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Wireless News Aggregation

Friday — December 30, 2022 — Issue No. 1,043

Welcome Back To

The Wireless
Messaging News

Wireless Messaging News

  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Two-way Radio
  • Technology
  • Telemetry
  • Science
  • Paging
  • Wi-Fi
wireless logo medium

This Week's Wireless Headlines:

  • Happy New Year 2023
  • Apple Didn't Release Any New Macs This Quarter for First Time Since 2000
  • Microsoft Excel is finally making formulas smarter, and easier
  • “Radio Garden” Lets You Explore the World’s Radio Stations
    • Charter to Expand Mobile Coverage, Boost Fiber Speeds
    • REMINDER: FCC Sunsets Remaining 3650-3700 MHz Licenses as of Jan 8
    • FCC Raises Application Filing Fees in Bi-Annual Adjustment
    • FCC Proposes Fines for Failure to Report Phone Disconnections in Reassigned Number Database
    • FCC Issues Citations for Illegal Marketing of Unauthorized RF Devices
    • FCC Raises Monetary Fines to Reflect Inflation – New Rates Effective January 15, 2022
    • FCC Proposes Rules to Improve Wireless 911 Call/Text Routing
    • Enforcement Bureau Makes Portal Available for Reporting of Illegal Robocalls
    • Verizon Wireless Enters into $950K Consent Decree for Historic Preservation Violations
    • FCC Seeks Comment on Requests for Waiver of City of Beresford, MA to Add Two T-Band Base Stations
    • BloostonLaw Contacts
    • Who Is BloostonLaw
    • Don’t buy the wrong HDMI cable!
      Buying HDMI 2.1 cables
    • “STARRY NIGHT” Vincent Van Gogh


This doesn't mean that nothing is ever published here that mentions a US political party—it just means that the editorial policy of this newsletter is to remain neutral on all political issues. We don't take sides.

About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the INTERNET for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.

Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association. I don't intend to hurt anyone's feelings, but I do freely express my own opinions.


Click on the image above for more info about advertising in this newsletter.



How would you like to help support The Wireless Messaging News? Your support is needed. New advertising and donations have fallen off considerably.
A donation through PayPal is easier than writing and mailing a check and it comes through right away.

There is not a lot of news about Paging these days but when anything significant comes out, you will probably see it here. I also cover text messaging to other devices and various articles about related technology.

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Advertiser Index

Easy Solutions  (Vaughan Bowden)
Frank Moorman
IWA Technical Services, Inc.  (Ira Wiesenfeld)
Leavitt Communications  (Phil Leavitt)
Prism-IPX Systems  (Jim Nelson & John Bishop)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC  (Ron Mercer)

Service Monitors and Frequency Standards for Sale

Motorola Service Monitor

IFR Service Monitor

IFR 500A Service Monitor

(Images are typical units, not actual photos of items offered for sale here.)

Qty Item Notes
2 Late IFR 500As  
1 Motorola R 2001D  
4 Motorola R 2400 and 2410A  
5 Motorola R 2600 and R 2660 late S/Ns  
4 Motorola R 1200  
2 Motorola R 2200  
2 Stand-alone Efratom Rubidium Frequency Standards 10 MHz output
1 Telawave model 44 wattmeter Recently calibrated
1 IFR 1000S  
All sold with 7-day ROR (Right of Refusal), recent calibration, operation manual, and accessories.  
Factory carrying cases for each with calibration certificate.  
Many parts and accessories  

Frank Moorman animated left arrow

(254) 596-1124

Calibration and Repair (NIST 17025)
Upgrades: We can add the FE 5680A 10 MHz rubidium clock to your unit. Small unit fits into the well in the battery compartment — making it a world standard accuracy unit that never needs to be frequency calibrated.
Please inquire by telephone or e-mail.
Most Service Monitor Accessories in stock.

Leavitt Communications


50 years experience providing and supporting radio and paging customers worldwide. Call us anytime we can be useful!






Minitor VI

Leavitt sells and supports most pager brands. We stock Unication G1, G5, Secure and some Elegant pagers. Call or e-mail for price and availability.

Philip C. Leavitt, V.P.
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Web Site:
Mobile phone: 847-494-0000
Telephone: 847-955-0511
Fax: 270-447-1909
Skype ID: pcleavitt

Apple Didn't Release Any New Macs This Quarter for First Time Since 2000

Friday December 30, 2022 1:00 am PST by Hartley Charlton

The fourth quarter of 2022 this week becomes the first with no new Mac models in 22 years as previously anticipated devices like the next-generation MacBook Pro and Mac Pro models have apparently been pushed out to 2023.

Historically, Apple released at least one new Mac model every year in the fourth quarter that runs between October and December, starting in 2001 with the launch of the iBook G3. This means that there has been a new Mac toward the end of the year for the entire lifespan of product lines including the iPod, iPhoneiPad, and Apple Watch. The last Mac that Apple released is the M2 MacBook Air, which launched on July 15. Depending on how long Apple waits to launch its next Mac, the time following the launch of the ‌MacBook Air‌ could be among the longest periods with no new Mac models at all. 

