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Wireless News Aggregation

Friday — July 10, 2020 — Issue No. 916

Welcome Back To

The Wireless
saging News

This Week's Wireless News Headlines:

  • Under the headline “ARE PAGERS OBSOLETE?” in the June 26, 2020 issue, there was a commentary from Albert Erdmann about an article that was criticizing the use of pagers by Britain's health service. Albert's op-ed piece was well received and prompted some comments to me from one of our supporters. This was not his first submittal to the LETTERS TO THE EDITOR so I asked him to please send us more information supporting paging and to include a little bio info about himself as well. So I invite you to read his response in the LETTERS TO THE EDITOR section this week. I like his writing style.
  • Also in the LETTERS TO THE EDITOR section, there is a lot of paging equipment being offered for sale. Don't get caught without spares.
  • Frontier hid fees and over-promised Internet speeds, AG says
  • The US Secret Service Issues Ransomware Warning
  • Nearly 600 online retailers hit with credit card-stealing malware — protect yourself now
  • Phone Times
  • InsideTowers
    • Mobile Data Report Ranks U.S. Phone Ownership As “Expensive”
  • BloostonLaw Telecom Update
    • Reminder: RDOF Auction Short Forms Due July 15
    • AT&T Posts Generic ILEC-to-ILEC Agreement on its Website
    • Reassigned Number Database Compliance Begins Jul. 27; Small Businesses Have Until Jan. 27, 2021
    • FCC Seeks Comment on T-Band Reallocation and Licensing NPRM
    • Comments on Wireless Facility Deployment Revisions Due July 22
    • Comments on 70/80/90 GHz Bands NPRM Due August 5
    • Comments on Termination of Dormant Proceedings Due August 5
    • Senators Introduce Legislation to Permit Refinancing of RUS Debt
    • House Passes Moving Forward Act to Boost Broadband Availability and Next Gen 911
    • Supreme Court Strikes Down Government Debt Exemption in TCPA
    • GAO Issues 5G Report; Recommends Comprehensive Strategic Planning to FCC
    • Deadlines
    • Calendar At-a-Glance
    • BloostonLaw Contracts
    • “Tintarella Di Luna”
    • Hetty and the Jazzato Band

Under the headline “ARE PAGERS OBSOLETE?” in the June 26, 2020 issue, there was a commentary from Albert Erdmann about an article that was criticizing the use of pagers by Britain's health service. Albert's op-ed piece was well received and prompted some comments to me from one of our supporters.

This was not his first submittal to the LETTERS TO THE EDITOR so I asked him to please send us more information supporting paging and to include a little bio info about himself as well.

So I invite you to read his response in the LETTERS TO THE EDITOR section this week. I like his writing style.

Also in the LETTERS TO THE EDITOR section, there is a lot of paging equipment being offered for sale. Don't get caught without spares.

Frontier hid fees and over-promised Internet speeds, AG says

The company, which recently sold its holdings, has agreed to pay $900,000 to the state and customers.

By Chuck Taylor and Ben Watanabe
Wednesday, July 8, 2020 9:41am

EVERETT — Frontier Communications Northwest, the company that recently sold its broadband services to Kirkland-based WaveDivision, is to pay $900,000 to the state and affected customers for charging hidden fees and misrepresenting INTERNET speeds.

Before the transfer of ownership, Frontier, whose main Western Washington office was in Everett, did not adequately disclose fees in advertising and misled subscribers about INTERNET speeds it could provide, according to the Washington State Office of the Attorney General.

In a legal settlement to be filed in Thurston County Superior Court , the attorney general’s office said the $900,000 must be paid by Frontier Northwest or its parent, Frontier Communications of Norwalk, Connecticut, pending approval by a bankruptcy court. Frontier filed for bankruptcy as it was closing a deal to sell its telephone, television and INTERNET holdings in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana to WaveDivision. That sale closed on May 1, and WaveDivision now does business as Ziply Fiber.

As in the case of many settlement agreements, Frontier does not admit wrongdoing. [source]

Wireless Messaging News

  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Two-way Radio
  • Technology
  • Telemetry
  • Science
  • Paging
  • Wi-Fi
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This doesn't mean that nothing is ever published here that mentions a US political party—it just means that the editorial policy of this newsletter is to remain neutral on all political issues. We don't take sides.






About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the INTERNET for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.






Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association. I don't intend to hurt anyone's feelings, but I do freely express my own opinions.








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Advertiser Index

Easy Solutions  (Vaughan Bowden)
IWA Technical Services, Inc.  (Ira Wiesenfeld)
Leavitt Communications  (Phil Leavitt)
Media 1
Prism-IPX Systems  (Jim Nelson & John Bishop)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC  (Ron Mercer)
Wex International Limited

Service Monitors and Frequency Standards for Sale

Motorola Service Monitor

IFR Service Monitor

Efratom Rubidium Standard

(Images are typical units, not actual photos of items offered for sale here.)

Qty Item Notes
2 Late IFR 500As with new batteries
1 Motorola R 2001D  
4 Motorola R 2400 and 2410A  
5 Motorola R 2600 and R 2660 late S/Ns  
4 Motorola R 1200  
2 Motorola R 2200  
2 Stand-alone Efratom Rubidium Frequency Standards 10 MHz output
1 Telawave model 44 wattmeter Recently calibrated
1 IFR 1000S  
All sold with 7 day ROR (Right of Refusal), recent calibration, operation manual and accessories  
Factory carrying cases for each with calibration certificate  
Many parts and accessories  

Frank Moorman animated left arrow

(254) 596-1124

Passive Audio Amps For Smart Phones

Buy An Amp today

Oh come on they are cool.

These are acoustic amplifiers for smartphones. They don't need electric power to operate and there are no moving parts. They work like a megaphone (speaking-trumpet, bullhorn, or loudhailer). Everyone that I have shown one to has said something like “Wow, I want one of those!” So I have built a few of them.

Of course there are more “Hi-Fi” ways to listen to audio on your smartphone but who would want to plug an elegant smartphone into some cheap, plastic gadget? Or even use Wi-Fi or Bluetooth, which are a pain in the neck to set up, even on a smartphone.

These have been made with hardwood bases and some of them are exotic hardwoods with interesting grain patterns. The horns are polished brass — made from mostly old horns that had rubber bulbs on the ends and were used in “times gone by” by taxis and even clowns in circuses. These horns have been re-purposed, reshaped, soldered, and polished.

They horns are now on display and for sale at:

Owl’s Nest
2006 Kelty Road
Franktown, Colorado 80116

Tel: 303-954-8229
Location: Map
Social Media: Facebook
Twitter: @owlsnestfranktown
E-mail: Virginia Angus
Allan Angus

The two large horns — the trombone and the gramophone — are difficult to pack and ship to they are for local pickup only. The remainder can be sent to you. I have the cowboy horn and the rest are in stock at the Colorado coffee shop.

Please call for pricing and availability or stop in for a demo and a great cup of espresso.

P.S. Allan, Virginia and I worked together at WebLink Wireless in Dallas.

Leavitt Communications


50 years experience providing and supporting radio and paging customers worldwide. Call us anytime we can be useful!






Minitor VI

Leavitt sells and supports most pager brands. We stock Unication G1, G5, Secure and some Elegant pagers. Call or e-mail for price and availability.

Philip C. Leavitt, V.P.
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Web Site:
Mobile phone: 847-494-0000
Telephone: 847-955-0511
Fax: 270-447-1909
Skype ID: pcleavitt

JUL 07, 2020

The US Secret Service Issues Ransomware Warning

The US Secret Service issued a security alert about ransomware attacks.

The U.S. Secret Service issued a warning about an increase in hacks targeting managed service providers, or MSPs, of both the U.S. private sector and various government entities.

According to a document published by ZDNet on June 7, threat actors have been widely relying on ransomware attacks, point-of-sale intrusions, and business email compromise scams to breach the internal networks of MSP customers.

Remote management software under threat

MSPs are service providers related to remote management software for enterprises, including file-sharing systems for internal networks, which could also be hosted inside a cloud infrastructure.

U.S. Secret Service officials issued a warning, stating in part that:

Due to the fact a single MSP can service a large number of customers, cybercriminals are specifically targeting these MSPs to conduct their attacks at scale to infect multiple companies through the same vector.

Ransomware gangs target MSPs

In 2019, ransomware groups like GandCrab and REvil became known for targeting MSPs to deploy their attacks. Threat intelligence firm, Armor, reported at least 13 MSPs were hacked in the same year.

This is the second alert from U.S. authorities about MSP-related vulnerabilities. The National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center, or NCCIC, raised red flags over this issue as well back in October 2018.

