAN, News-Telegram Staff

sulphur springs police Sulphur Springs Police Department Communications Supervisor Nancy Stillwagoner points to MyStateUSA National Portal's Alert Sense website, a free weather and emergency alert service Assistant Police Chief Robert Stidham and Lt. Rex Morgan are letting the public know about. For more information, go online to
Staff Photo By Faith Huffman

July 13, 2008 - Technology puts information at our fingertips at the stroke of a key. Sulphur Springs Police Department hopes others will take advantage of those advancements to have severe weather and other emergency alerts sent directly to them via an Internet service called Alert Sense.

MyStateUsa National Portal can send alerts to cell phones, pagers, Blackberries and computer e-mail accounts.

"We feel like there is a need for this very useful service in our community," said SSPD Assistant Chief Robert Stidham. "If we have to notify the community immediately, this is a quick way to do that, in addition to media sources such as radio, TV and print."

Stidham can testify to the capabilities of Alert Sense firsthand.

"Lt. Jay Sanders, Lt. Rex Morgan and I have this service," he said. "We've had it for a time and find it very reliable. We depend on it as part of our job to keep the city government updated on information."

Lt. Morgan said the service has been available for about a year.

"We use it as an integral part of our emergency management program," said Morgan, Sulphur Springs' emergency management coordinator. "We waited to inform the community about it to make sure they had all the bugs worked out."

While the police department is not directly affiliated with Alert Sense or MyStateUSA , they are able to utilize the service to more quickly disseminate emergency management and homeland security information. For instance, if the city's 911 system went down, the city's emergency managements officials could send out alerts through the service about the difficulty and include alternate telephone numbers to call for assistance. Similarly, emergency management officials could send out messages warning local mystateusa subscribers to avoid certain areas should a hazardous materials situation arise.

"Suppose you're at a baseball game and clouds begin rolling in," Stidham noted. "You might ask yourself if a bad storm is coming in or just a small shower. You're not around your computer, television or radio to quickly check. This way, if there is severe weather which warrants a watch, you'll be alerted instantly [by cell phone]. It's particularly useful in the spring when we generally have that kind of weather."

"We can select people to notify," added Morgan. "They just sign up. It's part of a our emergency management plan. We can type in the information and send it out. That's one great advantage for this system. Cities can send their own messages to a group. It's just like sending e-mail or phone texts to any other group."

Anyone can take advantage of the free service by going online to and following the directions to sign up.

Subscribers are asked to give their name, e-mail address and zip code. They then select the type of weather alerts. Options include air quality/stagnation, avalanche, blizzard, dust storm, fire, flood and flash flood, fog/visibility, frost, high wind, hurricane, severe thunderstorm, tropical storm, tsunami and winter related. Also, subscribers may select from a list of non-weather related alerts such as nuclear and radiological emergency, and child abduction emergency. All subscribers receive tornado watch and warning alerts and local emergency alert messages. The subscribers also selects whether the messages are to be delivered to a cellular or blueberry phone (provider has to be selected) or pager.

However, cell phone users are cautioned to check their phone policy regarding text messages. If the phone owner doesn't have a text message plan included in their policy, the phone company will charge a text message fee. MyStateUSA does not charge a fee to register, Stidham noted.

Cell phone text message and pager alerts will be abbreviated alerts with just the basics. Those denoting e-mail as preference for alerts will be sent more in-depth information about the alert, and those who want to can always log on and check it out online, according to Morgan.

Weather alerts will be sent anytime the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration issues a watch or warning for this area. Once the alert has been issued, those wanting continued monitoring reports can tune in to KSST radio, the city's primary weather provider, Morgan said.

And, if the service isn't what was expected or for whatever reason the subscriber decides they no longer want to continue receiving alerts, they can simply call the company or send a text or e-mail to unsubscribe.

As Sulphur Springs Police Department is not affiliated with MyStateUSA, they take no responsibility for the company's actions. Also, should subscribers encounter any problems with the service, they should contact by e-mail or call the company at 866-287-6079.

Source: Sulphur Springs News-Telegram

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Internet access is everywhere

Fred Wright
EE Times
(07/16/2008 12:01 AM EDT)

It's an exciting time in the wireless networks industry because end users are—for the first time ever—about to have access to true broadband Internet services completely wire-free. It's not just broadband networks on wheels in the figurative sense: Users are literally leaving the tethered world behind.

The public's insatiable appetite for advanced technology has allowed users to leave their desktops, and they demand that their high-speed Internet come along, whether it's on mobile phones, laptops or other devices.

A Motorola survey of the Millennial Generation (young adults ages 16-27, born computer literate, whose wireless-device use makes it a significant segment of the tech-hungry public) gives an indication of how much the rate of mobile data consumption could increase. Seventy percent of these young people said their expectations and demands are far greater than their parents' for rich media experiences (such as mobile TV or video) and on-the-go broadband access.

Throughout technology's evolution, there have been brilliant engineers churning out the Next Big Thing on pace with the public's demands. Now they are ready to deliver broadband technology that accelerates the seamless delivery of high-speed, multimedia mobile applications at a lower cost and with better performance. They're succeeding with WiMax, and another wireless broadband technology--Long-Term Evolution--is just around the corner.

Whether it's WiMax or LTE, high-capacity wireless broadband solutions are giving users unprecedented access to content and services on the go--wherever, whenever they need it. Both WiMax and LTE use orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) technology and have similar attributes, including multiple-input/multiple-output and smart antenna technologies; flat, all-IP architecture; and similar network backbones. They also offer data rates several times faster than current 3G networks.

