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Wireless News Aggregation

Friday — May 29, 2020 — Issue No. 910

Welcome Back To

The Wireless
saging News


Ron Mercer checked in from New York. He is alive and well—planting flowers and working in his garden. Allan Angus believes he had COVID-19 along with the rest of his family and they have all recovered. Allan and his wife Victoria operate a coffee shop in Franktown, Colorado. Enrique Llaca in Mexico City is doing well and so is Pablo Osorio in Santiago, Chile. I talked to Barry Kanne who lives near Atlanta. He and his wife Judi are well. Ira Wiesenfeld reports that he is OK too. He will start traveling again soon. Ira is an itinerant engineer who drives all over the country maintaining two-way radio and paging systems. There is no better field engineer in our industry than Ira.

(Full transparency: Ira Wiesenfeld contributes to the support of this newsletter.)

I have several others as friends on Facebook who appear to be OK but without any recent updates.

It would be interesting to receive reports from other readers. Click here to send yours. And please remind me if I have left your notice out. I get many.

One of the catchy phrases composed by Rob Lockhart to promote diversification in paging was:

  • People Paging People
  • People Paging Things
  • Things Paging People
  • Things Paging Things

The last three have long been my favorite for "non-traditional" use of paging channels for machine communication. These can be used for:

  • Machine alarms sent to people
  • People sending commands to remote machines
    • Remote server resets
    • Electrical grid load shedding (hot water heaters, etc.)
    • Turning sprinkler and other systems off/on
  • And even machine to machine communication without human intervention

So if this got you thinking about new applications, I draw your attention to the telemetry products from Wex International Limited. These are basically the "guts" of a pager including the radio receiver and/or the protocol decoder. There are both POCSAG and FLEX™ products available. Making a new product with these devices is not a major technical issue. Please see the ad following.

One good example that I heard was this: An on-call technician gets a phone call late at night. An important server has crashed or frozen. He or she has to get out of bed, get dressed, drive to the server location, unlock the building and push the reset button on the server. All of this could be done with one telephone call to a paging system that would then send a simple tone-only page to the Wex telemetry device and "push" the reset button (electrically).

Another cool application is sending text messages to scrolling LED signs with many different uses:

  • Amber alerts (missing children)
  • Public Safety emergencies
  • Traffic jams and rerouting information
  • Various types of commercial advertising
  • Evacuations

More application information here.


How would you like to help support The Wireless Messaging News with a stimulus check?

The Wireless Messaging News
P.O. Box 266
Fairfield, IL 62837

Mail checks directly to
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A donation through PayPal is easier than writing and mailing a check.

Some readers have been generous with support in the past. I hope they will consider repeat donations.

Wireless Messaging News

  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Two-way Radio
  • Technology
  • Telemetry
  • Science
  • Paging
  • Wi-Fi
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This doesn't mean that nothing is ever published here that mentions a US political party—it just means that the editorial policy of this newsletter is to remain neutral on all political issues. We don't take sides.


About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the Internet for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.


Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association. I don't intend to hurt anyone's feelings, but I do freely express my own opinions.



Can You Help The Newsletter?

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Advertiser Index

Easy Solutions  (Vaughan Bowden)
IWA Technical Services, Inc.  (Ira Wiesenfeld)
Leavitt Communications  (Phil Leavitt)
Media 1
Prism-IPX Systems  (Jim Nelson & John Bishop)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC  (Ron Mercer)
Wex International Limited

Service Monitors and Frequency Standards for Sale

Motorola Service Monitor

IFR Service Monitor

Efratom Rubidium Standard

(Images are typical units, not actual photos of items offered for sale here.)

Qty Item Notes
2 Late IFR 500As with new batteries
1 Motorola R 2001D  
4 Motorola R 2400 and 2410A  
5 Motorola R 2600 and R 2660 late S/Ns  
4 Motorola R 1200  
2 Motorola R 2200  
2 Stand-alone Efratom Rubidium Frequency Standards 10 MHz output
1 Telawave model 44 wattmeter Recently calibrated
1 IFR 1000S  
All sold with 7 day ROR (Right of Refusal), recent calibration, operation manual and accessories  
Factory carrying cases for each with calibration certificate  
Many parts and accessories  

Frank Moorman animated left arrow

(254) 596-1124

Passive Audio Amps For Smart Phones

Buy An Amp today

Oh come on they are cool.

These are acoustic amplifiers for smartphones. They don't need electric power to operate and there are no moving parts. They work like a megaphone (speaking-trumpet, bullhorn, or loudhailer). Everyone that I have shown one to has said something like “Wow, I want one of those!” So I have built a few of them.

Of course there are more “Hi-Fi” ways to listen to audio on your smartphone but who would want to plug an elegant smartphone into some cheap, plastic gadget? Or even use Wi-Fi or Bluetooth, which are a pain in the neck to set up, even on a smartphone.

These have been made with hardwood bases and some of them are exotic hardwoods with interesting grain patterns. The horns are polished brass — made from mostly old horns that had rubber bulbs on the ends and were used in “times gone by” by taxis and even clowns in circuses. These horns have been re-purposed, reshaped, soldered, and polished.

They horns are now on display and for sale at:

Owl’s Nest
2006 Kelty Road
Franktown, Colorado 80116

Tel: 303-954-8229
Location: Map
Social Media: Facebook
Twitter: @owlsnestfranktown
E-mail: Virginia Angus
Allan Angus

The two large horns — the trombone and the gramophone — are difficult to pack and ship to they are for local pickup only. The remainder can be sent to you. I have the cowboy horn and the rest are in stock at the Colorado coffee shop.

Please call for pricing and availability or stop in for a demo and a great cup of espresso.

P.S. Allan, Virginia and I worked together at WebLink Wireless in Dallas.

Leavitt Communications


50 years experience providing and supporting radio and paging customers worldwide. Call us anytime we can be useful!






Minitor VI

Leavitt sells and supports most pager brands. We stock Unication G1, G5, Secure and some Elegant pagers. Call or e-mail for price and availability.

Philip C. Leavitt, V.P.
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Web Site:
Mobile phone: 847-494-0000
Telephone: 847-955-0511
Fax: 270-447-1909
Skype ID: pcleavitt

macOS 10.15.5 has a trivial bug or a ‘reprehensible’ decision – CCC developer

The developer of popular Mac utility Carbon Copy Cloner says that either macOS 10.15.5 has a bug that prevents the creation of bootable backups, or Apple has made a ‘reprehensible’ security decision …

Mike Bombich described the problem in a blog post.

The technical details of the bug are laid out below, but the short version is that we’re no longer able to use our own file copier to establish an initial bootable backup of a macOS Catalina System volume.

He says that this is not an issue for most existing CCC users, as their existing bootable backups will continue to work and can continue to be updated.

To be very clear — existing backups are unaffected, and this has no effect on CCC’s ability to preserve your data, nor any effect on the integrity of the filesystems on your startup disk or your backup disk. The impact of this bug is limited to the initial creation of a bootable backup […] If you established your backup on a previous version of Catalina, then your backup volume already has functional firmlinks and CCC will continue to update that volume just fine.

And for anyone running macOS 10.15.5 who does need to create a fresh bootable backup, there is a workaround.

If you’re running 10.15.5 and you’re backing up a Catalina system volume to an empty disk, then you should replace your copy of CCC with the CCC 5.1.18 beta. After you open CCC 5.1.18:

    1. Click the X button in the Destination selector box to clear the destination selection
    2. Click on the Destination selector and reselect your destination volume

CCC will then present new UI that will guide you through the procedure of creating a bootable backup

It’s therefore a trivial bug once you know it exists.

The problem, he says, is that creating the bootable backup will appear to have succeeded while actually failing. That’s either a horrible bug or a deliberate measure by Apple.

It’s hard to find kind words to express my feelings towards Apple right now. Suffice it to say, though, I’m extremely disappointed that Apple would introduce this kind of bug in a dot-release OS update. We’ve seen 5 major updates to Catalina now, we should expect to see higher quality than this from an operating system […]

Could this simply be a security fix – maybe Apple doesn’t want third-parties to create firmlinks? If that’s the case – if this is not actually a bug and is actually an intentional change by Apple, then I would argue that this is far worse than a bug […]

Reporting success and failing is reprehensible. Last, and most important – making such a change in a production OS release with no warning is openly hostile to third-party developers who were relying on the documented functionality.

