newsletter logo

Wireless News Aggregation

Friday — July 16, 2021 — Issue No. 967

Welcome Back To

The Wireless
Messaging News

Wireless Messaging News

  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Two-way Radio
  • Technology
  • Telemetry
  • Science
  • Paging
  • Wi-Fi
wireless logo medium


If your are using a Glenayre Paging Terminal, I recommend that you contact Vaughan Bowden at Easy Solutions about a service contract. Vaughan's service is highly recommended. Tell him Brad sent you.

This Week's Wireless News Headlines

  • If you are using a Glenayre Paging Terminal, I recommend that you contact Vaughan Bowden at Easy Solutions about a service contract. Vaughan's help is highly recommended. Tell him Brad sent you.
  • Swissphone expands its range of services in the field of “Critical Event Management” through the acquisition of instaSOLUTION AG, Pascal Jaggi becomes new CEO
    • Swissphone Wireless AG acquires the Swiss company instaSOLUTION AG. At the same time, long-time CEO Angelo Saccoccia hands over the group management to Pascal Jaggi.
  • Apple supplier launches non-invasive glucose monitor & health sensor tech
  • Biden restores Obama-era net neutrality rules
  • FCC speed standard that Ajit Pai never updated is too slow, GAO report says
    • The FCC raised its standard to 25/3Mbps in 2015 and hasn't changed it since.
  • Preview: WhatsApp multi-device compatibility on the desktop app
  • Inside Towers
    • Congress Pledges More Money, Streamlined Regs for Rural Broadband
  • BloostonLaw Telecom Update
    • FCC To Require Electronic Filing of International Applications and Reports
    • President Biden Signs Executive Order Calling for Net Neutrality Rules, Increased ISP Competition
    • FCC Modifies Supply Chain Reimbursement Program Rules
    • FCC Proposes Updates to Short Range Radar Sensing Technology Rules
    • Mobile Legacy High Cost Usage Flexibility Certifications Due August 16
    • Comment Sought on Elimination or Revision of Certain Broadcast Technical Rules
    • GAO Finds Current Broadband Speeds Not Fast Enough for Small Business Needs
    • Deadlines
    • Calendar At-a-Glance
    • BloostonLaw Contacts
  • Technician's Corner
    • Intermittent coax connection with UHF connectors
    • Metric clones are incompatible
    • Wikipedia reference article
    • “My Love Is . . .”
    • By Bernadette Seacrest, Kris Dale, and Darren Stanley


This doesn't mean that nothing is ever published here that mentions a US political party—it just means that the editorial policy of this newsletter is to remain neutral on all political issues. We don't take sides.

About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the INTERNET for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.

Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association. I don't intend to hurt anyone's feelings, but I do freely express my own opinions.

What happens if you don't advertise? . . . NOTHING!

Click on the image above for more info about advertising in this newsletter.



How would you like to help support The Wireless Messaging News? Your support is needed. New advertising and donations have fallen off considerably.
A donation through PayPal is easier than writing and mailing a check and it comes through right away.

There is not a lot of news about Paging these days but when anything significant comes out, you will probably see it here. I also cover text messaging to other devices and various articles about related technology.

Subscribe Here


* required field

If you would like to subscribe to the newsletter just fill in the blanks in the form above, and then click on the “Subscribe” bar.


Advertiser Index

Easy Solutions  (Vaughan Bowden)
Frank Moorman
IWA Technical Services, Inc.  (Ira Wiesenfeld)
Leavitt Communications  (Phil Leavitt)
Prism-IPX Systems  (Jim Nelson & John Bishop)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC  (Ron Mercer)

Service Monitors and Frequency Standards for Sale

Motorola Service Monitor

IFR Service Monitor

IFR 500A Service Monitor

(Images are typical units, not actual photos of items offered for sale here.)