While it was widely rumored that new 14- and 16-inch MacBook Pro models would emerge before the end of the year, a time frame seemingly supported by some mass production forecasts, as 2022 draws to a close, it is now almost certain that these devices have been substantially delayed. The MacBook Pro delay first became apparent when Korean blogger "yeux1122" cited a supply chain source saying that the updated 14-inch and 16-inch MacBook Pro models will not launch until around March next year. The picture became clearer when Bloomberg's Mark Gurman said in October that the next wave of Mac releases will now take place in the first quarter of 2023, including updated versions of the MacBook Pro, Mac mini, and ‌Mac Pro‌.

Overall, this constitutes a delay of up to six months over what was originally expected for the next-generation MacBook Pro models. Gurman expects the next MacBook Pros to have few other upgrades beyond the ‌M2‌ Pro and ‌M2‌ Max chips, but high-bandwidth memory and ports with newer specifications seem plausible.

The ‌Mac Pro‌ is another device that was once strongly believed to launch before the end of the year, not least because this would have aligned to Apple's wish to transition the entire Mac lineup to Apple silicon within two years. At its "Peek Performance" event earlier this year, Apple even directly teased the launch of the Apple silicon Mac Pro, saying "that's for another day." While Apple reportedly had an M1-variant of the Mac Pro ready to launch earlier in 2022, the company appears to be waiting for an even bigger performance and efficiency jump next year.

Multiple reports from Gurman about the Apple silicon ‌Mac Pro‌'s chip options and specifications provide a fairly straightforward picture of what to expect from the new flagship Mac, but little is currently known about the device's design, ports, performance, and potential for modularity and customization. Most recently, Gurman said that Apple had likely scrapped plans for an "‌M2‌ Extreme" chip, but ‌M2‌ Ultra configurations of the new ‌Mac Pro‌ still seem to be on track for launch in 2023.

Source: Mac Rumors  

Paging Transmitters 150/900 MHz

The RFI High Performance Paging Transmitter is designed for use in campus, city, state and country-wide paging systems. Designed for use where reliable simulcast systems where RF signal overlap coverage is critical.

  • Commercial Paging systems.
  • Healthcare Paging systems.
  • Public Safety Emergency Services Paging systems.
  • Demand Response Energy Grid Management.

Built-in custom interface for Prism-IPX ipBSC Base Controller for remote control, management and alarm reporting.


  • Use as a stand-alone unit or in wide area network.
  • Mix with other transmitter brands in an existing paging network.
  • Adjustable from 20-250 watts.
  • 110/240 VAC or 48VDC.
  • Absolute Delay Correction.
  • Remote Diagnostics.
  • Configurable alarm thresholds.
  • Integrated Isolator.
  • Superb Reliability.
  • Improved amplifier efficiency.
  • Most reliable high-powered paging transmitter available.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:

IMPORTANT left arrow

“Is Paging Going Away?” by Jim Nelson

  • Click here for English.
  • Click here for German. (Berlin Revision: November 8, 2016)
  • Click here for French.

Here is an English PDF edit of this paper formatted with page breaks and suitable for printing.

Volunteers needed for translations into other languages.

Board of Advisors

The Wireless Messaging News
Board of Advisors

Frank McNeill
Founder & CEO
Communications Specialists
Jim Nelson
President & CEO
Prism IPX Systems International
Kevin D. McFarland, MSCIS
Sr. Application Systems Analyst
Medical Center
Paul Lauttamus, President
Lauttamus Communications & Security
R.H. (Ron) Mercer
Wireless Consultant
Barry Kanne
Paging Industry Veteran
Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
Consulting Engineer
Allan Angus
Consulting Engineer

The Board of Advisor members are people with whom I have developed a special rapport, and have met personally. They are not obligated to support the newsletter in any way, except with advice, and maybe an occasional letter to the editor.


Can You Help The Newsletter?

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You can help support The Wireless Messaging News by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above. It is not necessary to be a member of PayPal to use this service.

Reader Support

Newspapers generally cost 75¢ $1.50 a copy and they hardly ever mention paging or wireless messaging, unless in a negative way. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially?

A donation of $50.00 would certainly help cover a one-year period. If you are wiling and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above .


PRISM IPX Systems Critical Messaging Solutions


Thousands of Users Worldwide Depend on Prism IPX

Our Customers Trust Us To Make Sure That Their Messages Get Delivered

Prism-IPX Systems products include full-featured radio paging systems with VoIP input, IP based transmitter control systems and paging message encryption. Other options include email messaging, remote switch controllers, Off-The-Air paging message decoders and logging systems.

How Can We Help You With Your Critical Messaging Solutions?


MORE INFO HERE left arrow


Easy Solutions

easy solutions

Providing Expert Support and Service Contracts for all Glenayre Paging Systems.

