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Table of Contents

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Dear Friends of Wireless Messaging,

Greetings from Southern Illinois where we have the best politicians that money can buy. Former twice-elected governor Rod Blagojevich just got sentenced to 14 years in prison on 18 counts of corruption. In the past four decades, four Illinois governors have gone to prison. That’s four out of the past nine governors in office. Two more governors who were charged with crimes were later acquitted.

I am sure my grandfather would be shocked. I believe he was an honest man—a farmer, then a minor Illinois politician, a policeman, and later the warden of a state penitentiary. Before he passed away, he told his family that the worst thing he had done in his life was to bet on racehorses a few times.

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Here's an old joke, in case you haven't heard it:

“Do you know how you can tell when someone is really smart? It's when their ideas are the same as yours.”

I use that little bit of humor to draw your attention to a very serious issue . First of all Mary Jesse, Founder and CEO, Ivycorp and I share many of the same ideas about the future of wireless messaging. (She is the smart one.) I am pleased to include in this issue, Part 2 of 10 articles about “ The Future of Messaging ” entitled “How to Deliver SMS.” The reason for saying this is a serious issue should be obvious to most, if not all, of our readers.

Mary points out that:

“SMS is now the most widely used application in the world – wired or wireless. Americans alone send Trillions ( yes with a T ) of SMS messages each year.”

So we invented wireless text messaging and if we are going to stay involved, we must adapt to the rapid changes that are taking place over a multiplicity of platforms and protocols. We can still play a vital role in the grand scheme of things. Remember buggy whips and ice delivery for "ice boxes" — even dinosaurs. Adapt or disappear!

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Verizon's spectrum deal with cable companies has myriad of implications

December 8, 2011 — 5:07am ET
By Lynnette Luna, Editor
Fierce Broadband Wireless

Verizon is buying up AWS spectrum owned by cable MSOs Comcast, Time Warner Cable and Brighthouse, but the most interesting piece of the deal is the fact that Verizon took advantage of these companies' dismal experience with selling wireless services and vowed to help these players — some of which are Verizon competitors — become successful in the wireless arena.

Specifically, the MSOs and Verizon have entered into a series of agreements that include selling each other's products and services and the creation of an innovation technology joint venture that focuses on developing technology to better integrate wireless and wireline technologies.

The implications of such a deal appear endless, but it also highlights the fact that Verizon views LTE as the future of broadband. On more than one occasion Verizon executives have talked up continuous broadband coverage — the ability to seamlessly bridge an LTE connection with a home broadband connection. They've also talked up the fact that LTE can serve as a DSL replacement in harder to serve areas, giving customers both a mobile and fixed experience — which is one of the reasons why it is gobbling up the AWS spectrum.

There's no doubt that the cable companies had to make a move to improve their wireless position. They desperately want to integrate wireless in their offerings, but have failed miserably at selling Clearwire's WiMAX services. They have ended up with a me-too offering. The key, which this deal with Verizon should fulfill, is providing an integrated service. This is especially important in the video realm, where giving end users the ability to watch programming on a variety of devices is seen as the Holy Grail.

[ source ]

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Posted at 12:30 PM ET, 12/08/2011

Grassley threatens to hold up FCC nominees over LightSquared

By Hayley Tsukayama
The Washington Post

Sen. Charles Grassley said he will make good on his threat to hold up the nominations of Democrat Jessica Rosenworcel and Republican Ajit Pai to the Federal Communications Commission until he gets information on the agency’s actions regarding the broadband firm LightSquared.

The Senate Commerce committee approved the FCC nominations by voice vote Thursday morning, and the measure is now headed to the full Senate for a floor vote.

Grassley, the ranking Republican member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, said that he will place the hold as a “last resort” in order to obtain information on how the agency decided to approve LightSquared’s plans for a broadband network despite evidence that the company’s network interfered with global-positioning satellites.

“This agency controls a big part of the economy,” Grassley (R-Iowa) said in a statement. “It conducts the public’s business. And the public’s business ought to be public.”

The FCC has told Grassley that his position on the Judiciary committee does not grant him jurisdiction over the FCC, and that the agency does not have to give him the relevant documents. Grassley said that LightSquared and Harbinger Capital have both agreed to provide him with documents this week that pertain to their conversations with the FCC.

Also Thursday, the Commerce panel also approved the nomination of Maureen Ohlhausen to the Federal Trade Commission and the reconfirmation of FTC chairman Jon Leibowitz. Rebecca Blank was confirmed as the deputy secretary of the Commerce Department.

[ source ]

Everyone is entitled to their opinion. My opinion is that the proposed use of the radio spectrum that is adjacent to the GPS frequencies will cause severe interference. LigntSquared's claims to the contrary are “baloney.”

An article claiming LigntSquared has solved the interference problem follows below — more “baloney” IMHO.

—Brad Dye

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Now on to more news and views.

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Wireless Messaging News
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  • Critical Messaging
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This is the CMA's weekly newsletter about Wireless Messaging. You are receiving this because I believe you have requested it. This is not a SPAM. If you have received this message in error, or you are no longer interested in these topics, please click here , then click on "send" and you will be promptly removed from the mailing list.

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iland internet sulutions This newsletter is brought to you by the generous support of our advertisers and the courtesy of iland Internet Solutions Corporation . For more information about the web-hosting services available from iland Internet Solutions Corporation , please click on their logo to the left.

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A new issue of The Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn't fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world's major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It's all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology. I regularly get readers' comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

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Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the Critical Messaging Association, or its sponsors.

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Please help support the CMA Wireless Messaging News by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above.

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Newspapers generally cost 75¢ a copy and they hardly ever mention paging. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially? A donation of $25.00 would represent approximately 50¢ a copy for one year. If you are willing and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above.

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If you would like to have information about advertising in this newsletter, please click here. Your support is needed to keep the newsletter going.



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cma logo Critical Messaging Association

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This premier international event (formerly the Global Paging Convention) is co-hosted by the Critical Messaging Association and the European Mobile Messaging Association . The two day convention is essential for anyone in the critical messaging industry. Join us — we'll exceed your expectations with informative educational presentations and plenty of social networking opportunities.
star Click here to register. star

The Hyatt Regency Austin provides the perfect location for guests to walk to Austin's attractions or to relax along the shore of Lady Bird Lake. To make reservations use the online reservation form or call 888-421-1442 or (non-toll-free) 402-592-6464, and reference the Global Critical Messaging Convention to receive the significantly discounted rate of $167/night (inclusive of internet). Reservations must be made before February 27, 2012.

Austin, the capital of Texas and home to the University of Texas, is a progressive city recognized as a haven for artists, writers, and musicians. In fact, with more than 200 live music venues, it is known as the Live Music Capital of the World®. While Tex-Mex and barbeque abound, the diversity of Austin cuisine reflects the diversity of the population.

boot Austin is home to several large employers across various industries and sectors. Along with government, education, and tourism, Austin is a high-tech hotspot. Major employers in the Austin metro area include: Texas Instruments, Dell Computer, IBM, Solectron, National Instruments, Applied Materials, and Advanced Micro Devices. In addition, the Brookings Institute ranked Austin 1st in the US and 26th in the world for jobs and income growth during the current economic recovery.

Austin is easily accessible. The Austin-Bergstrom International Airport (ABIA), recently named the “best domestic” airport in the U.S., has more than 150 daily commercial flights including 40 non-stop flights.

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CMA Executive Director
441 N. Crestwood Drive
Wilmington, NC 28405
Tel: 866-301-2272
CMA Regulatory Affairs Office
Suite 250
2154 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20007-2280
Tel: 202-223-3772
Fax: 202-315-3587

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Advertiser Index

CMA — Critical Messaging Association
Daviscomms USA
Hark Technologies
Ira Wiesenfeld & Associates
Leavitt Communications
Preferred Wireless
Prism Paging
Ron Mercer — Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC
PSSI — Product Support Services
TPL Systèmes
Critical Alert Systems d/b/a Northeast, UCOM & Teletouch Paging
VCP International
WiPath Communications

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Industry icon Donald Rohn passes away at 72

rohn November 23, 2011 — Donald D. Rohn, an industry leader in communications tower manufacturing, passed away on Nov. 21 at age 72 at Riverview Manor Care in East Peoria, Ill. where he was being treated for an injury he suffered from a fall a number of months ago.

In the late 1950s Don began working at his father Dwight's tower manufacturing plant prior to graduating with a bachelor's degree in business from the University of Illinois.

Founded in 1948, Rohn's primary product line was small residential television towers.

But as TVs evolved in the 1950s from utilitarian wonders to pieces of fine furniture art, coupled with speakers that were as large as the screen, the tower structures didn't change.

In fact, they began to show considerable weathering as rust streaked sides of homes they were attached to.

Rohn was the country's first manufacturer to see the need for galvanizing their towers and built their own galvanizing plant.

The extra hot dipped galvanizing production cost paid handsome dividends for the company in a competitive market as their sales increased dramatically, requiring the company to expand to 40 employees.

Although the company had grown by building small guyed towers, Rohn's largest tower order ever, a major contract for towers for Nashua, New Hampshire-based Sanders Associates was sold in 1965.