Source: 9TO5Mac  


Hong Kong


W8001 (4 Line/8 Line IP67 Alphanumeric Pager)

W8008 Thinnest IP67 Rated Alphanumeric Pager 4 Line/8 Line, OLED Display

W2028 (2 Line/4 Line Alphanumeric Pager)

For Trade inquiries contact:
Eric Dilip Kumar

  • Available in VHF, UHF & 900 MHz Full Range Frequency Bands
  • We are OEM for Major Brand names in USA and Europe
  • We also Design and Manufacture POCSAG Decoder Boards
  • We can Design and Manufacture to customer specifications
  • Factory located in Shenzhen, China
  • Pagers have FCC, RoHs, C-Tick, CE-EMC, IC Approvals

Visit our websites for more details

For ESPAÑOL, PORTUGUÊS AND DEUTSCH versions, please go to:

Technical Specifications of Receiver Decoder Board

Frequency Range
Channel Spacing
Signal Format
Data Transmission Rate
Modulation System
Frequency Deviation
Receiving Sensitivity
Spurious Rejection
Image Rejection
Frequency Stability

928-932 MHz band
1600bps, 3200bps or 6400bps
carrier frequency shift keying (NRZ)
1600bps 8µV/m, 3200bps 10µV/m, 6400bps 12µV/m
50 dB
more than 50 dB
40dB (928-932 MHz)
±3PPM (928-932 MHz)



  Technical Specifications of the POCSAG Decoder Board

Frequency Range
Channel Spacing
Signal Format
Data Transmission Rate
Modulation System
Frequency Deviation
Receiving Sensitivity
Image Rejection
Spurious Rejection
Frequency Stability
Operating Current
Operating Voltage
Operating Temperature and Humidity
RF Input
Data Output
Storing Temperature and Humidity
RS232 Format
Baud Rate
Data Bit
Stop Bit
Check Bit

137-174MHz, 417-472MHz, 928-932MHz
512bps, 1200bps or 2400bps
carrier frequency shift keying (NRZ)
-122dBm (Min)
60dB ±25KHz
-10 ℃ to 40℃ , 95% (at 40℃ )
50 OHM (SMA)
-30℃ to 70℃ , 95% (at 40℃ )

1200 BPS
8 bit
1 bit



  Technical Specifications of the 900 MHz FLEX Decoder Board

Frequency Range
Channel Spacing
Signal Format

Data Transmission Rate
Modulation System
Frequency Deviation
Receiving Sensitivity

Spurious Rejection
Image Rejection
Frequency Stability
Tone Alert Output
Operating Voltage
Operating Temperature and Humidity
Storing Temperature and Humidity

928-932MHz band
25KHz and 20KHz
compatible with Motorola-FLEX Paging protocol, G.1.8 version
1600bps or 3200bps or 6400bps
carrier frequency shift keying (NRZ)
1600bps 8µV/m, 3200bps 10µV/m, 6400bps 12µV/m
40dB (928-932MHz)
more than 50dB
35dB (928-932MHz)
±2.5ppm (928-932MHz)
1.5V and 3.0V
-20℃ to 60℃, 95% (at 40℃)
-30℃ to 70℃, 95% (at 40℃)


Paging Transmitters 150/900 MHz

The RFI High Performance Paging Transmitter is designed for use in campus, city, state and country-wide paging systems. Designed for use where reliable simulcast systems where RF signal overlap coverage is critical.

  • Commercial Paging systems.
  • Healthcare Paging systems.
  • Public Safety Emergency Services Paging systems.
  • Demand Response Energy Grid Management.

Built-in custom interface for Prism-IPX ipBSC Base Controller for remote control, management and alarm reporting.

  • Use as a stand-alone unit or in wide area network.
  • Mix with other transmitter brands in an existing paging network.
  • Adjustable from 20-250 watts.
  • 110/240 VAC or 48VDC.
  • Absolute Delay Correction.
  • Remote Diagnostics.
  • Configurable alarm thresholds.
  • Integrated Isolator.
  • Superb Reliability.
  • Improved amplifier efficiency.
  • Most reliable high-powered paging transmitter available.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:


“Is Paging Going Away?” by Jim Nelson

  • Click here for English.
  • Click here for German. (Berlin Revision: November 8, 2016)
  • Click here for French.

Here is an English PDF edit of this paper formatted with page breaks and suitable for printing.

Volunteers needed for translations into other languages.

Board of Advisors

The Wireless Messaging News
Board of Advisors

Frank McNeill
Founder & CEO
Communications Specialists
Jim Nelson
President & CEO
Prism Systems International
Kevin D. McFarland, MSCIS
Sr. Application Systems Analyst
Medical Center
Paul Lauttamus, President
Lauttamus Communications & Security
R.H. (Ron) Mercer
Wireless Consultant
Barry Kanne
Paging Industry Veteran
Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
Consulting Engineer
Allan Angus
Consulting Engineer

The Board of Advisor members are people with whom I have developed a special rapport, and have met personally. They are not obligated to support the newsletter in any way, except with advice, and maybe an occasional letter to the editor.


Can You Help The Newsletter?

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You can help support The Wireless Messaging News by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above. It is not necessary to be a member of PayPal to use this service.

Reader Support

Newspapers generally cost 75¢ $1.50 a copy and they hardly ever mention paging or wireless messaging, unless in a negative way. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially?

A donation of $50.00 would certainly help cover a one-year period. If you are wiling and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above.


  • LIVE response possible to any program with Media 1 Live app from Android or Apple stores, summed up immediately for producer on web site
  • Propose LIVE broadcast on Internet with live response to reach youth with low cost quality education, seeking persons interested.
  • Contact:



10 Vanadium Place, Addington
Christchurch 8024, New Zealand
Ph: +64 (0)3 379 2298
Web Page:
Free: 0508 Salcom (NZ Only)



Easy Solutions

easy solutions

Providing Expert Support and Service Contracts for all Glenayre Paging Systems.

The GL3000 is the most prolific paging system in the world and Easy Solutions gladly welcomes you to join us in providing reliable support to the paging industry for many more decades in the future.

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don’t just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost-effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full-time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or  e-mail  us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023

Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119
Telephone: 214 785-8255


I would like to recommend Easy Solutions for Support of all Glenayre Paging Equipment. This Texas company is owned and operated by Vaughan Bowden. I have known Vaughan for over 35 years. Without going into a long list of his experience and qualifications, let me just say that he was the V.P. of Engineering at PageNet which was—at that time—the largest paging company in the world. So Vaughan knows Paging.

GTES is no longer offering support contracts. GTES was the original group from Vancouver that was setup to offer support to customers that wanted to continue with the legacy Glenayre support. Many U.S. customers chose not to use this service because of the price and the original requirement to upgrade to version 8.0 software (which required expensive hardware upgrades, etc.). Most contracts ended as of February 2018.

If you are at all concerned about future support of Glenayre products, especially the “king of the hill” the GL3000 paging control terminal, I encourage you to talk to Vaughan about a service contract and please tell him about my recommendation.

Click on the image above for more info about advertising here.

Internet Protocol Terminal

The IPT accepts Internet or serial messaging using various protocols and can easily convert them to different protocols, or send them out as paging messages.

An ideal platform for hospitals, on-site paging applications, or converting legacy systems to modern protocols.

Input Protocols: Serial and IP
Output Protocols: Serial and IP
FLEX (optional PURC control)   POCSAG (optional PURC control)

Additional/Optional Features

  • Database of up to 5000 subscribers.
  • 4 serial ports on board.
  • Up to 8 phone lines (DID or POTS).
  • Can be configured for auto-fail-over to hot swap standby.
  • 1RU rack mount unit appliance—no moving parts.
  • Easily secure legacy system messages leaving site for HIPAA compliance.
  • Only purchase the protocols/options you need.
  • Add Paging Encryption for HIPAA compliance on site.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

EWA Elects New Board Members

For Immediate Release

Contact: Andrea Cumpston, Communications Director
Phone: 703-797-5111

May 19, 2020 (Herndon, VA) – The Enterprise Wireless Alliance (EWA) is pleased to announce the election of new members to its Board of Directors, which occurred during the first day of its Spring meeting on May 19. Newly elected EWA Directors are:

  • James Goldstein, Senior Counsel-Spectrum, T-Mobile, Washington, D.C.
  • Ziad Habayeb, RF Engineer, Chevron, Houston, Texas.
  • Charles Packard, Senior Manager, Dallas-Fort Worth Int’l Airport, DFW Airport, Texas.
  • Mike Smith, Senior Vice President, Bearcom Wireless Worldwide, Garland, Texas.