Motorola's quest to develop world-class wireless broadband solutions began years ago with a pre-WiMax broadband solution called Canopy. This OFDM-based point-to-multipoint solution operates in a variety of unlicensed spectrum bands around the world and is designed to provide very low-cost broadband wireless links or access points at fixed locations, typically single or multi-unit dwellings.

The success of Canopy--deployed in more than 120 countries--provided convincing evidence that there was pent-up, unmet demand for wireless broadband access. The technological and design advances achieved with Canopy provided a solid foundation for the launch of 802.16e mobile WiMax solutions. In fact, Motorola is building on its OFDM expertise and early success in WiMax 802.16e as it develops LTE solutions, estimating that about 75 percent of the basic application software and platform technology it developed for WiMax can be reused in its LTE products, thereby advancing development efforts.

A second major pre-WiMax technology that Motorola became involved in is the Next Net Expedience broadband wireless solution used by Clearwire in the United States, Inukshuk in Canada, MVS in Mexico, and many smaller customers around the world. Expedience is another OFDM-based pre-WiMax technology that is deployed in a cellular-like design, operating on the same frequencies that will be used for WiMax.

While Motorola was not involved with Expedience's development initially, the company used its expertise in Canopy, WiMax and OFDM technologies to refine the solution and develop WiMax transition products to help operators such as Clearwire migrate from Expedience to WiMax in U.S. markets. Like WiMax, Expedience offers both indoor and outdoor CPE units and PC data cards to let broadband users access the Internet when away from home. Motorola has shipped more than 1 million CPE units of Expedience technology over the past five years.

The road to WiMax also led to Motorola's development of a wireless broadband technology that has found a specific audience. Mesh networking solutions provide secure and reliable military-grade communications capabilities, often at high speeds, using a combination of 802.11 standards-based technologies, proprietary over-the-air protocols, and advanced mesh algorithms that enable the creation of a self-healing daisychain network. Mesh creates a new model of seamless mobility that's already transforming wireless data and voice communications for first responders in police work, at the scene of fires or on the battlefield, and in other settings where instant, wireless broadband information is needed. It also has the added benefit of excelling in extreme environmental conditions--from high-speed police pursuits to subzero weather conditions.

Mesh networking leverages the concept of a wired Internet where each node acts as a router/repeater for other nodes in the network. It doesn't matter whether these nodes are fixed pieces of network infrastructure or the mobile users themselves; the technology supports both modes simultaneously. The result is a decentralized and inexpensive mobile broadband network, since each node need only transmit as far as the next node. Nodes act as router/repeaters to transmit data from nearby nodes to peers that are too far away to reach (multihopping), resulting in a network that can span a large distance, provide high data rates, and create non- line-of-sight connections in urban areas and mountainous regions alike.

The development curve continued with WiMax. Last Fall, reporters and analysts were treated to the first live demonstration of mobile WiMax hand-offs while cruising down the Chicago River during WiMax World USA. The four-cell trial network used standard Motorola WiMax access points, and the backhaul was provided by Motorola's wireless IP backhaul equipment to its hub location 25 miles away in Schaumburg, Ill., where a Motorola IMS server provided connectivity to the public switched telephone network. All this occurred in the challenging environment of a river lined with tall buildings, 30 feet below street level, and crossed by numerous steel bridges.

A similar mobile WiMax trial network was replicated at CES and CTIA events in Las Vegas, and at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Spain. Reporters, prospective customers and analysts test-drove the new mobile WiMax technology while being chauffeured in WiMax-enabled and -equipped SUVs.

The demos reinforced the huge performance potential of mobile WiMax. The new Clearwire Sprint joint venture plans to reach upwards of 140 million people in the United States by the end of 2010 with both fixed and fully mobile WiMax broadband service. While WiMax networks are already being launched, field trial activity for LTE is expected to be in full swing in 2009.

The benefits of both of these technologies are clear. WiMax and LTE not only bring the realization of true mobile broadband experience nearly anywhere (multimegabits with virtually no latency), but they also allow operators to introduce exciting services (HD video blogging, HD video-on-demand, media mobility, online gaming and others) and bring a significantly improved business proposition.

LTE won't replace WiMax--which will likely be deployed by entrepreneurial operators in "greenfield" environments--but it will be an alternative to WiMax, offering similar broadband data rates when deployed with wireless spectrum of comparable bandwidth. LTE is expected to be the technology of choice for most 3GPP and 3GPP2 mobile operators looking to migrate to a next-generation network. As LTE trials get under way this year, WiMax already has gained market acceptance. Motorola alone has 19 contracts for WiMax 802.16e networks with customers in 16 countries. The next step is to create a network on wheels as Motorola partners with Clearwire and Sprint to launch the largest mobile WiMax deployment in the world, starting with several major cities in 2008 and expanding rapidly across the United States over the next two to three years.

Access to these networks comes through customer premises equipment and data cards--in essence, wireless modems that provide voice and broadband data ports to single and multiple users. In coming months, we will begin to see true mobile Internet devices (MID) similar to the Nokia 810 MID just announced for use on WiMax networks.

WiMax and LTE subscribers will use their MIDs for uninterrupted mobile applications--Web browsing, voice-over-IP (VoIP) calls, video streaming and small-screen, live video services--while riding in vehicles or high-speed mass transportation. These applications are easy to visualize and test for the consumer. However, there also will be substantial gains in delivering networks on wheels for business and industry here and around the world. Consider:

  • Remote order entry. The entire fleet is equipped for real-time inventory and data continuity to save time, error, fuel and more.
  • Super sales force. They have access to everything on the network: materials, plans, contracts. Efficiencies help them move faster and get deals done.
  • Video monitoring. This can dramatically reduce the cost of security location monitoring, no matter where the security force is. The result is less equipment and lower labor costs.
  • Real-time meter reading, eliminating the need for employees in the field. Power and gas meters are just the beginning. Options will include tracking usage on vending machines and copiers.

