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Friday — April 27, 2018 — Issue No. 803

Welcome Back To The Wireless Messaging News

Fire department pagers getting reprogrammed

Staff reports

GENESEE COUNTY — Issues with new pagers going in and out of service have frustrated firefighters in Genesee County for months and has now prompted 911 to reprogram the devices as a possible solution.

Last summer, the Genesee County 911 Consortium purchased 800 new pagers for all of the firefighters in the county at a cost of $450,000.

The new 800 MHz pagers went into service last fall and since, many departments have reported problems with the devices. As a result, the consortium has taken all the pagers back and have reprogrammed them in hopes of eliminating the problem or lost signals and firefighters potentially not receiving pages.

"We have indeed experienced issues with the new 800 MHz pagers, including out-of-range. We have been providing written documentation to Genesee County 911 on specific issues that our personnel have experienced,” said Chief Thomas Stadler of the Flint Township Fire Department. “Our personnel currently are relying on the old system (VHF paging) to receive alarms. All 800 MHz pagers for our personnel have been gathered, and are awaiting reprogramming by Genesee County 911. There is not a timeline for correcting all issues, and this has certainly been a frustrating process (to implement the new pagers) for us."

In Davison, the Fire Authority discussed the problem last month, with Chief Mike Wright calling the problem “very frustrating.”

“It’s a safety issue,” said Wright. “You don’t know if the pagers are working or not.”

He added the pagers worked well in testing last year, but have had constant issues since going into service. Davison, like the other fire departments, have kept their old pagers in service so they will be warned if there’s a fire by one or both systems.

The Grand Blanc Fire Department experienced the same problems with the 800 MHz pagers that many of the departments from around the county experienced; battery charging was not successful, shorter operating life of the pager when the battery showed that it was fully charged and frequent warnings that the pager is out of range and will not receive calls.

Multiple attempts were made to correct problems, said officials, which included changing the pager battery, to multiple reprogramming attempts by the fire department to which the pager was assigned.

Only recently, the Genesee County Central Dispatch decided that the pagers needed to be reprogrammed by them to correct the problem.

In addition, they recognized a need to improve the training to the dispatchers on the new system.

Since this occurred, Grand Blanc Fire Chief Robert Burdette said he has not heard of any charging problems or pagers not receiving a call.

The firefighters that use the pagers said they like the way they operate. The voice announcement is clearer having little static interference, so the dispatcher’s announcement and fire ground operations are heard.

Gaines Township Fire Chief Joe Hyrman said his crews' pagers have been adjusted and seem to be working better. Hyrman referred further questions to township Supervisor Paul Fortino.

"The pagers are more sophisticated than the old ones; they go offline more often," said Fortino.

"No one knows for sure how often. They beep when they go out and they beep when they come back on."

Fortino said it appeared that buildings, trees, and even heavy coats may have been blocking the signals.

"For a couple of firefighters, the things just wouldn't work at their houses," he said.

While the leadership at 911 works to reprogram all of the pagers, the old VHF pagers are still up and running and many firefighters, particularly in rural areas on the perimeter of the county, are carrying both, he said.

He added that the fire department has not yet had enough fire runs to determine whether the adjustments have been effective.

Fortino said he is aware that some area fire chiefs did not want the public informed about the pager problem.

"I'm not sure why they want to keep it a secret," he said. "There's a big controversy with the chiefs' association. I don't know why. It's not a military secret. It's just a problem we have. It's one of those darn things they didn't know it was going to happen. There's no real reason not to talk about it other than maybe they don't want people to be unnecessarily concerned."

Davison Township Supervisor Karen Miller, who also sits on the county 911 board, said the reprogramming will hopefully be the end of the issues with the pagers.

“When they were ordered and came in they gave the pagers to the departments and the departments programmed them,” she said. “Then there were problems with good reception. So we’ve gone to a person who is second highest programmer in the state. He’s setting the programming to what he thinks it should be.”

She said the board also voted to allow the chiefs in each department to decide if the pagers should be set to notify users with a noise when they go in or out of range. Previously they were not set up to give a warning.

“Anytime you have a change, that massive of a change, there’s going to be problems,” said Miller.

The new 800 MHz pagers are an upgrade to VHF paging, in use since the 1980s. That system has reached the end of its life in Genesee County, meaning if it is not upgraded, there is a possibility it will cease to work. The new pagers are supposed to be the next generation of communications for emergency and fire responders.

(Staff writers Paula Schmidt, Lania Rocha, Rhonda Sanders and Gary Gould contributed to this report.)

Source: Grand Blanc View (Davison, MI)

Wireless Messaging News

  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Two-way Radio
  • Technology
  • Telemetry
  • Science
  • Paging
  • Wi-Fi
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This doesn't mean that nothing is ever published here that mentions a US political party—it just means that the editorial policy of this newsletter is to remain neutral on all political issues. We don't take sides.

About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the Internet for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.

Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association. I don't intend to hurt anyone's feelings, but I do freely express my own opinions.

We need your help.

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A Brief History of Paging

Source: Citipage  (Edmonton, Alberta)  


I would like to recommend Easy Solutions for Support of all Glenayre Paging Equipment. This Texas company is owned and operated by Vaughan Bowden. I have known Vaughan for over 35 years. Without going into a long list of his experience and qualifications, let me just say that he was the V.P. of Engineering at PageNet which was—at that time—the largest paging company in the world. So Vaughan knows Paging.

GTES is no longer offering support contracts. GTES was the original group from Vancouver that was setup to offer support to customers that wanted to continue with the legacy Glenayre support. Many U.S. customers chose not to use this service because of the price and the original requirement to upgrade to version 8.0 software (which required expensive hardware upgrades, etc.). Most contracts ended as of February 2018.

If you are at all concerned about future support of Glenayre products, especially the “king of the hill” the GL3000 paging control terminal, I encourage you to talk to Vaughan about a service contract and please tell him about my recommendation.


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There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

Advertiser Index

Easy Solutions  (Vaughan Bowden)
IWA Technical Services, Inc.  (Ira Wiesenfeld)
Leavitt Communications  (Phil Leavitt)
Prism Paging  (Jim Nelson & John Bishop)
Product Support Services  (PSSI, Robert Cook, et al )
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC  (Ron Mercer)

He escaped war in Yugoslavia to manage critical communications in Alberta

Igor Gluic could be featured in a poster to dispel myths about newcomers to Canada.

Originally from Yugoslavia, Igor is the general manager of Citipage Ltd. headquartered at Edmonton. The company, part of the Wireless Solutions Group, delivers pagers, paging apps and critical messaging services to healthcare professionals, first responders, and fire fighters. Some of the myths he’s broken down?

  • Newcomers contribute to society – Check
  • Immigrants are skilled and educated – Check
  • Expats want to integrate into Canadian society – Double check

At age 21 in 1996, Igor escaped as a refugee to our nation – strong and free. His homeland was on the cusp of war when he left Bosanski Brod for Belgrade to begin his journey of a lifetime. The young man’s father died when Igor was 12, so his mother made the arrangements to leave his birth town in the northern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the biggest city in Central Yugoslavia where international embassies were housed. His mother and two sisters followed to Canada six years later in 2002.

“There’s absolutely nothing that I miss about back home,” said Igor. “If I had I stayed, I would have had to join the army and start shooting people. That wasn’t for me.”

Igor was willing to go anywhere in the world. “It was the Canadian Embassy in Belgrade that asked me a lot of questions and appreciated that I knew English,” Igor recalled. “Most people from Yugoslavia were choosing Toronto but I did research to find the economy was very good in Alberta.

“Edmonton was a perfect place for me,” said Igor. “On November 21, 1996, I traveled from Belgrade to Rome to Toronto to Edmonton. It was -35 degrees.”

In Eastern Europe, students start on their career path at a young age. Given little choice, Igor began studying electronics in Grade 10, so the natural path for him to pursue in Edmonton after studying English at MacEwan University was to enroll at NAIT for the Telecommunications and Technology Engineering Program. At night, he worked as a part-time security guard in the TD Tower where it was quiet and he could concentrate on his studies while making money to live. “I needed a $20K loan for the program but the Alberta Government was very good, and they gave me a grant that paid half.”

How does he compare Alberta with Yugoslavia? “Here, I could find a job and buy a condo,” said Igor. “There’s way less paperwork to live and work, too.”

Many of his NAIT friends went to work at Telus after graduation. But two weeks before school ended, the soon-to-be graduate saw an advertisement in the Edmonton Journal for a technical manager with Citipage. “At first, I didn’t think I should send the resume as I was just a student. But one Saturday night…I had nothing to do…and I was single. So, I sent it.”

On Monday morning, there was a call from Joe Kantor, President, and CEO of Citipage. Joe had built up the company from scratch and he was now looking for help to run the growing enterprise.