Qty Item Notes
2 Late IFR 500As  
1 Motorola R 2001D  
4 Motorola R 2400 and 2410A  
5 Motorola R 2600 and R 2660 late S/Ns  
4 Motorola R 1200  
2 Motorola R 2200  
2 Stand-alone Efratom Rubidium Frequency Standards 10 MHz output
1 Telawave model 44 wattmeter Recently calibrated
1 IFR 1000S  
All sold with 7-day ROR (Right of Refusal), recent calibration, operation manual, and accessories.  
Factory carrying cases for each with calibration certificate.  
Many parts and accessories  

Frank Moorman animated left arrow

(254) 596-1124

Calibration and Repair (NIST 17025)
Upgrades: We can add the FE 5680A 10 MHz rubidium clock to your unit. Small unit fits into the well in the battery compartment — making it a world standard accuracy unit that never needs to be frequency calibrated.
Please inquire by telephone or e-mail.
Most Service Monitor Accessories in stock.


Swissphone expands its range of services in the field of “Critical Event Management” through the acquisition of instaSOLUTION AG, Pascal Jaggi becomes new CEO

Swissphone Wireless AG acquires the Swiss company instaSOLUTION AG. At the same time, long-time CEO Angelo Saccoccia hands over the group management to Pascal Jaggi.

As a market leader in the field of secure alerting, Swissphone Wireless AG (“Swissphone”) operates various service platforms, in the areas of lone worker protection, threat solutions and critical messaging. In order to strengthen its market position, Swissphone will take over instaSOLUTION AG on 15 July 2021, which operates a modern, cloud-based platform in various areas of critical event management with many well-known customers from industry and administration. In the future, Swissphone will serve existing and new customers with a comprehensive, modern, and highly available alarm management solution. The entire instaSOLUTION AG team, as well as the responsible software developers of the previous sister company, soXes GmbH will move to Swissphone to continue the growth course there.

Philipp Schülin, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Swissphone: “We are extremely pleased about this reinforcement of the Swissphone Group with the team which includes, Christian Hasenfratz, Stefan Schmid and Patrick Büchler. instaSOLUTION AG fits perfectly into our mission to provide highly available alerting and communication solutions via stand-alone networks as well as cloud-based solutions. The competences as well as the customers and partners of the two companies complement each other in an ideal way to create added value for existing and new stakeholders.”

At the same time, Pascal Jaggi will take over the overall management of the Swissphone Group as of 1 August 2021. He replaces Angelo Saccoccia, who is stepping down after six years as CEO. Philipp Schülin: “Angelo Saccoccia led Swissphone quickly and very successfully back on the path to success from 2015. In 2019, he found a succession plan for the founders by selling the group to Rigeto Unternehmerkapital GmbH and the members of the executive board. Swissphone also coped very well with the Covid pandemic under his leadership. He hands over the company with its subsidiaries in excellent condition. We regret his departure and thank him sincerely for his commitment. At the same time, we warmly welcome Pascal Jaggi as our new Group CEO and look forward to the accents he will set thanks to his sound and long-standing experience in the telecommunications industry.” Pascal Jaggi has held various management positions at Swisscom AG since 2011, most recently as Executive VP Operations & Engineering. He brings with him the best qualifications as a leader in ICT, digital and agile transformation.

About instaSOLUTION AG

instaSOLUTION AG was founded in 2015 and offers modern and efficient communication and management solutions in the areas of alerting, crisis management, mobile collaboration, messaging and IoT. Thanks to the connection of people and systems and the linking of the physical and digital worlds, the company focuses on making the multitude of processes within organisations even more efficient, effective and transparent.

Swissphone Wireless AG
Robert Bolecek
Head of Communication
Telefon: +41 78 775 60 80
Christian Hasenfratz
Managing Director
Telefon: +41 76 368 36 86
Source: Swissphone Wireless AG  

Leavitt Communications


50 years experience providing and supporting radio and paging customers worldwide. Call us anytime we can be useful!






Minitor VI

Leavitt sells and supports most pager brands. We stock Unication G1, G5, Secure and some Elegant pagers. Call or e-mail for price and availability.

Philip C. Leavitt, V.P.
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Web Site:
Mobile phone: 847-494-0000
Telephone: 847-955-0511
Fax: 270-447-1909
Skype ID: pcleavitt

Apple supplier launches non-invasive glucose monitor & health sensor tech

By William Gallagher | Jul 14, 2021

A new "clinic-on-the-wrist" digital health system from Apple supplier Rockley Photonics backs up expectations that the Apple Watch will ultimately gain non-invasive glucose monitoring.