Both WiMax and LTE will allow interconnection and hand-over to current 3G technologies for consistent access to the Internet and the various applications and services offered by the network operator, providing a seamless user experience. (WiMax and LTE are described as 4G technologies, but they should be described as 3.9G, as the International Telecommunications Union has not set final design and performance standards for 4G.)

It's expected that multimedia and video services will be primary applications on broadband networks. WiMax and LTE have data speeds fast enough to enable the downloading of a 45-minute, full-motion TV series video file in three to four minutes. Now consider the amount of bandwidth it would take to allow every consumer to watch any TV show at any time. That type of bandwidth will only be provided for the foreseeable future with fixed solutions requiring dedicated fiber or fiber/metallic to the home. However, the advent of the DVR has brought the ability to watch videos on demand. WiMax and LTE will offer consumers the ability to stream these videos to their MIDs.

WiMax and LTE will be complementary, as each has its own benefits and is designed to operate in spectrum specially allocated by governments around the world.

Most WiMax systems will be deployed as time-division duplex systems, where information is transmitted and received in the same block of spectrum. Most LTE systems will operate on frequency-division duplex spectrum, which has separate transmit and receive spectrum blocks.

By 2020, LTE may have a global edge in terms of total subscribers served worldwide, but it is unlikely that another technology will appear to compete with either WiMax or LTE for the dominance of broadband wireless consumers around the world. n

Fred Wright ( is senior vice president for cellular networks and WiMax, home and networks mobility at Motorola Inc. He joined Motorola in 1993 after a 25-year career at Centel Corp., where he built and managed a major U.S. cellular telephone company. In the early 1980s, Wright built the first all-digital wireline metropolitan network linked by fiber optics in the United States.

About the author

Fred Wright ( is senior vice president for cellular networks and WiMax, home and networks mobility at Motorola Inc. He joined Motorola in 1993 after a 25-year career at Centel Corp., where he built and managed a major U.S. cellular telephone company. In the early 1980s, Wright built the first all-digital wireline metropolitan network linked by fiber optics in the United States.

Source: EE Times

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Congress pushes for national emergency communications plan


Congress criticized the Homeland Security Department on Tuesday for delaying the coordination of a national emergency communications plan for first responders, emphasizing that states have little time to take action when formulating applications for grant money.

Comment on this article in The Forum.The Office of Emergency Communications, established in October 2006 in accordance with recommendations of the 9/11 commission to improve communication among emergency responders and government officials during natural disasters and acts of terrorism, was supposed to have submitted a National Emergency Communications Plan to Congress in April. The plan was developed in cooperation with state, local and tribal governments, federal agencies, emergency response providers, and the private sector. It will provide recommendations for interoperable communication during disasters by using standard technologies, such as handheld radios and broadband networks.

But OEC is months late in submitting the plan. "We regret we didn't make deadline, but the reason is because we were [focusing on the] development of statewide plans," said Robert Jamison, undersecretary of the National Protection and Programs Directorate at DHS who testified before the House Subcommittee on Emergency Communications, Preparedness and Response.

The national plan is still under review, he said, and OEC expects to deliver it to Congress by the end of July. "The good thing is the data, the hard work, the lesson learned that came out of those [state] plans are consistent with the NECP," Jamison said.

But states and territories have only a few days to meet a July 21 deadline to submit applications for federal grants to help them pay for the upgrades. DHS established a five-year, $1.6 billion program to help states pay for improvements in their emergency communications for first responders, with nearly $49 million available in fiscal 2008. But because OEC intends to submit the National Emergency Communications Plan by the end of the month, states and territories will not have time to use the national strategy to formulate requests in their grant applications, said Henry Cuellar, D-Texas, chairman of the subcommittee. In addition, OEC wants to award grants to states on Aug. 1.

"Today is July 15," Cueller said. "How does the department expect to announce a grant on Aug. 1, when NECP has yet to be completed? States are now burdened with the delay because they have less time to review required justifications for grant [funding]."

Jamison said the plan would be submitted to Congress by the end of July, and funds would be delivered to states soon after. He said staffing shortfalls were part of the reason for the slow progress at OEC. Congress provided funds for 42 full-time employees when the office was established, but it has not been able to recruit people with the needed skills. OEC has 37 people on staff, with more scheduled to start work in the next month. Chris Essid, former interoperability coordinator for the Virginia Governor's Office of Commonwealth Preparedness, was appointed director of OEC in December 2007.

"The pipeline is now full," said Jamison, who denied rumors that he will leave his post at the end of the summer.

Despite the delay in delivering a national communications plan, Congress acknowledged the progress OEC has made. In addition to supporting states and territories in developing communications interoperability plans and grant program applications, the office has established regional centers to help states with planning and technical requirements and with establishing regional plans for interoperability across state lines. OEC collaborates with the Federal Emergency Management Agency to ensure regional efforts don't overlap.


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Applebee's Learns to Read Your Mind with ESP

Sunday, July 13, 2008
Matthew Dillon

esp A recent trip to an Applebee's Restaurant in Ft. Wayne, Indiana yielded a great 100% Angus burger and a new mobile technology experience. Applebee's has implemented a pager system for their patrons to improve the overall quality of the dining experience. The system, developed by ESP Systems, requires the use a small pager at every table which customers can press to request assistance. When the circular area of the pager is pressed, the server's watch-like wristband vibrates and indicates a table has paged them. This improves the speed of service and provides a much easier way to get a refill.