Joe said, “Listen, there were many applications that were technically better than yours. But I need to work with you, so I want to know that I like you, too.” Joe called references to learn that Igor was responsible with good work ethics. “I started working two weeks before I graduated.”

Citipage had 8200 pagers in 2000 when Igor started with the company. Today, he manages 10,000 pagers. The location of every pager is recorded and supported on a 24/7 basis with a MTBF (Meantime Between Failure) of 99.9%. This means that users can trust that their pager is dependable in every situation.

Igor likes to say, “Pagers are not going away.” Especially today – since paging has its own dedicated network and functions during well-known disasters. For example, Australia recently installed 240 towers for the Government of Victoria because of their natural disasters involving fires.

When Igor started with Citipage, Alberta Health Services already was a customer and Igor brought on the City of Edmonton in 2003 with 600 pagers. “At the time, we only had 8 or 9 transmitters,” said Igor.

Paging networks have more broadcast power than those used for cellphones, so the transmitter sites are located farther apart.

“Now, we have 17 transmitters – at an average cost of $50K plus maintenance – in these places:

  • Fort Saskatchewan Hospital
  • Walter MacKenzie, University of Alberta
  • Edmonton Clinic
  • Glenrose Hospital
  • Grey Nuns hospital
  • Sturgeon Hospital in St. Albert

Pager messages are broadcast from multiple towers at the same time. If one transmitter tower stopped working, an adjacent tower’s signal would fill in which increases reliability. Towers are deceivingly small with 2’ x 3’ cabinets that are connected to antennae mounted on a pole. Paging signals also are much better at penetrating buildings and use simulcast technology to combine signals for better reception.

“Even though I am the general manager, I also install the towers and the transmitters at the hospitals and fire stations,” said Igor. He surveys the site and installs the poles while he brings in crews to mount the antennae.

“Our success is due to how we meet the demands of our customers,” said Igor. “They need exchange services 24/7. Pagers also are replaced immediately at no cost and we have expanded coverage with the towers.”

Paging systems can use “one-to-many” coding technology that makes it easy to send group messages that are received by all intended pagers instantaneously. For professionals, especially those involved in providing critical services, a missed message can mean life or death.

Igor explains how trauma teams work. Maybe it’s a baby delivery or a highway accident. The switchboard operator using Web paging, dispatches a critical message to the ambulance driver. The trauma team gets the same message and all pagers beep at the same time.

After the ambulance driver gets to the accident, first responders switch to radio for managed communications to say they’re on their way to the hospital. Hospitals have relentless quality measures in place for emergencies so critical information is handled at the exact moment—and, more important, in the exact way they need it. This provides them with the tools they need to react to an emergency, prevent a disaster, and save lives.

Five years ago, Igor signed up for another degree. This time it was for his Bachelor of Information System Technology; he graduated with Honours.

The Canadian also is on the board of directors for the Critical Messaging Association of North America and now also has a certificate in project management and leadership from NAIT.

“I loved Edmonton from the first moment,” said the married father of two boys.

Lucky Edmonton.


Citipage  (Edmonton, Alberta)

Paging Transmitters 150/900 MHz

The RFI High Performance Paging Transmitter is designed for use in campus, city, state and country-wide paging systems. Designed for use where reliable simulcast systems where RF signal overlap coverage is critical.

  • Commercial Paging systems.
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  • Demand Response Energy Grid Management.

Built-in custom interface for Prism-IPX ipBSC Base Controller for remote control, management and alarm reporting.

  • Use as a stand-alone unit or in wide area network.
  • Mix with other transmitter brands in an existing paging network.
  • Adjustable from 20-250 watts.
  • 110/240 VAC or 48VDC.
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  • Remote Diagnostics.
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  • Integrated Isolator.
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  • Improved amplifier efficiency.
  • Most reliable high-powered paging transmitter available.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:

Back To Paging


Still The Most Reliable Protocol For Wireless Messaging!

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“Is Paging Going Away?” by Jim Nelson

  • Click here for English.
  • Click here for German. (Berlin Revision: November 8, 2016)
  • Click here for French.

Here is an English PDF edit of this paper formatted with page breaks and suitable for printing.

Volunteers needed for translations into other languages.


Rick McMichael has some equipment for sale — left over from the inventory of his business that he recently sold.

1 Motorola NAC board, P/N: TTN4017
1 Motorola NAC board, P/N: PTTN44097A
1 Interface board (mounts beside the NAC)
1 Internal Modem Daughter board
P/N: 0184843T02
1 CRIB board, receiver interface daughter board
P/N: TTN4088A
1 VHF Nucleus Exciter, for a NAC controlled unit

If you are interested, please e-mail Rick directly by clicking here . left arrow


Board of Advisors

The Wireless Messaging News
Board of Advisors

Frank McNeill
Founder & CEO
Communications Specialists
Jim Nelson
President & CEO
Prism Systems International
Kevin D. McFarland, MSCIS
Sr. Application Systems Analyst
Medical Center
Paul Lauttamus, President
Lauttamus Communications & Security
R.H. (Ron) Mercer
Wireless Consultant
Barry Kanne
Paging Industry Veteran
Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
Consulting Engineer
Allan Angus
Consulting Engineer

The Board of Advisor members are people with whom I have developed a special rapport, and have met personally. They are not obligated to support the newsletter in any way, except with advice, and maybe an occasional letter to the editor.


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Newspapers generally cost 75¢ $1.50 a copy and they hardly ever mention paging or wireless messaging, unless in a negative way. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially?

A donation of $50.00 would certainly help cover a one-year period. If you are wiling and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above.

History of emergency communications in Carroll celebrated

Scott Campbell, director of Carroll County Public Safety, speaks during the celebration of Central Alarm at John Street Quarters Monday April 16, 2018. (Ken Koons / Carroll County Times)

By Catalina Righter
Contact Reporter, Carroll County Times

April 18, 2018, 7:05 PM

Bob Alexander remembers reporting to the second floor of the old Westminster fire station at 9 p.m. on April 16, 1966, with Clarence Souders and waiting with anticipation for a call to come through to their number, 848-4343. This was before area codes and before 911 was established as the nationwide standard for emergency response.

For hours, no calls came, so they spent the time working on their equipment, waiting to respond to the first emergency that they would handle as Carroll County Central Alarm, the predecessor to today’s Carroll County Emergency Communications Center.

Then, at 6:30 a.m. the phone rang. It was a chimney fire. Using the single-site, low band radio system, they quickly dispatched Westminster and Pleasant Valley Fire Departments, marking a major milestone for standardized emergency communications in the county.

Monday afternoon, guests gathered in the John Street Quarters to celebrate the history of Carroll County Central Alarm formed by the Carroll County Fire Chief’s Association, 52 years to the day of that first day on air. Three of the original members of the Central Alarm team — Alexander, Oscar Baker and Bob Cumberland — and many more who have worked for emergency communications in the county since then attended.

Baker, who will soon turn 96, said it was good to celebrate the anniversary and to “see people I haven’t seen for a long time.”

Charles Green has spent seven years answering Carroll's emergency phone calls

Director of Carroll County Public Safety Scott Campbell said the people are the most important part of the history that was shared at Monday’s celebration.

“You can have all the technology and the fancy facility, but if you don’t have dedicated, professional, committed, well-trained people, the technology is all for naught,” Campbell said. “The people are the foundation here. Everything else just enhances their ability to do the job they’re committed to do.”

Carroll County Commissioner Stephen Wantz gave the keynote address of the celebration, reflecting on his times as a dispatcher when the operation was headquartered in the tight quarters of the basement of the Carroll County Detention Center. He spoke about the “unforgettable cast of characters” that he worked with during his years there.

“Today’s event pays tribute to something that is, quite honestly, typically taken for granted,” he said.

Seeking to answer the question “how far have we come?” he spoke about the early days of Carroll fire dispatching, when emergency calls went to a “party line” of homes within running distance of the fire house. When a call came through, the recipient would write down the address where the fire was taking place and sprint to the fire house to pull to the siren.

Later, a video detailed the history of Carroll Central Alarm, including the hurdles its founders overcame, from establishing the territory for each county fire station to finding funding when money was tight. The video is available to view on the CarrollCountyGov YouTube channel.

Alexander, Baker and Cumberland were interviewed in the video, and provided background information as the creators pieced together the history of the operation, from the many changes in location and communications technology that have altered response over the years.

Bob Alexander helped start Carroll County Central Alarm over 50 years ago. (Ken Koons / Carroll County Times)

For the project, Alexander took a leap of faith when he offered up a scrapbook in which he collected records, photos and articles dating back to 1953. Though they kept it for several months, he was relieved to have it returned intact from the county offices.

“The names have changed. The venues and the procedures have changed,” Wantz said. “But just like the past 52 years, we remain proud of all who have and currently serve our citizens as the first line of defense as they bravely serve their communities every hour of every day.”