The GL3000 is the most prolific paging system in the world and Easy Solutions gladly welcomes you to join us in providing reliable support to the paging industry for many more decades in the future.

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don’t just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost-effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full-time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or  e-mail  us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023
Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119
Telephone: 214-785-8255

Readers of the Newsletter who are Ham Radio Operators

Pete Oesterle VE3HOH/W3
John Nagel W5EXJ
Anthony Hedge KD9BKH
Jerry Daugherty W9FS
Marshall Sherard KE4ZNR
Barry Kanne W4TGA
Steve Siegel K3SLS
Loren Anderson KEØHZ
Dan Ruhe KE3UC
Bill Woods N9SVU
Paul Sadowski AH6LS & DH6LS
Larry Gabriel K4BZY
Gary Blinckmann WA2IQC
Peter Moncure W4PWM
James Petera N8IXP
Ed Lyda WA4OEI
Brad Dye K9IQY
Bill Waugaman WA3OJG
Paul DeLong KF4LNB
Albert Erdmann KJ4BWW
Ken Pearce N4KCD
Tim Jones K4MSP / W4FWD (Repeater)
Brent Finster K6BEF
Charles Tindall KF5VPB
Frank Moorman KE5CSP
Graham Jones W5AAG
Denis Gignac VE2EAM
Ira Wiesenfeld WA5GXP
John Linko N3RTS
Miguel Gonzalez YY5OGU
Philip Leavitt N9CPO
Chris Baldwin KF6AJM (KB3PX Repeater)
Joe Delio KE8BGH
Ken Countess KN2D (ex-WA2MSF)
Paul Piccola W5BPP
Matt Lunati N7OEI

Source: Amateur Radio callsigns of readers. Please click here to add yours.


Service Contracts

I would like to recommend Easy Solutions for Support of all Glenayre Paging Equipment. This Texas company is owned and operated by Vaughan Bowden. I have known Vaughan for over 35 years. Without going into a long list of his experience and qualifications, let me just say that he was the V.P. of Engineering at PageNet which was—at that time—the largest paging company in the world. So Vaughan knows Paging.

GTES is no longer offering support contracts. GTES was the original group from Vancouver that was setup to offer support to customers that wanted to continue with the legacy Glenayre support. Many U.S. customers chose not to use this service because of the price and the original requirement to upgrade to version 8.0 software (which required expensive hardware upgrades, etc.). Most contracts ended as of February 2018.

If you are at all concerned about future support of Glenayre products, especially the “king of the hill” the GL3000 paging control terminal, I encourage you to talk to Vaughan about a service contract and please tell him about my recommendation.

Click on the image above for more info about advertising here.

INTERNET Protocol Terminal

The IPT accepts INTERNET or serial messaging using various protocols and can easily convert them to different protocols, or send them out as paging messages.

An ideal platform for hospitals, on-site paging applications, or converting legacy systems to modern protocols.

Input Protocols: Serial and IP
Output Protocols: Serial and IP
FLEX (optional PURC control)   POCSAG (optional PURC control)

Additional/Optional Features

  • Database of up to 5000 subscribers.
  • 4 serial ports on board.
  • Up to 8 phone lines (DID or POTS).
  • Can be configured for auto-fail-over to hot swap standby.
  • 1RU rack mount unit appliance—no moving parts.
  • Easily secure legacy system messages leaving site for HIPAA compliance.
  • Only purchase the protocols/options you need.
  • Add Paging Encryption for HIPAA compliance on site.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Paging Data Receiver PDR-4

The PDR-4 is a multi-function paging data receiver that decodes paging messages and outputs them via the serial port, USB or Ethernet connectors.

Designed for use with Prism-IPX ECHO software Message Logging Software to receive messages and log the information for proof of transmission over the air, and if the data was error free.

  • Option—decode capcode list or all messages.
  • Large capcode capacity.
  • Serial, USB and Ethernet output.
  • POCSAG or FLEX page decoding, special SA protocols.
  • Receivers for paging bands in VHF, UHF, 900 MHz.
  • Message activated Alarm Output.
  • 8 programmable relay outputs.
  • Send notifications of a system problem.
  • Synthesized Receiver Tuning.
  • Selectivity better than 60 dB.
  • Frequencies 148-174, 450-470, 929-932 MHz.
  • Image Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Spurious Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Channel Spacing 12.5 or 25 kHz.
  • Power 5VDC.
  • Receiving Sensitivity 5µV at 1200 bps.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Wireless Network Planners

Wireless Network Planners
Wireless Specialists

R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street
East Northport, NY 11731

Telephone: 631-786-9359 left arrow

Microsoft Excel is finally making formulas smarter, and easier

By Craig Hale published December 28, 2022

Users now have less of an excuse to use formulas in Microsoft Excel

(Image credit: / monticello)

Microsoft Excel has announced (opens in new tab) a handful of changes that are set to make formulas easier to use and even more powerful.