Don told Wireless Estimator last year that the deal provided the opportunity for the company to consider other manufacturing options in the telecommunications industry and they moved quickly to capture the opening.

Don was part of the team that introduced the Rohn catalog, a catalyst for the company's rapid growth as it became the largest tower manufacturer in the world for a number of decades.

The Rohn catalog was iconic in the industry and was known as the "tower bible". Its wealth of products and industry information served as the basis for buyer and design decisions for many years.

Retiring as Rohn's president in 1997, Don was an early advocate of climber safety and created a company culture that saw Rohn provide safety climb systems before it became an industry requirement.

rohn towerr "He knew that non-professionals were climbing towers and he went to great lengths to warn people because it was the right thing to do," said David Brinker, Rohn's Vice President of Engineering.

"Don truly put his heart, soul and life into the company and made it grow the way it did throughout the cellular boom. He will be long-remembered as a leader in the tower industry," Brinker said.

Bill Carlson, President of Tower Systems, Inc. of Watertown, SD, recalls working with Don on numerous projects since the 1960s.

"It would be typical for me to be in the office on a Sunday and whenever I had a question, I would pick up the phone and usually Don was there to provide assistance," Carlson said.

"We communicated more on the weekends than during the week. I respected his work ethic and he was the type of person that knew what was going on at all ends of the business."

Competitors always spoke highly of Don's business acumen.

"Don was a really fine individual. I remember meeting him and his brother Richard for lunch many years ago in Kankakee, ILL. We were competitors, but it was good to see that they nor we had three heads. I got to know Don later in the 90’s and Pi-Rod and Rohn came very close to merging," said Myron Noble who was then president of PiRod.

"It is a shame that Don did not have the opportunity to continue to be part of Rohn. I always marveled at what great shape Don was in. He was a good person and he will be missed by many," Noble said.

Born on Sept. 3, 1939, in Beardstown, Ill., Don was preceded in death by his parents, Dwight and Lela M. (Dodds) Rohn.

Surviving are his wife, Joyce of Dunlap and three sons, Thomas D. (Belinda) Rohn of Dunlap, Timothy D. (Malisa) Rohn of Peoria and Alan D. (Wanda) Rohn of Bradenton, Fla. Also surviving are five grandchildren, Emma, Kyle, Hunter, Kamy and Daniel; one brother, Richard L. (Dixie) of Birmingham, Ala.; and several nieces and nephews.

He was a member and Past Chapter Chair of S.C.O.R.E. and a member of Central Illinois Angels. He also served as treasurer of the Limestone Alumni and Friends Association and served as a board member of the Greater Peoria Family YMCA.

He was an avid volunteer and supporter of the Peoria community as well as being an avid Bradley and Illini basketball fan.

A memorial service will be [was held] at 1 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 26, 2011, at Davison-Fulton-Woolsey-Wilton Funeral Home in Peoria. The Rev. Jack Thompson will officiate. Memorials may be made to the Greater Peoria Family YMCA, 7000 N. Fleming Lane, Peoria, IL 61614, or to the Salvation Army, 414 NE Jefferson Ave., Peoria, IL 61603.

Source: Schaumburg Amateur Radio Club Announcements via Frank Mercurio W9FM

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advertise here

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LightSquared: Tests prove interference fix

Thu, 12/08/2011 — 2:24pm
Maisie Ramsay
Wireless Week

LightSquared says new tests prove it has fixed the GPS interference problem that has held up the deployment of its hybrid satellite-terrestrial LTE network.

The company claimed Wednesday that an independent laboratory has found that "several" high-precision receivers are compatible with its network, including those outfitted with filters developed by GPS expert Javad GNSS.

"Preliminary results show that GPS devices tested in the lab easily surpass performance standards thanks to these newly developed solutions," LightSquared CEO Sanjiv Ahuja said. "We are confident that this independent testing will mirror testing being done by the federal government."

LightSquared's proposed network sits in spectrum adjacent to airwaves used by GPS. It was forced to scrap its first deployment plan because its signal knocked out GPS receivers, and it has since been trying to prove that it has addressed the problem by moving its network to a different band and developing special filters that protect GPS receivers from interference.

LightSquared hired an independent lab to test solutions to the GPS interference problem developed by Javad GNSS, PCTel, Partron, Hemisphere GPS and other companies. Initial testing of Hemisphere's solution "has gone very well," LightSquared said.

The government is currently testing LightSquared's purported fix. It is not clear when results will be made public. The FCC will not allow LightSquared to turn on its network until the GPS interference issue has been resolved.

High-precision receivers have been problematic for LightSquared because they are more sensitive than other GPS receivers and particularly susceptible to interference. High-precision receivers are used in aviation, agriculture, the military and other industries for critical applications such as landing planes and guiding missiles.

Some in the GPS industry, notably the members of the Save Our GPS Coalition, say LightSquared's interference issue is an unsolvable physics problem.

The group maintains that the issue remains unresolved despite LightSquared's latest claims.

"It is obviously extremely premature to claim at this point that these latest tests demonstrate that LightSquared's proposed repurposing of the mobile satellite band for terrestrial operations is 'compatible' with high-precision GPS," Trimble president and coalition founder Jim Kirkland said. "In fact, we know that the results announced today do not address proven interference to hundreds of thousands of existing high-precision GPS receivers in a wide variety of critical uses."

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Everyone is entitled to their opinion. My opinion is that the proposed use of the radio spectrum that is adjacent to the GPS frequencies will cause severe interference. LigntSquared's claims to the contrary are “baloney.”

—Brad Dye

Source: CED Magazine

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Product Support Services, Inc.

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Based in Coppell, Texas, a suburb of Dallas/Fort Worth, and located just five minutes north of the DFW Airport, PSSI receives, repairs and ships approximately 4,000 discrete units each day.

  • PSSI is ISO certified and has comprehensively integrated robust lean manufacturing processes and systems that enable us to deliver timely and benchmark quality results.
  • PSSI is certified for Levels III and IV repair by a wide variety of OEMs including, for example, Motorola, Nokia, Sony/Ericsson, Samsung, Stanley and LG.
  • PSSI ’s service center is a state-of-the-art facility, complete with multiple wireless test environments and board-level repair capabilities.
  • PSSI ’s state-of-the-art and proprietary Work-In-Process (WIP) systems, and its Material Planning and Warehouse Management systems, enable PSSI to track discrete units by employee, work center, lot, model, work order, location and process through the entire reverse logistics process. Access to this information can be provided to our customers so that they can track the real-time movement of their products.

Pager and Electronics Repair

Product Support Services, Inc.



Product Support Services, Inc.
511 South Royal Lane
Coppell, Texas 75019
877-777-8798 (Toll Free)
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HIMSS: Most hospitals still developing mobile policies

By: Neil Versel
Mobile Health News
Dec 8, 2011 1 0 1

How ubiquitous is mobility in healthcare? In a new survey from the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS), just five of the 164 mostly hospital-based respondents said that no group of professionals in their organizations used mobile devices to access information necessary for their everyday activities. And just one was an organization with no plans to offer mobile access to IT systems.

Some hospitals are farther along than others, though.

The first-ever mHIMSS Mobile Technology Survey , released Monday at the mHealth Summit in National Harbor, Md., revealed that 38 percent of healthcare organizations had a formal strategy or policy regarding the use of mobile devices. But another 51 percent said they were developing a policy, according to the new mHIMSS , a subgroup of HIMSS that officially launched Monday. MobiHealthNews reported about mHIMSS two weeks ago .

Like so many others in healthcare, HIMSS VP Pat Wise has been hearing for a long time that mobile technology is disruptive. “We wanted to see how disruptive,” she tells MobiHealthNews.

Among those with policies, 90 percent said the policies covered smartphones, 87 percent laptops and 82 percent all cell phones. About 70 percent addressed tablets, and computers on wheels, while 63 percent had a policy for pager use.

Of particular note, four in five survey participants—predominantly IT directors and CIOs—said that many clinicians were interested in mobile technology. “This survey validates observations that clinicians are embracing mobile technology,” Wise says. “I see that all the time,” adds Wise, a registered nurse who often leads HIMSS site visits to Davies Award candidates.

“It works seamlessly with providers’ workflow,” Wise says.

Almost all respondents said they provide laptops or computers on wheels (COWs) to clinicians, and 77 percent give pagers to their doctors or nurses. But newer technologies seem to be gaining. According to the survey, 55 percent give their clinicians smartphones and 57 issue tablets not necessarily designed for healthcare, such as iPads. Some 42 percent offered healthcare-specific tablets like the Intel Mobile Clinical Assistant platform to clinicians.

Clinicians most often are using their mobile devices as reference tools; 84 percent look up non-protected health information, according to the survey respondents. However, 75 percent view patient information on mobiles—though only 30 percent collect patient data at the bedside.

Given that PHI flows over wireless networks, the CIOs and IT managers are predictably concerned about security. (Merely 28 percent said their organizations allowed users to store patient data on mobile devices.) Three in five respondents named inadequate privacy and security a barrier to use of mobile technology, more than any other category. Others said lack of funding and a shortage of IT staff were problems. Clinician resistance to technology was low on the list, cited by only 20 percent.