To close the ceremony, Campbell spoke about the future of 911 operations in the next few years. This includes the “text to 911” system, which Gov. Larry Hogan recently announced will be implemented across the state. After that will come Next Generation 911 (NG911), expected in the next 2-3 years, a jump to mobile wireless communications, that will allow photos, video and even streaming to be a part of emergency communications.

“Emergency communications ... even though we’ve come a long long way, it’s a fluid situation,” Campbell said. “It’s going to continue to change.”


Carroll County Times

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Prism-IPX Systems

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Critical Messaging that works
Secure . . . Dependable . . .
and Encrypted

Who We Are

Prism-IPX is a leader in providing reliable communications systems using modern designs to meet today’s demands for critical message alerting and delivery. Prism-IPX designs versatile and robust Critical Message Management systems using paging and other wireless technologies for high performance and dependable communications.

What We Make

Prism-IPX Systems products include full-featured radio paging systems with VoIP input, IP based transmitter control systems and paging message encryption. Other options include e-mail messaging, remote switch controllers, Off-The-Air paging message decoders and logging systems.

Contact Us   left arrow

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Product Support Services, Inc.

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Repair and Refurbishment Services

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PSSI Repair Pricing
Repair Turn-Around Time 5-10 Business Days
1.1 Messaging Device - Repair Fees (parts additional change, 90-day warranty)
  Model Name PSSI Model Code Model Type Pricing (USD$)
  AE-Advisor Elite AE-Advisor Elite Alphanumeric $14.25
  AG-Advisor Gold AG-Advisor Gold Alphanumeric $13.12
  ALPE-UniElite (All New Parts) ALPE-UniElite Alphanumeric $34.83
  ALPE-UniElite (Used Parts) ALPE-UniElite Alphanumeric $14.94
  ALPG-Alpha Gold ALPG-Alpha Gold Alphanumeric $14.51
  Apollo Apollo Numeric $13.37
  Bravo 850 B8-BR850 Numeric $17.02
  BF-Bravo FLX BF-Bravo FLX Numeric $11.44
  T900 T9-T900 2Way $18.56
  BP-Bravo Plus BP-Bravo Plus Numeric $11.44
  BR-Bravo LX BR-Bravo LX Numeric $11.44
  GS-Coaster Coaster Numeric $26.97
  M90-UNI Messenger M90-UNI Messenger 2Way $18.56
  NP88-UNI-NP88 NP88-UNI-NP88 Numeric $9.68
  Pronto PL-Pronto LX Numeric $9.68
  Unication Elegant EL-Elegant Numeric $14.51
  RA-Ranger RA-Ranger Numeric $12.02
  ST800 ST800 Numeric $12.02
  ST800-P ST800-P Numeric $12.02
  T3-Titan Sun Telecom T3-Titan Sun Telecom Alphanumeric $13.37
  Z4-Z400 Sun Telecom Z4-Z400 Sun Telecom Alphanumeric $12.06
1.2 Messaging Device - Miscellaneous Service Fees
  Damaged Beyond Repair Inspection Fee $1.15
  Frequency Change - Synthesized Models $3.45
  Frequency Change - Non-Synthesized Models (parts not included) $4.03
1.3 Infrastructure Network Equip. - Repair Fees (parts additional charge, 6-mth. warranty)
  Model Name PSSI Model Code  
  Motorola Amplifier MO-AMP $581.20
  Motorola SCM/Exciter MO-SCM-EXC $561.25
  Motorola External NIU MO-NIU-EXT $511.92
  Glenayre Tx Controller GL-C2000 $128.34
  Glenayre Exciter Narrow Band GL-EXC-NB $128.34
  Glenayre Exciter Wide Band GL-EXC-WB $128.34
  Glenayre </=300W Amplifier GL-T8500 $303.60
  Glenayre </=300W Amplifier GL-T8600 $303.60
1.4 Infrastructure Network Equipment - Miscellaneous Service Fees
  Inventory Receiving Processing Fee $18.40
  Pick, Pack, and Order Fulfillment Fee $29.90
  Damaged Beyond Repair Inspection Fee $80.50

Product Support Services, Inc.
511 South Royal Lane
Coppell, Texas 75019
817-527-6322 left arrow left arrow

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For Sale – Apollo Pilot XP A28 Alpha Numeric Pagers w/Charging Cradle

  • $70 each, discount available for volume purchases
  • Freq Range:450-458MHz & 462-470MHz
  • Format: POCSAG, Wide or Narrow Band
  • IP54 rating, protection from dust and water ingress
  • Powered by a standard AAA rechargeable battery

Contact Information

For Sale: Power-One 24VDC Linear Power Supplies

  • $70 each
  • Max output: 3.6 Amps
  • Input: 100/120/220/230/240 VAC 50/60Hz

Internet Protocol Terminal

The IPT accepts Internet or serial messaging using various protocols and can easily convert them to different protocols, or send them out as paging messages.

An ideal platform for hospitals, on-site paging applications, or converting legacy systems to modern protocols.

Input Protocols: Serial and IP
Output Protocols: Serial and IP
FLEX (optional PURC control)   POCSAG (optional PURC control)

Additional/Optional Features

  • Database of up to 5000 subscribers.
  • 4 serial ports on board.
  • Up to 8 phone lines (DID or POTS).
  • Can be configured for auto-failover to hot swap standby.
  • 1RU rack mount unit appliance—no moving parts.
  • Easily secure legacy system messages leaving site for HIPAA compliance.
  • Only purchase the protocols/options you need.
  • Add Paging Encryption for HIPAA compliance on site.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:

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Leavitt Communications

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Specialists in sales and service of equipment from these leading manufacturers, as well as other two-way radio and paging products:

UNICATION bendix king

motorola blue Motorola SOLUTIONS

COM motorola red Motorola MOBILITY spacer
Philip C. Leavitt
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253
Web Site:
Mobile phone: 847-494-0000
Telephone: 847-955-0511
Fax: 270-447-1909
Skype ID: pcleavitt

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Paging Data Receiver PDR-4

The PDR-4 is a multi-function paging data receiver that decodes paging messages and outputs them via the serial port, USB or Ethernet connectors.

Designed for use with Prism-IPX ECHO software Message Logging Software to receive messages and log the information for proof of transmission over the air, and if the data was error free.

  • Option—decode capcode list or all messages.
  • Large capcode capacity.
  • Serial, USB and Ethernet output.
  • POCSAG or FLEX page decoding, special SA protocols.
  • Receivers for paging bands in VHF, UHF, 900 MHz.
  • Message activated Alarm Output.
  • 8 programmable relay outputs.
  • Send notifications of a system problem.
  • Synthesized Receiver Tuning.
  • Selectivity better than 60 dB.
  • Frequencies 148-174, 450-470, 929-932 MHz.
  • Image Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Spurious Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Channel Spacing 12.5 or 25 kHz.
  • Power 5VDC.
  • Receiving Sensitivity 5µV at 1200 bps.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:

Wireless Network Planners

Wireless Network Planners
Wireless Specialists

R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street
East Northport, NY 11731

ron mercer
Telephone: 631-786-9359 left arrow left arrow

Wireless Network Planners

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Consulting Alliance

Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, Vic Jackson, and Ira Wiesenfeld are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects.

Click here left arrow for a summary of their qualifications and experience. Each one has unique abilities. We would be happy to help you with a project, and maybe save you some time and money.

Note: We do not like Patent Trolls, i.e. “a person or company who enforces patent rights against accused infringers in an attempt to collect licensing fees, but does not manufacture products or supply services based upon the patents in question.” We have helped some prominent law firms defend their clients against this annoyance, and would be happy to do some more of this same kind of work.

Some people use the title “consultant” when they don't have a real job. We actually do consulting work, and help others based on our many years of experience.

“If you would know the road ahead, ask someone who has traveled it.”
— Chinese Proverb

Consulting Alliance

Remote AB Switches

ABX-1 switches are often used at remote transmitter sites to convert from old, outdated and unsupported controllers to the new modern Prism-IPX ipBSC base station controllers. Remotely switch to new controllers with GUI commands.


ABX-3 switches are widely used for enabling or disabling remote equipment and switching I/O connections between redundant messaging systems.


Common Features:

  • RJ45 for A, B and Common connectors.
  • Manual push button or use Prism IP commands to switch one or more relays.
  • Single or Dual Port Control card for IP or Serial connection.
  • Form C relay—control local connection.
  • Power Loss Indicator.
  • Rear Panel Connector for controlling the switch externally.
  • Power Source: 5VDC for ABX-1; 12VDC for ABX-3.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:

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Leavitt Communications

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We can supply alphanumeric display, numeric display, and voice pagers.

We also offer NEW and refurbished Alphamate 250s, refurbished Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate refurbished, and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts, and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging! Outstanding service is our goal.