The spreadsheet software updates are centered around web users, which covers all Microsoft 365 (formerly Office 365) users, even those without access to the full desktop clients, with a few updates padding out the list of Windows and macOS client features, too.

The first change for web users is the introduction of formula suggestions, which takes into account contextual data to suggest a handful of supported formulas, including SUM, AVERAGE, COUNT, COUNTA, MIN, and MAX.

Excel formula suggestions

For now, it will only be available to accounts set up in English. Microsoft hopes this will not just save its users time, but allow them to “learn more about Excel formulas as [they] use them.”

The second major change is what the company calls formula by example, and resembles a type of autofill. After a user completes a series of similar entries, the web version of Excel can now suggest content for remaining cells based on their previous actions.

Further improvements to the way Excel can now handle data include a tool that can detect broken cloud workbook links so that the data in your spreadsheet remains up-to-date and functioning, and a new search bar in the queries pane for quicker navigation.

Finally, Excel web now supports images inside cells, whereas they previously floated on top of the sheet: a change that was first spotted on the company’s roadmap (opens in new tab) in early November 2022. Pulling an image from a source location brings metadata like alternative text, too. This is now available on Windows and macOS versions of the Excel desktop client, too.

According to the blog post, the features are rolling out which means that some users may not be able to use the updates just yet, and some features are just reserved for Windows Insiders.

With several years’ experience freelancing in tech and automotive circles, Craig’s specific interests lie in technology that is designed to better our lives, including AI and ML, productivity aids, and smart fitness. He is also passionate about cars and the electrification of personal transportation. As an avid bargain-hunter, you can be sure that any deal Craig finds is top value!

Source: Tech Radar  

Consulting Alliance

Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, and Ira Wiesenfeld are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects.

Click here left arrow for a summary of their qualifications and experience. Each one has unique abilities. We would be happy to help you with a project, and maybe save you some time and money.

Note: We do not like Patent Trolls, i.e. “a person or company who enforces patent rights against accused infringers in an attempt to collect licensing fees, but does not manufacture products or supply services based upon the patents in question.” We have helped some prominent law firms defend their clients against this annoyance, and would be happy to do some more of this same kind of work.

Some people use the title “consultant” when they don't have a real job. We actually do consulting work, and help others based on our many years of experience.

“If you would know the road ahead, ask someone who has traveled it.” — Chinese Proverb

Remote AB Switches

ABX-1 switches are often used at remote transmitter sites to convert from old, outdated and unsupported controllers to the new modern Prism-IPX ipBSC base station controllers. Remotely switch to new controllers with GUI commands.


ABX-3 switches are widely used for enabling or disabling remote equipment and switching I/O connections between redundant messaging systems.


Common Features:

  • RJ45 for A, B and Common connectors.
  • Manual push button or use Prism IP commands to switch one or more relays.
  • Single or Dual Port Control card for IP or Serial connection.
  • Form C relay—control local connection.
  • Power Loss Indicator.
  • Rear Panel Connector for controlling the switch externally.
  • Power Source: 5VDC for ABX-1; 12VDC for ABX-3.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

“Radio Garden” Lets You Explore the World’s Radio Stations

AROL WRIGHT @arolwright DEC 30, 2022, 11:43 AM EST | 1 MIN READ

While radio isn’t particularly hard to access — after all, you just need a device capable of tuning into radio frequencies — listening to radio outside of your area can be difficult. This app, however, lets you listen to any radio station in any country around the world, complete with a fun interface.

Radio Garden is available as a web version, and it also has mobile apps for Android and iOS. Its whole premise is that you can listen to a number of radio stations in many different countries and cities — you’ll see a bunch of small green dots all across the globe, and those are radio stations that you can tune into immediately. You don’t even need a login or any kind of subscription. All you need is a device that can access the Internet, like a computer or smartphone.

I played around with the Android version for a bit, and I managed to tune into stations from all across the United States, as well as to a few stations in South American and European countries. As a true test of its global capabilities, I even tuned into a station located in the isolated city of Pyongyang, North Korea, and I was successful.

It’s definitely something you should give a shot, even if it’s to have fun for a bit.

Via: Pepsilora (Mastodon)

Arol is a freelance news writer at How-To Geek. He's a Pharmacy student, but more importantly, an enthusiast who nerds out about everything tech-related, most notably PCs, smartphones, and other gadgets. He has also written for Android Police, MakeUseOf, and XDA Developers.
Source: How To Geek

Leavitt Communications

We can supply alphanumeric display, numeric display, and voice pagers.

We also offer NEW and refurbished Alphamate 250s, refurbished Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate refurbished, and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts, and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging! Outstanding service is our goal.

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information, or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

Phil Leavitt

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Inside Towers Newsletter

Thursday, December 22, 2022 Volume 10, Issue 244

Charter to Expand Mobile Coverage, Boost Fiber Speeds

By J. Sharpe Smith, Inside Towers Technology Editor

Charter Communication plans to extend its Spectrum Mobile Network coverage by expanding the number of nodes in the network, Rich DiGeronimo, Chief Product and Technology Officer, said during the online Charter Communications Investor Meeting on December 13.