This is the first of a planned annual survey. “One of the things we wanted to do was establish a baseline,” Wise explains.

Source: Mobile Health News

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LEAVITT Communications

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its stil here


It's still here — the tried and true Motorola Alphamate 250. Now owned, supported, and available from Leavitt Communications. Call us for new or reconditioned units, parts, manuals, and repairs.

We also offer refurbished Alphamate 250’s, Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging!

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

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Phil Leavitt

leavitt logo

7508 N. Red Ledge Dr.
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

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TPL Systèmes

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TPL Systèmes

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Preferred Wireless

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preferred logo

Terminals & Controllers:
1 Motorola ASC1500
2 GL3100 RF Director 
9 Glenayre GLS2164 Satellite Receivers
1 GL3000L Complete w/Spares
1 GL3000ES Terminal
2 Zetron 2200 Terminals
  Unipage — Many Unipage Cards & Chassis
Link Transmitters:
2 Glenayre QT4201 & 6201, 25 & 100W Midband Link TX
2 Glenayre QT6201 Link Repeater and Link Station in Hot Standby
1 Glenayre QT6994, 150W, 900 MHz Link TX
3 Motorola 10W, 900 MHz Link TX (C35JZB6106)
2 Motorola 30W, Midband Link TX (C42JZB6106AC)
2 Eagle Midband Link Transmitters, 125W
5 Glenayre GL C2100 Link Repeaters
VHF Paging Transmitters
1 Motorola VHF PURC-5000 125W, ACB or TRC
6 Glenayre GLT8411, 250W, VHF TX
14 Motorola VHF 350W Nucleus NAC Transmitters
13 Motorola VHF 350W Nucleus Cnet Transmitters
1 Motorola Nucleus, 125W, VHF, TX
UHF Paging Transmitters:
20 Glenayre UHF GLT5340, 125W, DSP Exciter
6 Motorola PURC-5000 110 & 225W, TRC & ACB
2 QT-7795, 250W, UHF TX
900 MHz Paging Transmitters:
3 Glenayre GLT 8600, 500W
2 Glenayre GLT8200, 25W (NEW)
15 Glenayre GLT-8500 250W
35 Glenayre 900 MHz DSP Exciters
25 Glenayre GLT-8500 Final PAs
35 Glenayre GLT-8500 Power Supplies

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Too Much To List • Call or E-Mail
Rick McMichael
Preferred Wireless, Inc.
10658 St. Charles Rock Rd.
St. Louis, MO 63074
888-429-4171 or 314-429-3000
left arrow CLICK HERE
left arrow OR HERE  

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Preferred Wireless

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ivy corp

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Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, and Vic Jackson are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects. Click here for a summary of their qualifications and experience. They collaborate on consulting assignments, and share the work according to their individual expertise and their schedules.


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The Future of Messaging is in Redmond, WA


ivytalk Let me begin by voicing my passion for paging. Paging is the only true broadcast data messaging in use. Paging’s superior coverage and incredible efficiency in its ability to deliver mass outbound notifications remains unmatched by today’s systems. We all know that while paging has continued to decline in its overall use worldwide, users have been barraged by many alternatives in the messaging space including IM (instant messaging), SMS/Text, e-mail, IP push notifications (mobile applications), etc. The ideal system would embrace all of these, allow people to communicate in their preferred way and provide a simple interface for the businesses to reach out to people, hiding all the complexities of interfacing to the increasing number of messaging networks. This is Ivytalk®, a hosted messaging network solution for businesses and organizations of any size.  Ivytalk sets a new standard in flexibility and scalability allowing companies and groups to communicate and interact with their customers, employees, partners, vendors, members, volunteers and the media. 

Through a ten part series of articles, we will explore the real world features, networks, applications and technology drivers that not only influenced Ivytalk, but are also applicable to everyone trying to deliver or utilize messaging services. The article topics are as follows:


Part 2 of 10 – How to Deliver SMS (Original)

While working on the design of the first cellular packet data system in the US, I distinctly recall talking in 1992 about how Japan teenagers were sending more than 10,000 short messages per month – mostly at night – to talk to friends. We laughed at the novelty of that and all agreed users in the U.S. would never adopt short messaging to that extent. Boy, were we wrong as were the original inventors of SMS – Short Message Service – who never intended the service to grow in the way it has. The act of being able to quickly send a timely little digital message has now spawned whole industries around micro-blogging, emergency alerting, mobile messaging, etc. SMS is now the most widely used application in the world – wired or wireless. Americans alone send Trillions ( yes with a T ) of SMS messages each year. Globally, the picture is no different. People love to text. It is a fast, convenient, private and relatively low cost means to communicate. The concept originated with radio systems and made its way to the GSM digital cellular standard in the 1980s and has grown in worldwide use ever since. Other standards have since created interoperable capabilities which is why CDMA phones can send SMS messages to GSM phones. Initially, even the 4G standard LTE did not have a formal means to handle SMS, but they now have quickly accelerated that to protect all the SMS revenue.

If you are an individual with a mobile phone, texting is pretty straightforward. SMS is included in all phones and you can simply sign up for the service. However, SMS delivery is not so straightforward if you are a business. Unlike e-mail which travels straight over the Internet, SMS traffic must go over private, commercial mobile operator networks to ultimately get to and from the desired endpoint, e.g. the mobile phone. There are several “onramps” or mechanisms for the SMS traffic to reach the targeted mobile network. This is analogous to today’s phone network. You can reach a phone from many starting points – IP services like Skype, a mobile phone, a landline phone or even a satellite phone.

The SMS onramps differ depending upon which country you are in as the networks, services, laws and numbering schemes are not consistent or ubiquitous in the world. In general, you can divide the possible connections into a mobile operators’ SMS network into three types – operator’s own gateway, 3rd party aggregator gateway or inter- system traffic (from one mobile operator to another). Each of these then may have multiple flavors which vary country by country and operator by operator. Perhaps it’s not surprising that SMS delivery can be difficult to get your arms around. It is actually quite complex when you start to peel away the layers.

Operator’s Own Gateways – Mobile operators in the US and many other countries operate e-mail to SMS gateways which allow anyone to address an e-mail in such a way that it arrives on a mobile phone as an SMS message, e.g. for T-Mobile SMS delivery. Although many operators have e-mail gateways, they usually have terms that clearly state the gateways are not for business use. Messages through these e-mail gateways can be delayed by hours or blocked altogether at the operators’ discretion and messages will be delayed if very much traffic is sent through them from the same sender. Some operators will give preference to public safety or others, but due to the nature of the gateways, you can never get 100% coverage. Preference is on an operator by operator basis. Also, there any many smaller operators that don’t have e-mail gateways and prepaid phones which are resold under different names make it difficult to determine which gateway will work. Additionally, virtual numbers like google voice numbers do not have these gateways. There is no charge to use the e-mail gateways (although users still pay standard texting fees), and hence, many services rely upon this simple and inexpensive means to deliver SMS messages. Some operators offer paid e-mail to SMS service as a reliable alternative, but the rates are not insignificant and you cannot get 100% coverage. Another important thing to know is that SMS messages that come into the networks as e-mail are displayed inconsistently on mobile phones, depending upon the operator and the brand of the phone. You typically cannot reply via SMS without searching for a valid way to do so on the phone. Phones assign various phone numbers to these messages ranging from a random four digit code which is reused to ten zeros. Your requirements should be consistent with the use of e-mail gateways if you choose to use them.

3 rd Party Aggregators – In the US, the mobile industry has an organization which controls common short codes – shortened phone numbers (5 or 6 digits) which work on all the major operators’ networks and can be used reliably to send millions of SMS as well as premium SMS, (messages where you get billed on your mobile phone bill, e.g. text 500## to donate $10 to a particular charity). These common short codes were set up to be used by businesses for legitimate marketing and to control unscrupulous businesses who would trick you into incurring charges for sending text messages. You can rent a short code or share one, start a campaign from scratch or work with companies who do the legwork for you. The process from scratch takes months and it typically pretty pricey. Short codes can only be used in a limited region. US short codes are good in the US. Each operator has their own short codes which work only on their phones, but there are “common” short codes which work on multiple operators. Short code messaging is useful for one-way mass communication, but falls short if you want to facilitate 2-way conversations over SMS like you can have with e-mail. If 2-way communication is desired, then “long codes” or 10-digit phone numbers provide a mechanism to do this. Long codes are also used to provide text enabled virtual mobile number services like Google Voice and Skype. Long codes are phone numbers which support voice and SMS, but are not associated with a mobile phone or modem. Ivytalk uses long codes for 2-way SMS communication. Given the cost and divergence of features, it is highly recommended that you do upfront research or consult an expert before diving into a direct SMS program.

Inter-System Traffic – When you send an SMS to a phone on a different mobile operator network, the traffic travels through SMS switches between operators just as phone calls do. There are global standards for delivery of SMS messages on what constitutes the largest messaging network in the world – 7 times the size of Facebook. This is why SMS is so powerful. Despite the complexities and the costs, businesses are compelled for many reasons to deliver SMS messages. In fact, businesses are discovering that it is a hard requirement now. Gen-X* and Gen-Y* don’t answer phone calls and they also don’t do e-mail. SMS is one of the few real-time messaging tools to reach this demographic. In many parts of the world, consumers have mobile phones and can text, but have little or no access to the Internet and e-mail.