On the election, EWA President Mark Crosby made the following statement:

“The Enterprise Wireless Alliance becomes an even greater advocate for the private land mobile industry through the guidance and participation of distinguished leaders like those elected today. They join a group of executives whose business and professional knowledge propels EWA’s industry leadership.”

About the Enterprise Wireless Alliance

The Enterprise Wireless Alliance is an FCC-certified frequency advisory committee and leading advocate for business enterprises that rely on wireless communications systems. EWA has 65 years of experience in meeting the needs of business enterprises that rely on wireless communications systems. EWA provides its members and clients with consulting services, frequency coordination, license preparation, spectrum management and associated services. Membership in EWA is open to users of wireless communications systems, vendors, system operators and service organizations. EWA is the developer of Cevo®, a powerful online frequency coordination solution, which simplifies the FCC license application process and allows users to select their own frequencies and is the creator of Cevo Go™ a mobile app that delivers certified frequencies in hours, not days. More information about membership and services is available at

Source: The Enterprise Wireless Alliance  

Paging Data Receiver PDR-4

The PDR-4 is a multi-function paging data receiver that decodes paging messages and outputs them via the serial port, USB or Ethernet connectors.

Designed for use with Prism-IPX ECHO software Message Logging Software to receive messages and log the information for proof of transmission over the air, and if the data was error free.

  • Option—decode capcode list or all messages.
  • Large capcode capacity.
  • Serial, USB and Ethernet output.
  • POCSAG or FLEX page decoding, special SA protocols.
  • Receivers for paging bands in VHF, UHF, 900 MHz.
  • Message activated Alarm Output.
  • 8 programmable relay outputs.
  • Send notifications of a system problem.
  • Synthesized Receiver Tuning.
  • Selectivity better than 60 dB.
  • Frequencies 148-174, 450-470, 929-932 MHz.
  • Image Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Spurious Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Channel Spacing 12.5 or 25 kHz.
  • Power 5VDC.
  • Receiving Sensitivity 5µV at 1200 bps.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Wireless Network Planners

Wireless Network Planners
Wireless Specialists

R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street
East Northport, NY 11731

ron mercer
Telephone: 631-786-9359 left arrow left arrow

Feds Urge Govs. To Label Telecom Workers As 'Essential'

By Christopher Cole

Law360 is providing free access to its coronavirus coverage to make sure all members of the legal community have accurate information in this time of uncertainty and change.

Law360 (May 27, 2020, 6:10 PM EDT) — Federal officials are urging governors to recognize certain types of telecom workers as "essential" during the COVID-19 pandemic, to better help them build and maintain the country's communications infrastructure at a time when Americans are relying more than ever on telehealth, telework and distance learning.

In a joint letter Tuesday to the governors of all states, the Federal Communications Commission and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency said it's critical to provide communications workers with job protections and resources offered to essential workers so Americans can stay connected.

The agencies' leaders laid out steps that governors can take to support the telecom workforce. CISA recently issued guidance on the essential critical infrastructure workforce and 911 centers during the pandemic.

FCC Chairman Ajit Pai and CIDA Director Chris Krebs urged that certain communications industry entities and personnel be declared essential to the pandemic response "and afforded all appropriate access and resources."

Pai and Krebs also asked that states consider prioritizing the distribution of personal protective equipment to communications personnel when available and underscored the role of various telecom workers in consumers' remote emergency communications needs.

The federal officials' letter encourages industry and government to work together to get communications infrastructure and next-generation 911 projects done.

The officials said the types of communications workers that should be deemed essential go beyond installers and repair workers for phone and cable companies. Companies and workers building new communications facilities should also be included in order to help "address unprecedented levels of customers usage and close the digital divide for Americans who are sheltering at home."

Others who belong on the list include communications support for medical and health care facilities, assisted care and living facilities and people with disabilities, Pai and Krebs said. In the media fields, workers for radio and TV broadcasters, cable operators and Internet TV providers should qualify too, as should providers of telecom relay services and closed captioning, they said.

Even retail customer service personnel and the supply chain and logistics workers who help furnish them with goods and products should qualify, the officials said, because retail employees "are critical for onboarding customers, distributing and repairing equipment and addressing customer issues to support individuals' remoter emergency communications needs."

Pai and Krebs also called on states to help along the maintenance, repair and provisioning of telecom infrastructure and services by providing online access to government functions, such as permitting, where not already available electronically.

The permitting issue has reached to the local level. The wireless industry recently voiced concern about securing some work permits while local governments are trying to transition to all-online systems. Advocates for localities say industry is using the pandemic to push for broader federal deregulation that would trump some local infrastructure rules.

In a March 26 call with FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr, representatives for the Wireless Infrastructure Association outlined difficulties the group's members are facing as workers are required to socially distance and take extra steps to protect themselves against the coronavirus at critical job sites.

On Tuesday, Pai and Krebs described a critical need for governments to act as a catalyst for telecom build-out and support.

"We urge state leaders, who are playing a critical role in protecting their communities, to consider the recommendations we are making today to ensure that communications networks and services remain available to the public and first responders," Pai said.

"As our nation continues to respond to COVID-19, our ability to maintain reliable and consistent communication is vital," Krebs said. "We commend industry on making the investments to ensure the nation's telecommunications infrastructure was ready for this moment and CISA is committed to ensuring the sector has the support and resources needed to continue operating."

Krebs said state and local officials play a critical role in managing and executing COVID-19 response activities, and that CISA "will continue to help them identify essential services to safeguard the continuity of functions needed to protect their communities."

—Additional reporting by Kelcee Griffis. Editing by Marygrace Murphy.

Source: Law360  

Consulting Alliance

Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, Vic Jackson, and Ira Wiesenfeld are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects.

Click here left arrow for a summary of their qualifications and experience. Each one has unique abilities. We would be happy to help you with a project, and maybe save you some time and money.

Note: We do not like Patent Trolls, i.e. “a person or company who enforces patent rights against accused infringers in an attempt to collect licensing fees, but does not manufacture products or supply services based upon the patents in question.” We have helped some prominent law firms defend their clients against this annoyance, and would be happy to do some more of this same kind of work.

Some people use the title “consultant” when they don't have a real job. We actually do consulting work, and help others based on our many years of experience.

“If you would know the road ahead, ask someone who has traveled it.”
— Chinese Proverb

Consulting Alliance

Remote AB Switches

ABX-1 switches are often used at remote transmitter sites to convert from old, outdated and unsupported controllers to the new modern Prism-IPX ipBSC base station controllers. Remotely switch to new controllers with GUI commands.


ABX-3 switches are widely used for enabling or disabling remote equipment and switching I/O connections between redundant messaging systems.


Common Features:

  • RJ45 for A, B and Common connectors.
  • Manual push button or use Prism IP commands to switch one or more relays.
  • Single or Dual Port Control card for IP or Serial connection.
  • Form C relay—control local connection.
  • Power Loss Indicator.
  • Rear Panel Connector for controlling the switch externally.
  • Power Source: 5VDC for ABX-1; 12VDC for ABX-3.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Leavitt Communications

We can supply alphanumeric display, numeric display, and voice pagers.

We also offer NEW and refurbished Alphamate 250s, refurbished Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate refurbished, and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts, and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging! Outstanding service is our goal.