On May 27, Cointelegraph reported that the Blue Mockingbird malware gang infected more than 1,000 business systems with Monero (XMR) mining malware.



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W8001 (4 Line/8 Line IP67 Alphanumeric Pager)

W8008 Thinnest IP67 Rated Alphanumeric Pager 4 Line/8 Line, OLED Display

W2028 (2 Line/4 Line Alphanumeric Pager)

For Trade inquiries contact:
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  • Available in VHF, UHF & 900 MHz Full Range Frequency Bands
  • We are OEM for Major Brand names in USA and Europe
  • We also Design and Manufacture POCSAG Decoder Boards
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Visit our websites for more details

For ESPAÑOL, PORTUGUÊS AND DEUTSCH versions, please go to:

Paging Transmitters 150/900 MHz

The RFI High Performance Paging Transmitter is designed for use in campus, city, state and country-wide paging systems. Designed for use where reliable simulcast systems where RF signal overlap coverage is critical.

  • Commercial Paging systems.
  • Healthcare Paging systems.
  • Public Safety Emergency Services Paging systems.
  • Demand Response Energy Grid Management.

Built-in custom interface for Prism-IPX ipBSC Base Controller for remote control, management and alarm reporting.

  • Use as a stand-alone unit or in wide area network.
  • Mix with other transmitter brands in an existing paging network.
  • Adjustable from 20-250 watts.
  • 110/240 VAC or 48VDC.
  • Absolute Delay Correction.
  • Remote Diagnostics.
  • Configurable alarm thresholds.
  • Integrated Isolator.
  • Superb Reliability.
  • Improved amplifier efficiency.
  • Most reliable high-powered paging transmitter available.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:


“Is Paging Going Away?” by Jim Nelson

  • Click here for English.
  • Click here for German. (Berlin Revision: November 8, 2016)
  • Click here for French.

Here is an English PDF edit of this paper formatted with page breaks and suitable for printing.

Volunteers needed for translations into other languages.

Board of Advisors

The Wireless Messaging News
Board of Advisors

Frank McNeill
Founder & CEO
Communications Specialists
Jim Nelson
President & CEO
Prism Systems International
Kevin D. McFarland, MSCIS
Sr. Application Systems Analyst
Medical Center
Paul Lauttamus, President
Lauttamus Communications & Security
R.H. (Ron) Mercer
Wireless Consultant
Barry Kanne
Paging Industry Veteran
Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
Consulting Engineer
Allan Angus
Consulting Engineer

The Board of Advisor members are people with whom I have developed a special rapport, and have met personally. They are not obligated to support the newsletter in any way, except with advice, and maybe an occasional letter to the editor.


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Newspapers generally cost 75¢ $1.50 a copy and they hardly ever mention paging or wireless messaging, unless in a negative way. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially?

A donation of $50.00 would certainly help cover a one-year period. If you are wiling and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above.



by: Lewin Day
July 7, 2020

A few weeks ago, China launched the final satellite in its BeiDou-3 satellite positioning system. Didn’t know that China had its own GPS? How about Europe’s Galileo, Russia’s GLONASS, or Japan’s QZSS? There’s a whole world of GPS-alikes out there. Let’s take a look.

The Global Positioning System (GPS) that we all know and love flew its first satellite in the distant past of 1978, just five years after the project began. Becoming fully operational in 1993, it was originally intended for use by the military. After decrees by government and the increase in civilian accuracy in 2000, GPS took the world by storm.

While open access to GPS spawned new industries and made navigation easier for everyone, governments worldwide were keenly aware that such a useful system was under the sole control of the United States. As more came to rely on it for day to day activities, it became clear to many that it would be advantageous to have a system under their own control.

These factors have led to the development of a spate of satellite navigation systems being developed by other nation states. Russia’s GLONASS, the European Union’s Galileo, and China’s BeiDou navigation system all offer comparable functionality to GPS. Meanwhile, Japan and India have both undertaken the construction of regional navigational systems, with QZSS and NAVIC, respectively. Each have their own unique qualities, and it bears learning about the relative systems and what they bring to satellite navigation.


Vladimir Putin unwraps a GLONASS navigation unit, after his efforts to bring the system back to full functionality in the early 2000s.

The oldest system next to GPS, GLONASS was developed by the Soviet Union, kicking off in 1976. A little slower to come together, its full constellation of satellites was first completed in 1995. Russian economic issues led to the system falling out of maintenance, and global coverage was lost a few short years later.

It was only in the new millennium that proper funding was restored to the project. Since then, GLONASS has become a priority of Russian leadership, taking a full third of the Roscosmos budget. Global coverage was once again reached in 2013.

At its standard level of operation, GLONASS offers between 4.5 m and 7.4 m of accuracy – competitive with unaugmented GPS. Despite this, it was late to the party, and initially failed to find acceptance as GPS was already the favored choice. Regulations were put in place for a 25% import tariff for any GPS navigation device that didn’t also support GLONASS. This political move quickly changed things, with manufacturers making the effort to create devices that could take advantage of both satellite navigation systems. This had the additional benefit of improving acquire time, as receivers had a broader set of satellites from which to receive a fix.


Kicking off in 1999, The European Union’s Galileo system was nearly scuppered before it got started, with the United States having severe reservations about the program. With the system offering high accuracy navigation to anyone and everyone, the US feared it could be used in attacks on its home territory. With the original frequency plan, it would be impractical for US forces to jam Galileo transmissions without also interfering with GPS used for their own weapons. However, the EU pushed on, coming to a compromise that the system would be built, albeit in a way that would leave the two systems using suitably separate frequency allocations. The first craft was launched took place in 2011, with launches taking place thick and fast ever since.

The Return Link functionality is intended to allow those activating emergency beacons to be notified that their message has been received, and help is on the way. [Image source: ESA]

Currently, 22 satellites are operational out of a planned total 30: 24 to be in use, and 6 on active standby. Coverage is considered global, while likely not yet perfect until the constellation is completed sometime this year. Through the use of Precise Point Positioning technology, Galileo offers accuracy to the centimetric level in its high accuracy mode, without requiring any communications with base-stations like augmented GPS or RTK.

Plans also include implementing rudimentary two-way communication for the Galileo Search-and-Rescue service, allowing first responders to indicate to those seeking assistance that their call has been received and help is on the way.


China’s final BeiDou satellite was launched on June 22, 2020. The booster made landfall downrange and set a small fire amongst some trees.

Spawned from discussions in the 1980s, China’s Beidou system kicked off with BeiDou-1, with the first launch taking place in 2000. A China-only regional system, it was superseded by BeiDou-2 which began launches in 2007 which began the march towards more global coverage. 2015 marked the start of BeiDou-3 deployment, with the final satellite of the constellation being launched on June 22, 2020.

With accuracy on the order of 10 meters for civilian use, it also delivers a military-only signal to the armies of China and Pakistan, reportedly down to 10 cm. Short messaging capability is also included in the platform, though whether this will be available to the general public is not clear at this time. Around 70% of Chinese smartphones already support the system. With China’s huge manufacturing muscle and massive population, expect BeiDou hardware to become commonplace incredibly quickly.


Creating a global satellite navigation system is incredibly expensive. While the economic benefits can be huge, they’re not always readily capturable by those implementing the system, particularly now in a world where we have four. However, that doesn’t mean there aren’t gains to be had from throwing up a few satellites to augment things locally.

Japan’s QZSS system does just that, acting as a local support to standard GPS satellites. The goal was to create a regionally-specific system to help with GPS reception in urban canyons, where tall buildings make it difficult for receivers on the ground to see enough satellites to get a fix. Signals transmitted from the satellites are compatible with standard GPS receivers. First launched in 2010, the constellation currently consists of four satellites, with a further three planned.

Qualcomm chipsets will include NAVIC functionality going forward, after a deal was signed in 2019.

India’s NAVIC system was partially borne out of a loss of GPS access in the midst of the Kargil War in 1999. The first launch took place in 2013, with the system declared operational five years later. With seven satellites currently in use, coverage extends up to 1,600 km from India’s borders. Using a dual-band system with transmissions at 1176 MHz and 2492 MHz to calculate atmospheric distortion, it aims to offer better accuracy than unaugmented GPS.

As in Russia, India is using government legislation to push adoption, and deals signed suggest smartphones could work with NAVIC signals as soon as this year.