Beyond the mechanics of sending SMS, business must also consider privacy and security. There are an increasing number of high profile legal judgments against companies for texting consumers without their permission. It is analogous to earlier issues with e-mail SPAM and robo-dialing systems which brought about do-not-call lists. Mistakes and ignorance in SMS can literally cost a company millions. When we developed Ivytalk, we put in many features around security and privacy, but among the most important were the built in TCPA (Telephone Consumer Protection Act) features which require explicit opt-in and also provides an immediate and easy means for users to opt-out on not just SMS, but e-mail and mobile applications as well.

4G is a big mobile Internet pipe that facilitates much richer communication than the short 160 character SMS. SMS will be increasingly displaced by IP Push Notifications and other IP based messaging as smart phone penetration and broadband data coverage grows, but SMS is not going away anytime soon. It is the most ubiquitous communication channel the world has ever known.

Comments, critiques and questions are always welcome.


Mary Jesse, Founder and CEO, Ivycorp

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* The following footnotes were added by the editor:

What’s this generation stuff?

Generation Y , also known as the Millennial Generation (or Millennials), Generation Next, Net Generation, or Echo Boomers, describes the demographic cohort following Generation X. There are no precise dates for when the Millennial generation starts and ends, and commentators have used birth dates ranging somewhere from the mid-1970s to the mid 1990s, with some commentators including the early 2000s. Members of this generation are called Echo Boomers, due to the significant increase in birth rates through the 1980s and into the 1990s, and because many of them are children of baby boomers. The 20th century trend toward smaller families in developed countries continued, however, so the relative impact of the "baby boom echo" was generally less pronounced than the original boom.

Characteristics of the generation vary by region, depending on social and economic conditions. However, it is generally marked by an increased use and familiarity with communications, media, and digital technologies.

Wikipedia contributors, "Generation Y," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,
(accessed December 7, 2011).

Generation X , commonly abbreviated to Gen X, is the generation born after the Western post–World War II baby boom ended. While there is no universally agreed upon time frame, the term generally includes people born from the early 1960's through the early 1980's, usually no later than 1981 or 1982. The term had also been used in different times and places for various subcultures or countercultures since the 1950s.

Wikipedia contributors, "Generation X," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,
(accessed December 7, 2011).

Another opinion: Relations among the generations seem to be at a low point. Gen Y (defined as people born after 1982) thinks Gen X (spawned between 1961 and 1981) is a bunch of whiners. Gen X sees Gen Y as arrogant and entitled. And everyone thinks the Baby Boomers (1943 to 1960) are self-absorbed workaholics.

Source: here

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mary jesse Ms. Jesse is a seasoned technology and business professional with 25 years experience in product development and delivery. She holds Bachelors and Masters Degrees in Electrical Engineering and is listed as an author on more than 12 U.S. and International Patents.

Ms. Jesse has held a variety of executive positions including Vice President of Strategic Technology for McCaw Cellular Communications, Vice President of Technology Development for AT&T Wireless, Chief Technology Officer and Co-Founder of RadioFrame Networks (delivering small scale wireless base stations and 2G/3G femtocells), and the Founder of Hexagon Blue Consulting (wireless systems and public safety communications consulting for police, fire and emergency personnel).

Ms. Jesse was instrumental in developing and deploying the first large scale wireless data systems in the U.S. and has led development teams in the architecture, design and launch of numerous systems and products. Mary Jesse is a Licensed Professional Electrical Engineer.

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Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.

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R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street South
East Northport, NY 11731
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Cell Phone: 631-786-9359

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Paging & Wireless Network Planners

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December 8, 2011

Exclusive to the CMA Wireless Messaging News

Stop Selling Paging Service And Start Selling Insurance! And A Few Other Things Too!

By Vic Jackson, Interconnection Services

Zig Ziglar, a most famous motivational speaker advises “sell the sizzle, not the steak”. This is good advice, but it requires some “out of the box” thinking for those who wish to grow their “paging” business.

Many in the telecommunications business today, such as IT managers and enterprise systems administrators, tend to think of the paging industry as a 20 th century service that has been made obsolete by cellular telephone technology. For those who continue to think of paging as a personal communications service, this is the current reality. On the other hand, for those who have moved on to the 21 th century and who are anxious to sell some “sizzle”, the opportunities for selling “telecommunications insurance” or some “homeland security” are all around us.

Basically, and this is no news to those in the paging business today, conventional, one-way pagers have two killer selling points; fail safe, backup communications and mass alerting during times of crisis. As a bonus, users who subscribe to the “telecommunications insurance” also get some excellent wireless alternative messaging thrown in for free. The idea of selling insurance against the failure of a telecommunications network or system seems a bit weird. But, the basic premise is purely a Las Vegas style bet. If they don’t believe they need your “telecommunications insurance” they are betting you that their communications systems will never fail! I would refer to this as “Titanic” thinking. They have forgotten the unsinkable ship that sank! Or maybe they should do some reading about the Hinsdale, Illinois telephone central office fire that absolutely couldn't happen, but did!

Modern hospitals would not be able to operate (no pun intended) without emergency generators to take over when utility power systems fail. The backup electrical system is a vital part of the health care business from many perspectives such as the 911 dispatch center, the ambulance garage/radio system and the hospital emergency room. In essence, the backup generator system was purchased as an insurance policy against electrical system failure. Unfortunately, for many healthcare and first responder organizations, this backup philosophy does not extend to their communications systems. Many healthcare and first responder organizations depend entirely on cellular network devices such as smartphones and touch screen tablets for their vital, time sensitive communications. But there are several reasons why total reliance on the cellular network for life and death situations is a foolish bet. First, all cellular networks depend on continuous timing signals from the Global Positioning System (GPS). Without the GPS timing function, the cell networks cannot function. Although the GPS system is very reliable, it is not infallible, either locally or globally. Second, cellular networks are designed to handle a statistically calculated maximum volume of voice/data traffic. If the demand for voice/data from subscribers exceeds the capacity of the network, then some (and maybe all) users are not going to be able to communicate on the network. Something as mundane as a vehicle traffic backup on a busy freeway can cause a communications jam on the nearby cell towers. A natural disaster due to weather, fire or earthquake or a man made disaster such as a terrorist attack is almost certain to take down the local cellular networks either due to overload or equipment destruction/failure. Third, cellular networks depend on a myriad of supporting components including backhaul links, routers/switches, and numerous infrastructure elements. A failure or software hack in any of these systems can disable a portion or all of a cellular network.

For the reasons listed above as well as other causes, first responders and hospital personnel continuously face the possibility of lost communications due to the failure of their public and proprietary networks. Additionally, even if the network is working perfectly, their personal communications equipment can suffer from dead batteries, mangled devices and heat/cold/water damage. For those people who work in mission critical jobs, a backup communications device, that does not need recharging and that operates on a very reliable and wide ranging non-cellular network, is a cheap and easy insurance policy against the failure of their everyday communications networks or equipment. In the case of a failure in the cellular network for any reason, simple, reliable paging systems can be instantly activated and immediately go to work maintaining communications with critical personnel, transport vehicles and/or signs, security systems and alerting devices.

All of the above discussion is a key selling point for paging system operators who are vendors to the healthcare business. In many respects, the paging industry has come full circle in that radio pagers were initially developed in the 1950’s for use by doctors who wanted to be notified by their answering service to call in for messages. These primitive paging systems used a continuous recorded voice message that broadcast repeated numbers over and over. Pagers were battery-eating vacuum tube receivers that could be periodically turned on by the doctor who would then listen for his/her code number on the broadcast recording. Today’s fast moving communications, serving a myriad of critical specialties, require diverse backup strategies beyond finding a working landline telephone to check in with dispatch.

Fail safe communications also means that if an enterprise or public agency needs to contact a whole bunch of people at once, with a common message, paging is the gold standard. Imagine that a college campus needs to contact all of the students, faculty and staff at once to warn of some danger. Good luck trying to make contact with the college crowd using the cell networks, assuming the cell system is still operable. The time frame for one hundred percent message delivery will be many minutes, maybe even hours. This is fine if the message concerns next semester’s schedule or the weather forecast for tomorrow. But, if an emergency situation arises, radio paging can make contact with everyone on campus who carries a pager, in twenty seconds, or less. But wait, there is more! Because pagers were designed many years ago to conserve battery life, you only have to replace the cheap battery in a pager once every month or so, as opposed to the cell network devices that need a charge every day. Sometimes, the power grid is down for days, if not weeks and recharging the smartphones can be a significant problem. As a side note on this, I find it laughable that so many people use one of those fruity iGadgets that do not allow one to replace a dead battery under any circumstance, emergency or not.

And if the idea of carrying a device that works when the cellular networks become unusable, and that only needs a battery once a month is not enough, consider this; pagers are significantly better for one-way texting than cell phones! And this is true, even when there is no crisis at hand. The paging messages can be longer and are received more quickly.

Additionally, reliable paging range is measured in miles, not city blocks and paging signals penetrate into buildings and basements beyond the reach of smartphones.