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information, or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

Phil Leavitt

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Inside Towers Newsletter

Friday, May 29, 2020 Volume 8 | Issue 104

OSHA Cites Tower Company After 2019 Fatal Fall at Worksite in Mississippi

Photo by Ryan Phillips
Starkville Daily News

OSHA has cited Calico Rock, Arkansas-based Pegasus Tower Co. (not affiliated with Tazewell, VA-based Apex Towers, formed by merging another Pegasus Tower Company six years ago) for exposing employees to falls after a 2019 fatality at a Starkville, MS, worksite. The tower building company faces $140,720 in penalties.

In November of 2019, 43-year-old John Wayne Womack of Mountain View, Arkansas, died as the result of a fall from a communications tower while attempting to connect two sections during the construction. OSHA cited the company for failing to ensure employees used fall protection, and designating, identifying and training employees to provide rescue in the event of an emergency.

The OSHA citing read:

Type of Violation: Serious OSH ACT of 1970 Section (5)(a)(1): “The employer did not furnish employment and a place of employment which were free from recognized hazards that were causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees in that employees were exposed to a suspension trauma: (a) Jobsite - On or about November 16, 2019 the employer failed to designate, identify, and train employees responsible for providing rescue in the event an employee falls and is left suspended, exposing the employee to suspension trauma. Among other methods, a feasible and acceptable means of abatement would be to develop and implement a site-specific rescue plan.”

OSHA Jackson Area Office Director Courtney Bohannon said, “This tragedy underscores the legal requirement to implement a safety program that effectively addresses the hazards associated with communication tower work.”

OSHA’s Communication Towers webpage provides resources on appropriate fall protection, and requirements employers must follow to ensure the safety of workers who climb telecommunications towers to perform construction activities.

The company has 15 business days from receipt of the citations and proposed penalties to comply, request an informal conference with OSHA’s area director, or contest the findings before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA’s role is to ensure these conditions for America’s working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. 

Source: Inside Towers newsletter Courtesy of the editor of Inside Towers Jim Fryer.
Inside Towers is a daily newsletter by subscription.

BloostonLaw Newsletter

Selected portions [sometimes more — sometimes less — sometimes the whole updates] of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP — are reproduced in this section of The Wireless Messaging News with kind permission from the firm's partners. The firm's contact information is included at the end of this section of the newsletter.

  BloostonLaw Telecom Update Vol. 23, No. 22 May 27, 2020  

Annual FCC Form 481 Due July 1

In approximately one month, all eligible telecommunications carriers (ETCs) must report the information required by Section 54.313, which includes information on the ETC’s holding company, operating companies, ETC affiliates and any branding in response to section 54.313(a)(8); its CAF-ICC certification, if applicable; its financial information, if a privately held rate-of-return carrier; and its satellite backhaul certification, if applicable.

As a reminder, the FCC no longer requires copies of Form 481 to be filed with the FCC, state commissions, or tribal authorities. However, state commissions may have their own rules regarding the form that are still in effect.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Sal Taillefer.


Comments on End User Interstate Access Detariffing Due July 6

On May 21, the FCC published in the Federal Register its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that proposes to (1) eliminate ex ante (i.e., forecast-based) pricing regulation and require detariffing of various end-user charges associated with interstate access service (including SLC and ARC), and (2) prohibit carriers from separately listing these charges on customers’ telephone bills. (WC Docket No. 20-71). Comments are due July 6, 2020, and reply comments are due August 4, 2020.

FCC rules currently include five tariffed Telephone Access Charges: the Subscriber Line Charge, the Access Recovery Charge, the Presubscribed Interexchange Carrier Charge, the Line Port Charge, and the Special Access Surcharge. The FCC’s proposal would deregulate these charges, though the agency was careful to clarify that it does not propose to fully deregulate. For example, local exchange carriers remain subject to the Commission’s regulatory authority under sections 201, 202, and 208 of the Act, which would continue to allow the Commission to determine whether rates, terms, and conditions are just, reasonable, and not unjustly or unreasonably discriminatory in the context of a section 208 complaint proceeding.

As an alternative, the FCC proposed to eliminate ex ante pricing regulation and require detariffing of Telephone Access Charges on more of a case-by-case approach. Under this approach, the FCC would find that rate regulation is unnecessary only in locations where at least one of the following conditions is met: (1) in an incumbent local exchange carrier’s study area, where there is at least one unaffiliated voice provider available in 75% of the populated census blocks; (2) in areas where the Eligible Telecommunications Carrier is subject to the reasonable comparability benchmark; or (3) in states where intrastate rates have been deregulated.

In either scenario, the FCC further proposes to modify truth-in-billing rules to explicitly prohibit carriers from assessing any separate Telephone Access Charges on customers’ bills after those charges are deregulated and detariffed. According to the FCC, “[p]rohibiting carriers from using separate, obscurely worded line items to bill for the interstate portion of local telephone services should make it easier for customers to understand their bills and to compare rates between different providers. As a result, greater transparency can improve the effectiveness of competition.”

Next, the NPRM includes proposals to address the impact of Telephone Access Charge deregulation on the Universal Service Fund and other federal programs. Telephone Access Charges are assessable revenue for federal USF contribution purposes. Proposed revisions include:

  • Requiring that legacy rate-of-return carriers that use costs to determine CAF BLS support use $6.50 for residential and single-line business lines and $9.20 for multi-line business lines (the maximum Subscriber Line Charge amounts) to calculate their CAF BLS going forward.
  • Requiring rate-of-return carriers to calculate CAF ICC using the maximum Access Recovery Charge that could have been assessed on the day preceding the detariffing of that charge.
  • Allocating interstate and intrastate revenues for voice services either through a) an interstate safe harbor of 25% for local voice services provided by local exchange carriers, with the option for such carriers to file individualized traffic studies to establish a different allocation; or b) adopting bright-line rules for the allocation of interstate and intrastate revenues for broad categories of services.

Finally, to allow affected carriers sufficient time to amend their tariffs and billing systems, the FCC proposes a transition that would permit carriers to detariff Telephone Access Charges with the next possible July 1 annual filing following the release of a final order, and would require carriers to detariff these charges no later than the second annual tariff filing date following the effective date of such order.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, Mary Sisak, and Sal Taillefer.

Comments on 5G Fund for Rural America Due June 25

On May 26, the FCC published in the Federal Register its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking aiming to establish a 5G Fund for Rural America, which would distribute up to $9 billion across the country for 5G connectivity. Comments are due on or before June 25, 2020; reply comments are due on or before July 27, 2020.

The 5G Fund would specifically target rural areas that would not see timely deployment of 5G service absent support and are not likely to be covered by the T-Mobile transaction commitments. As we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, the FCC is seeking comment on two options for identifying areas that would be eligible for 5G Fund support. Under one approach for Phase I, the Commission would hold an auction in 2021 by defining eligible areas based on current data sources that identify areas as particularly rural and thus in the greatest need of universal service support. In recognition of the challenges of ensuring that 5G service is deployed to areas that lack any mobile broadband service, the proposal would prioritize areas that have historically lacked 4G LTE or 3G service. The second approach would delay the 5G Fund Phase I auction until at least 2023, after collecting and processing improved mobile broadband coverage data through the Commission’s new Digital Opportunity Data Collection.

Phase II of the 5G Fund would target support to bring wireless connectivity to harder to serve and higher cost areas, such as farms and ranches, and make at least $1 billion available for deployments that would facilitate precision agriculture.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.

Law and Regulation

Unlicensed 6 GHz Band Operation Rules Effective July 27

On May 26, the FCC published in the Federal Register its Report and Order making 6 GHz spectrum available for unlicensed used. Accordingly, these rules are effective July 27, 2020.

As we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, the Report and Order authorizes two different types of unlicensed operations: standard-power over 850-megahertz of spectrum in the 6 GHz band, and indoor low-power operations over the full 1,200-megahertz available in the band. An automated frequency coordination (“AFC”) system would prevent standard power access points from operating where they could cause interference to incumbent services. For low-power indoor operations, the FCC concluded that there would be no need for AFC-controlled access since low-power devices would be (a) limited to indoor operation; (b) required to use a contention-based protocol; and (c) be subject to low-power operation. By limiting operation to indoor use only, the FCC determined that signal loss as the signal passes through walls would be sufficient to prevent harmful interference to incumbents. Additionally, the rules require a contention-based protocol which is similar to the private land mobile protocol for shared channels that ensure that transmitters are not transmitting over the same spectrum simultaneously. Simply put, the unlicensed device is not supposed to transmit the data packet until the frequency is idle. Finally, low-power indoor access points will be limited to lower power levels than standard access points that utilize an automated frequency coordination system to prevent harmful interference to incumbent 6 GHz licensees.

A Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking proposes to permit very low-power devices to operate across the 6 GHz band, to support high data rate applications including high-performance, wearable, augmented-reality and virtual-reality devices. Specifically, the NPRM will seek comment on making a contiguous 1,200-megahertz block of spectrum available for the development of new and innovative high-speed, short-range devices and on power levels and other technical and operational measures to avoid causing interference to incumbent services. The NPRM also seeks comment on increasing the power at which low-power indoor access points may operate. Comment deadlines have not yet been established for the NPRM.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.

Comments on One-Ring Phone Scam Prevention Due June 19

On May 20, the FCC published in the Federal Register its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking comment on the proposals for implementing the TRACED Act’s requirements to further protect consumers from the so-called “one-ring scam.” Comments are due on or before June 19, 2020 and reply comments are due on or before July 6, 2020.

One-ring scam calls occur when a call placed to a consumer’s phone rings just once, using international toll-generating numbers that charge large fees per minute when consumers call back. As we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, the FCC seeks comment on proposals to protect consumers from the one-ring scam, including: allowing voice service providers to block calls highly likely to be associated with a one-ring scam; working with federal, state, and foreign law enforcement and government agencies to combat one-ring scams; building on existing consumer education and outreach efforts; enhancing FCC work with entities that provide call-blocking services; and seeking consensus on what obligations international gateway providers should have in the efforts to stop these calls.

Prior to the NPRM, the FCC and Federal Trade Commission recently sent letters to three gateway providers suspected of facilitating COVID-19-related scam robocalls, warning them that if they did not stop such traffic, the Commission would authorize other U.S. voice service providers to block all calls entering the U.S. via these gateway providers. The NPRM seeks comment on whether such a model could be extended to combat one-ring scam calls.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Sal Taillefer.


FCC Initiates Proceeding on Video Description Implementation

Last month, the FCC initiated a rulemaking that would require ABC, CBS, FOX and NBC network-affiliated television stations and five satellite networks (USA Network, HGTV, TBS, Discovery and History) to begin providing “video description” information with respect to their programming in Designated Market Areas (DMAs) 61 through 100 (at a pace of 10 DMAs per year) during the 2021-2024 period. “Video description” is a feature that is generally provided via a secondary audio stream that makes video programming more accessible to blind and visually impaired people by inserting audio-narrated descriptions of a program’s key visual elements into natural pauses within the program’s dialogue. Covered network affiliates and satellite networks in the Top 60 DMAs are already required to provide video description.

All multichannel video program distributors (MVPDs) regardless of size (including cable television, open video and wireless cable systems) must pass through “video description” information provided by a broadcast station or satellite network: (a) if the channel on which the MVPD distributes the station or programming has the technical capability necessary to do so; and (b) if that technology is not being used for another purpose related to the programming.


JUNE 1: FCC FORM 395, EMPLOYMENT REPORT. Common carriers, including wireless carriers, with 16 or more full-time employees must file their annual Common Carrier Employment Reports (FCC Form 395) by May 31. However, because the 31st is a Sunday this year, the filing will be due on June 1. This report tracks carrier compliance with rules requiring recruitment of minority employees. Further, the FCC requires all common carriers to report any employment discrimination complaints they received during the past year. That information is also due on June 1. The FCC encourages carriers to complete the discrimination report requirement by filling out Section V of Form 395, rather than submitting a separate report.

BloostonLaw Contact: Richard Rubino.

JULY 1: FCC FORM 481 (CARRIER ANNUAL REPORTING DATA COLLECTION FORM). All eligible telecommunications carriers (ETCs) must report the information required by Section 54.313, which includes information on the ETC’s holding company, operating companies, ETC affiliates and any branding in response to section 54.313(a)(8); its CAF-ICC certification, if applicable; its financial information, if a privately held rate-of-return carrier; and its satellite backhaul certification, if applicable.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Sal Taillefer.

JULY 1: MOBILITY FUND PHASE I ANNUAL REPORT. Winning bidders in Auction 901 that are authorized to receive Mobility Fund Phase I support are required to submit to the FCC an annual report each year on July 1 for the five years following authorization. Each annual report must be submitted to the Office of the Secretary, clearly referencing WT Docket No. 10-208; the Universal Service Administrator; and the relevant state commissions, relevant authority in a U.S. Territory, or Tribal governments, as appropriate. The information and certifications required to be included in the annual report are described in Section 54.1009 of the FCC’s rules.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Sal Taillefer.

JULY 31: CARRIER IDENTIFICATION CODE (CIC) REPORTS. Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Reports must be filed by the last business day of July (this year, July 31). These reports are required of all carriers who have been assigned a CIC code by NANPA. Failure to file could result in an effort by NANPA to reclaim it, although according to the Guidelines this process is initiated with a letter from NANPA regarding the apparent non-use of the CIC code. The assignee can then respond with an explanation. (Guidelines Section 6.2). The CIC Reporting Requirement is included in the CIC Assignment Guidelines, produced by ATIS. According to section 1.4 of that document: At the direction of the NANPA, the access providers and the entities who are assigned CICs will be requested to provide access and usage information to the NANPA, on a semi-annual basis to ensure effective management of the CIC resource. (Holders of codes may respond to the request at their own election). Access provider and entity reports shall be submitted to NANPA no later than January 31 for the period ending December 31, and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. It is also referenced in the NANPA Technical Requirements Document, which states at 7.18.6:

CIC holders shall provide a usage report to the NANPA per the industry CIC guidelines … The NAS shall be capable of accepting CIC usage reports per guideline requirements on January 31 for the period ending December 31 and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. These reports may also be mailed and accepted by the NANPA in paper form. Finally, according to the NANPA website, if no local exchange carrier reports access or usage for a given CIC, NANPA is obliged to reclaim it. The semi-annual utilization and access reporting mechanism is described at length in the guidelines.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

AUGUST 1: FCC FORM 502, NUMBER UTILIZATION AND FORECAST REPORT: Any wireless or wireline carrier (including paging companies) that have received number blocks--including 100, 1,000, or 10,000 number blocks--from the North American Numbering Plan Administrator (NANPA), a Pooling Administrator, or from another carrier, must file Form 502 by August 1. Carriers porting numbers for the purpose of transferring an established customer’s service to another service provider must also report, but the carrier receiving numbers through porting does not. Resold services should also be treated like ported numbers, meaning the carrier transferring the resold service to another carrier is required to report those numbers but the carrier receiving such numbers should not report them. Reporting carriers file utilization and forecast reports semiannually on or before February 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending December 31, and on or before August 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending June 30.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

AUGUST 1: Live 911 Call Data Reports – Non-Nationwide Providers that do not provide coverage in any of the Test Cities must collect and report aggregate data based on the largest county within its footprint to APCO, NENA, and NASNA on the location technologies used for live 911 calls in those areas. Clients should obtain spreadsheets with their company’s compliance data from their E911 service provider (e.g., Intrado / West).

BloostonLaw Contact: Cary Mitchell.

AUGUST 29: COPYRIGHT STATEMENT OF ACCOUNTS. The Copyright Statement of Accounts form plus royalty payment for the first half of year is due to be filed August 29 at the Library of Congress’ Copyright Office by cable TV service providers.

BloostonLaw contact: Gerry Duffy.