For the average user on the street, the new systems coming online won’t be particularly noticeable. It’s likely that smartphone chipsets will pack functionality with most, if not all, systems moving forward, allowing quicker fixes and more accurate positioning. For makers and hackers, there will be more options than ever for satellite navigation modules. For those seeking access to the most satellites possible, units like the ublox NEO-M8U will be attractive. Combined GPS/GLONASS receivers have already been around for years. Anyone out there using Galileo’s centimeter-level resolution?

For nation states, their leaders may sleep a little more soundly knowing that their military has accurate strike capabilities on lock, regardless of the whims of the USA. Conversely, they may fear their adversaries hitting their own soft targets with more precision than ever before. Realistically, positioning systems will just be yet another front on which electronic warfare rages on the battlefield. Incidents like Iran’s use of GPS spoofing are a great example of how these systems can be used and abused.

Regardless, it’s an exciting time for those interested in the cutting-edge of positioning technologies. We look forward to ever-more accurate data helping out with new technologies like drone deliveries, self driving cars, and just finding your way to that new happening coffee shop across town!

Source: Hackaday  

  • LIVE response possible to any program with Media 1 Live app from Android or Apple stores, summed up immediately for producer on web site
  • Propose LIVE broadcast on INTERNET with live response to reach youth with low cost quality education, seeking persons interested.
  • Contact:



10 Vanadium Place, Addington
Christchurch 8024, New Zealand
Ph: +64 (0)3 379 2298
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Free: 0508 Salcom (NZ Only)



Easy Solutions

easy solutions

Providing Expert Support and Service Contracts for all Glenayre Paging Systems.

The GL3000 is the most prolific paging system in the world and Easy Solutions gladly welcomes you to join us in providing reliable support to the paging industry for many more decades in the future.

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don’t just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost-effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full-time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or  e-mail  us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023

Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119
Telephone: 214 785-8255


I would like to recommend Easy Solutions for Support of all Glenayre Paging Equipment. This Texas company is owned and operated by Vaughan Bowden. I have known Vaughan for over 35 years. Without going into a long list of his experience and qualifications, let me just say that he was the V.P. of Engineering at PageNet which was—at that time—the largest paging company in the world. So Vaughan knows Paging.

GTES is no longer offering support contracts. GTES was the original group from Vancouver that was setup to offer support to customers that wanted to continue with the legacy Glenayre support. Many U.S. customers chose not to use this service because of the price and the original requirement to upgrade to version 8.0 software (which required expensive hardware upgrades, etc.). Most contracts ended as of February 2018.

If you are at all concerned about future support of Glenayre products, especially the “king of the hill” the GL3000 paging control terminal, I encourage you to talk to Vaughan about a service contract and please tell him about my recommendation.

Click on the image above for more info about advertising here.

INTERNET Protocol Terminal

The IPT accepts INTERNET or serial messaging using various protocols and can easily convert them to different protocols, or send them out as paging messages.

An ideal platform for hospitals, on-site paging applications, or converting legacy systems to modern protocols.

Input Protocols: Serial and IP
Output Protocols: Serial and IP
FLEX (optional PURC control)   POCSAG (optional PURC control)

Additional/Optional Features

  • Database of up to 5000 subscribers.
  • 4 serial ports on board.
  • Up to 8 phone lines (DID or POTS).
  • Can be configured for auto-fail-over to hot swap standby.
  • 1RU rack mount unit appliance—no moving parts.
  • Easily secure legacy system messages leaving site for HIPAA compliance.
  • Only purchase the protocols/options you need.
  • Add Paging Encryption for HIPAA compliance on site.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Nearly 600 online retailers hit with credit card-stealing malware — protect yourself now

By Nicholas Fearn July 8, 2020

'Keeper' cybercrime group has been active since 2017

(Image credit: Shutterstock)

A new credit-card-stealing group of cybercriminals has made millions of dollars by targeting more than 570 online retail websites, some of them rather well known, over a period of three years.

According to security firm Gemini, the "Keeper" Magecart group has made around $7 million by flogging the details of perhaps 700,00 stolen credit cards on the dark web and has been active in 55 countries since April 2017.

[video at source]

With the rapid growth of the e-commerce industry, Magecart attacks, also known as digital skimming attacks, are becoming more common.

These attacks happen when cybercrooks inject malicious code into the source code of retail websites to record their customer’s credit card details as the card information is entered.

The Magecart name derives from one of the first groups to use this method to steal credit cards from websites en masse. That group targeted websites running the open-source Magento e-commerce framework, which has about 250,000 users globally, but it has since become a generic term.

Gemini security researchers said the Keeper group “consists of an interconnected network of 64 attacker domains and 73 exfiltration domains”, all of which “use identical login panels and are linked to the same dedicated server”.

They found that the server “hosts both the malicious payload and the exfiltrated data stolen from victim sites".

Which websites were hit by the Keeper gang?

The vast majority of sites breached by the hackers (85%) did use the Magneto e-commerce platform and were predominantly based in the US, the UK and the Netherlands. There were also many sites based in Australia and France.

A full list of the compromised websites is on the Gemini website. Few of them belong to internationally known companies, but the list does include the well-known British brand The Body Shop, the Canadian site of the American apparel brand Columbia Sportswear, the British sportswear retailer Umbro, the official website of the American country singer Alan Jackson, the website of the official AP Stylebook used by most U.S, journalists, and a memorably named British equestrian-fashion site called Horses with Attitude.

What can I do to prevent my credit card being stolen?

To protect yourself from having your credit card compromised while shopping online, you might want to look into a service that provides one-time card numbers for individual purchases.

It also helps to have one of the best antivirus programs running on your PC or Mac, as the AV software will often know when a site is compromised and will warn you before you connect to it.

In general, you should also check your credit-card statements at least once a month, and report anything unusual to your card issuer immediately. At least in the U.S., it's rare for credit-card holders to be left with the bill when someone else uses the card fraudulently.

Active on the dark web

Gemini claims that the perpetrators kept the details of 184,000 breached credit cards and that the time stamps were dated between July 2018 and April 2019.

"Based on the provided number of collected cards during a nine-month window, and accounting for the group’s operations since April 2017, Gemini estimates that it has likely collected close to 700,000 compromised cards," the report said.

By selling these compromised cards on the dark web, the crooks have likely made huge sums of money over the past few years.

Gemini said: “Extrapolating the number of cards per nine months to Keeper’s overall lifespan, and given the dark web median price of $10 per compromised Card Not Present (CNP) card, this group has likely generated upwards of $7 million USD from selling compromised payment cards.”

The actual figure may be very different, however, because stolen-credit-card information is often sold at bulk discounts.

Since breaching its first e-commerce store in 2017, the Keeper group has “continually improved its technical sophistication and the scale of its operations”, Gemini said.

“Based on this pattern of successful Magecart attacks, Gemini assesses with high confidence that Keeper is likely to continue launching increasingly sophisticated attacks against online merchants across the world,” the report added.

Source: Tom's Guide  

Paging Data Receiver PDR-4

The PDR-4 is a multi-function paging data receiver that decodes paging messages and outputs them via the serial port, USB or Ethernet connectors.

Designed for use with Prism-IPX ECHO software Message Logging Software to receive messages and log the information for proof of transmission over the air, and if the data was error free.

  • Option—decode capcode list or all messages.
  • Large capcode capacity.
  • Serial, USB and Ethernet output.
  • POCSAG or FLEX page decoding, special SA protocols.
  • Receivers for paging bands in VHF, UHF, 900 MHz.
  • Message activated Alarm Output.
  • 8 programmable relay outputs.
  • Send notifications of a system problem.
  • Synthesized Receiver Tuning.
  • Selectivity better than 60 dB.
  • Frequencies 148-174, 450-470, 929-932 MHz.
  • Image Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Spurious Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Channel Spacing 12.5 or 25 kHz.
  • Power 5VDC.
  • Receiving Sensitivity 5µV at 1200 bps.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Wireless Network Planners

Wireless Network Planners
Wireless Specialists

R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street
East Northport, NY 11731

ron mercer
Telephone: 631-786-9359 left arrow left arrow

Phone Times

By Kymberly Foster Seabolt — July 9, 2020

I spent much of today in 1980. Figuratively, not literally, although the latter would have been fun. No, I spent the day in a location that doesn’t have reliable cell service. If more than say, six people, try to use their phones simultaneously, the signal crashes under the load.

Accordingly, we are all carrying on like rational adults and behaving as if the world is devoid of oxygen. When faced with the possibility that while out in a public venue we can’t text or call one another, we just went ahead and lost our grip on sanity. Husbands are losing wives. Grown children are claiming their mothers are lost. We are paging people like it’s 1980.

“Brittany please meet your mother at the car! She looks mad!”

“Jim please meet your wife, Diane” — as opposed to his other wife I suppose.