According to ESP Systems, 60% of customers say that ESP impacts their future dining decisions. They also cite the number one reason why guests decide not to return for a second dining experience as slow or unavailable service. When you are seated at your table, the host presses a button on their wristband that wirelessly communicates with the pager and tells it that the table is occupied for dining. That information is then relayed to the host station where a computer monitors all of the tables and keeps the host aware of each table's status. That information is also relayed to the server's wristband and indicates that new patrons have arrived. When the server arrives, they slip a small poker-chip-like disc into the pager unit. This syncs the server with the pager unit and allows for communication between the patron and server when they are not visible.

esp The ESP System provides better communication between the server, bar, and kitchen by identifying when drinks or food items are prepared for delivery. The server's wristband vibrates and indicates which table and a symbol for food or drinks. The wristband looks like a black, plastic watch and has a small black-and-white LCD screen that is capable of displaying symbols.


Benefits of using the ESP System in a restaurant environment:

  • The host is easily able to identify empty tables and increase the speed at which people are seated.
  • Patrons have better access to their server for assistance, refills, or any needed items.
  • No more waiting for 20 minutes before getting your bill.
  • Better coordination between the host, server, bar, kitchen, and busser.
  • Servers are able to communicate with each other through the ESP wristband.
  • Restaurant managers are better able to coordinate services to guests and monitor in-house activity.
  • Managers are able to track performance data on every employee involved with the ESP System.

esp While this may appear as a blessing for needy patrons, it could be a nightmare for servers. No more sneaking out back for smoke breaks, and angry customers, young kids, and immature teenagers could make the ESP System more like a dog shocking-collar than a helpful, friendly device. Either way, ESP Systems has set out to fix what they believe to be a broken model of restaurant service. Look for the ESP System to be implemented in Applebee's, T.G.I. Friday's, and Fatz Cafe chains.

ESP Systems has a cartoon-like flash demo that explains the ESP System in-depth.

Have you had any experience with the ESP System. How will technology solutions like this change our eating experiences for the better?


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Tower climbing: deadliest job in U.S.

July 9 2008 - 5:59 am EDT
Jeffrey Silva
RCR Wireless News

Despite ongoing government and industry efforts to improve safety, maintenance of mobile-phone and other communications towers continues to be the most hazardous work around. And because of the relatively small number of employees in the business compared to other industry sectors, tower climbing — which suffered five fatalities during a 12-day span this spring and seven deaths overall this year so far — may also be the most overlooked, deadly job in the country.

The recent spike in tower fall fatalities follows a reprieve in deaths between early December and April. It was a very bad year in 2006, when 18 tower workers lost their lives. The tower fatalities come during continued growth and expansion in the wireless industry, which is in the midst of another phase of infrastructure construction with the infusion into the market of more spectrum for 3G, WiMAX and other wireless services.

According to, an online resource for the tower industry that tracks tower accidents, at least half of this year’s fatalities were linked to AT&T Mobility projects. However, it remains unclear whether any association can be drawn between the uptick in tower industry deaths and the current era of 3G network buildout.

“The recent spate of accidents must be viewed as an industry-wide cause for concern, both on the carrier and climber levels,” said Craig Lekutis, president of WirelessEstimator and a former tower industry manager. “There were too many deaths in too limited a period of time. However, it would be difficult to try to define a trend, such as the rush to deploy 3G based upon seven fatalities.”

Lekutis added: “There are a number of data limitations that hinder comparison and analysis, but one thing is clear, the majority of these deadly falls would not have happened if the climber had been tied off 100% of the time. It appears that all of the tower technicians that died had the appropriate personal protection equipment available to them. They just didn’t use it properly.”

Tower fall fatalities have grabbed the attention of the Bush administration.

“Tower climbing remains the most dangerous job in America,” said Edwin Foulke Jr., head of the Occupational, Safety and Health Administration, in prepared remarks for the annual conference of the National Association of Tower Erectors earlier this year in Nashville. It was the second straight year Foulke addressed the group.

“The majority of fatalities are the result of climbers not being tied off to a safe anchorage point at all times or relying upon faulty personal protection equipment,” Foulke stated. “Many fatalities have occurred during the erection, retrofitting or dismantling of a tower. ‘Tie or Die!’ has become synonymous with the requirement for 100% fall protection.”

“OSHA is conducting investigations of the tower deaths that have occurred in federal OSHA states,” OSHA said in a statement to RCR Wireless News, adding that offices in Jackson, Miss., and San Antonio were currently investigating recent tower accidents.

OSHA has partnered with NATE to develop training programs to improve workplace safety and to increase awareness among wireless providers, tower companies and general contractors about occupational dangers as well as addressing them.

“If there’s one [death], that’s too many,” said Patrick Howey, executive director of NATE. “It really comes down to we want to eliminate all fatalities.”

Howey said key stakeholders in the tower supply chain — tower owners, cellular carriers and general contractors — have to be focused on safety to improve the status quo. “We could like for them to look at safety as the only way to do the job.”

On June 2, NATE held a Web cast safety tailgate talk with Chairman Don Doty. The event is part of the association’s ‘It’s Up to You’ campaign. The Web cast can be replayed at

But the group’s strong emphasis on safety may not be enough to reduce the fatality rate of tower climbers. The OSHA-NATE tower safety guidelines are voluntary. Though OSHA has some construction safety regulations that are applicable to tower climbers, there are no comprehensive federal regulations specific to the tower industry. North Carolina has statewide tower safety rules, and Michigan is considering adopting a tower safety standard as well.