Calendar At-a-Glance

Jun. 1 – FCC Form 395 (Annual Employment Report) is due.
Jun. 1 – Reply comments are due on CATV Rule changes.
Jun. 1 – Reply comments on NORS/DIRS report sharing are due.
Jun. 2 – Reply comments are due on Unlicensed White Space Devices NPRM.
Jun. 4 – Reply comments are due on Secure Networks Act implementation.
Jun. 16 – 15-Day Access Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 17 – Comments are due on Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Exposure NPRM.
Jun. 18 – Comments are due on Executive Branch Review Process.
Jun. 19 – Comments are due on One-Ring Phone Scam Prevention.
Jun. 19 – Upfront payments for Auction 105 due.
Jun. 23 – Petitions to Suspend or Reject 15-Day Access Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 24 – 7-Day Access Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 26 – Petitions to Suspend or Reject 7-Day Access Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 26 – Replies to Petitions to Suspend or Reject 15-Day Access Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 25 – Bidding begins in Auction 105.
Jun. 25 – Comments are due on 5G Fund for Rural America.
Jun. 29 – Replies to Petitions to Suspend or Reject 7-Day Access Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 30 – Mobile Competitive ETC waiver expires.
Jun. 30 – Lifeline Income Documentation waiver expires.
Jun. 30 – Lifeline De-Enrollment/Reverification Requirement waiver expires.

Jul. 1 – FCC Form 481 (Carrier Annual Reporting Data Collection Form) is due.
Jul. 1 – FCC Form 690 (Mobility Fund Phase I Auction Winner Annual Report) is due.
Jul. 2 – Reply comments are due on Executive Branch Review Process.
Jul. 6 – Comments are due on End User Interstate Access Detariffing.
Jul. 6 – Reply comments are due on One-Ring Phone Scam Prevention.
Jul. 15 – Short forms for Auction 904 – Rural Digital Opportunity Fund are tentatively due.
Jul. 20 – Reply comments are due on Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Exposure NPRM.
Jul. 27 – Reply comments are due on 5G Fund for Rural America.
Jul. 31 – Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Report is due.

Aug. 1 – FCC Form 502 due (North American Numbering Plan Utilization and Forecast Report).
Aug. 1 – FCC Form 499-Q (Quarterly Telecommunications Reporting Worksheet) is due.
Aug. 1 – Live 911 Call Data Reports from Non-Nationwide Providers are due.
Aug. 4 – Reply comments are due on End User Interstate Access Detariffing.

  BloostonLaw Private Users Update Vol. 20, No. 5 May 2020  

BloostonLaw Remains Available to Help You During the COVID-19 Pandemic

During the National Emergency concerning the COVAD-19 pandemic, the Blooston Law Firm has converted to a virtual environment with its attorneys and staff mostly telecommuting, in keeping with the requirements of the DC Government and recommendations of the CDC. All Blooston Law personnel have remote access to their emails and voicemails, and will be fully engaged in helping our clients whether at home or in the office.

While state and local governments are starting to ease restrictions, we anticipate that our staff will continue telecommuting for the next several weeks, in order to meet social distancing guidelines — especially on public transportation.

We hope that everyone is able to stay safe and healthy.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Adopts 900 MHz Band Reconfiguration Order

The FCC has adopted a Report and Order that will realign the 900 MHz band to create a new six megahertz-wide broadband segment to support growing technological needs for industrial use, while reserving the remaining four megahertz for narrowband operations. Applicants for a 900 MHz broadband license must provide an Eligibility Certification, which must list the licenses the applicant holds in the 900 MHz band to demonstrate that it holds more than 50% of the total licensed 900 MHz spectrum (whether SMR or B/ILT) for the relevant county, including credit for spectrum included in an application to acquire or relocate any covered incumbents filed on or after the NPRM’s release date, March 14, 2019. This highlights the FCC’s licensing scheme whereby applicants must run out ahead of the application process and buy, relocate or protect most of the 900 MHz spectrum in a county where it now wants to operate broadband operations. Thus, a fair amount of research, planning and negotiation will be required in connection with each application. The silver lining is that the FCC decided against selling these licenses by auction.

The 900 MHz band (896-901/935-940 MHz) is currently designated for narrowband land mobile radio communications and primarily used by land transportation, utility, manufacturing, and petrochemical companies. The band consists of 399 narrowband (12.5 kilohertz) frequency pairs grouped into 10-channel blocks that alternate between SMR blocks that are site-based or geographically licensed by Major Trading Area, and B/ILT blocks in which channels are assigned on a site-by-site basis.

The FCC notes that 900 MHz licensees generally operate narrowband conventional or trunked networks that support two-way voice and data communications. And, while the FCC expects that some 900 MHz licensees will continue to rely on narrowband deployments to satisfy a variety of communications needs, many 900 MHz licensees, particularly utilities and other industrial users, will require broadband coverage and capacity to meet the internal and external demands for enhanced connectivity. As a result, the FCC believes that broadband is an effective tool for addressing many 900 MHz licensees’ current and future needs, since it has the capability to support next generation services that are not typically associated with narrowband systems—such as surveillance, advanced metering, many mission-critical applications, one-to-many push-to-talk, 4x2 multiple-input multiple-output, and evolved Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Services.

To accomplish this transition, the FCC has chosen to primarily rely on a negotiation-based mechanism that uses private agreements between interested parties with knowledge of the existing spectral and operational environment. The Report and Order establishes procedures for obtaining a broadband license, as well as operational and technical rules to minimize harmful interference to narrowband operations. To further facilitate 900 MHz broadband opportunities while maintaining narrowband operations, the FCC also issued an Order of Proposed Modification regarding the 900 MHz nationwide ribbon license held by the Association of American Railroads. Finally, the FCC announced that it is partially lifting of the 900 MHz application freeze to allow applications for relocation under certain conditions.

Under the Report and Order, the FCC will:

  • Realign the 900 MHz band to make available six megahertz of spectrum for broadband operations, while reserving the band’s remaining four megahertz for continued narrowband operations.
  • Establish a transition mechanism, based primarily on negotiations between prospective broadband licensees and narrowband incumbents, that would enable these prospective broadband licensees to relocate, acquire or protect existing incumbents in the new broadband segment.
  • Permit a 900 MHz broadband licensee to require the mandatory relocation of a small number of incumbents – except those with complex systems –from the new broadband segment to the narrowband segment by providing comparable facilities.
  • Require a broadband applicant to make an “anti-windfall” payment whenever it relinquishes less than six megahertz of spectrum in exchange for six megahertz of broadband spectrum, before the FCC will grant a 900 MHz broadband license in order to account for the spectrum differential provided from the FCC’s inventory. The FCC will use pricing from the 600 MHz spectrum “incentive” auction as a basis for the anti-windfall payment calculation.
  • Establish a 15-year license term for the initial 900 MHz broadband licenses.
  • Adopt a two-fold performance/construction requirement in which a 900 MHz broadband licensee must: (1) provide reliable signal coverage and offer broadband service; and (2) meet either (a) a population coverage requirement or (b) a geographic coverage requirement.
    • Population Benchmark – 45% of the pops in a license area within 6 years of license grant and 80% within 12 years of license grant
    • Geographic Coverage – Instead of population coverage, a licensee may elect a geographic coverage showing. At the 6-year mark, it would be required to demonstrate reliable signal coverage to at least 25% of the geographic license area and 50% within 12 years of the underlying license grant.
    • Safe Harbor – 900 MHz broadband licensees must deploy broadband technologies and offer broadband services. The FCC found that a
    • Penalties – If a 900 MHz broadband licensee fails to meet its first performance benchmark, the FCC will require the licensee to meet the final performance benchmark two years sooner (i.e., at 10 years into the license term rather than at the 12-year mark) and reduce the license term from 15 years to 13 years. If a 900 MHz broadband licensee fails to meet the
      final performance benchmark, its authorization for that license area will terminate
      automatically without Commission action.
  • Address license application requirements, transition procedures and operating and technical rules applicable to the new 900 MHz broadband license.
  • Lift the freeze on 900 MHz applications to facilitate the relocation of narrowband operations within
    the 900 MHz narrowband segment of the band.