Pay phones

Most of us are old enough to know better. You would not know that we have ever lived in a world where you once had to use a pay phone — and actual spoken words — to communicate with people. Do pay phones exist anymore? If they do, do they take debit cards?

Even if I found myself with exact change and a working pay phone, I would not know how to call anyone. In the “olden days,” we had to remember everyone’s number. I am not proud of the fact that even my children’s numbers are iffy to me. I just have them saved on my cell phone. I push a picture of my husband and my phone reaches him.


I also hail from a time when they had to answer the phone to know who was calling. Worse, we couldn’t just pull it out of our pocket and see what flashed on the screen. We were slimmer then, because we had to run over to the wall or table the phone was to answer it.

I did a lot of sprinting to the phone as a teen. Once there, we didn’t talk long if it was “long distance.” As far as I knew as a child, it cost a kidney a minute, and my mother was not paying for that. Collect calls were a timed speed event. We would call and say quickly, “Mom, I need a ride,” before the omnipresent operator cut us off.

Collect calls aside, we were generally taught proper phone etiquette, such as saying, “hello this is Kymberly, is Tari available?”

Now it seems like people just call and say, “who is this?”

Just phone calls

In the past, our phones just phoned. There was no, “hey Alexa, what is the temperature?”

Calling time and temperature is how you knew what the temperature was. You couldn’t Google the answer. There was no “weather app.” You had to watch the news at a designated time and catch the forecast.

We had only three television channels, and maybe PBS, if we wiggled the wire hanger used as an antenna just the right way.

Music was listened to on the radio or cassette tapes. When you wanted to hear your favorite song you had to call the radio station and wait for the DJ to play your favorite song. It was a special art to be able to press record at the right time on your cassette player to make your own playlist.

Today, my phone makes playlists for me based on songs I have previously liked. I would be offended at the invasion of privacy if it wasn’t so spot on.

As a matter of fact, I would like my car stereo to Bluetooth stream Jim Croce’s Greatest Hits, thank you very much. Most appropriately that great song about the “Operator.” Too bad almost no one under 45 will understand it.

Kymberly Foster Seabolt

Warm, witty and just a wee bit warped, Kymberly Foster Seabolt is a native of Kent, Ohio, who survived childhood exposure to disco and grew up to marry and move to the country. Her column weaves her special brand of humor with poignant, entertaining, and honest portrayals of parenting, marriage, and real life. She currently lives in northeastern Ohio with her husband, two children, two dogs, two cats, and numerous dust bunnies who wish to remain nameless.

Source: FARM and DAIRY  

Consulting Alliance

Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, Vic Jackson, and Ira Wiesenfeld are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects.

Click here left arrow for a summary of their qualifications and experience. Each one has unique abilities. We would be happy to help you with a project, and maybe save you some time and money.

Note: We do not like Patent Trolls, i.e. “a person or company who enforces patent rights against accused infringers in an attempt to collect licensing fees, but does not manufacture products or supply services based upon the patents in question.” We have helped some prominent law firms defend their clients against this annoyance, and would be happy to do some more of this same kind of work.

Some people use the title “consultant” when they don't have a real job. We actually do consulting work, and help others based on our many years of experience.

“If you would know the road ahead, ask someone who has traveled it.”
— Chinese Proverb

Consulting Alliance

Remote AB Switches

ABX-1 switches are often used at remote transmitter sites to convert from old, outdated and unsupported controllers to the new modern Prism-IPX ipBSC base station controllers. Remotely switch to new controllers with GUI commands.


ABX-3 switches are widely used for enabling or disabling remote equipment and switching I/O connections between redundant messaging systems.


Common Features:

  • RJ45 for A, B and Common connectors.
  • Manual push button or use Prism IP commands to switch one or more relays.
  • Single or Dual Port Control card for IP or Serial connection.
  • Form C relay—control local connection.
  • Power Loss Indicator.
  • Rear Panel Connector for controlling the switch externally.
  • Power Source: 5VDC for ABX-1; 12VDC for ABX-3.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Leavitt Communications

We can supply alphanumeric display, numeric display, and voice pagers.

We also offer NEW and refurbished Alphamate 250s, refurbished Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate refurbished, and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts, and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging! Outstanding service is our goal.

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information, or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

Phil Leavitt

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Inside Towers Newsletter

Thursday, July 9, 2020 Volume 8 | Issue 132

Mobile Data Report Ranks U.S. Phone Ownership As “Expensive”

There are more cell phones on the planet than humans, and yes, more people own a mobile phone than a toothbrush (seriously, Google it!). Depending on where you live, the cost of keeping your phone connected varies widely. According to the London Daily Mail, a new report by VisualCapitalist looked at average data prices in 155 different countries and found a 30,000 percent difference between the cheapest and most expensive markets. Countries at the top of the list — representing the most expensive data - were those where low population density and lack of a national cell tower infrastructure exist, like Subsaharan Africa. However, with a plethora of telecommunications companies and infrastructure, the U.S. came in at number 18, with the cost of 1GB of data equal to $8.00.

In contrast, the least expensive data resides in India, where 1GB equals $0.09. Researchers attribute this low cost to escalating competition between the country's four main service providers. Other countries that rank on the inexpensive side include Israel, Kyrgyzstan, Italy, and Ukraine.

The VisualCapitalist study unveiled rates for data currently, but that might all change soon. According to the researchers, average data prices could significantly increase in the next several years as more countries begin unveiling 5G.

Source: Inside Towers newsletter Courtesy of the editor of Inside Towers Jim Fryer.
Inside Towers is a daily newsletter by subscription.

BloostonLaw Newsletter

Selected portions [sometimes more — sometimes less — sometimes the whole updates] of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP — are reproduced in this section of The Wireless Messaging News with kind permission from the firm's partners. The firm's contact information is included at the end of this section of the newsletter.

  BloostonLaw Telecom Update Vol. 23, No. 28 July 8, 2020  

Reminder: RDOF Auction Short Forms Due July 15

On July 1, the FCC issued a Public Notice announcing the opening of the window for entities to file the short-form application (FCC Form 183) to participate in Auction 904 (Rural Digital Opportunity Fund Phase I). The Auction 904 application window opened at 12:00 noon EDT on July 1, 2020. The Auction 904 application window will close at 6:00 pm EDT on July 15, 2020. All entities seeking to participate in Auction 904 must complete a short-form application by the close of the application window. The FCC encourages interested entities to certify and submit their application well in advance of the deadline. Late applications will not be accepted.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.


AT&T Posts Generic ILEC-to-ILEC Agreement on its Website

In a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, we reported that AT&T had notified rural local exchange carriers in about twenty-one states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio. Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Wisconsin) that it was terminating many traffic exchange and extended area service (“EAS”) agreements with them as of July 1, 2020. Since then, AT&T has recently posted what appears to be a generic replacement agreement on its website.

The generic agreement is somewhat long and complex, in a way that can make it easy to miss important provisions and changes. Even though the document is set up in a redline-proof Adobe PDF format, with language that AT&T will likely be very reluctant to negotiate or revise, it claims to be the “joint work product” negotiated by the parties and their counsel, and from which no inferences regarding the resolution of ambiguities can be drawn against either party.

One major initial reservation concerning the AT&T agreement is that it claims to encompass a number of attachments, exhibits, schedules and addenda that will ultimately “constitute the entire agreement” between the parties. It is not yet clear how these various additional documents will be controlled and agreed upon, so that Rural LECs will be able to determine exactly what are their rights and obligations under the “entire agreement” at any particular time.

As we noted previously, some changes such as the final transition of terminating access charges and reciprocal compensation fees to bill-and-keep are already the law and have been incorporated into NECA and other Rural LEC tariffs as of July 1. Other matters such as EAS and interconnection arrangements are not necessarily required by the bill-and-keep transition but have long been desired by AT&T to be changed. Clients are warned to be very careful of what types or new or revised agreements they negotiate and sign with AT&T.

BloostonLaw has decades of experience in these matters, and stands ready to assist those who desire our help.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

Reassigned Number Database Compliance Begins Jul. 27; Small Businesses Have Until Jan. 27, 2021

On July 2, the FCC issued a Public Notice announcing that beginning July 27, 2020, voice service providers must maintain records of the most recent date each number was permanently disconnected and must age telephone numbers for at least 45 days after disconnection and before reassignment. Small business voice service providers have an additional six months, i.e., until January 27, 2021, to comply with the record maintenance rule. The FCC will announce the compliance date for the new rule requiring voice service providers to send information to the Reassigned Numbers Database once the database is established. These requirements are applicable to all carriers that obtain numbering resources from the NANPA, a Pooling Administrator, or another carrier.