Charter Communications currently sees 85 percent of call traffic to its Spectrum Mobile phones transmitted over WiFi and only 15 percent over the Spectrum Mobile network. Its network includes its own infrastructure assets as well as partnerships with others, including an MVNO relationship with Verizon. The company intends to grow the current access to 25 million access points to 50 million total access points over the next few years.

“Spectrum Mobile has the fastest speed and it also is the fastest growing mobile provider in the nation. Our intention is to maintain this leadership position as we expand the Spectrum Mobile network,” DiGeronimo said.

Additionally, in 15 percent of its fixed broadband footprint, Charter is increasing the total spectrum band to 1.2 GHz, which will enable multi-gig downstream speeds. The upstream spectrum will increase from 42 megahertz to 204 megahertz, which enables gigabit upstream speeds.

In 2024, Charter plans to increase fixed broadband download speeds to 5 Gbps to another 50 percent of its footprint, using distributed access architecture and DOCSIS 4.0. Late in 2024, the remaining 35 percent of its footprint will see an increase in spectrum to 1.8 gigahertz, boosting the downstream speed capability up to 10 Gbps.

“The upgrade will not be limited to portions of our area, as we will light up our entire footprint to have ubiquitous speed superiority, marketing and service,” DiGeronimo said. He added that speeds of 100X100 Gbps will eventually be available for the highest power users.

To keep up with the data speeds coming into homes, Charter plans to deploy WiFi 6E next year, which provides download speeds of 2 GHz, and then WiFi 7, which will have download speeds of 10 Gbps. “As a result, our WiFi speed roadmap will match our multi-gig fixed broadband speed roadmap as the customer experience is largely delivered over WiFi,” DiGeronimo said.

Source: Inside Towers newsletter Courtesy of the editor of Inside Towers, Jim Fryer.
Inside Towers is a daily newsletter by subscription.

BloostonLaw Newsletter

Selected portions [sometimes more — sometimes less — sometimes the whole updates] of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP — are reproduced in this section of The Wireless Messaging News with kind permission from the firm's partners. The firm's contact information is included at the end of this section of the newsletter.

  BloostonLaw Private Users Update Vol. 22, No. 12 December 2022  


In lieu of holiday cards, BloostonLaw is making a donation to Healthcare for the Homeless, a local charity program. We wish our clients a happy and safe holiday season!

REMINDER: FCC Sunsets Remaining 3650-3700 MHz Licenses as of Jan 8

The FCC has issued a Public Notice reminding legacy Part 90 licensees in the 3650-3700 MHz band that January 8, 2023 will be the last day to either complete their transition to the Citizens Broadband Radio Service or discontinue operations in the band using their legacy Part 90 3650-3700 MHz band license (even if the license shows a later expiration date).

It is important to note that for licenses issued or renewed after January 8, 2013, the transition period ended by operation of the FCC’s Rules on April 17, 2020. Thus, the FCC’s reminder is primarily aimed at those with a license issued before January 8, 2013 that has not yet otherwise expired. We emphasize that while an extension or waiver could be possible, it is highly unlikely that the FCC would grant an extension given the long 8-year time period to transition to the Citizens Band Radio Service, and the fact that licensees who received their licenses after January 8, 2013 were already required to complete the transition over 2 years ago.

We note that over the past month or so that the FCC has made informal inquiries to some licensees regarding the status of their 3650-3700 MHz licenses. While the FCC did not take any enforcement action at that time, we note that with the release of this reminder that the FCC’s posture could change at any time since continued operation past the relevant transition date would likely be considered unlicensed operation.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Raises Application Filing Fees in Bi-Annual Adjustment

The Communications Act of 1934, as amended requires the FCC to adjust its schedule of application filing fees in every even-numbered year in order to reflect increases and/or decreases in the Consumer Price Index (“CPI”) – which, this cycle, reflects an increase of 11.6% in the CPI, since the current fee schedule was last adopted in December 2020. As a result, the FCC has adopted a new fee schedule which will raise many, but not all of its various filing fees. The new fee schedule will become effective 30 days after publication in the Federal Register.