“Although I can’t underscore their importance enough, we have to be careful that we don’t become over-dependent upon tailgate sessions to address the problem,” stated WirelessEstimator’s Lekutis. “Best-practices safety standards are important and, although their fatality reduction results can’t be accurately measured, it’s clear that they do provide a greater awareness of the problem and the tools to help in saving lives. NATE has done an excellent job in promulgating these standards.”

Labor union arguments

Michael Belzer, associate professor of industrial relations in the Departments of Economics and Interdisciplinary Studies at Wayne State University, and organized labor argues tower safety is hurt by the lack of unionization in a business where general contractors subcontract work to smaller firms that may lack training, proper equipment or English language fluency.

“It’s clear when you do training for the non-union side it doesn't stick,” said Belzer.

Labor union safety specialists point out there is an inherent pressure to complete work on schedule, or better yet ahead of deadline, with financial incentives offered for getting work completed sooner rather than later. There are also financial pressures, especially in the current economic downturn. A worker without union representation, according to labor experts, is more likely than an employee affiliated with organized labor to agree to work at an unsafe site because of fear of losing work. They also said there is a lack of legal liability and accountability for companies that hire general contractors which in turn subcontract out work.

Indeed, a loophole in OSHA guidelines finds tower owners and cellular carriers free of blame when a tower accident occurs. OSHA enforcement kicks in when there is an employer-employee relationship. But if the owner is not on-site and is not controlling the employees — a scenario common in tower construction — OSHA cannot hold tower owners or wireless providers liable. As such, it is usually a small subcontractor that is fined when OSHA determines a safety violation has occurred. However, in some cases families of deceased tower workers have filed lawsuits targeting wireless providers and tower companies. AT&T Mobility, Sprint Sites U.S.A and American Tower L.P. are ensnarled in tower fatality-related litigation.

In 2000, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health said that from 1992 to 1997, nearly 100 workers died from falls and other injuries related to tower construction. Sixteen tower construction workers died on the job in 2003, according to an OSHA. NIOSH estimated at that time the risk for fatal injuries among telecom tower workers ranges from 49 to 468 injury-related deaths per 100,000 employees, compared with about five deaths per 100,000 employees in all other U.S. industries.

David LeGrande, director of occupational safety and health at the Communications Workers of America, said the fatality rate in the tower industry is especially alarming in view the relatively few deaths in the telecom industry generally.

“The only way this can be done [improving tower safety] is by passage of [federal] regulations,” said LeGrande. “It’s no wonder there are as many fatalities as there are.”

Source: RCR Wireless News

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BloostonLaw Telecom Update

Published by the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

   Vol. 11, No. 28 July 16, 2008   

FCC Adopts Recon Order On Commercial Mobile Alerts

On April 9, the FCC released the Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS) First Report and Order, in which it adopted technical requirements necessary to enable participating Commercial Mobile Service (CMS) providers to offer a CMAS to their customers, as required by section 602(a) of the WARN Act. Under the WARN Act, CMS providers are the same as Commercial Mobile Radio Service (CMRS) providers. The CMAS is a voluntary program in which carriers may elect to participate.

In an Order on Reconsideration and Erratum adopted yesterday, the FCC took two actions relating to the CMAS First Report and Order. First, on its own motion, it reconsidered and clarified the timeline under which the CMAS First Report and Order required CMS providers to implement the CMAS technical requirements, standards, and protocols. Second, it corrected the effective date of the rules it adopted in the CMAS First Report and Order.

In its recommendations, the Commercial Mobile Service Alert Advisory Committee (CMSAAC) recommended a 12 month period from the date of submission of the CMSAAC recommendations for CMAS participants to complete an industry standardization process. Subsequent to that standardization period, the CMSAAC recommended that participating CMS providers be provided an additional 18 to 24 months to test and deploy the CMAS.

In the CMAS First Report and Order, the Commission adopted a timeline for compliance with the rules adopted therein. In the new section 10.11 of the rules, the Commission required that:

“Notwithstanding anything in this part to the contrary, a Participating CMS provider shall comply with the rules in this part no later than 10 months from the date of announcement by the FCC of an entity or entities to provide the Alert Aggregator and Federal alert gateway functions.”

Upon further review of section 10.11 of the rules, the FCC said it is concerned that it may lead electing CMS Providers to the erroneous conclusion that they must begin delivering CMAS alerts to consumers at the end of the ten-month period discussed in the rule. “This was not our intention,” the FCC said. “Rather, we intended that our rules would be implemented in a manner consistent with the CMSAAC recommended timeline.”

To ensure that the date by which electing CMS Providers must comply with the technical rules adopted in the CMAS First Report and Order is clear, the FCC clarified the manner in which the CMAS First Report and Order implements the CMAS deployment timeline. Accordingly, it revised paragraph 95 of the CMAS First Report and Order to read as follows:

“The Federal Alert Aggregator and Alert Gateway will make the Government Interface Design specifications timeline, CMS providers must begin development and testing of the CMAS in a manner consistent with the rules adopted in this CMAS First Report and Order no later than 10 months from the date that the Alert Aggregator/Alert Gateway makes the Government Interface Design specifications available. This time period is consistent with the 10 months the CMSAAC proposed timeline indicates would elapse between the availability of the Aggregator/Gateway interface design specification and the beginning of CMAS development and testing. We believe that this will give the government and industry stakeholders sufficient time to begin development, including the federal government's role. It will also give electing CMS providers adequate time to come into compliance with the rules adopted herein.”

For the same reasons the FCC revised section 10.11 of its new part 10 to read as follows:

“Notwithstanding anything in this part to the contrary, a Participating CMS provider shall begin development and testing of the CMAS in a manner consistent with the rules in this part no later than 10 months from the date that the Federal Alert Aggregator and Alert Gateway makes the Government Interface Design specifications available.”