We note that the FCC’s June 26 Federal Register publication regarding these rules, about which we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, stated that “[t]he Commission also announces that compliance with the rules for aging numbers and maintaining records of the most recent date of permanent disconnection is now required,” without reference to the 30 day implementation period or the six month extension for small businesses described in the July 2 Public Notice.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

FCC Seeks Comment on T-Band Reallocation and Licensing NPRM

On July 6, the FCC released the text of its controversial June 24 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, in which it seeks comment on reallocating “T-Band” spectrum (470-512 MHz), assigning new licenses by auction for the 6 megahertz to 18 megahertz of spectrum that is potentially available in each of the eleven urbanized areas, and relocating “public safety eligibles” from the T-Band. Comment deadlines have not yet been established.

The T-band spectrum auction was mandated by the Middle-Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012, which created the First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet). Congress required that the FCC reclaim from public safety (and sell at auction) the T-band spectrum, in exchange for 700 MHz band 14 spectrum. Public safety entities make extensive use of the T-Band in 11 large urban areas (including Boston, Chicago, Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York City/New Jersey, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, San Francisco/Oakland, and Washington, D.C./Maryland/Virginia).

The public safety community has repeatedly made that case that loss of the T-Band spectrum would be a severe blow to their communications capabilities. Numerous federal regulators, including FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, have asked Congress to allow public safety to keep the T-band. Several bills to repeal the T-Band mandate have been introduced in both houses of Congress, but none have made it out of Committee. Now, because Congress has not repealed the mandate, the FCC is being forced to move forward with the auction process.

Specifically, the FCC proposes rules that would allow for flexible use in the auctioned T-Band, including wireless (fixed or mobile) use. The FCC also proposes to permit broadcast operations and seeks comment on how best to facilitate this and other potential uses. The FCC seeks comment on transition mechanisms and costs for relocating public safety eligibles from the T-Band, including whether to transition these licensees only where auction revenues exceed anticipated transition costs. The FCC also proposes an auction framework and licensing, operating, and technical rules for the reallocated spectrum that would preserve the current environment for incumbents remaining in the T-Band. Finally, The FCC seeks comment on how to best address the non-public safety operations in the T-Band to maximize opportunities for new entrants, including whether and how to transition non-public safety operations. This could affect our clients that may have gotten non-public safety T-Band channels for land mobile systems that are interleaved with the safety spectrum.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast, Cary Mitchell, and Sal Taillefer.

Comments on Wireless Facility Deployment Revisions Due July 22

On July 2, the FCC published in the Federal Register its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in which it proposes revisions to its rules on wireless facility deployment that would allow applicants to excavate or deploy wireless facilities outside the boundaries of an existing tower site. Comments are due on or before July 22, 2020. Reply comments on or before August 3, 2020.

Specifically, the Commission proposes to revise the definition of ‘‘site’’ in the Commission’s rules to make clear that ‘‘site’’ refers to the boundary of the leased or owned property surrounding the tower and any access or utility easements currently related to the site as of the date that the facility was last reviewed and approved by a locality. The Commission also proposes to amend its rules so that a modification of an existing facility that entails ground excavation or deployment of up to 30 feet in any direction outside the facility’s site will be eligible for streamlined processing under the Spectrum Act. The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) also seeks comment on whether the Commission should adopt a different definition of ‘‘site’’ than the one proposed.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.

Comments on 70/80/90 GHz Bands NPRM Due August 5

On July 6, the FCC published in the Federal Register its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking comment on new uses of the 71-76 GHz, 81-86 GHz, 92-94 GHz, and 94.1-95 GHz bands (collectively, the “70/80/90 GHz bands”). Comments are due on or before August 5, 2020. Reply comments on or before September 4, 2020.

Specifically, the Commission seeks comment on potential rule changes for non-Federal users to facilitate the provision of wireless backhaul for 5G, as well as the deployment of broadband services to aircraft and ships, while protecting incumbent operations in the 70/80/90 GHz bands. The Commission seeks to promote expanded use of this co-primary millimeter-wave spectrum and in particular seeks to take advantage of the highly directional signal characteristics of these bands, which may permit the co-existence of multiple types of deployments. Because this is co-primary spectrum for Federal and non-Federal users, the Commission indicates that it will coordinate any proposed rule changes with the affected agencies and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA).

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.

Comments on Termination of Dormant Proceedings Due August 5

On July 6, the FCC published its Public Notice seeking comment on whether 515 proceedings should be terminated as dormant. A full listing of the dockets under consideration can be found here. Comments are due on or before August 5, 2020, and reply comments are due on or before August 20, 2020.

As we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, the FCC’s rules require the FCC to periodically review all open dockets and, in consultation with the responsible Bureaus or Offices, to identify those dockets that appear to be candidates for termination. The FCC stated that these candidates may include dockets in which no further action is required or contemplated as well as those in which no pleadings or other documents have been filed for several years, but it specified that proceedings in which petitions addressing the merits are pending should not be terminated, absent the parties’ consent. The termination of a dormant proceeding also includes dismissal as moot of any pending petition, motion, or other request for relief that is procedural in nature or otherwise does not address the merits of the proceeding.

BloostonLaw encourages all carriers to review the linked spreadsheet and to contact the firm for more information.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Sal Taillefer.

Law and Regulation

Senators Introduce Legislation to Permit Refinancing of RUS Debt

On July 2, Senators John Hoeven (R-N.D.), John Boozman (R-Ark.), Tina Smith (D-Minn.) and Kyrsten Sinema (D-Ariz.) introduced the Flexible Financing for Rural America Act, which would allow small, rural telecommunications providers to refinance their Rural Utilities Service (RUS) debt at current market rates without penalty. Identical legislation was also introduced today in the House by Representatives Vicky Hartzler (R-Mo.) and Tom O’Halleran (D-Ariz.). Under current law, the RUS allows borrowers to refinance their loans under narrow circumstances, and charges penalties when they do.

“Electric cooperatives and telecommunications providers are critical to the quality of life in rural areas,” said Senator Hoeven. “The restrictions on RUS loans hamper the ability of these organizations to cope with the challenges of COVID-19. The Fed reduced interest rates specifically to help businesses through this difficult time, and it makes sense to enable rural electric cooperatives and telecoms to benefit from this important tool, supporting a stronger recovery in our rural communities.”

“Connectivity has long been a struggle for Americans who live in rural areas. COVID-19 has only made that challenge even more difficult to overcome. Our bill gives rural electricity and broadband providers flexibility to meet customers’ needs in these challenging economic times and ensures that rural America will have these vital services to recover and grow when the pandemic is behind us,” said Senator Boozman.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Mary Sisak.

House Passes Moving Forward Act to Boost Broadband Availability and Next Gen 911

On July 1, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Moving Forward Act which, among other things, appropriates over $100 billion in funding for broadband-related programs. As we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, broadband funding includes:

  • $9 billion for a broadband benefit program that entitles households with a member who qualifies for Lifeline, free/reduced school lunch, or are recently unemployed to receive a $50 benefit, or a $75 benefit on tribal lands, to put toward the monthly price of INTERNET service.
  • $5 billion for a grant program at the FCC, using the authorities that established the E-Rate program, for schools and libraries to fund connectivity for students and teachers in the digital classroom.
  • $24 million to the FCC to collect data and generate broadband availability maps required under the BROADBAND DATA Act.
  • $80 billion to fund competitive bidding systems to build broadband infrastructure. Seventy-five percent of the funding is to be used for a nationwide system of competitive bidding to fund broadband deployment in unserved areas, defined as areas with service below 25/25 Megabits per second (Mbps), and areas with low-tier service, defined as areas with service between 25/25 and 100/100 Mbps. The remaining funds (25 percent) are to be distributed among States, by population, for States to conduct statewide systems of competitive bidding for broadband deployment in unserved areas, areas with low-tier service, and to unserved anchor institutions (anchor institutions with speeds less than 1 gigabit per 1,000 users).
  • $12 billion in grants over five years for the implementation of Next Generation 9-1-1 services.

In a statement, Congressman Frank Pallone, Jr. (NJ-06) said, “The Moving Forward Act modernizes our badly aging infrastructure, stimulates our economy, creates millions of good paying jobs, and addresses climate change. Investment in our infrastructure is critical, especially now that millions of Americans have lost their jobs due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. … This is a transformational bill that will rebuild our country and economy for the 21st Century, and if the Senate wants to move our nation forward, it would pass this bill immediately.”

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Sal Taillefer.