Apple has reportedly been working on a glucose monitoring system for the Apple Watch for many years, with some rumors pointing to its inclusion in the forthcoming "Apple Watch Series 7". That hasn't been considered likely, based on the complexities of the technology, but a new release from Apple supplier Rockley Photonics may change that.

The UK company, known to have a significant relationship with Apple, has announced what it describes as a "complete full-stack" wearable health system.

"Rockley's sensor module and associated reference designs for consumer products integrate hardware and application firmware," said the company in a statement, "to enable wearable devices to monitor multiple biomarkers, including core body temperature, blood pressure, body hydration, alcohol, lactate, and glucose trends, among others."

Notice the Apple Watch Sport Band on this test system

As revealed by the company, the system will be used in "a sequence of in-house human studies" over the next few months. The system is approximately the size and shape of an Apple Watch — to the extent that publicity photos show it using an Apple Watch Sport Band.

However, it's unlikely to be released to the public in this form — or directly by Rockley Photonics. Instead, this is a test platform that will adapted by other firms.

"Our reference designs will significantly aid our customers and partners with the deployment of our technology and accelerate their own scalable, high-volume product delivery," continued the company.

If Apple uses Rockley's technology in a future Apple Watch, it will work by generating "a large number of discrete laser outputs from a single silicon chip." This sensor "non-invasively probes beneath the skin" to gain health measurements.

Rockley Photonics says that its system uses infrared spectrophotometers to detect and monitor a wider range of health issue than the green LED systems in most wrist devices.

The company says that its system will allow it to "analyze blood, interstitial fluids, and various layers of the dermis for constituents and physical phenomena of interest."

Source: Apple Insider  

Paging Transmitters 150/900 MHz

The RFI High Performance Paging Transmitter is designed for use in campus, city, state and country-wide paging systems. Designed for use where reliable simulcast systems where RF signal overlap coverage is critical.

  • Commercial Paging systems.
  • Healthcare Paging systems.
  • Public Safety Emergency Services Paging systems.
  • Demand Response Energy Grid Management.

Built-in custom interface for Prism-IPX ipBSC Base Controller for remote control, management and alarm reporting.

  • Use as a stand-alone unit or in wide area network.
  • Mix with other transmitter brands in an existing paging network.
  • Adjustable from 20-250 watts.
  • 110/240 VAC or 48VDC.
  • Absolute Delay Correction.
  • Remote Diagnostics.
  • Configurable alarm thresholds.
  • Integrated Isolator.
  • Superb Reliability.
  • Improved amplifier efficiency.
  • Most reliable high-powered paging transmitter available.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:


“Is Paging Going Away?” by Jim Nelson

  • Click here for English.
  • Click here for German. (Berlin Revision: November 8, 2016)
  • Click here for French.

Here is an English PDF edit of this paper formatted with page breaks and suitable for printing.

Volunteers needed for translations into other languages.

Board of Advisors

The Wireless Messaging News
Board of Advisors

Frank McNeill
Founder & CEO
Communications Specialists
Jim Nelson
President & CEO
Prism Systems International
Kevin D. McFarland, MSCIS
Sr. Application Systems Analyst
Medical Center
Paul Lauttamus, President
Lauttamus Communications & Security
R.H. (Ron) Mercer
Wireless Consultant
Barry Kanne
Paging Industry Veteran
Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
Consulting Engineer
Allan Angus
Consulting Engineer

The Board of Advisor members are people with whom I have developed a special rapport, and have met personally. They are not obligated to support the newsletter in any way, except with advice, and maybe an occasional letter to the editor.




Can You Help The Newsletter?

animated left arrow

You can help support The Wireless Messaging News by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above. It is not necessary to be a member of PayPal to use this service.



Reader Support

Newspapers generally cost 75¢ $1.50 a copy and they hardly ever mention paging or wireless messaging, unless in a negative way. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially?

A donation of $50.00 would certainly help cover a one-year period. If you are wiling and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above.