The FCC said it will address issues concerning the timing of CMAS testing and deployment, including the CMSAAC's recommendation for up to an additional 24 months for initial deployment, in a subsequent order.

In its Erratum, the FCC said the last sentence of paragraph 100 of the CMAS First Report and Order is corrected to read as follows:

“The Order shall become effective 60 days after publication in the Federal Register, except that any new or modified information collection requirements contained in Appendix C will not become effective prior to OMB approval. We will publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing the effective date of any information collections.”

Last week, we reported that the FCC had adopted a Second Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking regarding CMAS requirements for non-commercial educational (NCE) and public broadcast station licensees and permittees (BloostonLaw Telecom Update, July 9).

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, and Cary Mitchell.


BUSH SIGNS FISA AMENDMENTS, GIVING CARRIERS IMMUNITY FROM SURVEILLANCE LAWSUITS: President Bush has signed H.R. 6304, the amendments to the 1978 Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), passed by the Senate last week and the House last month (BloostonLaw Telecom Update, June 25). The new law (Public Law No. 110-261) effectively grants retroactive immunity to AT&T, Verizon, and Sprint Nextel in connection with their participation in the National Security Agency’s warrantless wiretap program. The spying initiative began shortly after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and was kept secret until The New York Times revealed its existence in late 2005. The two presidential contenders, Sens. Barack Obama (D-Ill.) and John McCain (R-Ariz.), voted for the bill. Obama previously promised to filibuster any FISA bill with a telecom immunity provision. Bush signed the measure in a Rose Garden ceremony a day after the Senate sent it to him, following nearly a year of debate in the Democratic-led Congress over surveillance rules and the warrantless wiretapping program. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

COURT HOLDS CASE CHALLENGING FCC’s BACKUP POWER RULE IN ABEYANCE: Following Hurricane Katrina, the FCC promulgated a rule requiring all commercial mobile radio service (CMRS) providers to maintain a minimum amount of emergency backup power to ensure communications normally powered by local commercial power. The rule thus requires a backup power source (e.g., batteries or generators) for every cell site or paging transmitter unless an exemption is provided. CTIA—The Wireless Association, et al., opposed the emergency backup rule on the grounds that the FCC adopted it without statutory authority, that the parties lacked notice, and that the agency acted arbitrarily and capriciously. The U.S. Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia Circuit declined to address those issues in CTIA v. FCC because it said the case was not ripe for review. Rather, the court said, the backup power rule’s provisions do not take effect until the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approves the information collection requirements contained in the rule’s extensive reporting mechanism. The Commission has not yet submitted the information collection requirements to OMB for review, and so OMB has not yet reached a decision, the court said. As a result, the D.C. Circuit decided to hold the case in abeyance, pending OMB review. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky and John Prendergast.

LAWMAKERS QUESTION MANAGEMENT OF DIGITAL TELEVISION COUPON PROGRAM: Key lawmakers are questioning why the agency charged with distributing coupons for digital television converter boxes is running out of administrative funding and will have difficulty reissuing coupons that have not been redeemed. In a letter to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), Reps. John D. Dingell (D-Mich.), the Chairman of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.), the Chairman of the Telecommunications and the Internet Subcommittee, said that the NTIA had planned only for the distribution of 33.5 million coupons, when the reissuing of additional coupons could mean administrative costs for the addition of millions of more coupons. “The digital television transition is now seven months away and millions of consumers are counting on NTIA to ensure they don’t lose their local television signals,” said Dingell. “Now, we find that NTIA has not adequately planned for reissuing expired coupons. The Committee intends to determine whether and where there have been shortcomings in the administration of this program, why they were allowed to occur, who was involved and, most importantly, how these problems will be corrected without penalizing consumers.” Markey said, "The coupon program is the key to ensuring that consumers who rely on analog over-the-air TV signals are not left in the dark come next February. The NTIA has long been aware that redistributing expired coupons in a timely fashion would be key to ensuring everyone who needs a coupon receives one. The NTIA’s apparent lack of planning is a serious oversight, one that they must correct promptly and without dipping into the funds marked to help consumers purchase converter boxes." In their letter, Dingell and Markey asked NTIA to explain why NTIA’s Request for Proposal for the DTV Converter Box Program and NTIA’s contract with IBM, which is under contract to administer the coupon program, only accounted for 33.5 million coupons. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.



Private Users Update

Published by the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

   Vol. 9, No. 7 July 2008   

FCC To Host Summit On Pandemic Preparedness

The FCC’s Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau has announced that it will host a Summit on Pandemic Preparedness: Enhancing Communications Response for Health Care and First Responders, to be held on Tuesday, September 16, 2008, 9:00 a.m. – 1:15 p.m., in the Commission Meeting Room (TW-C305).

The Summit will focus on communications and coordination between the health care sector, first responders, government and industry in preparation for a pandemic. The panel discussions will also highlight ways that communications may be expanded and enhanced in response to a pandemic and how the communications industry will serve an instrumental role in such a response.

The Summit will be open to the public; admittance however will be limited to the seating available. Those individuals who are interested in attending may pre-register on-line at: Those who pre-register will be asked to provide their name, title, organization affiliation, and contact information. Individuals may also contact Sue Gilgenbach at 202-418-0639 regarding pre-registration. The deadline for pre-registration is Friday, September 12, 2008. Audio/Video coverage of the meeting will be broadcast live with open captioning over the Internet from the FCC's web page at The FCC’s web cast is free to the public and does not require pre-registration.

Reasonable accommodations for persons with disabilities are available upon request. Please, include a description of the accommodation you will need. Individuals making such request must include their contact information should FCC staff need to contact them for more information. Requests should be made as early as possible. Please send an e-mail to or call the Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau: 202-418-0530 (voice), 202-418-0432 (TTY).