Supreme Court Strikes Down Government Debt Exemption in TCPA

On July 6, the Supreme Court of the United States issued its opinion in Barr v. American Association of Political Consultants et. al, in which it invalidated the exemption in the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 (TCPA) that allowed robocalls to be made to cellphones without calling parties’ consent to collect debts owed to or guaranteed by the federal government. According to the Court, the exemption failed the requirement that content-based restrictions on speech must be “narrowly tailored.”

Specifically, the Court held:

Six Members of the Court today conclude that Congress has impermissibly favored debt-collection speech over political and other speech, in violation of the First Amendment. Applying traditional severability principles, seven Members of the Court conclude that the entire 1991 robocall restriction should not be invalidated, but rather that the 2015 government-debt exception must be invalidated and severed from the remainder of the statute. As a result, plaintiffs still may not make political robocalls to cell phones, but their speech is now treated equally with debt-collection speech.

The government debt exemption was added to the TCPA when Congress amended it in 2015. The American Association of Political Consultants and three other organizations filed a declaratory judgment action, claiming that the exemption violated the First Amendment. The District Court determined that the robocall restriction with the government-debt exception was content-based but that it survived because of the Government’s compelling interest in collecting debt. The Fourth Circuit vacated the judgment, agreeing that the robocall restriction with the government-debt exception was a content-based speech restriction, but holding that the law could not withstand strict scrutiny. The court invalidated the government-debt exception and applied traditional severability principles to sever it from the robocall restriction. The Supreme Court upheld the Fourth Circuit.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, Mary Sisak, and Sal Taillefer.


GAO Issues 5G Report; Recommends Comprehensive Strategic Planning to FCC

On June 29, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) issued a report to Congressional requesters on 5G deployment finding that the FCC “needs comprehensive strategic planning to guide its efforts” and recommending that the FCC “develop specific and measurable performance goals with related strategies and measures to: (1) manage spectrum demands for 5G and (2) determine the effects 5G deployment and any mitigating actions may have on the digital divide.”

Experts that the GAO consulted with identified the following hurdles to 5G deployment:

  • Availability of mid-band spectrum to carriers in the United States is not yet sufficient to meet carriers’ needs for 5G network deployment because of existing congestion within the band.
  • Deployment of 5G will likely widen the existing digital divide, between urban and rural areas as well as within urban areas, because urban areas are already equipped with much of the necessary infrastructure (i.e., fiber and power).
  • Deploying 5G infrastructure will be very costly for carriers. A recent Defense Innovation Board report referenced a preliminary study that indicated that carriers would have to install approximately 13 million base stations, at a cost of approximately $400 billion, to deliver 5G service using this high-band spectrum to 72 percent of the population.

The report did acknowledge that the FCC has taken steps to address the digital divide, including its recent announcement to make up to $9 billion in funding available to carriers to deploy 5G in rural areas of the United States, but ultimately concluded a comprehensive plan was lacking.

The full report is available here.

On July 2, Sen. Michael Bennet (D-Colo.) sent a letter to Chairman Pai urging him to respond to the report. Sen. Bennet asked the FCC:

  • Will you follow GAO’s recommendation to “develop, in coordination with NTIA and other relevant stakeholders, specific and measurable performance goals–with related strategies and measures –to manage spectrum demands associated with 5G deployment”? If so, what will your timeframe be to do so?
  • Will you follow GAO’s recommendation to “develop specific and measurable performance goals –with related strategies and measures –to determine the effects of 5G deployment and any mitigating actions may have on the digital divide”? If so, what will your timeframe be to do so?
  • What actions would you recommend Congress take, if any, to strengthen strategic coordination across the executive branch to help deploy secure and reliable 5G networks nationwide?

A response was requested by July 31.


JULY 31: FCC FORM 507, LINE COUNT DATA (A-CAM AND ALASKA PLAN RECPIENTS). Sections 54.313(f)(5) and 54.903(a)(1) of the FCC’s rules requires all rate-of-return telecommunications carriers to provide line count information on FCC Form 507 to USAC, the universal service Administrator. Carriers receiving Connect America Fund Broadband Loop Support (CAF BLS) must submit this information annually on March 31st of each year, and may update the data on a quarterly basis. Carriers that receive Alternative Connect America Model (A-CAM) I, A-CAM II, or Alaska Plan support are required to file by July 1st of each year. For 2020, the FCC has extended the A-CAM filing deadline until July 31.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Gerry Duffy and Sal Taillefer.

JULY 31: CARRIER IDENTIFICATION CODE (CIC) REPORTS. Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Reports must be filed by the last business day of July (this year, July 31). These reports are required of all carriers who have been assigned a CIC code by NANPA. Failure to file could result in an effort by NANPA to reclaim it, although according to the Guidelines this process is initiated with a letter from NANPA regarding the apparent non-use of the CIC code. The assignee can then respond with an explanation. (Guidelines Section 6.2). The CIC Reporting Requirement is included in the CIC Assignment Guidelines, produced by ATIS. According to section 1.4 of that document: At the direction of the NANPA, the access providers and the entities who are assigned CICs will be requested to provide access and usage information to the NANPA, on a semi-annual basis to ensure effective management of the CIC resource. (Holders of codes may respond to the request at their own election). Access provider and entity reports shall be submitted to NANPA no later than January 31 for the period ending December 31, and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. It is also referenced in the NANPA Technical Requirements Document, which states at 7.18.6:

CIC holders shall provide a usage report to the NANPA per the industry CIC guidelines … The NAS shall be capable of accepting CIC usage reports per guideline requirements on January 31 for the period ending December 31 and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. These reports may also be mailed and accepted by the NANPA in paper form. Finally, according to the NANPA website, if no local exchange carrier reports access or usage for a given CIC, NANPA is obliged to reclaim it. The semi-annual utilization and access reporting mechanism is described at length in the guidelines.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

AUGUST 1: FCC FORM 502, NUMBER UTILIZATION AND FORECAST REPORT: Any wireless or wireline carrier (including paging companies) that have received number blocks--including 100, 1,000, or 10,000 number blocks--from the North American Numbering Plan Administrator (NANPA), a Pooling Administrator, or from another carrier, must file Form 502 by August 1. Carriers porting numbers for the purpose of transferring an established customer’s service to another service provider must also report, but the carrier receiving numbers through porting does not. Resold services should also be treated like ported numbers, meaning the carrier transferring the resold service to another carrier is required to report those numbers but the carrier receiving such numbers should not report them. Reporting carriers file utilization and forecast reports semiannually on or before February 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending December 31, and on or before August 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending June 30.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

AUGUST 1: Live 911 Call Data Reports – Non-Nationwide Providers that do not provide coverage in any of the Test Cities must collect and report aggregate data based on the largest county within its footprint to APCO, NENA, and NASNA on the location technologies used for live 911 calls in those areas. Clients should obtain spreadsheets with their company’s compliance data from their E911 service provider (e.g., Intrado / West).

BloostonLaw Contacts: Cary Mitchell.

AUGUST 29: COPYRIGHT STATEMENT OF ACCOUNTS. The Copyright Statement of Accounts form plus royalty payment for the first half of year is due to be filed August 29 at the Library of Congress’ Copyright Office by cable TV service providers.

BloostonLaw contact: Gerry Duffy.

SEPTEMBER 1: FCC FORM 477, LOCAL COMPETITION AND BROADBAND REPORTING FORM. Three types of entities must file this form.

(1) Facilities-based Providers of Broadband Connections to End User Locations: Entities that are facilities-based providers of broadband connections – which are wired “lines” or wireless “channels” that enable the end user to receive information from and/or send information to the INTERNET at information transfer rates exceeding 200 kbps in at least one direction – must complete and file the applicable portions of this form for each state in which the entity provides one or more such connections to end user locations. For the purposes of Form 477, an entity is a “facilities-based” provider of broadband connections to end user locations if it owns the portion of the physical facility that terminates at the end user location, if it obtains unbundled network elements (UNEs), special access lines, or other leased facilities that terminate at the end user location and provisions/equips them as broadband, or if it provisions/equips a broadband wireless channel to the end user location over licensed or unlicensed spectrum. Such entities include incumbent and competitive local exchange carriers (LECs), cable system operators, fixed wireless service providers (including “wireless ISPs”), terrestrial and satellite mobile wireless service providers, MMDS providers, electric utilities, municipalities, and other entities. (Such entities do not include equipment suppliers unless the equipment supplier uses the equipment to provision a broadband connection that it offers to the public for sale. Such entities also do not include providers of fixed wireless services (e.g., “Wi-Fi” and other wireless ethernet, or wireless local area network, applications) that only enable local distribution and sharing of a premises broadband facility.)