So what, exactly is “wireless alternative messaging”? It’s selling the benefits of paging service to consumers and small business rather than trying to sell the paging service itself. It’s selling cost savings and more convenience for everyday people. It’s making people want a pager more than they want a smartphone. It’s selling something better, more reliable and less expensive than the alternative (a smartphone). For example, many people with smartphones have very limited data plans that are measured in megabytes and require payment of overcharges for exceeding the data limit. The limited data usage comprises both sent and received data which can include photos, videos and data heavy e-mail attachments. A significant number of smartphone owners also participate in social networks such as Twitter and Facebook. A pager set up to alert the users of incoming e-mail or social network activity would allow the user to avoid the cellular data charges and download using free WI-FI. Or simply wait until they can access their computer to download the data heavy messages. Selling pagers to even a small percentage of the smartphone users in the USA would be a sizable paging market.

Currently, the consumer market for paging is extremely limited. Why use a one-way pager when one can use two-way messaging available on a cellphone or smartphone? Security could be the impetus to use a one-way pager, even for those who are not budget constrained. Hacking and phishing require direct access to the smartphone. But there are likely many ways to use a one-way pager to materially increase the security of a smartphone. For example, how about an app that requires a photo of the pager message as a decode key. Or, a smartphone app that calls the pager number and outputs a code to allow access to secure areas in lieu of a smart card.

Consumers with security concerns want and need a device, such as a pager or paging data receiver, that can be accessed via the Internet or a phone call, but that is not directly connected to the Internet or a telephone line. How about a vehicle lock that is accessed via a paging system? Just don’t drive out of paging range! Unless you have a key! Access to a gun cabinet or other storage area could be made via a pager activated electronic lock that is “hack proof”. Keep thinking out of the box!

The paging industry is alive and well with a growing market for their products and services. Take note that your trade association has evolved from the National Association of Radiotelephone Systems to become the aptly named, Critical Messaging Association. The stage is set, the opportunities abound, now paging carriers need only to upgrade their marketing and sales to the realities of the 21 th century. Stop selling paging and go sell some sizzle!

Source: Vic Jackson, Interconnection Services

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  • VoIP telephone access — eliminate interconnect expense
  • Call from anywhere — Prism SIP Gateway allows calls from PSTN and PBX
  • All the Features for Paging, Voicemail, Text-to-Pager, Wireless and DECT phones
  • Prism Inet, the new IP interface for TAP, TNPP, SNPP, SMTP — Industry standard message input
  • Direct Connect to NurseCall, Assisted Living, Aged Care, Remote Monitoring, Access Control Systems

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WiPath Communications

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Intelligent Solutions for Paging & Wireless Data

WiPath manufactures a wide range of highly unique and innovative hardware and software solutions in paging and mobile data for:

  • Emergency Mass Alert & Messaging Emergency Services Communications Utilities Job Management Telemetry and Remote Switching Fire House Automation
  • Load Shedding and Electrical Services Control

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  • Alarm interfaces, satellite linking, IP transmitters, on-site systems

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Mobile Data Terminals & Two Way Wireless  Solutions

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  • Fleet tracking, messaging, job processing, and field service management Automatic vehicle location (AVL), GPS
  • CDMA, GPRS, ReFLEX, conventional, and trunked radio interfaces

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WiPath Communications LLC
4845 Dumbbarton Court
Cumming, GA 30040
4845 Dumbbarton Court
Cumming, GA 30040
Web site: left arrow CLICK
E-mail: left arrow CLICK
Phone: 770-844-6218
Fax: 770-844-6574
WiPath Communications

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Hark Technologies

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Wireless Communication Solutions

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USB Paging Encoder

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  • Single channel up to eight zones
  • Connects to Linux computer via USB
  • Programmable timeouts and batch sizes
  • Supports 2-tone, 5/6-tone, POCSAG 512/1200/2400, GOLAY
  • Supports Tone Only, Voice, Numeric, and Alphanumeric
  • PURC or direct connect
  • Pictured version mounts in 5.25" drive bay
  • Other mounting options available
  • Available as a daughter board for our embedded Internet Paging Terminal (IPT)

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Paging Data Receiver (PDR)


  • Frequency agile - only one receiver to stock
  • USB or RS-232 interface
  • Two contact closures
  • End-user programmable w/o requiring special hardware
  • 16 capcodes
  • Eight contact closure version also available
  • Product customization available

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Other products

  • Please see our web site for other products including Internet Messaging Gateways, Unified Messaging Servers, test equipment, and Paging Terminals.
Hark Technologies
717 Old Trolley Rd Ste 6 #163
Summerville, SC 29485
Tel: 843-821-6888
Fax: 843-821-6894
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David George and Bill Noyes
of Hark Technologies.

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Hark Technologies

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Over 70% of first responders are volunteers.
Without an alert, interoperability means nothing.

Get the Alert.

M1501 Acknowledgent Pager

With the M1501 Acknowledgement Pager and a SPARKGAP wireless data system, you know when your volunteers have been alerted, when they’ve read the message, and how they’re going to respond – all in the first minutes of an event. Only the M1501 delivers what agencies need – reliable, rugged, secure alerting with acknowledgement.

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BloostonLaw Telecom Update

Published by the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

[Reproduced here with the firm's permission.]


Vol. 14, No. 46 December 7, 2011

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FCC Releases Data Regarding CAF/ICC Further Notice

In its Connect America Fund (CAF)/Intercarrier Compensation (ICC) Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (FNPRM), the FCC proposed a specific methodology to be implemented no later than July 1, 2012, for calculating individual company limits on loop costs for high cost loop support (HCLS) using a regression analysis.

To assist the public in evaluating and commenting on the impact of that proposed methodology, the Wireline Competition Bureau (WCB) is releasing data that can be used to reproduce the regression analysis and the output of that regression analysis, i.e . the proposed limits for loop costs for individual companies for purposes of calculating HCLS in 2012. The data may be accessed at under the heading “Connect America Fund FNPRM Appendix H Data [zip file].”

In addition, as part of the Commission’s ongoing efforts to make data regarding universal service funding more accessible to the public and in formats useful to the public, the WCB is releasing maps showing:

(1) which study areas are “rate-of-return” or “price cap,” available at: and

(2) 2010 high-cost support amounts by rate-of-return study area; and

(3) 2010 high-cost support amounts per line by rate-of-return study area. These maps may be accessed at the website listed above.

BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

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FCC Commissioner Michael Copps has submitted his resignation to President Obama, and plans to leave the Commission by January 1, 2012. His seat is expected to be filled by Jessica Rosenworcel, who has been an adviser to Senate Commerce Committee Chairman Jay Rockefeller (D-W.Va.).

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  • Reporting requirements for FCC’s new CAF/ICC Order.
  • Upton, Walden concerned about FCC’s handling of CAF/ICC proceeding.
  • 700 MHz interim status reports due January 13.
  • House panel passes JOBS Act which authorizes incentive auctions.
  • House passes “Regulatory Accountability Act” to reform FCC process.
  • House Panel Passes "JOBS Act" Which Authorizes Incentive Auctions
  • FCC To Consider Rules for CALM Act At December 13 Meeting
  • Blanca Seeks Recon Of Aspects of FCC's Data Roaming Order
  • Comments Sought On Petitions For Reconsideration of "Wireless Backhaul Order"
  • FCC Proposes $5 Million Fine For Deceptive Marketing
  • FCC Issues Enforcement Advisory To LifeLine Service Providers
  • Cable Companies To Resell Verizon Wireless Service

Reporting Requirements For FCC’s New CAF/ICC Order

(April may very well prove to be a cruel month for Rural Local Exchange Carriers or RLECs regarding reporting requirements for the FCC’s new Connect America Fund/Intercarrier Compensation, or CAF/ICC, Order.)

APRIL 1: ANNUAL ETC PROGRESS REPORT: All eligible telecommunications carriers (ETCs) that receive high-cost support must file the information required by new Section 54.313 of the CAF/ICC Order with the FCC, Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC), and the relevant state commission, relevant authority in a U.S. Territory, or Tribal government, as appropriate. These Section 54.313 reports will be due annually by April 1, beginning on April 1, 2012.

The FCC will also require that an officer of the company certify to the accuracy of the information provided and make the certifications required by new section 54.313, with all certifications subject to the penalties for false statements imposed under 18 U.S.C. § 1001. Under this framework, ETCs will provide annual reports and certifications regarding specific aspects of their compliance with public interest obligations. These annual reporting requirements should provide the factual basis underlying the annual Section 254(e) certification by the state commission (or ETC in the case of federally designated ETCs) by October 1 of every year that support is being used for the intended purposes.

Competitive ETCs whose support is being phased down will not be required to submit any of the new information or certifications below related solely to the new broadband public interest obligations, but must continue to submit information or certifications with respect to their provision of voice service.

The FCC has delegated to the Wireline Competition Bureau (WCB) and Wireless Telecommunication Bureau (WTB) the authority to determine the form in which recipients of support must report this information. (Thus, it is not clear whether the FCC will revise the current Form 499-A, the “Annual Telecommunications Reporting Worksheet,” or create a new form.)