Biden restores Obama-era net neutrality rules

The rules were repealed in 2017 by former chair Ajit Pai

JULY 12, 2021


Francis Scialabba

Earlier we gave you the high level on Biden's EO, now let's zoom in. Among the other 70-something initiatives included, Biden nestled a plan to restore the FCC’s net neutrality rules established under former President Obama in 2015.

  • The rules, which required ISPs to provide equal access to all Internet sites and services, were the subject of intense pushback from major telcos like Verizon, AT&T, and Comcast.
  • In 2017, former FCC chairman Ajit Pai repealed net neutrality during the Trump admin, calling the rules “heavy-handed micromanagement.”

So what? ISPs will no longer be able to selectively throttle or outright block access to online services and websites, like Comcast was discovered to be doing in 2007. They also can’t play favorites with those who pay them the most for access, so they have to keep speeds uniform for streaming giants and personal websites alike.

Looking ahead...before any of this happens, President Biden has to nominate someone to fill the FCC’s last open seat—and that person also has to be approved by Congress. The spot's been vacant since Pai departed on January 20. Until it's filled, the FCC is gridlocked.

Source: Morning Brew  


prism-ipx systems

With PRISM IPX Systems, Your message is delivered Secure & Encrypted

prism-ipx systems

prism-ipx systems

Prism IPX Products
PriMega Message Gateway
The PriMega manages a paging network from the message input using telephone and data lines to the data output to one or more paging transmitters, e-mail or text messaging destinations.
IPT Systems
The IPT is a versatile small footprint Linux based product used for small paging systems and for converting data protocols for messaging systems. Popular for converting text messaging transport protocols for linking message systems.
Message Logging Systems
Paging Message Logging software collects data decoded off-the-air and sends the data to the logging server. Logs can be used to prove messages were actual transmitted and were capable of being received without error.

Thousands of Users Worldwide Depend on Prism IPX

Our Customers Trust Us To Make Sure That Their Messages Get Delivered

Prism-IPX Systems products include full-featured radio paging systems with VoIP input, IP based transmitter control systems and paging message encryption. Other options include e-mail messaging, remote switch controllers, Off-The-Air paging message decoders and logging systems.

MORE INFO HERE left arrow

Easy Solutions

easy solutions

Providing Expert Support and Service Contracts for all Glenayre Paging Systems.

The GL3000 is the most prolific paging system in the world and Easy Solutions gladly welcomes you to join us in providing reliable support to the paging industry for many more decades in the future.

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don’t just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost-effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full-time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or e-mail us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023

Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119
Telephone: 214 785-8255


I would like to recommend Easy Solutions for Support of all Glenayre Paging Equipment. This Texas company is owned and operated by Vaughan Bowden. I have known Vaughan for over 35 years. Without going into a long list of his experience and qualifications, let me just say that he was the V.P. of Engineering at PageNet which was—at that time—the largest paging company in the world. So Vaughan knows Paging.

GTES is no longer offering support contracts. GTES was the original group from Vancouver that was setup to offer support to customers that wanted to continue with the legacy Glenayre support. Many U.S. customers chose not to use this service because of the price and the original requirement to upgrade to version 8.0 software (which required expensive hardware upgrades, etc.). Most contracts ended as of February 2018.

If you are at all concerned about future support of Glenayre products, especially the “king of the hill” the GL3000 paging control terminal, I encourage you to talk to Vaughan about a service contract and please tell him about my recommendation.

Click on the image above for more info about advertising here.

INTERNET Protocol Terminal

The IPT accepts INTERNET or serial messaging using various protocols and can easily convert them to different protocols, or send them out as paging messages.

An ideal platform for hospitals, on-site paging applications, or converting legacy systems to modern protocols.

Input Protocols: Serial and IP
Output Protocols: Serial and IP
FLEX (optional PURC control)   POCSAG (optional PURC control)

Additional/Optional Features

  • Database of up to 5000 subscribers.
  • 4 serial ports on board.
  • Up to 8 phone lines (DID or POTS).
  • Can be configured for auto-fail-over to hot swap standby.
  • 1RU rack mount unit appliance—no moving parts.
  • Easily secure legacy system messages leaving site for HIPAA compliance.
  • Only purchase the protocols/options you need.
  • Add Paging Encryption for HIPAA compliance on site.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Paging Data Receiver PDR-4

The PDR-4 is a multi-function paging data receiver that decodes paging messages and outputs them via the serial port, USB or Ethernet connectors.