Below is a summary of the revised Schedule of Fees:

Wireless Telecommunications Bureau

Site Based License Applications New Fee
New License, major modification $105.00
Extension Requests $50.00
Special Temporary Authority (STA) $105.00
Assignment/Transfer of Control (Initial Call Sign) $50.00
Assignment/Transfer of Control (Additional Call Sign) $35.00
Rule Waiver Request $425.00
License Renewal $35.00
Spectrum Leasing $35.00

Geographic Based License Applications New Fee
New Fee New License, Major Modification (Not Auction) $340.00
New License – Long-Form and Short-Form Fee $3,545.00
License Renewal $50.00
Minor Modification $225.00
Construction Notification/Extensions $325.00
Special Temporary Authority (STA) $375.00
Assignment/Transfer of Control (Initial Call Sign) $215.00
Assignment/Transfer of Control (Additional Call Sign) $35.00
Spectrum Leasing $185.00
Rule Waiver Request $425.00
Designated Entity Licensee Reportable Event $50.00

Again, this new fee schedule will become effective 30 days after publication in the Federal Register — which could be as soon as sometime this week. For private radio licensees, the above application fees do not include the “regulatory user fee” charged to applicants for a new or renewed license.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Proposes Fines for Failure to Report Phone Disconnections in Reassigned Number Database

The FCC has recently proposed fines against 12 phone companies that apparently failed to submit timely phone number disconnection information to the Reassigned Number Database. Proposed fines ranged from $33,000 to $93,000. Under FCC rules, every provider (including wireless carriers such as cellular, paging and mobile telephone providers) that obtains North American Numbering Plan U.S. geographic numbers must submit disconnection information for the database to the Reassigned Numbers Database administrator by the 15th of each month. This database is a resource for lawful callers to avoid making unwanted and potentially illegal calls directed toward consumers whose numbers have been reassigned.

The parties will be given an opportunity to respond to the alleged violations, and the Commission will consider the parties’ submissions of evidence and legal arguments before actually imposing any fines.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Richard Rubino and Sal Taillefer.

FCC Issues Citations for Illegal Marketing of Unauthorized RF Devices

The FCC has issued citations against Broadcast Supply Worldwide, Inc. (BSW) and B&H Foto & Electronics Corporation for the illegal marketing of unauthorized RF Devices.

Broadcast Supply Worldwide, Inc.

The FCC’s citation states that BSW unlawfully marketed (i) one radio frequency device that was capable of operating outside of the FM frequency band (88 to 108 MHz) that did not use a permanently attached antenna or an antenna that uses a unique connector, lacked an equipment authorization, and lacked the appropriate labeling and user manual disclosures; and (ii) three additional radio frequency devices that lacked the appropriate labeling and user manual disclosures. Specifically, the FCC states that BSW marketed the Rolls HR70 FM Broadcast Transmitter (HR70), and the Decade MS-100, MS-100M, and MS-100S models in violation of section 302(b) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (Act) and sections 2.803, 2.925, 15.19, 15.21, 15.201, 15.203, and 15.239 of the Commission’s rules.

B&H Foto & Electronics Corporation

B&H apparently marketed seven radio devices that: (i) did not use a permanently attached antenna or an antenna that uses a unique connector; (ii) lacked an equipment authorization; (iii) lacked the appropriate labeling and user manual disclosures; (iv) operated in bands not authorized by the device’s certifications; and/or (iv) were capable of operating outside of the FM frequency band. Specifically, the FCC states that B&H marketed the Rolls HR70 FM Broadcast Transmitter (HR70), Scosche BTFreq Handsfree Car Kit with FM Transmitter, Scosche Universal Bluetooth Hands-Free Car Kit with FM Transmitter, Scosche Bluetooth Hands-Free Car Kit with FM Transmitter & USB Charging Port, Scosche BTFreq Pro Bluetooth FM Transmitter with Power Delivery, HyperGear IntelliCast FM Transmitter and Car Charger, and Aluratek Universal Bluetooth Audio Receiver and FM Transmitter in violation of section 302(b) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (Act) and/or sections 2.803, 2.925, 15.19, 15.21, 15.201, 15.203, and 15.239 of the Commission’s rules.

It is important to note that compliance with the FCC’s equipment authorization rules is critical inasmuch as the rules are designed to prevent interference to licensed and government radio frequency operations. Violations of these rules can result into fines of up to $22,021 per day for the marketing, sale and/or distribution of each unauthorized model as well as other penalties. Any client requiring assistance should contact our office.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Raises Monetary Fines to Reflect Inflation – New Rates Effective January 15, 2022

Pursuant to Section 701 of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, the FCC has completed its annual adjustment of its civil penalties listed in Section 1.80 of its rules. These new penalty levels will apply to fines assessed after the effective date of January 15, 2023. It is important to note that the relevant date for whether or not the increased fine level will apply is the date the penalty or fine is assessed through either a Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture (NALF) or Consent Decree, and not the date the violation occurred.

Per Office of Management and Budget (OMB) instructions, the FCC was required to apply the 2023 adjustment multiplier (1.07745) to each penalty. That figure has been rounded up or down to the nearest whole dollar amount.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Proposes Rules to Improve Wireless 911 Call/Text Routing

The FCC has adopted a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to address proposed improvements to the routing of wireless 911 calls and texts to the nearest appropriate 911 call center/public safety answering point (PSAP). Comments will be due 30 days after Publication in the Federal Register; Reply Comments will be due 60 days after Publication in the Federal Register.