Additionally, we note that Sections 54.313(a)(7) through (a)(11), and Sections 54.313(b) through (h) are subject to Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approval, and, as of now, are NOT effective on the December 29 effective date of the CAF/ICC Order .

*Pursuant to new Sections 54.313(a)(1) through (6), effective December 29 all recipients of high-cost support must provide:

(1) A progress report on its five-year service quality improvement plan, including maps detailing its progress towards meeting its plan targets, an explanation of how much universal service support was received and how it was used to improve service quality, coverage, or capacity, and an explanation regarding any network improvement targets that have not been fulfilled in the prior calendar year. The information shall be submitted at the wire center level or census block as appropriate.

(2) Detailed information on any outage in the prior calendar year of at least 30 minutes in duration for each service area in which an eligible telecommunications carrier is designated for any facilities it owns, operates, leases, or otherwise utilizes that potentially affect:

  • At least 10% of the end users served in a designated service area; or
  • A 911 special facility.
  • Specifically, the ETC's annual report must include information detailing:
  • The date and time of onset of the outage;
  • A brief description of the outage and its resolution;
  • The particular services affected;
  • The geographic areas affected by the outage;
  • Steps taken to prevent a similar situation in the future; and
  • The number of customers affected.

(3) The number of requests for service from potential customers within the recipient’s service areas that were unfulfilled during the prior calendar year. The carrier shall also detail how it attempted to provide service to those potential customers.

(4) The number of complaints per 1,000 connections (fixed or mobile) in the prior calendar year.

(5) Certification that it is complying with applicable service quality standards and consumer protection rules.

(6) Certification that the carrier is able to function in emergency situations.

*Sections 54.313(a)(7) through (a)(11) will go into effect after OMB approval (not December 29). Still, clients should be prepared to include the information in the April 1 filing because these rules will become effective immediately upon OMB approval. These rules will additionally require:

(7) The company’s price offerings in a format as specified by the WCB;

(8) The recipient’s holding company, operating companies, affiliates, and any branding (a “dba,” or “doing-business-as company” or brand designation), as well as universal service identifiers for each such entity by Study Area Codes, as that term is used by the Administrator. For purposes of this paragraph, “affiliates” has the meaning set forth in section 3(2) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended;

(9) To the extent the recipient serves Tribal lands, documents or information demonstrating that the ETC had discussions with Tribal governments that, at a minimum, included:

  • A needs assessment and deployment planning with a focus on Tribal community anchor institutions;
  • Feasibility and sustainability planning;
  • Marketing services in a culturally sensitive manner;
  • Rights of way processes, land use permitting, facilities siting, environmental and cultural preservation review processes; and
  • Compliance with Tribal business and licensing requirements. This includes business practice licenses that Tribal and non-Tribal business entities, whether located on or off Tribal lands. The ETC must obtain upon application to the relevant Tribal government office or division to conduct any business or trade, or deliver any goods or services to the Tribes, Tribal members, or Tribal lands. These include certificates of public convenience and necessity, Tribal business licenses, master licenses, and other related forms of Tribal government licensure.

(10) Beginning April 1, 2013. A letter certifying that the pricing of the company’s voice services is no more than two standard deviations above the applicable national average urban rate for voice service, as specified in the most recent public notice issued by the WCB and WTB; and

(11) Beginning April 1, 2013. The results of network performance tests pursuant to the methodology and in the format determined by the WCB, WTB, and Office of Engineering and Technology (OET), broken out for both voice and broadband service. In addition to the information and certifications required any recipient of incremental CAF Phase I support shall provide:

  • In its next annual report due after two years after filing a notice of acceptance of funding pursuant to § 54.312(b), a certification that the company has deployed to no fewer than two-thirds of the required number of locations; and
  • In its next annual report due after three years after filing a notice of acceptance of funding, a certification that the company has deployed to all required locations and that it is offering broadband service of at least 4 Mbps downstream and 1 Mbps upstream, with latency sufficiently low to enable the use of realtime communications, including VoIP, and with usage caps, if any, that are reasonably comparable to those in urban areas.

In addition to the above requirements, Sections 54.313(f), (g), and (h) (also subject to OMB approval and not becoming effective December 29) require:

All rate of return carriers must file , beginning April 1, 2014, a progress report on its five-year service quality plan that includes the following information:

(i) A letter certifying that it is taking reasonable steps to provide upon reasonable request broadband service at actual speeds of at least 4 Mbps downstream/1 Mbps upstream, with latency suitable for realtime applications, including Voice over Internet Protocol, and usage capacity that is reasonably comparable to comparable offerings in urban areas as determined in an annual survey, and that requests for such service are met within a reasonable amount of time; and

(ii) The number, names, and addresses of community anchor institutions to which the ETC newly began providing access to broadband service in the preceding calendar year.

Privately held rate-of-return carriers must file a full and complete annual report of the company’s financial condition and operations as of the end of the preceding fiscal year, which is audited and certified by an independent certified public accountant in a form satisfactory to the Commission, and accompanied by a report of such audit. The annual report shall include balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements along with necessary notes to clarify the financial statements. The income statements shall itemize revenue, including non-regulated revenue, by its sources.

Carriers without access to terrestrial backhaul that are compelled to rely exclusively on satellite backhaul in their study area must certify annually that no terrestrial backhaul options exist. Any such funding recipients must certify they offer broadband service at actual speeds of at least 1 Mbps downstream and 256 kbps upstream within the supported area served by satellite middle-mile facilities. To the extent that new terrestrial backhaul facilities are constructed, or existing facilities improve sufficiently to meet the relevant speed, latency and capacity requirements then in effect for broadband service supported by the CAF, within twelve months of the new backhaul facilities becoming commercially available, funding recipients must provide the certifications required in paragraphs (e) or (f) of this section in full.

All incumbent local exchange carrier recipients of high-cost support must report all of their flat rates for residential local service, as well as state fees. Carriers must also report all rates that are below the local urban rate floor, the number of lines for each rate specified. Carriers shall report lines and rates in effect as of January 1.

As with the existing high-cost support rules, in order for a recipient of high-cost support to continue to receive support for the following calendar year, or retain its eligible telecommunications carrier designation, it must submit the annual reporting information required by this section no later than April 1, 2012, except as otherwise specified in this section to begin in a subsequent year, and thereafter annually by April 1 of each year.

ETCs that file their reports after the April 1 deadline shall receive support pursuant to the following schedule:

(1) ETCs that file no later than July 1 shall receive support for the second, third and fourth quarters of the subsequent year.

(2) ETCs that file no later than October 1 shall receive support for the third and fourth quarters of the subsequent year.

(3) Eligible telecommunication carriers that file no later than January 1 of the subsequent year shall receive support for the fourth quarter of the subsequent year.

*Certification of support for ETCs (subject to OMB approval, and not effective December 29).

Filing deadlines. In order for an ETC to receive federal high-cost support, the State or the carrier, if not subject to the jurisdiction of a State, must file an annual certification with both the Administrator and the Commission. Upon the filing of the certification, support shall be provided in accordance with the following schedule:

  • Certifications filed on or before October 1 . Carriers subject to certifications filed on or before October 1 shall receive support in the first, second, third, and fourth quarters of the succeeding year.
  • Certifications filed on or before January 1 . Carriers subject to certifications filed on or before January 1 shall receive support in the second, third, and fourth quarters of that year. Such carriers shall not receive support in the first quarter of that year.
  • Certifications filed on or before April 1 . Carriers subject to certifications filed on or before April 1 shall receive support in the third and fourth quarters of that year. Such carriers shall not receive support in the first or second quarters of that year.
  • Certifications filed on or before July 1 . Carriers subject to certifications filed on or before July 1 shall receive support beginning in the fourth quarter of that year. Such carriers shall not receive support in the first, second, or third quarters of that year.
  • Certifications filed after July 1 . Carriers subject to certifications filed after July 1 shall not receive support in that year.
  • Newly designated ETCs . Notwithstanding the deadlines, a carrier shall be eligible to receive support as of the effective date of its designation as an ETC, provided that the certification it files the certification within 60 days of the effective date of its designation as an ETC.

BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

Upton, Walden Concerned About FCC’s Handling Of CAF/ICC Proceeding

House Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton (R-Mich.) and Communications and Technology Subcommittee Chairman Greg Walden (R-Ore.) have expressed concern about the way the FCC handled the Connect America Fund (CAF)/Intercarrier Compensation Order and other proceedings. In a letter to FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski, the lawmakers said that various members have complained about the lack of adequate time the FCC gives the public to review and respond to materials in the record before the “Sunshine” rules take effect. They specifically cited the “last-minute ‘data dump’ in the Net Neutrality proceeding, where the Commission entered into the record over 1,900 pages of documents in the two days before the record closed.”

They said they were “disappointed that the Commission used the same tactic in the universal service docket.” They noted that “in the weeks before—and even two days before—the record closed” in this proceeding, the FCC entered 114 documents (thousands of pages of data) that the agency said it “may consider as part of this proceeding.” Upton and Walden said the FCC just didn’t provide enough time for stakeholders to review the voluminous record.