Designed for use with Prism-IPX ECHO software Message Logging Software to receive messages and log the information for proof of transmission over the air, and if the data was error free.

  • Option—decode capcode list or all messages.
  • Large capcode capacity.
  • Serial, USB and Ethernet output.
  • POCSAG or FLEX page decoding, special SA protocols.
  • Receivers for paging bands in VHF, UHF, 900 MHz.
  • Message activated Alarm Output.
  • 8 programmable relay outputs.
  • Send notifications of a system problem.
  • Synthesized Receiver Tuning.
  • Selectivity better than 60 dB.
  • Frequencies 148-174, 450-470, 929-932 MHz.
  • Image Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Spurious Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Channel Spacing 12.5 or 25 kHz.
  • Power 5VDC.
  • Receiving Sensitivity 5µV at 1200 bps.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Wireless Network Planners

Wireless Network Planners
Wireless Specialists

R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street
East Northport, NY 11731

ron mercer
Telephone: 631-786-9359 left arrow left arrow


FCC speed standard that Ajit Pai never updated is too slow, GAO report says

FCC raised its standard to 25/3Mbps in 2015 and hasn't changed it since.

JON BRODKIN — 7/12/2021, 2:41 PM

Getty Images | Kittichai Boonpong | EyeEm

The Federal Communications Commission broadband standard that was implemented under then-Chairman Tom Wheeler in 2015 and never updated by Ajit Pai is now "likely too slow," according to a government report issued last week.

The Wheeler-led FCC in January 2015 updated the agency's broadband standard from 4Mbps downstream and 1Mbps upstream to 25Mbps downloads/3Mbps uploads. The increase was opposed by broadband-industry lobbyists and Republicans, including Ajit Pai, who was then a commissioner and later served as FCC chairman throughout the Trump administration.

Pai never updated the 25Mbps/3Mbps standard in his four years as chair. In his last annual broadband-deployment report issued in January 2021, Pai concluded that "fixed services with speeds of 25/3Mbps continue to meet the statutory definition of advanced telecommunications capability."

Consumer advocates have frequently called the 25Mbps/3Mbps outdated, and the nonpartisan US Government Accountability Office (GAO) agreed in a report based on a review of research and interviews with small businesses.

"Much of the literature GAO reviewed suggests that FCC's current broadband minimum benchmark speeds—25 megabits per second (Mbps) for downloading and 3Mbps for uploading—are likely too slow to meet many small business speed needs," the GAO said in a report issued Thursday.

Small-business focus

The GAO report is focused on small businesses and said that FCC officials acknowledged that "they are not aware of any small business requirements that have been taken into consideration in determining the minimum speed benchmark." The GAO urged the FCC to analyze the broadband needs of small businesses, including by "solicit[ing] stakeholder input," and to incorporate the results into its next broadband benchmark. The "FCC agreed with this recommendation," the GAO said.

The GAO pointed to a 2019 USDA report on rural broadband and agriculture, saying it found that "as technology advances and volumes of data needed to manage agriculture production grow, speeds in excess of 25/3Mbps with more equal download and upload speeds will likely be necessary." The GAO also said that "in 2017, BroadbandUSA—a National Telecommunications and Information Administration program—published a fact sheet stating that small businesses need a minimum of 50Mbps speeds in order to conduct tasks such as managing inventory, operating point-of-sale terminals, and coordinating shipping."

"Eleven of the twelve small business owners we interviewed also highlighted advanced uses of broadband, and two gave examples of using higher broadband speeds," the GAO wrote. "One business owner we spoke to in California provides IT services to other small businesses, and he advises clients to get a 100/25Mbps connection, at minimum."

Senators called for 100/100 benchmark

The FCC's 25Mbps/3Mbps definition was developed with the needs of home-Internet users in mind and is used to analyze how many Americans have or lack access to high-speed broadband service. It has also been used to determine which parts of the country should get government funding for network deployment and to set the floor for speeds that ISPs are required to provide in exchange for public subsidies. Pai's Rural Digital Opportunity Fund set 25Mbps/3Mbps as the minimum, though it used several speed tiers and ended up allotting nearly all the money to ISPs that pledged speeds of at least 100Mbps/20Mbps.