The FCC has noted that wireless 911 calls have historically been routed to PSAPs based upon the location of the cell tower rather than the caller’s specific GPS location. In those cases where the 911 call originates near a county or a city border, the nearest cell tower may be in a neighboring jurisdiction; and the call will be routed to that jurisdiction’s PSAP rather than the PSAP closest to where the caller is actually located. This can result in delays in dispatching first responders, since the call will need to be re-routed to the correct PSAP – which can become even more complicated if there are multiple jurisdictional boundaries close together.

The FCC’s NPRM is based upon a 2018 Notice of Inquiry that sought comment on the feasibility of routing 911 calls based upon the caller’s location rather than the location of the cell tower handling the call. As a result of this inquiry, the FCC is proposing wireless providers and certain text providers be required to:

  • Deploy technology that supports location-based routing on their Internet Protocol (IP)-based networks (i.e., 4G, LTE, 5G, and future generations of IP networks);
  • Use location-based routing for all 911 voice calls and texts originating on their IP-based networks when caller location information meets certain requirements for accuracy and timeliness;
  • Use best available location information (which could be longitude/latitude of the cell tower) to route these 911 voice calls and texts when caller location information does not meet the proposed requirements; and
  • Deliver 911 calls, texts, and associated routing information in IP format upon the request of 911 authorities who have the capability to accept it.

The improved capabilities would be a welcomed improvement, but it will be important that small and rural carriers not be held to adopt expensive “bleeding edge” technologies on the same schedule as nationwide carriers.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast, Cary Mitchell and Richard Rubino

Enforcement Bureau Makes Portal Available for Reporting of Illegal Robocalls

The FCC has created a new online portal for private entities to report suspicious robocall, robotext, and spoofing campaigns. As an example, the FCC notes that the portal could be used by a private hospital or small business in order to obtain FCC assistance in blocking or punishing robocallers flooding their phone lines with unwanted calls, or spoofing the entity’s legitimate phone number to trick consumers into answering the phone call. There have been numerous circumstances where consumers have received phone calls from scammers who have spoofed a local hospital or school’s caller ID information.

The portal is available for use by private entities seeking to submit information about suspected robocall or spoofing violations. Complaints from public entities or individual consumers will be transferred to the existing informal consumer complaint process. To ensure that the FCC can fully investigate suspected violations if it has reason to believe legal violations have occurred, entries submitted via the portal should provide detailed information, including, but not limited to: entity name, contact information, caller ID information, phone number called, date and time or relevant calls or texts, service provider, and description. The portal can be accessed at:

Enforcement Bureau Chief Loyann Egal stated that “[t]his new tool will help us support companies and businesses that see their phone lines jammed with robocalls or their valuable and hard-won brand awareness undercut by scammers spoofing their numbers.” Egal continued that “[w]hile we will always rely on consumer complaints about massive robocall campaigns and have existing lines of communications with many public institutions, we now also have a direct line of communications with private entities that sometimes seem under siege by robocalls and now have an avenue to reach out for help.”

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

Verizon Wireless Enters into $950K Consent Decree for Historic Preservation Violations

The FCC and Verizon Wireless have entered into a consent decree in order to resolve an investigation into whether Verizon Wireless constructed wireless facilities without complying with the FCC’s environmental and historic preservation rules, including rules implementing the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA). The FCC’s environmental and historic preservation rules require that current and prospective licensees and tower registrants assess certain types of proposed facilities, prior to the start of any construction, to determine the potential for a significant impact on the environment or historic properties. The FCC’s rules also require coordination with relevant state governments and tribal nations.

In order to settle the FCC’s investigation, Verizon Wireless admitted that it violated the Commission’s environmental and historic preservation rules by prematurely constructing wireless facilities prior to completing the required environmental or historical reviews, and by constructing wireless facilities without onsite monitoring as requested by the affected native American tribes. As a result, Verizon Wireless will be required to (a) implement a robust compliance plan in order to ensure that there are no violations in the future and (b) pay a $950,000 civil penalty.

Compliance with the FCC’s environmental rules is critical. In this regard, it should be noted that every application (including those for Antenna Structure Registration) requires a certification that the proposed facility will not create a major environmental action. The FCC’s rules identify the following circumstances where a significant environmental effect may occur, for which an Environmental Assessment must be prepared:

    1. Facilities that are to be located in an officially designated wilderness area
    2. Facilities that are to be located in an officially designated wildlife preserve
    3. Facilities that:
    1. may affect listed threatened or endangered species or designated critical habitats; or
    2. are likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any proposed endangered or threatened species or likely to result in the destruction or adverse modification of proposed critical habitats, as determined by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973
    1. Facilities that may affect districts, sites, buildings, structures or objects, significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering or culture, that are listed, or are eligible for listing, in the National Register of Historic Places
    2. Facilities that may affect Indian/Native American religious sites
    3. Facilities to be located in floodplains, if the facilities will not be placed at least one foot above the base flood elevation of the flood plain
    4. Facilities whose construction will involve significant change to surface features (e.g., wetland fill, deforestation or water diversion).
    5. Antenna towers and/or supporting structures that are to be equipped with high intensity white lights which are to be located in residential neighborhoods, as defined by local zoning laws.