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information, or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

Phil Leavitt

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

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Friday, April 27, 2018

Volume 6 | Issue 83  

OSHA’s Short List of Tower Safety Tips

Safety and Health magazine compiled a list of OSHA recommendations for communications tower workers to protect against falls, electrical hazards, inclement weather, equipment failure and structural collapse.

Tower climbers and ground crew employees should know how to properly report unsafe working conditions, use safety equipment and stop work completely if necessary safety equipment is unavailable or malfunctioning, according to OSHA. Other OSHA safety precautions include:

  • Workers should certify their commitment to “100 percent tie-off” every year. This is a firm commitment that workers will tie-off at every worksite at all times when climbing.
  • Before climbing work begins, comprehensive safety planning should take place, including a Job Hazard Analysis and an emergency action plan.
  • Workers never should perform climbing work if the weather poses safety risks.
  • Workers never should work at height if their physical or mental health is impaired (for example, if a worker is taking over-the-counter medication that causes drowsiness).
  • Tower climbers and ground crew personnel should perform regular safety stand-downs and seek regular training to keep safety skills sharp.
  • Workers should ensure tools, hoisting and rigging equipment, and other machinery is in good working condition.
Source: Inside Towers newsletter Courtesy of the editor of Inside Towers.

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BloostonLaw Newsletter

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Selected portions [sometimes more — sometimes less] of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP — are reproduced in this section of The Wireless Messaging News with kind permission from the firm. The firm's contact information is included at the end of this section of the newsletter.

 BloostonLaw Telecom Update Vol. 21, No. 18 April 25, 2018 

Comment Deadline Established for RoR Reform NPRM

In a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom update, we reported on the FCC’s Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking comment on revising the high-cost budget for RoR carriers, extending a new offer of model-based support, fully funding carriers that have already accepted A-CAM support and changes to the budget control mechanism, among other things. Comments are due May 25 and reply comments are due June 25.

BloostonLaw is preparing comments on the NPRM. Carriers interested in participating should contact the firm for more information.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Mary Sisak.


FCC Releases Text of Rate-of-Return BDS NPRM

Shortly after last week’s edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update went to press, the FCC released the text of its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in which it proposes a path by which rate-of-return carriers that receive universal service support under the Alternative Connect America Cost Model (A-CAM) can voluntarily migrate their lower speed business data services (BDS) offerings to incentive regulation. Comment deadlines have not yet been established for the NPRM.

Specifically, the FCC is seeking comment on a regulatory framework that would provide electing A-CAM carriers a path to allow a move from rate-of-return regulation to a more efficient system of incentive regulation for their TDM transport and end user channel terminations at speeds at or below a DS3. First, the FCC proposes to allow electing A-CAM carriers to convert their lower capacity TDM BDS offerings to an incentive regulatory approach modeled on the rules the FCC adopted for price cap carriers’ lower speed BDS in noncompetitive areas, while still allowing such carriers to be subject to the switched access rate transition and the Eligible Recovery rules applicable to rate-of-return carriers. The FCC would allow conversion to incentive regulation for TDM transport and end user channel termination services offered at speeds at or below a DS3, as well as other generally lower speed non-packet-based services that are commonly considered special access services.

As part of the conversion, the FCC contemplates relieving electing A-CAM carriers of a variety of regulatory obligations that pertain to rate-of-return regulation, including the obligation to perform cost studies. Electing A-CAM carriers would be allowed to offer term and volume discounts and contract-based services for their TDM transport and end user channel termination services offered at speeds at or below a DS3. Electing A-CAM carriers would be required to maintain generally available tariffed rates subject to incentive regulation for these lower speed TDM transport and end user channel terminations, and other special access services included in their tariffs. At the same time, electing A-CAM carriers would be allowed to remain in the NECA traffic-sensitive tariff for switched access services, and to continue to be subject to the switched access rate cap provisions of section 51.909 and the Eligible Recovery rules in section 51.917 of the FCC’s rules.

Carriers that elect to move off rate-of-return regulation for their BDS services would be required to move to incentive regulation at the holding company level for study areas in all states that elected to receive A-CAM support rather than electing on an individual carrier or study area basis. Incentive regulation for electing A-CAM carriers would be effective on the July 1st following adoption of an Order. A-CAM carriers that currently file their own tariffed rates for BDS offerings would be permitted to use their existing rates to set their initial BDS rates under incentive regulation, while electing A-CAM carriers in the NECA pool would establish initial BDS rates by multiplying the NECA pool rate the carrier has been charging by a net contribution/recipient factor.

The FCC also proposes to retain the special access basket, categories and subcategories, and the attendant rules governing the allowed annual adjustments. Each electing A-CAM carrier would initialize its PCI for the special access basket and associated service band indices (SBIs) at 100 and to use the rate adjustment rules for price cap carriers contained in sections 61.45-48 of our rules, as appropriate, to reflect the prescribed productivity factor, the inflation factor, and any required exogenous cost adjustment in the PCI, to ensure that the Actual Price Index (API) does not exceed the PCI, and that the SBIs for each category or subcategory do not exceed their upper limits. The FCC proposes to adopt an X-factor of two percent to reflect the productivity growth that electing A-CAM carriers are likely to experience in the provision of these services relative to productivity growth in the overall economy in the foreseeable future and to use Gross Domestic Product-Price Index (GDP-PI) as the measure of inflation that electing A-CAM carriers will use in their PCI calculations.

The FCC also seeks comment on adopting a low-end adjustment mechanism to provide an appropriate backstop to ensure that electing A-CAM carriers are not subject to protracted periods of low earnings; forbearance from application of our cost assignment rules, including jurisdictional separations requirements; and allowing electing A-CAM carriers to use GAAP for keeping their accounts, should they choose to do so.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

CCA and CTIA Offer “Compromise Proposal” Regarding 3.5 GHz Auction Licenses

In a joint ex parte filing submitted to the FCC last Friday, CCA and CTIA report that they have reached a compromise concerning the size of the licenses to be sold in the upcoming 3.5 GHz spectrum auction. In particular, these organizations are advocating that the FCC should license 3.5 GHz Priority Access Licenses (PALs) on the basis of MSAs in the top 306 Cellular Market Areas (CMAs), and then step down to county-based geographic area licenses for PALs in the remaining 428 CMAs (i.e., the RSAs).

A licensing framework that assigns PALs on the basis of MSAs in urban areas and counties in rural areas is a significant improvement to using the very large Partial Economic Areas (or PEAs) for everything. County-based licenses may allow our clients to acquire PAL rights more efficiently over their areas of interest, for the provision of 4G and/or 5G services, or both. But at the same time, county-based PALs could limit the ability of private users and “niche” service providers to secure PAL rights for smaller targeted coverage areas, niche services that may encourage business models that could provide rural LECs with more opportunities to sell high-capacity backhaul services. County-sized licensing may also make it more difficult for a rural carrier to obtain PAL rights for targeted projects where greater interference protection rights are needed.

Comments and reply comments by our law firm and other small/rural service providers pushed back from large geographic service areas that unduly favored nationwide incumbents. As our own compromise, we proposed that the FCC should license five of the PAL spectrum blocks on the basis of counties rather than PEAs, and to retain census block licensing for the remaining two PAL blocks. If our clients want to ensure that some census tract-based PALs are available in rural markets, a modification of the CCA/CTIA joint proposal may be in order.

We therefore propose to draft comments urging adoption of the CCA/CTIA plan with regard to five of the PAL license blocks, but with the wrinkle that two (2) of the PALs remain available on the basis of census tracts. We believe that this will create flexibility for our clients that need to tailor their acquisition of 3.5 GHz spectrum, thereby minimizing costs and build-out obligations. Please let us know what you think about this idea, and whether you wish to participate in comments on this matter.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Cary Mitchell and John Prendergast.

FCC Announces Tentative Agenda for May Open Meeting

On April 19, the FCC announced that the following items are tentatively on the agenda for the May Open Commission Meeting scheduled for Thursday, May 10, 2018:

  • Transforming the 2.5 GHz Band: a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that would allow more efficient and effective use of 2.5 GHz spectrum by increasing flexibility for existing Educational Broadband Service (EBS) licensees and providing new opportunities for educational entities, rural Tribal Nations, and commercial entities to access unused portions of the band. (WT Docket No. 18-120)
  • FM Translator Interference Rules: a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking which proposes to streamline the rules relating to interference caused by FM translators and expedite the translator complaint resolution process. (MB Docket No. 18-119)
  • Broadcast License Posting Rules: a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking comment on whether to streamline or eliminate certain rules which require the physical posting and maintenance of broadcast licenses and related information in specific locations. (MB Docket Nos. 18-121, 17-105)

The FCC publicly releases the draft text of each item expected to be considered at the next Open Commission Meeting, which are linked in the above descriptions. One-page cover sheets are included in the public drafts to help summarize each item.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

Law & Regulation

FCC Announces Temporary Freeze on New Satellite Applications in 3.7-4.2 GHz Band

On April 19, the FCC announced a temporary freeze (effective immediately) on the filing of new or modification applications for fixed-satellite service (FSS) earth station licenses, receive-only earth station registrations, and fixed microwave licenses in the 3.7-4.2 GHz frequency band. The freeze is being delayed 90 days for those that have been constructed and are operational as of April 19, 2018, but not yet registered or licensed for interference protection.