Four US senators—including one Republican—recently called on the FCC and other Biden administration agencies to use a standard of 100Mbps both upstream and downstream for new deployments. The GAO didn't recommend a specific standard, but it wrote in the full report's conclusion that the current one is likely not fast enough, particularly on the upload side.

"Millions of small business owners continue to lack access to broadband that meets their needs. FCC's minimum speed benchmark of 25/3Mbps is likely not fast enough to meet the needs of many small businesses, particularly with regard to upload speeds," the GAO wrote.

Speed standards have been a big topic lately as the Biden administration and Congress discuss how to spend $65 billion on broadband deployment. A symmetrical 100Mbps standard like the one proposed by the four senators would likely ensure that government-subsidized networks are built with fiber instead of technologies that have slower uploads, like cable and fixed wireless. Congress can set its own speed standards for funding purposes, so it doesn't necessarily have to use the FCC's current 25Mbps/3Mbps benchmark.

Acting FCC chair said 25/3 standard is outdated

Boosting the speed standard would result in a higher number of Americans being classified as "unserved" in government data. FCC acting Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel has been supporting an upgrade to the agency's broadband-speed standard for years. "With so many of our nation's providers rolling out gigabit service, it's time for the FCC to adjust its baseline upward, too," she said last year, calling for a 100Mbps download standard and an upload standard that's higher than 3Mbps.

This year, after Pai stuck with the 25Mbps/3Mbps standard, Rosenworcel said it "confounds logic" that the FCC issued a "report that says that broadband is being deployed to all Americans in a reasonable and timely fashion." She said the pandemic has made it "painfully clear there are too many people in the United States who lack access to broadband," with "people sitting in parking lots using free Wi-Fi signals because they have no other way to get online" and "students who fall in the homework gap because the lack the high-speed service they need to participate in remote learning."

FCC data, which is based on speeds that ISPs say they offer in each census block, shows much lower deployment rates in higher speed tiers, especially in rural areas. "According to FCC's 2021 Broadband Deployment Report, only about 67 percent of rural Americans have access to 100/10Mbps speeds, compared to about 83 percent at the current 25/3Mbps," the GAO report noted.

FCC advisory groups urged higher speeds

Despite Pai maintaining the 25Mbps/3Mbps standard, the FCC itself formed advisory groups that found higher speeds are likely necessary, the GAO wrote. One of those reports recommended higher upload speeds in particular because of needs in agriculture:

Recently, two FCC-commissioned advisory groups have suggested that higher speeds may be necessary. A December 2020 report issued by the FCC Broadband Deployment Advisory Council encouraged FCC to continue to update the broadband speed benchmark to account for higher capacity download and upload speeds sufficient to support current and future demand... An October 2020 interim working group report from the FCC Precision Agriculture Connectivity Task Force, looking at the use of broadband in agriculture, which can include small farms, also recommended that the minimum benchmark be increased from 25/3Mbps. This report stated there should be a particular focus on increasing upload speeds to accommodate the large amounts of data collected and analyzed for agriculture management. FCC officials stated that they would review and determine whether to follow the report's recommendations.

Rosenworcel is leading the FCC without a majority because Biden hasn't nominated a new commissioner to break the 2-2 deadlock between Democrats and Republicans. Biden's delay, coupled with the Senate confirmation process that often takes months after a nomination is announced publicly, means that the FCC likely won't tackle big agenda items like restoring net neutrality rules in 2021.

Raising broadband speed standards has also generally required a partisan battle. But with the most recent FCC deployment report having been released in January 2021, the FCC may wait until early 2022 to issue a new report and raise the 25Mbps/3Mbps standard. By then, the FCC presumably will have a Democratic majority.

Source: arsTECHNICA  

Consulting Alliance

Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, Vic Jackson, and Ira Wiesenfeld are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects.

Click here left arrow for a summary of their qualifications and experience. Each one has unique abilities. We would be happy to help you with a project, and maybe save you some time and money.