Calhoun County Granted Waiver For TARS System

The FCC has granted a waiver request, in which Calhoun County, Alabama, seeks permission to continue operating its Tone Alert Radio System (TARS) on pre-rebanding 800 MHz National Public Safety Planning Advisory Committee (NPSPAC) frequencies rather than rebanding TARS to the new NPSPAC band. The Tone Alert Radio System is an 800 MHz emergency notification network licensed to Calhoun County in the NPSPAC band that operates in both Calhoun and Talladega Counties. TARS is a highly specialized paging-type system designed to alert county residents in the event of a chemical accident at the U.S. Army’s Anniston Army Depot Chemical Weapons Incinerator, which is located in Calhoun County. This system is part of the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program, required by Congress, which protects the general public and the environment from the hazard of accidental or unauthorized release of lethal chemicals or munitions. In the absence of a waiver, Calhoun County would be required to reconfigure TARS to operate in the new NPSPAC band, with Sprint Nextel required to pay the cost of reconfiguration. In its waiver request, however, Calhoun County contends that rebanding TARS would be highly costly, time-consuming, and complex, and would yield limited benefit because the chemical weapons destruction program at Anniston Army Depot is scheduled to end by 2013. Under these circumstances, Calhoun County asserts that the public interest would be better served by allowing continued operation of TARS on its pre-rebanding channels, subject to protection from harmful interference by Sprint.

The County states that Sprint supports its waiver request, and states that Sprint has cooperated with the County in testing whether the TARS system could remain on its current frequencies rather than move to the new NPSPAC band. In that connection, Sprint agreed to pay the testing costs and to pay for future monitoring of TARS performance and susceptibility to interference from commercial operations. Calhoun County states that it is satisfied with the test results, which show that TARS can continue to operate on its present frequencies without significant likelihood of harmful interference or other consequences.

To obtain a waiver of the Commission’s rules, a petitioner must demonstrate either that: (i) the underlying purpose of the rule(s) would not be served or would be frustrated by application to the present case, and that a grant of the waiver would be in the public interest; or (ii) in view of unique or unusual factual circumstances of the instant case, applications of the rule(s) would be inequitable, unduly burdensome, or contrary to the public interest, or the applicant has no reasonable alternative. The FCC concluded that Calhoun County’s request satisfies the waiver standard.

First, Calhoun County has shown that attempting to reconfigure TARS would be unusually complex due to unique logistical and regulatory requirements associated with the system. Rebanding would require the County to replace or reprogram 50,000 warning receivers purchased by the State of Alabama, most of which are installed in individual homes and businesses. The County would also have to comply with Federal Emergency Management Agency and Alabama requirements regarding radio installation, record keeping, and inventory control. Additionally, Warning Systems, Inc., the company responsible for the initial design and ongoing maintenance of the TARS system, downsized after the initial installation and currently lacks enough personnel to support the rebanding effort.

Calhoun County has also shown that reconfiguring TARS would be unusually costly and time-consuming, and would yield only short-term public benefit. Calhoun County estimates that rebanding TARS would cost over $15.8 million and would require until December 2011 to complete. Yet Calhoun County points out that the chemical weapons destruction program for which TARS provides alert capability is scheduled to end by 2013. Once this occurs, continued operation of TARS will no longer be necessary and the system will be decommissioned.

In sum, the FCC found that the cost and disruption associated with rebanding TARS outweighs the potential benefit, particularly in light of the fact that TARS is only scheduled to be active until 2013. The FCC also found that allowing TARS to continue operation on its current channels with full interference protection will serve the public interest.

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, and Richard Rubino.

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.

Selected portions reproduced here with the firm's permission.

Source: Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy and Prendergast, LLP
For additional information, contact Hal Mordkofsky at 202-828-5520 or

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The European Mobile Messaging Association

A Global Wireless Messaging Association

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You can contact Derek Banner, EMMA President, by calling him on +44 1895 473 551 or e-mailing him at:

Visit the EMMA web site left arrow CLICK HERE

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What's Wrong with the Sun? (Nothing)

July 11, 2008: Stop the presses! The sun is behaving normally.

So says NASA solar physicist David Hathaway. "There have been some reports lately that Solar Minimum is lasting longer than it should. That's not true. The ongoing lull in sunspot number is well within historic norms for the solar cycle."

This report, that there's nothing to report, is newsworthy because of a growing buzz in lay and academic circles that something is wrong with the sun. Sun Goes Longer Than Normal Without Producing Sunspots declared one recent press release. A careful look at the data, however, suggests otherwise.

But first, a status report: "The sun is now near the low point of its 11-year activity cycle," says Hathaway. "We call this 'Solar Minimum.' It is the period of quiet that separates one Solar Max from another."

Above: The solar cycle, 1995-2015. The "noisy" curve traces measured sunspot numbers; the smoothed curves are predictions. Credit: D. Hathaway/NASA/MSFC.

During Solar Max, huge sunspots and intense solar flares are a daily occurrence. Auroras appear in Florida. Radiation storms knock out satellites. Radio blackouts frustrate hams. The last such episode took place in the years around 2000-2001.

During Solar Minimum, the opposite occurs. Solar flares are almost non-existant while whole weeks go by without a single, tiny sunspot to break the monotony of the blank sun. This is what we are experiencing now.

Although minima are a normal aspect of the solar cycle, some observers are questioning the length of the ongoing minimum, now slogging through its 3rd year.