We cannot emphasize enough the importance of complying with the FCC’s complex environmental rules, given recent FCC enforcement activities. Our office can assist you with navigating these requirements as you construct facilities, or purchase companies that already have facilities in the ground. In this regard, we note that there have been circumstances where companies have purchased tower, only to discover years later, that the proper environmental assessments had not been made by the prior owner. Unfortunately, the FCC’s expectation is that these sorts of issues should have been caught during the due diligence process prior to the purchase of the legacy facility.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

FCC Seeks Comment on Requests for Waiver of City of Beresford, MA to Add Two T-Band Base Stations

The City of Beresford, Massachusetts (New Bedford) has filed requests for waiver of the FCC’s Rules in order to add two base stations to its public safety radio system operating in the 470-512 MHz band (T-Band) – which would be more than 80 kilometers from the city center coordinates of Boston, Massachusetts. Comments are due January 17, 2023 and Reply Comments are due February 1, 2023.

New Bedford currently operates on three T-Band radio pairs utilizing spectrum associated with TV Channel 14, as well as a four-site system utilizing spectrum in the TV Channel 16 band. New Bedford is requesting a waiver of Rule Section 90.305(a) to add two new base stations to Station WRPE962 at the New Bedford Hotel and the Regency Hotel, which are located 0.715 and 0.675 kilometers, respectively outside the 80-kilometer (i.e., 0.154 and 0.129 miles, respectively outside the 50-mile) radius area around Boston, Massachusetts within which fixed stations would normally be allowed. New Bedford is also requesting a waiver under section 90.305(a) to add one base station to Station WRTX821 at the same New Bedford Hotel site, which would operate on the same three base frequencies in the TV Channel 14 band as Station WRPE962.

In justifying its waiver request, New Bedford stated that it “is in dire need of improved coverage and building penetration in its historical downtown business district.” New Bedford asserts that “in order to accomplish the required service dependability, it is necessary to construct two sites in that area” and that “the prime sites that can provide that coverage are all located greater than 50 miles of the geographic center of Boston.” Finally, New Bedford claims that a grant of its request would be in the public interest and would “provide enhanced public safety radio services to the citizens and visitors in the greater downtown New Bedford.”

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast, and Richard Rubino

Law Offices Of
Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens,
Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

2120 L St. NW, Suite 825
Washington, D.C. 20037
(202) 659-0830
(202) 828-5568 (fax)


Benjamin H. Dickens, Jr., 202-828-5510,
Gerard J. Duffy, 202-828-5528,
John A. Prendergast, 202-828-5540,
Richard D. Rubino, 202-828-5519,
Mary J. Sisak, 202-828-5554,
D. Cary Mitchell, 202-828-5538,
Salvatore Taillefer, Jr., 202-828-5562,

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.

Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP is a telecommunications law firm representing rural telecommunications companies, wireless carriers, private radio licensees, cable TV companies, equipment manufacturers and industry associations before the FCC and the courts, as well as state and local government agencies. Our clients range from Fortune 500 companies to small and medium-sized enterprises whose vitality and efficiency depend on the effective deployment of communications.

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Don’t buy the wrong HDMI cable!
Buying HDMI 2.1 cables

Things have changed since HDMI 2.1 and associated features like 4K 120 Hz, eARC, and VRR have grown more prevalent. The old rules no longer apply, so here’s what to consider when getting new HDMI cables for your new gear.

Brad's opinion and experience:

HDMI 2.1 cable length is a very controversial topic. Most of the articles that I have read agree on how long various types of cables can be so I am not going to comment on that. The controversy is mostly about how short a cable can be and still function properly. I have heard several experts share their experiences where the two-way digital communication over a HDMI cable was causing problems because the cable involved was too short. Yes! too short. It is a timing issue.

There are no hard rules about this because the source and receiving devices can vary a lot. At least this video rightly advises us not to buy an HDMI 2.1 copper cable less than one meter in length (or no longer than two meters) and rated for 48 gigabits per second. I have read several Internet discussions where this guideline was called “ridiculous” (or worse).

Several self-titled experts have proclaimed that they tested “too short” cables and they worked just fine. I believe this — but I doubt that they used enough different source and receiving devices to make this a valid observation.

I resolved an intermittent problem in my home theater by replacing a couple of one-meter-long cables with two-meter cables last year. This may be counter intuitive in the analog world but not so in a two-way (digital handshake required) application. (Correction made on 1/4/23 — evidently a two-meter cable is the ideal length.)

Source: YouTube  



Vincent Van Gogh (EXPLAINED)

“Starry Night” was painted in June, 1889: it depicts the view from the east-facing window of his asylum room at Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, just before sunrise, with the addition of an idealized village.

Source: YouTube  

Best regards,
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