Note: We do not like Patent Trolls, i.e. “a person or company who enforces patent rights against accused infringers in an attempt to collect licensing fees, but does not manufacture products or supply services based upon the patents in question.” We have helped some prominent law firms defend their clients against this annoyance, and would be happy to do some more of this same kind of work.

Some people use the title “consultant” when they don't have a real job. We actually do consulting work, and help others based on our many years of experience.

“If you would know the road ahead, ask someone who has traveled it.” — Chinese Proverb

Remote AB Switches

ABX-1 switches are often used at remote transmitter sites to convert from old, outdated and unsupported controllers to the new modern Prism-IPX ipBSC base station controllers. Remotely switch to new controllers with GUI commands.


ABX-3 switches are widely used for enabling or disabling remote equipment and switching I/O connections between redundant messaging systems.


Common Features:

  • RJ45 for A, B and Common connectors.
  • Manual push button or use Prism IP commands to switch one or more relays.
  • Single or Dual Port Control card for IP or Serial connection.
  • Form C relay—control local connection.
  • Power Loss Indicator.
  • Rear Panel Connector for controlling the switch externally.
  • Power Source: 5VDC for ABX-1; 12VDC for ABX-3.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Leavitt Communications

We can supply alphanumeric display, numeric display, and voice pagers.

We also offer NEW and refurbished Alphamate 250s, refurbished Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate refurbished, and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts, and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging! Outstanding service is our goal.

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information, or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

Phil Leavitt

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Preview: WhatsApp multi-device compatibility on the desktop app

José Adorno - Jul. 12th 2021 6:40 am PT

WhatsApp has been testing multi-device compatibility for a while. Now, WABetaInfo was able to show how this is going to work on the desktop app.

When multi-device compatibility for WhatsApp is available, users will be able to link up to four devices and one mobile phone. The big deal about this feature is that you’ll be able to use WhatsApp on your Mac even without an Internet connection on your phone.

As you can see in the image above, here’s what will appear when the multi-device compatibility is available: Make calls and send messages without connecting your phone. Use WhatsApp on up to 4 devices at the same time.

Recently, in an interview with Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg and WhatsApp CEO Will Cathcart, they said that “it’s been a big technical challenge to get all your messages and content to sync.”

This is probably the way WhatsApp will finally release an iPad version, as has been rumored for about three years now.

Currently, the multi-device compatibility is still under development but will soon be available for beta testers.

WhatsApp is rolling out version 2.2126.11 of its web and desktop clients with a disappearing messages feature and a new archive tab. With the disappearing messages feature, users are able to send photos and videos that disappear after the other user sees them.

Apart from that, when you archive a conversation and the person sends you a message again, it will stay in that tab. You can read more about it here.

Source: 9TO5Mac  

Inside Towers Newsletter

Friday, July 16, 2021 Volume 9 | Issue 138

Congress Pledges More Money, Streamlined Regs for Rural Broadband

By J. Sharpe Smith, Inside Towers Technology Editor

Another piece of legislation making money available for rural broadband, The Broadband Internet Connections for Rural America Act (HR 4374), passed by voice vote Thursday in the U.S. House of Representatives Agriculture Committee.

“It is impossible to overstate how important it is that we get every single resident of rural America connected to high speed and affordable broadband. This connectivity is a lifeline in so many ways for so many people,” said Committee Chairman David Scott (D-GA), in his statement introducing the legislation.

In its current iteration, the bipartisan legislation provides $300,000,000 annually from 2022 to 2030, to expand rural broadband service nationwide by increasing the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA's) expiring loan and grant program, according to press reports.

“I want to make one thing abundantly clear. This committee – the House Agriculture Committee – is taking the lead on this issue. We know what rural America needs and what they’re asking for, and it’s absolutely vital that House Agriculture be the guiding light on this issue,” Scott said.

The legislation establishes the ReConnect Rural Broadband Program, which would fund loans, grants, and loan guarantees for the construction or improvement of Internet service in small towns and rural areas that are unserved or underserved. The measure currently gives priority to communities with 10 Mbps download and 1 Mbps upload.

An additional $2.4 billion would be set aside for pilot projects to test various broadband technologies, according to reports.