According to the Public Notice, “[t]he purpose of this freeze is to preserve the current landscape of authorized operations in the 3.7-4.2 GHz band pending FCC action as part of its ongoing inquiry into the possibility of permitting mobile broadband use and more intensive fixed use of the band.”

Earth stations. During the freeze the International Bureau will dismiss applications, or those portions of applications, received for new earth station licenses, new receive-only earth station registrations, and modifications to earth stations currently authorized to operate in the 3.7-4.2 GHz band. EXCEPTIONS: The freeze does not extend to applications for renewal or cancellation of current earth station authorizations, or modifications to correct location or other data required in the earth station file. As noted above, it is also delayed 90 days for existing earth stations.

Fixed Microwave. During the freeze, the Wireless Telecommunications and Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureaus will dismiss applications received for new or major modifications to fixed microwave stations to operate in the 3.7-4.2 GHz band. EXCEPTIONS: The freeze does not extend to applications for renewal, cancellation, minor modifications, or data corrections.

The FCC indicated that it will consider requests for waiver of this freeze on a case-by-case basis and upon a demonstration that waiver will serve the public interest and not undermine the objectives of the freeze.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.

Comment Deadline Established for Robocall FNPRM

On April 23, the FCC filed in the Federal Register its Second Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on “ways to address the problem of unwanted calls to reassigned numbers.” Comments are due June 7 and reply comments are due July 9.

Specifically, the FCC seeks comment on, among other issues: (1) the specific information that callers need from a reassigned numbers database; and (2) the best way to make that information available to callers that want it. The FCC’s proposal is to ensure that one or more databases are available to provide callers with the comprehensive and timely information they need to avoid calling reassigned numbers. The FCC therefore seeks comment below on, among other things: (1) the information that callers who choose to use a reassigned numbers database need from such a database; (2) how to ensure that the information is reported to a database; and (3) the best approach to making that information available to callers.

Carriers interested in filing comments or reply comments are invited to contact the firm for more information.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

House Subcommittee Schedules Hearing on Robocalls

On April 27, the U.S. House of Representatives’ Subcommittee on Digital Commerce and Consumer Protection will hold a hearing entitled “Do Not Call: Combating Robocalls and Caller ID Spoofing.” The purpose of the hearing is to examine the tactics behind robocalls and caller ID spoofing that harm consumers, and to discuss the tools and strategies available for Americans to protect themselves and their families. Witnesses for the hearing are: Mr. Aaron Foss, Founder, Nomorob; Mr. Ethan Garr; Chief Product Officer, RoboKiller; Mr. Scott Hambuchen; Executive Vice President, Technology and Solution Development, First Orion Corp.; and Ms. Maureen Mahoney, Policy Analyst, Consumers Union.

The hearing will be webcast live at 9:00a.m. here.


FCC Webinar on Mobility Fund Phase II Challenge Process Scheduled for May 3

On April 18, the FCC announced that on May 3 it will hold a webinar on the process for challenging the identification of areas initially deemed ineligible for universal service funding through the Mobility Fund Phase II (MF-II) reverse auction. According to the Public Notice, this free webinar will focus on the issues that affect state and local government offices and agencies and will explain the MF-II reverse auction, how to determine if a particularly locality has been identified as initially deemed ineligible for support and how to challenge that determination and seek inclusion of the locality among the areas identified as eligible for support.

The webinar will be available via WebEx. Registration will be open here.


MAY 31: FCC FORM 395, EMPLOYMENT REPORT. Common carriers, including wireless carriers, with 16 or more full-time employees must file their annual Common Carrier Employment Reports (FCC Form 395) by May 31. This report tracks carrier compliance with rules requiring recruitment of minority employees. Further, the FCC requires all common carriers to report any employment discrimination complaints they received during the past year. That information is also due on May 31. The FCC encourages carriers to complete the discrimination report requirement by filling out Section V of Form 395, rather than submitting a separate report.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Richard Rubino.

MAY 31: FCC FORM 395, EMPLOYMENT REPORT. Common carriers, including wireless carriers, with 16 or more full-time employees must file their annual Common Carrier Employment Reports (FCC Form 395) by May 31. This report tracks carrier compliance with rules requiring recruitment of minority employees. Further, the FCC requires all common carriers to report any employment discrimination complaints they received during the past year. That information is also due on June 1. The FCC encourages carriers to complete the discrimination report requirement by filling out Section V of Form 395, rather than submitting a separate report.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Richard Rubino.

JULY 2: FCC FORM 481 (CARRIER ANNUAL REPORTING DATA COLLECTION FORM). All eligible telecommunications carriers (ETCs) must report the information required by Section 54.313, which includes outage, unfulfilled service request, and complaint data, broken out separately for voice and broadband services, information on the ETC’s holding company, operating companies, ETC affiliates and any branding in response to section 54.313(a)(8); its CAF-ICC certification, if applicable; its financial information, if a privately held rate-of-return carrier; and its satellite backhaul certification, if applicable. Form 481 must not only be filed with USAC, but also with the FCC and the relevant state commission and tribal authority, as appropriate. Although USAC treats the filing as confidential, filers must seek confidential treatment separately with the FCC and the relevant state commission and tribal authority if confidential treatment is desired.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Sal Taillefer.

JULY 2: MOBILITY FUND PHASE I ANNUAL REPORT. Winning bidders in Auction 901 that are authorized to receive Mobility Fund Phase I support are required to submit to the FCC an annual report each year on July 1 for the five years following authorization. Each annual report must be submitted to the Office of the Secretary of the FCC, clearly referencing WT Docket No. 10-208; the Universal Service Administrator; and the relevant state commissions, relevant authority in a U.S. Territory, or Tribal governments, as appropriate. The information and certifications required to be included in the annual report are described in Section 54.1009 of the FCC’s rules.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Sal Taillefer.

JULY 31: FCC FORM 507, UNIVERSAL SERVICE QUARTERLY LINE COUNT UPDATE. Line count updates are required to recalculate a carrier's per line universal service support, and is filed with the Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC). This information must be submitted on July 31 each year by all rate-of-return incumbent carriers, and on a quarterly basis if a competitive eligible telecommunications carrier (CETC) has initiated service in the rate-of-return incumbent carrier’s service area and reported line count data to USAC in the rate-of-return incumbent carrier’s service area, in order for the incumbent carrier to be eligible to receive Interstate Common Line Support (ICLS). This quarterly filing is due July 31 and covers lines served as of December 31 of the previous year. Incumbent carriers filing on a quarterly basis must also file on September 30 (for lines served as of March 31); December 30 (for lines served as of June 30, 2014), and March 31, for lines served as of September 30 of the previous year).

BloostonLaw contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

JULY 31: CARRIER IDENTIFICATION CODE (CIC) REPORTS. Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Reports must be filed by the last business day of July (this year, July 31). These reports are required of all carriers who have been assigned a CIC code by NANPA. Failure to file could result in an effort by NANPA to reclaim it, although according to the Guidelines this process is initiated with a letter from NANPA regarding the apparent non-use of the CIC code. The assignee can then respond with an explanation. (Guidelines Section 6.2). The CIC Reporting Requirement is included in the CIC Assignment Guidelines, produced by ATIS. According to section 1.4 of that document: At the direction of the NANPA, the access providers and the entities who are assigned CICs will be requested to provide access and usage information to the NANPA, on a semi-annual basis to ensure effective management of the CIC resource. (Holders of codes may respond to the request at their own election). Access provider and entity reports shall be submitted to NANPA no later than January 31 for the period ending December 31, and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. It is also referenced in the NANPA Technical Requirements Document, which states at 7.18.6: CIC holders shall provide a usage report to the NANPA per the industry CIC guidelines … The NAS shall be capable of accepting CIC usage reports per guideline requirements on January 31 for the period ending December 31 and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. These reports may also be mailed and accepted by the NANPA in paper form. Finally, according to the NANPA website, if no local exchange carrier reports access or usage for a given CIC, NANPA is obliged to reclaim it. The semi-annual utilization and access reporting mechanism is described at length in the guidelines.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

Calendar At-a-Glance

Apr. 27 – Reply comments due on Jurisdictional Separations Reform.