"It does seem like it's taking a long time," allows Hathaway, "but I think we're just forgetting how long a solar minimum can last." In the early 20th century there were periods of quiet lasting almost twice as long as the current spell. (See the end notes for an example.) Most researchers weren't even born then.

Hathaway has studied international sunspot counts stretching all the way back to 1749 and he offers these statistics: "The average period of a solar cycle is 131 months with a standard deviation of 14 months. Decaying solar cycle 23 (the one we are experiencing now) has so far lasted 142 months--well within the first standard deviation and thus not at all abnormal. The last available 13-month smoothed sunspot number was 5.70. This is bigger than 12 of the last 23 solar minimum values."

In summary, "the current minimum is not abnormally low or long."

The longest minimum on record, the Maunder Minimum of 1645-1715, lasted an incredible 70 years. Sunspots were rarely observed and the solar cycle seemed to have broken down completely. The period of quiet coincided with the Little Ice Age, a series of extraordinarily bitter winters in Earth's northern hemisphere. Many researchers are convinced that low solar activity, acting in concert with increased volcanism and possible changes in ocean current patterns, played a role in that 17th century cooling.

sunspots yearly

For reasons no one understands, the sunspot cycle revived itself in the early 18th century and has carried on since with the familiar 11-year period. Because solar physicists do not understand what triggered the Maunder Minimum or exactly how it influenced Earth's climate, they are always on the look-out for signs that it might be happening again.

The quiet of 2008 is not the second coming of the Maunder Minimum, believes Hathaway. "We have already observed a few sunspots from the next solar cycle," he says. (See Solar Cycle 24 Begins.) "This suggests the solar cycle is progressing normally."

What's next? Hathaway anticipates more spotless days1, maybe even hundreds, followed by a return to Solar Max conditions in the years around 2012.

Author: Dr. Tony Phillips | Credit: Science@NASA

Source: NASA

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Nighthawk Systems Inc. manufactures low cost and reliable remote control products for fire house alerting, volunteer alerting, activation of warning signs and sirens, and a number of applications for public safety. The Company manufactures the EA1 and the FAS-8 which have been designed specifically for these applications. Both products are paging based and will work with any public or private paging network. They are available in all VHF, UHF, and 900 MHz paging frequencies. The products can serve as the primary notification system or an excellent, low-cost backup to existing systems.

Public Emergency Notification & Volunteer Alerting

The EA1 is the solution for remotely activating public warning signage. Examples include tornado sirens, flash flood warnings, fire danger, Amber Alert, icy roads, etc. The EA1 can also send text messages to scrolling signs. This can occur in conjunction with the activation of audible alarms and visual strobes. This is ideal for public notification in buildings, schools, hotels, factories, etc. The group call feature allows for any number of signs or flashing lights to be activated at the same time over a wide geographic area. In addition, the EA1 Emergency Alert is the perfect solution for low cost yet highly effective alerting of volunteer fire fighters in their home. When activated the EA1 will emit an audible alarm and activate the power outlet on the units faceplate. A common setup is to simply place the EA1 on a table and plug a lamp into the faceplate. When paged from dispatch or any touch tone phone the EA1 will awaken the fire fighter to a lit room. As an option the EA1 can be ordered with a serial cable, allowing for attachment of a serial printer. When paged the alphanumeric message will be printed out at the same time the alarm sounds and the outlet is activated. The EA1 is an ideal complement to alphanumeric belt pagers common to volunteers.

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Firehouse Automation

The FAS-8 is designed for activating one or more relays in a firehouse and if desired, printing the alphanumeric message to a serial printer. For this application the FAS-8 is set to activate upon receiving the proper paging cap code sent from 911 dispatch. Up to eight different devices can be activated all with individual time functions. The most common devices to turn on include the PA amplifier, audible wake up alarm, and house lights. The most common device turned off is the stove. The FAS-8 can accept up to 8 different cap codes and have separate relay and time functions per cap code. This allows for different alerting to be accomplished at the same physical location depending upon which cap code is sent. This can be very helpful when fire crews and medical crews are housed in the same building.



Put the innovative technology of Nighthawk to work for you. For more information on any of our products or services, please contact us.

Nighthawk Systems, Inc.
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San Antonio, TX 78216

Phone: 877-764-4484
Fax: 210-341-2011

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217 First Street South
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Cell Phone: 631-786-9359

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outrnet custom apps If you see someone in the field (like salespeople, technicians, and delivery people) using paper forms, their company could probably save a pile of money, and get much better timeliness, accuracy and efficiency, by using converting to Outr.Net's Wireless Forms. Custom applications for as little as $995, delivered in just a few days.Outr.Net has a web page on Wireless Forms for Timeports at: left arrow

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If you enjoyed this issue of the newsletter, please forward it to a friend or colleague.

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With best regards,
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Newsletter Editor


Brad Dye, Editor
The Wireless Messaging Newsletter
P.O. Box 13283
Springfield, IL 62791 USA

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Skype: braddye
Telephone: 217-787-2346
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“Have the courage to say no. Have the courage to face the truth. Do the right thing because it is right. These are the magic keys to living your life with integrity.”

— W. Clement Stone quotes (American best selling Author and Founder of Combined Insurance Co (now a part of Aon Corp.), 1902-2002)

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The local newspaper here in Springfield, Illinois costs 75¢ a copy and it NEVER mentions paging. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially? A donation of $25.00 would represent approximately 50¢ a copy for one year. If you are so inclined, please click on the PayPal Donate button to the left. No trees were chopped down to produce this electronic newsletter.

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iland internet sulutions This newsletter is brought to you by the generous support of our advertisers and the courtesy of iland Internet Solutions Corporation. For more information about the web-hosting services available from iland Internet Solutions Corporation, please click on their logo to the left.

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