Another process concern brought up by the lawmakers is that the FCC ensure that the Commissioners themselves have enough time to review items they are supposed to vote on. They said “the practice of negotiating up to, and sometimes after, the Commission’s open agenda meeting appears to have reached an apex in the universal service proceeding. On October 27, the day of the open meeting, the Commission released a seven-page executive summary that provided high-level talking points on the reforms adopted. It did not release the adopted order, but press reports suggest that the adopted order was about 400 pages long. More than three weeks later, the Commission finally released the universal service reform order, and the size of the order ballooned to 759 pages. The length of this delay and the increasing girth of the order suggest that the delayed release resulted not from the editorial privileges normally reserved for staff but from continued negotiations, negotiations that occurred after the Sunshine period had expired and the public understood the negotiations to be concluded.”

As a result, the lawmakers asked the FCC to respond to the following by December 12:

  • Provide a copy of the universal service item as considered and adopted at the October 27 open meeting.
  • What substantive changes, if any, were made between time of adoption and release?
  • Provide a redlined version that shows all changes made after the open meeting.
  • Explain how the Sunshine rules applied between adoption and release of the order.

Last week, we reported that the FCC had issued a Public Notice seeking comment on additional procedures to improve transparency and efficiency in its proceedings (BloostonLaw Telecom Update, November 30).

APPEALS. In a related matter, Core Communications has filed a Notice of Appeal of the FCC’s CAF/ICC Order with the 4 th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond, Va. Friday, December 9, is the deadline for filing an appeal of the Order in a Circuit Court of Appeals, for that Circuit to be considered in the lottery. (Because it is expected that appeals will be filed in multiple Circuits, a lottery likely will be held to determine which court will hear the appeals. For all other appeals, the deadline is January 30.

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.


700 MHz INTERIM STATUS REPORTS DUE JANUARY 13: The FCC (1) has announced that 700 MHz interim performance status reports are due by January 13, 2012; (2) specifies the procedure for public comment on 700 MHz construction notifications; and (3) reminds licensees of the enforcement actions for failure to meet interim 700 MHz construction benchmarks. The interim reporting requirement applies to Lower 700 MHz A, B and E-Block licenses, and Upper 700 MHz C-Block licenses, whether acquired in Auction No. 73 or in the aftermarket. Lower 700 MHz C-Block licenses ( i.e. , CMA licenses offered in Auctions No. 44 and 49), which have a “substantial service” buildout requirement, are not subject to interim reporting. WTB staff has clarified that licensees are only required to provide performance information that would have been available had they filed by June 13, 2011. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, and Cary Mitchell.

HOUSE PANEL PASSES “JOBS Act” WHICH AUTHORIZES INCENTIVE AUCTIONS: The House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Communications and Technology has approved the Jumpstarting Opportunity with Broadband Spectrum (JOBS) Act of 2011 with a vote of 17 to 6. The JOBS Act is designed to advance wireless broadband service, spur billions of dollars in private investment, create thousands of jobs, help bring interoperable broadband communications to public safety officials, and reduce the deficit by approximately $15 billion. The JOBS Act authorizes the FCC to conduct incentive auctions of broadband spectrum to expand the availability of wireless broadband for consumer use. To meet the needs of first responders, the bill also reallocates spectrum known as the 700 MHz D Block to the public safety community, and provides for the eventual return of existing narrowband spectrum that would be vacated as public safety transitions to the new interoperable broadband network. Finally, the bill makes up to $6.5 billion in incentive auction proceeding available for construction of the interoperable public safety network, and creates a governance structure for construction and operation of the network. The subcommittee approved bipartisan amendments that would ensure international coordination for broadcast repacking, require several studies on 911 and Next Generation 911, and provide funding for a NG911 buildout. In addition, members approved amendments that prevent the FCC from placing unrelated regulations, such as net neutrality or wholesaling conditions, on auctions, and prohibit any person deemed a national security risk from bidding for spectrum or from receiving grant funds for public safety buildout or equipment. Rather than go through a full Committee markup, House Republicans may attempt to have the legislation included in a large year-end package of measures, including an extension of unemployment insurance and Medicare payments to physicians, according to some sources. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, and Cary Mitchell.

HOUSE PASSES “REGULATORY ACCOUNTABILITY ACT”: The House passed HR 3010, the Regulatory Accountability Act of 2011, which would require agencies (including the FCC) to issue advanced notices of proposed rulemaking for major rules that include:

(1) a written statement identifying the nature and significance of the problem the agency may address with a rule, including data and other evidence and information on which the agency expects to rely for the proposed rule;

(2) the legal authority under which a rule may be proposed, including whether a rulemaking is required by statute, and if so, whether by a specific date, or whether the agency has discretion to commence a rule making;

(3) other statutory considerations applicable to whether the agency can or should propose a rule or undertake other agency action;

(4) the specific nature and significance of the problem the agency may address with a rule (including the degree and nature of risks the problem poses and the priority of addressing those risks compared to other matters or activities within the agency’s jurisdiction), whether the problem warrants new agency action, and the countervailing risks that may be posed by alternatives for new agency action;

(5) whether existing rules have created or contributed to the problem the agency may address with a rule and whether those rules could be amended or rescinded to address the problem in whole or part; and

(6) any reasonable alternatives for a new rule or other response identified by the agency or interested persons, including not only responses that mandate particular conduct or manners of compliance.

BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

FCC TO CONSIDER RULES FOR CALM ACT AT DECEMBER 13 MEETING: At its December 13 open meeting, the FCC will consider (1) a Report and Order implementing the Commercial Advertisement Loudness Mitigation (CALM) Act to prevent digital television commercial advertisements from being transmitted at louder volumes than the program material they accompany; and (2) the Third Report to the U.S. Congress on the status of competition in domestic and international satellite communications services as required by Section 703 of the Communications Satellite Act of 1962, as amended. The Report covers calendar years 2008, 2009 and 2010. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

BLANCA SEEKS RECON OF ASPECTS OF FCC’s DATA ROAMING ORDER: Colorado-based Blanca Telephone Company (BTC) recently asked the FCC to reconsider aspects of its Order regarding data roaming arrangements in WT Docket No. 05-265. BTC is concerned that efforts by national carriers to delay or stone-wall negotiations could significantly undercut the Commission's objectives in adopting the Second Report and Order . In addition, in light of the Commission's own admonition regarding the serious risk that AT&T and Verizon will attempt to stymie data roaming arrangements, the mechanisms the Commission establishes in the Order could prove to be insufficient to curb AT&T's and Verizon's incentives and avoid the risk that smaller rural and regional carriers will be unsuccessful in negotiating data roaming agreements on reasonable terms with national carriers. BTC therefore urges the Commission to reconsider certain aspects of the Order to reduce these risks.

Specifically, BTC said, the Commission should reconsider and reverse its decision declining to "adopt a time limit for roaming negotiations to limit the opportunity for host carriers to delay in negotiating roaming agreements. The Commission reasons that an across-the-board negotiation deadline requirement would not be workable because some negotiations would likely require more time, and because allegations of undue delay could be addressed on a case-by-case basis. Adopting a time limit for data roaming negotiations would be advantageous, and would further the Commission's public interest goals, because it would provide a practical means of addressing a central reality of the mobile wireless marketplace, namely, that carriers negotiating for data roaming agreements in most cases would come to the table with dramatically disproportionate levels of bargaining power. BTC welcomes the roaming requirements established in the Second Report and Order as a step in the direction of correcting this bargaining imbalance, but BTC also believes that these requirements should be strengthened. Oppositions to BTC’s recon petition are due December 16, and replies are due December 27. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, Richard Rubino, and Cary Mitchell.

COMMENTS SOUGHT ON PETITIONS FOR RECONSIDERATION OF “WIRELESS BACKHAUL ORDER”: The FCC has requested comment on four petitions for reconsideration of its Wireless Backhaul Order to facilitate the use of microwave for wireless backhaul and provide additional flexibility to the Broadcast Auxiliary Service (BAS) and Operational Fixed Microwave Licensees (BloostonLaw Telecom Update, August 17). The recon petitions were filed by

(1) Wireless Communications Association International (WCAI) stating that the issue of “substantial service rules and policies” in the Order was not raised in the Commission’s Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), and thus violates the Administrative Procedure Act;

(2) Motorola Solutions , asking the FCC to reconsider its decision not to allow FS operations on channel bandwidths of up to 50 megahertz in the 6875-7125 MHz (7 GHz) band on the grounds that such operations would allow for more robust microwave backhaul use;

(3) Fixed Wireless Communications Coalition (FWCC) , which recommends setting the same throughput requirements for 13 GHz as apply to the 11 GHz band, and other technical issues; and

(4) Engineers for the Integrity of Broadcast Auxiliary Services Spectrum (EIBASS) , stating that the FCC is doing a disservice to both TV BAS and Private Operational Fixed Service (POFS) licensees by not adopting a protection standard for ENG-RO sites.

Oppositions to the petitions in this WT Docket No. 10-53 proceeding are due December 16, and replies are due December 27. BloostonLaw contacts: Hal Mordkofsky, John Prendergast, Richard Rubino, and Cary Mitchell.