May 1 – FCC Form 499-Q (Quarterly Telecommunications Reporting Worksheet) is due.
May 3 – Comments are due on FCC CVAA Report.
May 9 – Comments on 5G auction procedures
May 18 – Comments are due on Wireless Signal Booster FNPRM.
May 23 – Reply Comments on 5G auction procedures.
May 25 – Comments are due on RoR Reform FNPRM.
May 31 – FCC Form 395 (Annual Employment Report) is due.

Jun. 2 – E911 horizontal location accuracy benchmark certification due to be filed.
Jun. 4 - Three-year E911 location accuracy benchmark certification due.
Jun. 4 – Comments are due on Rural Call Completion FNPRM.
Jun. 5 – Comments are due on Status of Gov’t Relocation from AWS Bands.
Jun. 7 – Comments are due on Robocall Database FNPRM.
Jun. 18 – 15-Day Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 18 – Reply comments are due on Wireless Signal Booster FNPRM.
Jun. 19 – Reply comments are due on Rural Call Completion FNPRM.
Jun. 25 – Reply comments are due on RoR Reform FNPRM.
Jun. 25 – Petitions to suspend 15-Day Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 26 – 7-Day Tariff fillings are due.
Jun. 27 – Petitions to suspend 7-Day Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 28 – Replies to Petitions to suspend 15-Day Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 29 – Replies to Petitions to suspend 7-Day Tariff Filings are due.

Jul. 2 – FCC Form 481 (Carrier Annual Reporting Data Collection Form) is due.
Jul. 2 – FCC Form 690 (Mobility Fund Phase I Auction Winner Annual Report) is due.
Jul. 3 – 15-Day and 7-Day Tariff Filings effective.
Jul. 5 – Reply comments are due on Status of Gov’t Relocation from AWS Bands.
Jul. 9 – Reply comments are due on Robocall Database FNPRM.
Jul. 31 – FCC Form 507 (Universal Service Quarterly Line Count Update) is due.
Jul. 31 – Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Report is due.

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.


Harold Mordkofsky, 202-828-5520,
Benjamin H. Dickens, Jr., 202-828-5510,
Gerard J. Duffy, 202-828-5528,
John A. Prendergast, 202-828-5540,
Richard D. Rubino, 202-828-5519,
Mary J. Sisak, 202-828-5554,
D. Cary Mitchell, 202-828-5538,
Salvatore Taillefer, Jr., 202-828-5562,

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Friends & Colleagues

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Complete Technical Services for the Communications and Electronics Industries

Technical Services Inc.

Texas Registered Engineering Firm #F16945

“It's more than Push-To-Talk”

7711 Scotia Drive
Dallas, TX 75248-3112

Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.

President • Principal Engineer

Cell: 214-707-7711
Toll Free: 844-IWA-TECH (844-492-8324)

Design  •  Installation  •  Maintenance  •  Training

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Spok Reports 2018 First Quarter Operating Results; Software Revenue and Wireless Trends Improve

Wed April 25, 2018 4:10 PM|Business Wire|About: SPOK

Board Declares Regular Quarterly Dividend

SPRINGFIELD, Va.—(BUSINESS WIRE)— Spok Holdings, Inc. (SPOK) (NASDAQ: SPOK), the global leader in healthcare communications, today announced operating results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2018. In addition, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.125 per share, payable on June 22, 2018 to stockholders of record on May 25, 2018.

2018 First Quarter Results: Consolidated revenue for the first quarter of 2018 under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) was $43.1 million compared to $41.4 million in the first quarter of 2017. On January 1, 2018, Spok adopted Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Unless otherwise stated, results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts have not been adjusted, and continue to be reported in accordance with the Company’s historic accounting under ASC 605

Three months ended
(Dollars in thousands)

March 31, 2018


March 31, 2018(1)


March 31, 2017

Net income $ 511 $ 309 $ 854
Net income per share $ 0.03 $ 0.02 $ 0.04
EBITDA $ 3,463 $ 3,250 $ 4,605

(1) Adjusted to exclude the adoption of ASC 606.


Other key results and highlights for the first quarter of 2018 included:

  • Software bookings of $18.1 million, compared to $19.8 million in the prior year quarter. First quarter 2018 bookings included $7.1 million of operations bookings and $11.0 million of maintenance renewals, compared to $9.5 million of operations bookings and $10.3 million of maintenance renewals in the first quarter of 2017.
  • Software backlog totaled $35.9 million at March 31, 2018, or $42.7 million adjusted to exclude the adoption of ASC 606, compared to $40.6 million in the year earlier period. As a result of the adoption of ASC 606 approximately $5.3 million of backlog, that could have been recognized in 2018 under prior accounting rules, was re-cast to retained earnings as part of the beginning balance as of January 1, 2018.
  • The revenue renewal rate for software maintenance in the first quarter of 2018 was greater than 99 percent.
  • Paging units in service at March 31, 2018 totaled 1,030,000, compared to 1,091,000 at the end of the prior year period.
  • The quarterly rate of wireless revenue erosion was 1.3 percent in the first quarter of 2018 versus 2.5 percent in the year-earlier quarter. Consolidated operating expenses (excluding depreciation, amortization and accretion) totaled $39.7 million in the first quarter of 2018, compared to $36.8 million in the year-earlier quarter.
  • Capital returned to stockholders in the first quarter of 2018 totaled $4.7 million, in the form of $2.8 million from the regular quarterly dividend and $1.9 million of share repurchases.
  • The Company’s cash balance at March 31, 2018 was $101.3 million, compared to $118.9 million at March 31, 2017, and $107.2 million at December 31, 2017.

Management Commentary:

“We are encouraged with our performance in the first quarter of 2018 and believe that it provides a solid base for the remainder of the year,” said Vincent D. Kelly, chief executive officer. “First quarter results were in line with our seasonal expectations, and we saw strong year-over-year performance in a number of key operating measures, including revenue levels and average deal size, as well as wireless subscriber retention. We accomplished this as we increased our investment in our business by enhancing and upgrading our product development team and tools as well as our sales infrastructure and management. We believe this effort will yield significant future benefits in the form of our improved, integrated communication platform, Spok Care Connect®, as well as higher future bookings levels, and ultimately margins, supported by our enhanced and upgraded sales team. Overall, we continued to operate profitably, enhance our product offerings, and operate as a debt-free company. We also executed against our capital allocation strategy.” Kelly added, “Throughout 2018, we will remain focused on returning value to our shareholders through our capital allocation strategy, which includes dividends, share repurchases and key strategic investments in our products and business to create sustainable growth.”

Business Outlook:

For the full-year 2018, adjusted to exclude the adoption of ASC 606, the Company continues to expect total revenue to range from $161 million to $177 million, operating expenses (excluding depreciation, amortization and accretion) to range from $158 million to $165 million, and capital expenditures to range from $4 million to $8 million.

2018 First Quarter Call and Replay:

The Company plans to host a conference call for investors to discuss its 2018 first quarter results at 10:00 a.m. ET on Thursday, April 26, 2018. Dial-in numbers for the call are 334-323-0522 or 877-260-1479. The pass code for the call is 9101087. A replay of the call will be available from 1:00 p.m. ET on April 26, 2018 until 1:00 p.m. ET on Thursday, May 10, 2018. To listen to the replay, please register at Please cut and paste this address into your browser, enter the registration information, and you will be given access to the replay.

About Spok
Spok Holdings, Inc., headquartered in Springfield, Va., is proud to be the global leader in healthcare communications. We deliver clinical information to care teams when and where it matters most to improve patient outcomes. Top hospitals rely on the Spok Care Connect® platform to enhance workflows for clinicians, support administrative compliance, and provide a better experience for patients. Our customers send over 100 million messages each month through their Spok® solutions. When seconds count, count on Spok. For more information, visit or follow @spoktweets on Twitter.

Spok is a trademark of Spok Holdings, Inc. Spok Care Connect and Spok Mobile are trademarks of Spok, Inc.

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act: Statements contained herein or in prior press releases which are not historical fact, such as statements regarding Spok’s future operating and financial performance, are forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that may cause Spok’s actual results to be materially different from the future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expectations include, but are not limited to, declining demand for paging products and services, continued demand for our software products and services, our ability to develop additional software solutions for our customers and manage our development as a global organization, the ability to manage operating expenses, future capital needs, competitive pricing pressures, competition from both traditional paging services and other wireless communications services, competition from other software providers, government regulation, reliance upon third-party providers for certain equipment and services, unauthorized breaches or failures in cyber security measures adopted by us and/or included in our products and services, as well as other risks described from time to time in our periodic reports and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Although Spok believes the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, it can give no assurance that its expectations will be attained. Spok disclaims any intent or obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

(Unaudited and in thousands except share, per share amounts and ARPU)
For the three months ended



Wireless $ 24,269 $ 25,860
Software   18,845     15,584  
Total revenue   43,114     41,444  
Operating expenses:
Cost of revenue 7,712 7,036
Research and development 5,735 4,105
Service, rental and maintenance 7,750 8,066
Selling and marketing 6,490 5,922
General and administrative 11,964 11,710
Depreciation, amortization and accretion   2,713     3,223  
Total operating expenses   42,364     40,062  
% of total revenue 98.3 % 96.7 %
Operating income 750 1,382
% of total revenue 0 3.3 %
Interest income 283 122
Other expense   (47 )   (30 )
Income before income tax expense 986 1,474
Income tax expense   (475 )   (620 )
Net income $ 511   $ 854  
Basic and diluted net income per common share $ 0.03 $ 0.04
Basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding 20,027,800 20,530,739
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding 20,153,291 20,585,452
Key statistics:
Units in service 1,030 1,091
Average revenue per unit (ARPU) $ 7.47 $ 7.56
Bookings $ 18,124 $ 19,788
Backlog $ 35,930 $ 40,555
(a) Slight variations in totals are due to rounding.