Finally, the FCC declined to make the 800 MHz guard band available for relocation of 900 MHz narrowband channels.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

Effective Date and Comment Deadlines Established in 6GHz Band Proceeding for Unlicensed Devices

Last month, we reported that the FCC adopted rules that make 1,200 MHz of spectrum in the 6 GHz band (5.925-7.125 GHz) available for unlicensed devices. Unlicensed devices will share this spectrum with incumbent licensed services under rules that are crafted to protect those licensees and to enable both unlicensed and licensed operations to “thrive” throughout the band. With the publication of the FCC’s Order and Further Notice in the Federal Register, the following dates are significant:

  • Effective Date of New Rules: July 27, 2020
  • Comment Deadline on further rule changes: June 25, 2020
  • Reply Comment Deadline: July 27, 2020

The Report and Order authorizes two different types of unlicensed operations: standard-power over 850-megahertz of spectrum in the 6 GHz band, and indoor low-power operations over the full 1,200-megahertz available in the band. An automated frequency coordination (“AFC”) system would prevent standard power access points from operating where they could cause interference to incumbent services. For low-power indoor operations, the FCC concluded that there would be no need for AFC-controlled access since low-power devices would be (a) limited to indoor operation; (b) required to use a contention-based protocol; and (c) be subject to low-power operation. By limiting operation to indoor use only, the FCC determined that signal loss as the signal passes through walls would be sufficient to prevent harmful interference to incumbents. Additionally, the rules require a contention based protocol which is similar to the private land mobile protocol for shared channels that ensure that transmitters are not transmitting over the same spectrum simultaneously. Simply put, the unlicensed device is not supposed to transmit its data packet until the frequency is idle. Finally, low-power indoor access points will be limited to lower power levels than standard access points that utilize an automated frequency coordination system to prevent harmful interference to incumbent 6 GHz licensees.

A Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking proposes to permit very low-power devices to operate across the 6 GHz band, to support high data rate applications including high-performance, wearable, augmented-reality and virtual-reality devices. Specifically, the Further Notice will seek comment on making a contiguous 1,200- megahertz block of spectrum available for the development of new and innovative high-speed, short-range devices and on power levels and other technical and operational measures to avoid causing interference to incumbent services. The Further Notice also seeks comment on increasing the power at which low-power indoor access points may operate.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell

Chairman Pai Circulates T-Band Auction NPRM; Reiterates Call for Repeal of Auction Mandate

On May 15, FCC Chairman Ajit Pai reiterated his call that Congress repeal the T-band auction mandate, a requirement of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (the Spectrum Act), while simultaneously announcing he has circulated to his fellow Commissioners a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), which would take the next statutorily required step to implement this mandate. While the mandate was directed at public safety licensees, any auction of T-band spectrum in the 470-512 MHz band will also have an adverse impact on any industrial users in that band since there is no discrete separation between public safety and industrial users in the T-band.

In urging Congress to act, Chairman Pai issued the following statement:

“An FCC auction of the T-band is a bad idea. But as of today, the law mandates that we do it. It’s unfortunate that Commission resources must be dedicated to laying the groundwork for an auction that will likely fail. This is especially true at a time when we are making every effort to keep Americans safe and connected, including allowing expanded temporary use of this very spectrum to help first responders save lives.

“Fortunately, there is bipartisan legislation in Congress to repeal this mandate, including bills that couple repeal with 911 fee diversion reform as reported out by the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the U.S. Senate and the Subcommittee on Communications and Technology of the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the U.S. House of Representatives. I hope legislation passes soon so first responders who rely on this spectrum no longer need to worry about a potential loss of or significant disruption to their mission-critical radio systems. I remain committed to helping Congress in any way I can to ensure that such harms to public safety operations do not come to pass.”

By way of background, Congress passed the Spectrum Act requiring the FCC to reallocate T-band spectrum used by public safety licensees and “begin a system of competitive bidding” for reallocated spectrum by 2021 (the T-band mandate). The FCC reported to Congress that, based on its record on the T-band, an auction is unlikely to yield sufficient revenue to cover the costs to move public safety users out of the band (no decision has been made regarding any adversely affected industrial users in the band). Because the auction is mandated by law, the FCC has nevertheless circulated an NPRM that would, if adopted, take the next steps to begin a system of competitive bidding for the T-band if Congress fails to repeal the T-band mandate.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Grants Long Island Power Authority Waiver of 900 MHz Freeze

The FCC has granted Long Island Power Authority’s (LIPA’s) request for waiver of the 900 MHz application freeze. LIPA is a New York State governmental entity and is the sole provider of electric utility transmission and distribution service to 1.1 million customers in Nassau County, Suffolk County, and the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens County, New York.

In September 2018, the FCC implemented a freeze on applications in the 900 MHz band for new or expanded operations in order to maintain a stable spectrum landscape while it determined how to proceed with the potential reconfiguration of the 900 MHz band to include a 3/3 MHz broadband segment.

LIPA requested a waiver of the 900 MHz application freeze so that it could upgrade its legacy 900 MHz system, which became obsolete because the equipment was no longer supported by its manufacturers. LIPA explains that it is in the process of upgrading to a P-25 Phase II digital, trunked, simulcast system that will provide enhanced capacity and facilitate interoperability during mutual aid operations and power restoration work in coordination with the Public Service Electric & Gas Company in New Jersey. Additionally, LIPA stated that it had been discussing its frequency plan for a new system with Anterix, a proponent of 900 MHz realignment to transition to broadband, as early as 2017, because it “wished to avoid future frequency changes and the associated system reprogramming should the FCC proceed with a realignment of the 900 MHz band to create a broadband segment.” As a result, LIPA entered into an agreement with Anterix to exchange five 900 MHz channels so that LIPA’s replacement system could be deployed on channels that would be outside the then-proposed broadband segment, thereby ensuring that LIPA’s frequency plan would not disrupt the FCC’s proposed realignment of the 900 MHz band.

In granting the waiver, the FCC concluded LIPA had met the first prong of the waiver — namely that the underlying purpose of the application freeze would not be frustrated. In this regard, the FCC noted that LIPA’s request would not undermine the purpose of the application freeze — which was to preserve the spectrum landscape in the 900 MHz band. The FCC stated further that a grant of LIPA’s waiver request will result shrink its coverage to a network tailored to covering LIPA’s Long Island service area — a situation that the FCC found distinguishes LIPA’s request from others where the narrowband incumbent sought to expand its use of 900 MHz frequencies by adding capacity and relocating operations substantially closer to a major market.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Cites Operator of Surveillance Cameras for Interference to EU Satellite

In response to a complaint of interference from the European Space Agency to its Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity satellite from a site near Windermere, Florida, the FCC’s Enforcement Bureau determined that radio emissions in the 1400-1429 MHz band were coming from a wireless camera that was mounted on the outside of Susan Piatek’s residence in Winter Garden, Florida. The EU Satellite performs measurements in the 1400- 1427 MHz band in order to observe soil moisture over landmasses and salinity over oceans so that it can map levels of soil moisture, sea surface salinity and sea ice thickness.

On May 22, 2019, the FCC issued the first of two warning notices to Ms. Piatek about the need to terminate the harmful interference. Unfortunately, it appears that Ms. Piatek ignored the FCC’s warnings on both occasions.

It is important to note that while many while many of our day-to-day devices transmit radio frequency (RF) energy – either intentionally or unintentionally — their use is still regulated by the FCC under Part 15 of the FCC’s Rules, even though separate licensing is not required. These sorts of devices, which include key fobs, wireless surveillance cameras, wireless printers, keyboards and mice, TV remotes, LED and some fluorescent bulbs, etc., are not permitted to cause harmful interference to licensed radio operations and must accept interference. Should interference occur, operation must cease immediately unless and until the interference can be remedied. Operation of these types of devices in a manner that is not consistent with Part 15 of the FCC’s rules is a violation of Section 301 of the Communications Act and can subject the user to significant fines, seizure of the offending equipment, and in a worst case scenario — even imprisonment.

To the extent that you are using Part 15 devices, it is important that you ensure that they are operated in a manner intended by the manufacturer and that operation cease if requested by the FCC due to an interference complaint. Should you receive a communication from the FCC, please contact our office right away so that we can assist in the preparation of any response that might be necessary.

Bloostonlaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Acts on LMCC Petition to Clarify 800 MHz Interstitial Rules

In its Petition for Reconsideration of the FCC’s PLMR Report and Order which created new spectrum capacity (Interstitial 12.5 kHz channels in the 800 MHz band between 809-817/854-862 MHz), the Land Mobile Communications Council (a group comprised of FCC sanctioned frequency advisory committees) requested the FCC to clarify or reconsider four aspects of the contour overlap analysis required in the PLMR Report and Order, as follows:

  • Clarification of the FCC’s rules that applicants need not perform contour overlap analysis if the spacing between stations meets or exceeds co-channel distance separation criteria specified in the rules.
  • Permit interstitial applicants to use the proposed station’s coverage contour rather than its interference contour to predict the area in which the station is likely to cause interference.
  • Reconsider its decision in the PLMR Report and Order not to allow interstitial applicants to calculate contour values based on a matrix chart that LMCC proposes to maintain and update on its website.
  • Modify a footnote in a short-spacing separation table added to the Commission’s rules by the PLMR Report and Order

In response to the LMCC petition, the FCC has (a) modified its rules to specify that applications for interstitial channels do not need to conduct a contour analysis if the distances in the FCC’s co-channel spacing rules are met or exceeded; (b) updated its rules to include a revised matrix submitted by LMCC that uses contour values based on interference, and not coverage to predict interference; (c) clarified that applicants for interstitial channels should assume that incumbent stations are operating at the maximum permitted effective radiated power associated with the station’s licensed antenna height, when calculating the potential of the new station to cause interference to the incumbent and (d) corrected certain clerical errors and omissions.

However, the FCC rejected LMCC’s request to allow applicants to use a contour values matrix posted on the LMCC website, which LMCC could periodically update to reflect new technology developments. While the LMCC request made pragmatic sense, the FCC concluded that its request was “precluded by the notice and comment provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act that would result in an inappropriate sub-delegation of Commission rulemaking authority to LMCC.” Under the LMCC proposal, the FCC felt it would be delegating to LMCC unilateral authority to modify a key element of the Commission’s rules — something that is impermissible and which could result in substantive changes from the very specific coordination rules that require the use of a specific methodology as adopted by the FCC to a “generally accepted” methodology that would be proffered by LMCC.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Proposes $25K Fine Against DWireless for Interference to FAA Terminal Doppler Radar Station

The FCC has issued a Notice of Apparent Liability against DWireless & More Inc. (DWireless), provider of wireless Internet service in Puerto Rico. According to the NAL, DWireless was apparently operating an Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure (U-NII) device in an unauthorized manner that caused harmful interference to a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) terminal Doppler weather radar station in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

In May 2018, the FCC issued DWireless a written warning regarding unauthorized operation of U-NII devices that caused harmful interference to the FAA terminal Doppler weather radar system in San Juan, Puerto Rico. DWireless responded that it had verified that all of its equipment was operating in accordance with the FCC’s Rules. A year later, in May 2019, the FAA again reported that it was receiving interference to its terminal Doppler weather radar system from a source operating on 5.610 GHz or an adjacent channel. Using direction finding equipment, the FCC was able to determine the potential source of the interference, which was an antenna that belonged to DWireless. An inspection of the DWireless System by the FCC revealed that DWireless had apparently mis-configured its Ubiuiti Devices on the frequency 5.858 GHz without having Dynamic Frequency Selection enabled, and without a license.

Because DWireless was operating its equipment without a license in a manner that was not authorized by the FCC and that such operation “did not satisfy the Rule Section 15.1(b) condition for unlicensed operation — namely that devices must be operated in accordance with the applicable provisions of part 15 of the Commission’s rules.” As a result, the FCC concluded that DWireless’ operation of its system on 5.858 GHz without Dynamic Frequency Selection enabled, and without a license, apparently violated Section 301 of the Communications Act of 1934 as well as Rule Sections 15.1(b) and 15.407(h)(2). These violations yielded an aggregate base forfeiture of $20,000. However, based on the prior warning and DWireless’ response to the warning that its system was being operated properly, the FCC concluded that the apparent violations were egregious and warranted an upward adjustment of $5,000.

This case and similar cases that we have reported on in the past clearly demonstrate the importance of ensuring that unlicensed devices authorized under Part 15 of the FCC’s Rules are operated in accordance with manufacturer instructions and the FCC’s rules. A failure to properly operate these devices (including the use of improper settings or configurations) in accordance with the requirements of Part 15 could result in a finding by the FCC that the operation is unauthorized. This sort of a finding could result in the imposition of a substantial fine that could be in the tens of thousands of dollars.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

Law Offices Of
Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens,
Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

2120 L St. NW, Suite 300
Washington, D.C. 20037
(202) 659-0830
(202) 828-5568 (fax)


Harold Mordkofsky, 202-828-5520,
Benjamin H. Dickens, Jr., 202-828-5510,
Gerard J. Duffy, 202-828-5528,
John A. Prendergast, 202-828-5540,
Richard D. Rubino, 202-828-5519,
Mary J. Sisak, 202-828-5554,
D. Cary Mitchell, 202-828-5538,
Salvatore Taillefer, Jr., 202-828-5562,

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.


Tal Ben Ari “Tula”

 Tel Aviv, Israel


“Tula’s, beauty, enormous talent and soul, all brought together in perfect harmony. Her voice is like a lighthouse that illuminates the darkness of the world.”

Rising star, Tal Ben Ari, aka, Tula, came to the public’s eye back in 2006 when her participation in the videos “Chanda Mama’” and “Lets Not Worry” with international project Playing for Change, became a huge viral hit, with millions of views on YouTube. This marked the beginning of a successful and fruitful international career as a singer and performer.

Tula was born in Tel Aviv, to a half Yemenite, half polish family. Growing with these joined roots in the melting pot of the Israel and the Middle East would influence her music deeply in the years to come.  At the age of 21, Tula arrived to Barcelona, where she found a vibrant and eclectic musical scene. She started studying music in “Taller de Music” school, while alongside she worked as a street musician. She collaborated with other musicians she met from all over the world and after a short while, a talk started around town about an Israeli singer with an angel’s voice. Pretty soon she was approached with offers to join some of Barcelona’s most prominent bands of the Jazz and world music scène. Such as: Asikides, Moussakis, Man Ex Maqina, 08001, The duo project Skyland, and the Cuban A cappella quartet, Gema 4. (Watch Gema 4 videos)

She performed and recorded with these groups all around the world, and developed an international reputation as a versatile, virtuoso singer, who can easily perform various genres of music with an enormous skill.

After developing her reputation, Tula was approached with the famous international project, Playing for Change. With PFC, she joined her voice to the union and peace through music. She collaborated on 2 albums and 3 DVD’s of “songs around the world.” Tula toured all around the world and performed in some of the most prestige stages and festivals a musician can dream of.  Among them were NY Lincoln center, JF Kennedy center in Washington, Glastonbury festival, La Carouselle du Louvre, Teatro De San Carlo in Napoli, Byron Blues Fest, The Jay Lenno’s late night show as well as hundreds of other festivals, in more than nine years of intensive touring.

With PFC she also won two prestigious Grammy awards in Brazil. And was hailed by magazines such as Rolling Stones.  

In the last decade she shared the stage with some prominent artists including Robert Plant, India Arie, Keb MoJohn Densmore (the doors), Tinariwein, Baaba Mal, Ellis Hall, El Peret, Lucrecia and many more. The success with PFC led to many other offers and opportunities. Including solo appearances with the Lyon Symphony, Ted talks and countless other collaborations and projects. However, for the past three years, Tula has intentionally decreased her touring, so she could focus more on her solo career.

Tula’s solo career started back in 2012, when she recorded her first solo album “Sheela”, with American producer Dave Bianchi. The album was released  with What about Music label, and was a huge success. Following her debut album, Tula then recorded her second album, “Skyland”, together with Cuban singer and guitarist Mel Seme. This album, released in the same label continued Tula’s musical line, which combines Israeli folklore with Latin American and ladino influences. 

Tula’s unique sound is derived from her deep roots as well as her deep immersion in the traditions of Latin American music. As well as her virtuosic ability as a singer, Tula has also mastered the guitar and the percussion as her secondary instruments. This incredible versatility allowed her to explore the different genres she created in, to their deepest levels. 

In 2016, Tula moved back to Tel Aviv after 11 years abroad. In Tel Aviv, she had immediately started collaborating with some of the countries most prominent world and jazz musicians, performing all around the country and collaborating abroad. Also in 2016, Tula also started collaboration with electronic music producers such as the famous Junno Reactor (matrix movies) and Haim laroz (Zehava Ben) with this project, Tula is performing in some of the world’s biggest electronic music festivals.

Source: Playing For Change YouTube

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