FCC PROPOSES $5 MILLION FINE FOR DECEPTIVE MARKETING: The FCC has proposed fining Simple Network Inc. $5 million for deceptively marketing prepaid calling cards. According to the FCC, Simple Network appears to target its marketing to immigrants with claims that, for a card costing just a few dollars, buyers can make hundreds of minutes of calls to their native countries—when, in fact, for that price they will be able to use only a fraction of those minutes. This is due to Simple Network’s assessment of multiple fees and surcharges that are not clearly and conspicuously disclosed to consumers, the Commission said. BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

FCC ISSUES ENFORCEMENT ADVISORY TO LIFELINE SERVICE PROVIDERS: The FCC’s Enforcement Bureau has issued an Enforcement Advisory reminding all eligible telecommunications carriers (ETCs) offering Lifeline service of their obligation to properly confirm consumers’ eligibility for the service, and to ensure that any consumers they enroll are not already receiving Lifeline service from another provider. The Bureau said it has been brought to its attention that certain Lifeline providers may be in violation of these rules. The Bureau said it is actively investigating these allegations, and is issuing an Enforcement Advisory to alert Lifeline service providers that they face stiff penalties, potentially including revocation of their ETC status or their section 214 authorization to operate as carriers, if they do not strictly adhere to the Commission’s rules. Preventing waste, fraud, and abuse in universal service programs, including the Lifeline program, is a paramount objective of the Commission, and the Enforcement Bureau will take all necessary steps to ensure that this vital program is protected. The Lifeline rules prohibit ETCs from signing up for Lifeline service any consumer who is already enrolled in the program; require that an ETC may only make Lifeline available to consumers who are not currently receiving Lifeline service; require ETCs to explain to consumers in plain, easily comprehensible language that they are not permitted to receive more than one Lifeline subsidy; and prohibit enrolling consumers in Lifeline without first asking if they are receiving Lifeline service from another provider violates the Commission’s rules. BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.


CABLE COMPANIES TO RESELL VERIZON WIRELESS SERVICE: Rather than build their own wireless network, cable companies Comcast, Time Warner Cable and Bright House Networks have agreed to resell Verizon Wireless service. The companies said that they have agreed to sell their wireless licenses to Verizon Wireless for $3.6 billion. Additionally, Verizon Wireless stores will be selling cable service. According to AP, the cable companies paid $2.2 billion for their spectrum in 2006, so they are realizing a 64% gain on a five-year investment. The spectrum covers about 85% of the country's population, and would have been sufficient to start up an independent wireless network. Verizon Wireless said it will combine the spectrum with some of its own unused holdings and launch service using Long-Term Evolution (LTE). The acquisition roughly doubles the amount of spectrum Verizon Wireless would have available for LTE. The transaction is expected to close in the middle of 2012. Under the agreement, the cable companies and Verizon Wireless will market each others' services. Billing will be separate, but the cable companies have the option to start selling Verizon Wireless service under their own brand in four years. Cox had a similar arrangement with Sprint, but gave it up last month, saying it was too small to compete with the big cellphone companies, according to AP.

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This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.

Source: Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy and Prendergast, LLP For additional information, contact Hal Mordkofsky at 202-828-5520 or

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An Updated Baby Cry Monitoring Kit is Now Available from Silent Call Communications

baby monitor Silent Call Communications has an updated Baby Cry Monitoring Kit available. The kit includes a Good Vibrations Receiver, Sound Monitor Transmitter and a battery charger. The Baby Cry Monitoring Kit provides comfort for when a person needs to go out to the backyard, get their mail, is in a noisy setting, or falls asleep and wants to be aware of their child awake or crying.

sound monitor

Sound Monitor
“The Baby Cry Monitoring Kit provides comfort for when a person needs to go out to the backyard, get their mail, is in a noisy setting, or falls asleep and wants to be aware of their child awake or crying.”
(PRWEB) December 05, 2011

Silent Call Communications knows the importance to parents and baby sitters of being aware when a baby or child is awake or crying. The Baby Cry Monitoring Kit provides comfort for when a person needs to go out to the backyard, get their mail, is in a noisy setting, or falls asleep. They can be assured that they will be alert to their baby or child awake or crying without disturbing anyone else. The kit includes a Good Vibrations Receiver , Sound Monitor Transmitter and a battery charger. This kit is great for someone with a busy life, hard of hearing or deaf. The kit can also be used to alert a person to a door buzzer, alarm clock, oven timer and many other sounds that a person would want to be aware of.

The Good Vibrations Receiver is a body worn receiver that looks like a pager, but with a much better internal vibration alerting system. It can be clipped to a person’s waistband or put in their pocket. The Good Vibrations Receiver can be used with many Silent Call transmitters to include a Doorbell, Sound Monitor, Smoke Detector, Carbon Monoxide Detector, Weather Alerting System with radio, and a telephone. When one of these transmitters is going off or the phone is ringing, the receiver will vibrate, making the person wearing it aware of an alert and will flash a corresponding light as well. The Sound Monitor Transmitter picks up the sound of a baby or child’s cry and can pick up other sounds that are above its adjustable detection threshold. The transmitter then sends a signal to the Good Vibrations Receiver.


Silent Call Communications is a Waterford, Michigan based company that provides tactile and alerting devices to organizations, companies and individuals alike. Since 1985, the Silent Call Communications Corporation has taken a simple philosophy of personal communications by means of electronic devices and developed an exciting product line. These products have revolutionized the means by which people who are seniors, hard of hearing, deaf or deaf/blind may lead more convenient, safe lives. For more information about Silent Call Communications and products, please visit or call (800) 572-5227 (Voice or TTY).

Source: PR Web

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From: Blooston, Mordkofsky et al
Subject: FCC Seeks Comment on Proposals to Impose Yet More Requirements on Wireless Carriers — Comments due December 12, 2011
Date: December 8, 2011 12:55:42 PM CST
To: Brad Dye
Reply-To: Blooston Mordkofsky LLP et al

As you may know, the Federal Communications Commission has pending a rulemaking proceeding where it is attempting to decide whether to impose a text-to-911 requirement on wireless carriers as an interim measure until such time as wireless networks convert to broadband. Concisely stated, a text-to-911 requirement would require wireless carriers to route Short Messaging Service (“SMS”) E-911 messages to local Public Safety Answering Points (“PSAPs”). One of the main problems is that the technology does not exist to do this in a way that the information is usable to the PSAPs, and new customer handsets would likely be required once the industry figures out how to accomplish this. Put simply, it promises to bestow upon the industry the same expensive and aggravating migraine headaches that the rural wireless carriers experienced in connection with the deployment of E-911 handsets and Hearing Aid Compatible handsets — i.e., countless hours spent searching for compliant handsets, seemingly endless waiver requests to extend the compliance deadline, and possible monetary fines if the waiver requests are not granted. All of this seems a bit much for something characterized as a short-term solution.

We have drafted the attached set of Comments for our clients to join in arguing that this interim measure should not be adopted. Other related issues are also addressed.

If you would like to participate in these comments, please let us know by 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on Monday, December 12, 2011 (which is also the filing deadline). We will cap the cost of participation at $250.00 per client.

If you would like to participate, please send an email to Bob Jackson at .

Thank you.
Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP
2120 L Street, NW, Suite 300
Washington, DC 20037

Blooston E911 Comments to the FCC

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From: Bob Bliss
Subject: Amateur Radio
Date: December 8, 2011 1:14:54 PM CST
To: Brad Dye

Brad — I would like you to put together a directory of your readers, paging service and equipment provides that are licensed amateur radio operators.

Bob Bliss
Contact Comm., Inc.

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OK, if there is enough interest in this, I will put the directory together. Please send me your full name, call sign, and city/state, by clicking here: left arrow

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Brad Dye
With best regards,

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Newsletter Editor


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Wireless Messaging News
Brad Dye, Editor
P.O. Box 266
Fairfield, IL 62837 USA

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Skype: braddye
Telephone: 618-599-7869

Wireless Consulting page
Paging Information Home Page
Marketing & Engineering Papers
CMA web site

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Crazy Mickey Is an Obese Cowboy Man Who Will Terrify You into Buying Beepers

What's the opposite of nostalgia? A paralyzing fear of the past? Chrono-nausea? Whatever it is, experience it while watching this video, a depressing strip mall beeper store commercial with a babbling, incoherent little girl. I don't miss you anymore, 90s!

Mickey the Beeper King, who terrorized Indianapolis in the 90s, probably spent less on his ads than he was charing for his $21.09 beepers (69 cents extra for voicemail!). Going with the extreme self-humiliation approach can work, but bringing in the mumbling girl? Is that his daughter? Did he find her on the street, wandering in a cowgirl costume? Both? I wonder what happened to ol' Mickey ... someone should page him. Just kidding! He's probably dead.

Source: Gizmodo

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left arrow Newspapers generally cost 75¢ a copy and they hardly ever mention paging. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially? A donation of $25.00 would represent approximately 50¢ a copy for one year. If you are willing and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button to the left.

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iland internet sulutions This newsletter is brought to you by the generous support of our advertisers and the courtesy of iland Internet Solutions Corporation. For more information about the web-hosting services available from iland Internet Solutions Corporation , please click on their logo to the left.

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