(Unaudited and in thousands except share, per share amounts and ARPU)
For the three months ended









Wireless $ 24,269 $ 24,579 $ 25,110 $ 25,639 $ 25,860 $ 26,535 $ 27,024 $ 27,859
Software   18,845     19,191     18,526     16,686     15,584     17,649     18,331     16,776  
Total revenue   43,114     43,770     43,636     42,325     41,444     44,184     45,355     44,635  
Operating expenses:
Cost of revenue 7,712 7,122 7,069 7,190 7,036 7,482 7,639 7,513
Research and development 5,735 4,934 5,001 4,662 4,105 3,702 3,645 3,211
Service, rental and maintenance 7,750 7,617 7,875 7,944 8,066 7,989 8,253 8,188
Selling and marketing 6,490 6,039 5,533 5,329 5,922 5,855 5,955 6,429
General and administrative 11,964 11,695 12,058 11,939 11,710 11,277 10,605 10,439
Depreciation, amortization and accretion   2,713     2,774     2,775     2,851     3,223     3,176     3,229     3,235  
Total operating expenses   42,364     40,181     40,311     39,915     40,062     39,481     39,326     39,015  
% of total revenue 98.3 % 91.8 % 92.4 % 94.3 % 96.7 % 89.4 % 86.7 % 87.4 %
Operating income 750 3,589 3,325 2,410 1,382 4,703 6,029 5,620
% of total revenue 1.7 % 8.2 % 7.6 % 5.7 % 3.3 % 10.6 % 13.3 % 12.6 %
Interest income, net 283 229 214 154 122 99 67 61
Other expense, net   (47 )   (282 )   359     89     (30 )   100     85     104  
Income before income tax expense 986 3,536 3,898 2,653 1,474 4,902 6,181 5,785
Income tax expense   (475 )   (24,920 )   (171 )   (1,155 )   (620 )   (1,876 )   (2,123 )   (2,334 )
Net income (loss) $ 511   $ (21,384 ) $ 3,727   $ 1,498   $ 854   $ 3,026   $ 4,058   $ 3,451  
Basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share $ 0.03   $ (1.07 ) $ 0.19   $ 0.07   $ 0.04   $ 0.15   $ 0.20   $ 0.17  
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding   20,027,800     19,987,763     19,977,263     20,353,801     20,530,739     20,529,958     20,541,275     20,568,058  
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding   20,153,291     20,008,321     20,366,102     20,585,542     20,529,958     20,541,275     20,568,058     20,706,082  
Key statistics:
Units in service 1,030 1,049 1,063 1,086 1,091 1,111 1,124 1,144
Average revenue per unit (ARPU) $ 7.47 $ 7.46 $ 7.48 $ 7.52 $ 7.56 $ 7.59 $ 7.63 $ 7.71
Bookings $ 18,124 $ 19,190 $ 18,327 $ 20,405 $ 19,788 $ 20,025 $ 18,659 $ 20,063
Backlog $ 35,930 $ 42,305 $ 46,900 $ 43,455 $ 40,555 $ 38,295 $ 38,812 $ 39,475
(a) Slight variations in totals are due to rounding.

(In thousands)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 101,302 $ 107,157
Accounts receivable, net 37,068 32,279
Prepaid expenses and other 7,789 5,752
Inventory   1,649     1,672  
Total current assets 147,808 146,860
Non-current assets:
Property and equipment, net 12,622 13,399
Goodwill 133,031 133,031
Intangible assets, net 7,292 7,917
Deferred income tax assets 45,593 47,679
Other non-current assets   1,522     1,675  
Total non-current assets   200,060     203,701  
Total assets $ 347,868   $ 350,561  
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 1,049 $ 1,305
Accrued compensation and benefits 9,177 11,018
Accrued taxes 2,097 2,547
Deferred revenue 30,590 31,414
Other current liabilities   4,455     4,610  
Total current liabilities 47,368 50,894
Non-current liabilities:
Deferred revenue 964 1,063
Other long-term liabilities   8,282     8,075  
Total non-current liabilities   9,246     9,138  
Total liabilities   56,614     60,032  
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders' equity:
Preferred stock
Common stock 2 2
Additional paid-in capital 98,233 99,819
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (1,508 ) (1,088 )
Retained earnings   194,527     191,796  
Total stockholders' equity   291,254     290,529  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 347,868   $ 350,561  
(a) Slight variations in totals are due to rounding.

(Unaudited and in thousands)
Three months ended



Cash flows provided by operating activities:
Net income $ 511 $ 854
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation, amortization and accretion 2,713 3,223
Deferred income tax expense 475 279
Stock based compensation 1,234 955
Provisions for doubtful accounts, service credits and other 628 223
Adjustments of non-cash transaction taxes (53 ) (122 )
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable (4,106 ) (636 )
Prepaid expenses, intangible assets and other assets (1,202 ) (146 )
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other


) (2,477 )
Deferred revenue   3,336     1,515  
Net cash provided by operating activities  


Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment, net of proceeds from disposals of property and equipment (1,164 ) (2,851 )
Net cash used in investing activities   (1,164 )   (2,851 )
Cash flows from financing activities:
Cash distributions to stockholders (2,740 ) (7,694 )
Purchase of common stock for tax withholding on vested equity awards (892 )
Purchase of common stock (including commissions), net of proceeds from issuance of common stock   (1,927 )   4  
Net cash used in financing activities   (5,559 )   (7,690 )
Effect of exchange rate on cash   (256 )   4  
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents


) (6,869 )
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period  


Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 101,302   $ 118,947  
Supplemental disclosure:
Income taxes paid $ 50   $ 180  
(a) Slight variations in totals are due to rounding.

(Unaudited and in thousands)
For the three months ended









Paging $ 23,308 $ 23,624 $ 24,128 $ 24,572 $ 24,972 $ 25,441 $ 25,944 $ 26,564
Non-paging   961   955   982   1,067   888   1,094   1,080   1,295
Total wireless revenue $ 24,269 $ 24,579 $ 25,110 $ 25,639 $ 25,860 $ 26,535 $ 27,024 $ 27,859
Subscription 420 559 577 623 543 551 560 503
License 3,956 2,431 1,995 1,641 1,171 1,594 1,842 1,691
Services 4,071 5,437 5,189 3,650 3,354 4,500 5,578 4,202
Equipment   1,024   945   1,102   1,127   973   1,402   1,091   1,250
Operations revenue $ 9,471 $ 9,372 $ 8,863 $ 7,041 $ 6,041 $ 8,047 $ 9,071 $ 7,646
Maintenance revenue $ 9,374 $ 9,819 $ 9,663 $ 9,645 $ 9,543 $ 9,602 $ 9,260 $ 9,130
Total software revenue $ 18,845 $ 19,191 $ 18,526 $ 16,686 $ 15,584 $ 17,649 $ 18,331 $ 16,776
Total revenue $ 43,114 $ 43,770 $ 43,636 $ 42,325 $ 41,444 $ 44,184 $ 45,355 $ 44,635

(a) Slight variations in totals are due to rounding.