(2) Providers of Wired or Fixed Wireless Local Telephone Services: Incumbent and competitive LECs must complete and file the applicable portions of the form for each state in which they provide local exchange service to one or more end user customers (which may include “dial-up” ISPs).

(3) Providers of Interconnected Voice over INTERNET Protocol (VoIP) Service: Interconnected VoIP service is a service that enables real-time, two-way voice communications; requires a broadband connection from the user’s location; requires Internet-protocol compatible customer premises equipment; and permits users generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls to the public switched telephone network. Interconnected VoIP providers must complete and file the applicable portions of the form for each state in which they provide interconnected VoIP service to one or more subscribers, with the state determined for reporting purposes by the location of the subscriber’s broadband connection or the subscriber’s “Registered Location” as of the data-collection date. “Registered Location” is the most recent information obtained by an interconnected VoIP service provider that identifies the physical location of an end user.

(4) Providers of Mobile Telephony Services: Facilities-based providers of mobile telephony services must complete and file the applicable portions of this form for each state in which they serve one or more mobile telephony subscribers. A mobile telephony service is a real-time, two-way switched voice service that is interconnected with the public switched network using an in-network switching facility that enables the provider to reuse frequencies and accomplish seamless handoff of subscriber calls. A mobile telephony service provider is considered “facilities-based” if it serves a subscriber using spectrum for which the entity holds a license that it manages, or for which it has obtained the right to use via lease or other arrangement with a Band Manager.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

SEPTEMBER 30: FCC FORM 396-C, MVPD EEO PROGRAM REPORTING FORM. Each year on September 30, multi-channel video program distributors (“MVPDs”) must file with the Commission an FCC Form 396-C, Multi-Channel Video Programming Distributor EEO Program Annual Report, for employment units with six or more full-time employees. Users must access the FCC’s electronic filing system via the INTERNET in order to submit the form; it will not be accepted if filed on paper unless accompanied by an appropriate request for waiver of the electronic filing requirement. Certain MVPDs also will be required to complete portions of the Supplemental

Investigation Sheet (“SIS”) located at the end of the Form. These MVPDs are specifically identified in a Public Notice each year by the FCC.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Gerry Duffy and Sal Taillefer.

Calendar At-a-Glance

Jul. 10 – Comments on Robocall Enforcement Actions for Carriers with Delayed Compliance are due.
Jul. 15 – Short forms for Auction 904 – Rural Digital Opportunity Fund are due.
Jul. 13 – Comments to refresh the record on One-Way VoIP USF Contribution are due.
Jul. 20 – Reply comments are due on Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Exposure NPRM.
Jul. 22 – Comments are due on Wireless Facility Deployment Revision NPRM.
Jul. 24 – Comments are due on Pro Forma Transfer Process Rulemaking Petition.
Jul. 27 – Reply comments are due on 5G Fund for Rural America.
Jul. 27 – Reply comments on Robocall Enforcement Actions for Carriers with Delayed Compliance are due.
Jul. 27 – Reply comments to refresh the record on One-Way VoIP USF Contribution are due.
Jul. 31 – Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Report is due.
Jul. 31 – FCC Form 507 (Line Count) due for A-CAM and Alaska Plan recipients.

Aug. 1 – FCC Form 502 due (North American Numbering Plan Utilization and Forecast Report).
Aug. 1 – FCC Form 499-Q (Quarterly Telecommunications Reporting Worksheet) is due.
Aug. 1 – Live 911 Call Data Reports from Non-Nationwide Providers are due.
Aug. 3 – Reply comments are due on Wireless Facility Deployment Revision NPRM.
Aug. 4 – Reply comments are due on End User Interstate Access Detariffing.
Aug. 5 – Comments are due on 70/80/90 GHz Band NPRM.
Aug. 5 – Comments are due on Termination of Dormant Proceedings.
Aug. 6 – Reply comments on 5G Fund Adjustment Factor Values are due.
Aug. 10 – Reply comments are due on Pro Forma Transfer Process Rulemaking Petition.
Aug. 20 – Reply comments are due on Termination of Dormant Proceedings.
Aug. 31 – Lifeline Income Documentation, De-Enrollment/Reverification Requirement waivers expire.

Sep. 1 – FCC Form 477 due (Local Competition and Broadband Report).
Sep. 5 – Reply comments are due on 70/80/90 GHz Band NPRM.
Sep. 30 – FCC Form 396-C (MVPD EEO Program Annual Report).

Law Offices Of
Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens,
Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

2120 L St. NW, Suite 300
Washington, D.C. 20037
(202) 659-0830
(202) 828-5568 (fax)


Harold Mordkofsky, 202-828-5520,
Benjamin H. Dickens, Jr., 202-828-5510,
Gerard J. Duffy, 202-828-5528,
John A. Prendergast, 202-828-5540,
Richard D. Rubino, 202-828-5519,
Mary J. Sisak, 202-828-5554,
D. Cary Mitchell, 202-828-5538,
Salvatore Taillefer, Jr., 202-828-5562,

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.


“Tintarella Di Luna”

Hetty and the Jazzato Band

Source: YouTube Lyrics — In Italian with an English translation.

Complete Technical Services for the Communications and Electronics Industries

Technical Services Inc.

Texas Registered Engineering Firm #F16945

“It's more than Push-To-Talk”

7711 Scotia Drive
Dallas, TX 75248-3112

Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.

President • Principal Engineer

Cell: 214-707-7711
Toll Free: 844-IWA-TECH (844-492-8324)

Design  •  Installation  •  Maintenance  •  Training


From: Albert Erdmann
Subject: Paging
Date: July 8, 2020
To: Brad Dye

My background with paging began in the 1980s, after obtaining an electrical engineering degree. In these days, there were no so called "IT" degrees. Instead, those that wanted to work with the mainframe and microcomputer hardware and networks pre-Internet took EE and those who programmed them went for the Computer Science Degree.

In this time, portable cellphones were rare and most were "Car Phones" operating at a higher wattage with fewer sites. People that needed to be reached at all times signed up for pager service. My first pager was a Motorola BPR2000 that operated on 43.6 MHz. [] Florida statewide service was actually just Central Florida at that time, and the system which still shows as an expired license KPE-230 in the ULS FCC database and had only 22 transmitters for its coverage. During this time, I remember leaving my pager in the window at certain places on the edges of the coverage zone to ensure it would work.

My BPR2000 which was just a numeric pager was the most advanced pager offered at the time by the company. The cheapest option was a "beep only" pager that could have up to 4 numbers assigned, each number beeping in a different pattern. This system required you to call back to the number assigned to that pattern to find out who paged you and why. Doctors typically used an answering service, other businesses simply called their office when it went off. The BPR2000 was considered the more advanced option and allowed the caller to directly send their call back number. Pager codes were also used by some to communicate specific information to the pager without the need for a callback.

I obtained full coverage and an 800 number for the pager, and I learned the actual Orlando 7 digit number that the toll free actually pointed at. This was handy to know, because the toll free number could only be called from within Florida, the regular number could be called long distance from anywhere. During this time I would get about a dozen false pages a year for State Farm Insurance.  This is because the Florida main office had the same 7 digit phone number as my pager, but a different nearby area code. In these days people were more aware of pagers. They would call State Farm, hear a beeper instead and leave their number on the display.  I would end up calling the number back and find out they were trying to call State Farm on the wrong area code.

After a few years, the pager failed and was replaced with a Bravo+, which was also a numeric pager, and for the first time had a clock built in. That is when I stopped using a watch, as my pager always had the time. [] For people today, this did not happen until the smartphone age of 2010+.

My first attempts at automation involved my home computer, and a burglar alarm at my Aunt's office. I made a circuit that turned on the computer when my home phone rang.  It then would boot up, wait 3 minutes then page me using the modem. It then used a serial port signal to turn the computer back off after a delay and detected the phone ringing through the RI pin on the serial port.  This allowed me to be alerted that I had received a phone call when I was away before the advent of cell phones.  I could then call back in and retrieve the message from my answering machine.  The burglar alarm was a telephone dialer that called 3 numbers in an emergency.  At the end of the message that identified the location of the emergency, I had placed touch tones that would be sent to my pager and alert me to a break in, a special purpose pager code.

When I needed to be reached in South Florida I discovered another paging company named "Century Paging" that was building its own wide area paging network.  This company offered a pager that listened to a sub-carrier on FM radio stations around the state. As long as you could hear one of the couple of dozen FM radio stations in Florida, you could receive messages. This was the first device that I had that had a working "Out of Range" indicator, displaying an "F" if you were out of coverage. The lower keys was the only place that I ever saw the indicator displayed. This service did not use conventional paging transmitters.  I do not ever remember this service ever being covered in the Newsletter. During this period, I carried both pagers.