(Unaudited and in thousands)
For the three months ended









Cost of revenue
Payroll and related $ 4,874 $ 4,374 $ 4,330 $ 4,613 $ 4,490 $ 4,611 $ 4,469 $ 4,404
Cost of sales 2,309 1,990 2,228 1,904 1,995 2,415 2,587 2,323
Stock based compensation 55 58 4 60 58 (108 ) 57 58
Other   474   700     507   613  


  564     526   728
Total cost of revenue   7,712   7,122     7,069   7,190   7,036   7,482     7,639   7,513
Research and development
Payroll and related 4,002 3,521 4,005 3,807 3,405 3,195 2,939 2,505
Outside services 1,513 1,361 849 659 516 511 569 580
Stock based compensation 71 (71 ) 43 65 55 (82 ) 46 48
Other   149   123     104   131   129   78     91   78
Total research and development   5,735   4,934     5,001   4,662   4,105   3,702     3,645   3,211
Service, rental and maintenance
Payroll and related 2,693 2,413 2,582 2,607 2,665 2,687 2,638 2,644
Site rent 3,496 3,471 3,534 3,604 3,620 3,618 3,626 3,668
Telecommunications 898 979 1,060 1,001 1,081 1,096 1,162 1,127
Stock based compensation 24 20 20 20 20 (29 ) 15 15
Other   639   734     679   712   680   617     812   734
Total service, rental and maintenance   7,750   7,617     7,875   7,944   8,066   7,989     8,253   8,188
Selling and marketing
Payroll and related 3,294 2,573 3,113 3,039 3,071 3,556 3,467 3,489
Commissions 1,774 1,634 1,234 1,121 1,202 1,248 1,317 1,559
Stock based compensation 135 93 84 99 101 (131 ) 75 75
Other   1,287   1,739     1,102   1,070   1,548   1,182     1,096   1,306
Total selling and marketing   6,490   6,039     5,533   5,329   5,922   5,855     5,955   6,429
General and administrative
Payroll and related 4,416 3,649 4,569 4,420 4,439 4,426 4,076 4,249
Stock based compensation 949 774 711 755 722 (863 ) 507 534
Bad debt 528 143 184 107 94 137 97 104
Facility rent and costs 1,941 1,865 2,013 1,995 1,838 1,694 1,673 1,609
Outside services 2,122 2,924 2,351 2,507 2,627 2,430 2,247 2,067
Taxes, licenses and permits 1,080 1,120 1,077 1,034 989 976 1,164 1,060
Other   928   1,220     1,153   1,121   1,001   2,477     841   816
Total general and administrative   11,964   11,695     12,058   11,939   11,710   11,277     10,605   10,439
Depreciation, amortization and accretion   2,713   2,774     2,775   2,851   3,223   3,176     3,229   3,235
Operating expenses $ 42,364 $ 40,181   $ 40,311 $ 39,915 $ 40,062 $ 39,481   $ 39,326 $ 39,015
Capital expenditures $ 1,164 $ 2,179 $ 1,816 $ 2,353 $ 2,851 $ 1,878 $ 1,396 $ 1,537
(a) Slight variations in totals are due to rounding.

(Unaudited and in thousands)
For the three months ended









Paging units in service

Beginning units in service (000's) 1,049 1,063 1,086 1,091 1,111 1,124 1,144 1,153
Gross placements 25 26 30 42 28 36 34 39
Gross disconnects   (44 )   (40 )   (53 )   (47 )   (48 )   (49 )   (54 )   (48 )
Net change   (19 )   (14 )   (23 )   (5 )   (20 )   (13 )   (20 )   (9 )
Ending units in service   1,030     1,049     1,063     1,086     1,091     1,111     1,124     1,144  
End of period units in service % of total (b)
Healthcare 81.1 % 80.7 % 80.4 % 80.4 % 79.7 % 79.3 % 78.6 % 78.2 %
Government 5.9 % 6.0 % 6.1 % 6.3 % 6.4 % 6.5 % 6.7 % 6.8 %
Large enterprise 6.0 % 6.0 % 6.0 % 6.1 % 6.1 % 6.2 % 6.5 % 6.6 %
Other(b)   7.0 %   7.2 %   7.4 %   7.3 %   7.7 %   8.0 %   8.2 %   8.3 %
Total   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %
Account size ending units in service (000's)
1 to 100 units 88 92 95 98 102 106 110 114
101 to 1,000 units 198 198 201 204 214 217 222 228
>1,000 units   744     759     767     784     775     788     792     802  
Total   1,030     1,049     1,063     1,086     1,091     1,111     1,124     1,144  
Account size net loss rate(c)
1 to 100 units (4.7 )% (3.6 )% (2.8 )% (3.7 )% (3.4 )% (3.9 )% (3.5 )% (4.0 )%
101 to 1,000 units (10.0 )% (1.1 )% (1.8 )% (4.5 )% (1.3 )% (2.3 )% (2.6 )% (4.0 )%
>1,000 units   (1.9 )%   (1.1 )%   (2.2 )%   1.1 %   (1.7 )%   (0.5 )%   (1.2 )%   0.6 %
Total   (1.8 )%   (1.3 )%   (2.2 )%   (0.4 )%   (1.8 )%   (1.2 )%   (1.7 )%   (0.8 )%
Account size ARPU
1 to 100 units $ 12.13 $ 12.11 $ 12.23 $ 12.16 $ 12.22 $ 12.25 $ 12.34 $ 12.48
101 to 1,000 units 8.47 8.58 8.62 8.61 8.66 8.63 8.64 8.65
>1,000 units   6.65     6.59     6.59     6.64     6.64     6.67     6.68     6.75  
Total $ 7.47   $ 7.46   $ 7.48   $ 7.52   $ 7.56   $ 7.59   $ 7.63   $ 7.71  
(a) Slight variations in totals are due to rounding.

(b) Other includes hospitality, resort and indirect units.

(c) Net loss rate is net current period placements and disconnected units in service divided by prior period ending units in service.

(Unaudited and in thousands)
For the three months ended









Reconciliation of net income to EBITDA (b) (c):


Net (loss) income $ 511 $ (21,384 ) $ 3,727 $ 1,498 $ 854 $ 3,026 $ 4,058 $ 3,451
Plus (less): Income tax expense 475 24,920 171 1,155 620 1,876 2,123 2,334
Plus (less): Other expense (income) 47 282 (359 ) (89 ) 30 (100 ) (85 ) (104 )
Less: Interest income   (283 )   (229 )   (214 )   (154 )   (122 )   (99 )   (67 )   (61 )
Operating income 750 3,589 3,325 2,410 1,382 4,703 6,029 5,620
Plus: depreciation, amortization and accretion   2,713     2,774     2,775     2,851     3,223     3,176     3,229     3,235  
EBITDA (as defined by the Company)   3,463     6,363     6,100     5,261     4,605     7,879     9,258     8,855  
Less: Purchases of property and equipment (1,164 ) (2,179 ) (1,816 ) (2,353 ) (2,851 ) (1,878 ) (1,396 ) (1,537 )
Plus: Severance   (243 )   53     51             1,438     12      
Adjusted OCF (as defined by the Company)


2,056   $ 4,237   $ 4,335   $ 2,908   $ 1,754   $ 7,439   $ 7,874   $ 7,318  

For the three months ended

Reconciliation of EBITDA to EBITDA adjusted to exclude the adoption of ASC 606:
EBITDA (as defined by the Company)


Less: Software revenue (657 )
Less: Cost of revenue (17 )
Plus: Selling and marketing   461  
Adjusted EBITDA(d)


(a) Slight variations in totals are due to rounding.
(b) EBITDA or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and accretion is a non-GAAP measure and is presented for analytical purposes only.
(c) EBITDA is the starting point for calculation of operating cash flow for purposes of the Company’s short term and long term incentive plans. Management and the Board of Directors also rely on EBITDA for purposes of determining the Company’s capital allocation policies. We define OCF as EBITDA less purchases of tangible assets and severance expense in determining whether management has achieved certain performance objectives for the year as set by our Board of Directors in awarding annual and long term incentive compensation to senior executives.
(d) Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA adjusted to exclude the adoption of ASC 606. Adjusted EBITDA is used by the Company for purposes of comparison to prior period results during its year of transition (2018) under the modified retrospective approach.
Source: Seeking Alpha  

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The Scout Oath and Scout Law

Scout Oath
On my honor I will do my best to do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout Law; to help other people at all times; to keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

Scout Law
The Scout Law has 12 points. Each is a goal for every Scout. A Scout tries to live up to the Law every day. It is not always easy to do, but a Scout always tries.

A Scout is:

TRUSTWORTHY. Tell the truth and keep promises. People can depend on you.
LOYAL. Show that you care about your family, friends, Scout leaders, school, and country.
HELPFUL. Volunteer to help others without expecting a reward.
FRIENDLY. Be a friend to everyone, even people who are very different from you.
COURTEOUS. Be polite to everyone and always use good manners.
KIND. Treat others as you want to be treated. Never harm or kill any living thing without good reason.
OBEDIENT. Follow the rules of your family, school, and pack. Obey the laws of your community and country.
CHEERFUL. Look for the bright side of life. Cheerfully do tasks that come your way. Try to help others be happy.
THRIFTY. Work to pay your own way. Try not to be wasteful. Use time, food, supplies, and natural resources wisely.
BRAVE. Face difficult situations even when you feel afraid. Do what you think is right despite what others might be doing or saying.
CLEAN. Keep your body and mind fit . Help keep your home and community clean.
REVERENT. Be reverent toward God. Be faithful in your religious duties. Respect the beliefs of others.

Source: Boy Scouts of America  

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All Along The Watchtower • Playing For Change • Song Around The World

Playing For Change

Playing For Change
Published on Apr 20, 2018

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