My next evolution in paging service was a new system set up in the 1990's called "American Paging Gold" after which the 43.6 MHz system was retired. It had 149 transmitters in Florida on 931.4875 MHz and was said to cover 100% of Florida except for the center of the Everglades and the Ocala National Forest, where they claimed they were unable to locate transmitters. Arch, their next nearest competitor never came close to matching that coverage. During this period, I also used an Arch pager when I vacationed in North Carolina with SE US regional coverage.

Gold Pagers were paged either by calling a shared toll free number, followed by a 7 digit pin, or a toll free number with a TAP/IXO modem. You could also get Florida regional service on a local number.  After the world wide web and e-mail became popular, gateways to the Internet were added.  The farthest I ever received a page from this system was standing on Stone Mountain Georgia near Atlanta, from one of the up to 3500 watt paging transmitters on this system in North Florida. This system could use alphanumeric pagers, and to this day I still use the CP1250, the most advanced alpha pager I think was ever made. [$_3.JPG]

I began gateway of my e-mail as a page to this system. Many of these e-mails were automated alerts from equipment or a network monitoring script.  I also set up regional pagers for my technicians to receive messages of network outages from the intranet server which were actually e-mails as well.  Users that were having a problem typed in their problem, and it was added to the trouble ticket database and also paged out to each technician, an improvement over calling IT. Modem alerts could also be programmed to alert me to important network events such as Internet failure that could not be sent out by the web or SNPP servers.

In 2007, after passing through many names including American Paging, TSR Wireless, Network Services and then American Messaging, they decided to shut down this statewide system.  Florida now has no paging system with this 100% coverage, although American Messaging still has kept the 931.4875 MHz licenses active, but I have never heard it on my mobile scanner anywhere.  This change forced me to change to the 931.8375 MHz frequency, and they sent me a Motorola Advisor Elite as a replacement.  I purchased another CP1250 programmed to the same capcode and frequency, and still use that model pager to this date.

American Messaging has been shrinking its footprint in 2 ways. Firstly, they have given up most of the "gold" sites and no longer offer coverage from these sites.  Secondly, they have been removing transmitters that used to sit on tall commercial towers, and have relocated them to hospital towers that are lower and have less range. There have been some additional hospital sites added over the years, but not enough to bring to the system the range of the original 149 transmitter "Gold" system. These actions have caused me to try using cellphone SMS via e-mail gateway in addition to paging for automated messaging in order to cover areas where there is no paging service. I have also obtained an Advisor Elite Pager and installed an external antenna jack, connected to an external mobile antenna which gives me coverage in my auto in places where the signal would otherwise be too weak to trigger the pager on my belt. I also have a device made from a DIRECTV dish with a pager at the focal point to receive pages at fixed locations where there is little signal, by pointing it at the nearest transmitter, greatly improving the reception.

Pagers are quite useful as devices to report issues with automated equipment and much easier to use for this purpose than cell phones.  In Orlando, both Walt Disney and Sea World parks use these devices to report on failures. Sea World reports things regarding the water control systems used to keep the animals safe.  Even in Hospitals, it it not just staff using them. Things like over-temp on Blood, Drug and Breast Milk coolers are monitored and reported to pagers. They are still the best device for such uses.

When I first started, the only way to send a message was with touch tones to the pager number which were dialed blind.  When Alpha pagers were added, modem numbers were added in order to send alphanumeric pages, but these can be used for tone only and numeric pagers as well. This also allowed the computer to detect sending errors for retry. These modems were called TAP/IXO.  Web and e-mail gateways were added next.  I still use a script to send data via the American Messaging website using the text mode browser named Lynx.  There are also SNPP servers that have been added as well, providing better and better tools for sending automated pages. Email can also be used.  In todays world, I would guess that automated pages are more than 1/2 of the traffic.

Cell phones could have taken over some of these traffic, although cell network problems would still delay the messages, especially in times of emergency.  In the early days, TAP/IXO was available on many mobile systems to send SMS messages, but like roaming ports, these means of access have been removed, likely because they were being used to send spam. Instead of removing them, they should have simply password protected them, limiting their use to their customers who they could cut off for any spamming of their customers.

Currently the only way to gateway text messages is via e-mail, which eliminate using these networks to send "No Internet" alerts by modem.

There is no reliability guarantee. Even though managers think that cell networks should take over critical messaging, tools to send such alerts via cell phone networks still are largely absent, and none of the carriers offer TAP/IXO or any other critical messaging delivery service or any delivery guarantee whatsoever.

As an example, T-Mobile is my Cell Provider. They have instructions on their website for use of their network for Computer Aided Dispatch.  They include making sure the message contains no attachments and are less than 160 characters per message. I used these instructions when writing a paging script for their network, which can ONLY use e-mail for input. Most of the time, the messages make it to my phone as an SMS text promptly.  However, sometimes the messages can be hours late.  It is often hard to tell what the failure is. Failure can include the local e-mail system, or a delay in the SMS network, or the phone itself not being registered on the network due to the concrete jungle effect.  Also there is an issue with the spam filter they subscribe to.  There does not appear to be any way for T-Mobile to whitelist my IP, so I have had to strip out certain words including "http" in order to ensure delivery of my notices. T-Mobile provides a form of messaging, but by no means a means of critical messaging.

Thus, pagers still to this day are the best and most cost effective tool for critical messaging that is available in most places in the US.  These networks are able to serve these needs even during major hurricanes, unlike cellphone networks that often run out of power about 4 hours or so after power failure, when the backup batteries exhaust.  Many current pager sites are at hospitals which are required to have backup power available keeping these systems in operation during all phases of a disaster. Each paging site serves a large radius compared to cell phones. Cell phones use 100's of sites to cover the same area as a single paging transmitter.  Any failure of power at any of these sites will prevent delivery of your critical message to a Cell Phone.

I admit that I use my pager for more than just critical messaging. I have been receiving paging alerts for my e-mails since the 1990's, and it is such a nice way to keep informed of things away from the office, as my employment is highly mobile. Being a user of Linux, it is so easy to use Procmail to pipe my e-mail to paging scripts. Using Cron to monitor systems, and sending alerts via e-mail which in turn is paged is also a major part of keeping awareness of the status of the networks that I am in charge of. I wish other industries other than medical would continue to adopt paging technology, so the systems would continue to expand and I would encounter less dead zones. Like on Ham Radio, much of the communication I send via pager is not considered critical messaging. This daily "rag chewing" keeps these Ham Radio systems in top working shape for those days when emergencies strike and these systems are pressed into emergency service, often with little notice.

Pagers operate for a month on a single battery.  Cell phones often cannot do 24 hours before they run out, and unless you have backup power, how can you charge them? The only answer I have found is a solar powered cell phone charger which I am not sure can keep up and of course does not work at night. A drawer full of batteries (on every hurricane list) is all you need to keep a pager operational during a disaster.

Albert Erdmann

From: Phil Leavitt
Subject: Sonic Transmitters Available
Date: July 9, 2020
To: Brad Dye


Glad you are staying well. Keep it up. The newsletter is a GEM. Will you please let your readers know I have 6 Sonic PTX150 VHF paging transmitters available. They are 100 watt, POCSAG/FLEX™ capable and covers 138-174 MHz. Power cords are included. They were removed WORKING from a county paging system and are guaranteed by me. $1425.00 each.



Philip C. Leavitt, V.P.
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Web Site:
Mobile phone: 847-494-0000
Telephone: 847-955-0511
Fax: 270-447-1909
Skype ID: pcleavitt

Please contact Phil directly. The newsletter will receive a 10% to 15% commission on any sales made. (On the honor system — no contract.)

From: Paul Boucher
Subject: Paging Equipment for sale
Date: July 5, 2020
To: Brad Dye

Hi Brad !

Hope that you are well :) From the big picture, a small announce[ment] would be great. Something like we have about 2,000 used VHF POCSAG pagers to sell and two HUGE Glenayre terminals with DS1/ T1 cards and else, and a baby one. I mean, we are stuck with it so if anyone might be interested . . . is there any feed for announcements?

Thanks and best 73's / regards,

Paul :)

Paul Boucher
1170 Gardenville Longueuil
Quebec, J4J 3B6 Canada
Tel: 514-292-5782

Please contact Paul directly. The newsletter will receive a 10% to 15% commission on any sales made. (On the honor system — no contract.)

Best regards,
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