Earlier this week, Sens. Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) introduced the Assisting Broadband Connectivity Act, which would streamline the funding process and remove barriers for broadband connectivity in hard-to-serve rural areas.

“This bipartisan bill makes commonsense updates to help areas connect all the pieces from both the state and federal level to get some of these expensive and urgent rural broadband projects done,” Grassley said.

The Assisting Broadband Connectivity Act will make changes to the rural broadband programs at the USDA so areas aren’t automatically ineligible for federal funding because the project previously received state funding. This change will ease administrative burdens for those applying to provide broadband to rural America. However, this won’t change the requirements or due diligence for USDA Rural Utilities Service when they administer these programs, according to Grassley.

“When we invest in broadband infrastructure, we invest in opportunity for all Americans,” Klobuchar said. “In 2021, we should be able to bring high-speed Internet to every family in America — regardless of their zip code. This legislation will help bridge the digital divide by ensuring states are able to access the funding they need to provide broadband service in rural and low-income communities.”

This legislation will also provide more flexibility with funding and resources. States will be able to use federal funds, such as COVID aid for broadband, fulfilling their requirement in most applications to match federal dollars. This update will help rural America move forward by providing more coordination and funding availability for broadband projects.

The funding in this measure is separate from the $65 billion in broadband funding proposed in the bipartisan infrastructure package currently being negotiated between Congress and the White House.

Source: Inside Towers newsletter Courtesy of the editor of Inside Towers, Jim Fryer.
Inside Towers is a daily newsletter by subscription.

BloostonLaw Newsletter

Selected portions [sometimes more — sometimes less — sometimes the whole updates] of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP — are reproduced in this section of The Wireless Messaging News with kind permission from the firm's partners. The firm's contact information is included at the end of this section of the newsletter.

  BloostonLaw Telecom Update Vol. 24, No. 29 July 14, 2021  

FCC To Require Electronic Filing of International Applications and Reports

On July 13, the FCC adopted an Order that will require the electronic filing of all applications and reports in the International Bureau Filing System (IBFS). These new rules will extend electronic filing requirements to Section 325(c) Applications, Applications for International High Frequency Broadcast (IHF) Stations, and Dominant Carrier Section 63.10(c) Quarterly Reports. The Order also removes a duplicate paper filing requirement for satellite cost-recovery International Telecommunication Union (ITU) declarations.

This requirement will be effective upon publication in the Federal Register, which will be preceded by approval of the Office of Management and Budget. This should give carriers ample notice of the effective date of the change.

BloostonLaw Contact: Sal Taillefer.


President Biden Signs Executive Order Calling for Net Neutrality Rules, Increased ISP Competition

On July 9, President Joe Biden signed an Executive Order on promoting competition in the American economy. Among other things, the Executive Order “encourages” the FCC to “consider” the following:

  • adopting through appropriate rulemaking “Net Neutrality” rules similar to those previously adopted under title II of the Communications Act;
  • conducting future spectrum auctions under rules that are designed to help avoid excessive concentration of spectrum license holdings in the United States, so as to prevent spectrum stockpiling, warehousing of spectrum by licensees, or the creation of barriers to entry, and to improve the conditions of competition in industries that depend upon radio spectrum, including mobile communications and radio-based broadband services;
  • providing support for the continued development and adoption of 5G Open Radio Access Network (O-RAN) protocols and software, continuing to attend meetings of voluntary and consensus-based standards development organizations, so as to promote or encourage a fair and representative standard-setting process, and undertaking any other measures that might promote increased openness, innovation, and competition in the markets for 5G equipment;
  • prohibiting unjust or unreasonable early termination fees for end-user communications contracts, enabling consumers to more easily switch providers;
  • initiating a rulemaking that requires broadband service providers to display a broadband consumer label, so as to give consumers clear, concise, and accurate information regarding provider prices and fees, performance, and network practices;
  • initiating a rulemaking to require broadband service providers to regularly report broadband price and subscription rates to the FCC for the purpose of disseminating that information to the public in a useful manner, to improve price transparency and market functioning; and
  • initiating a rulemaking to prevent landlords and cable and Internet service providers from inhibiting tenants’ choices among providers.

The President also affirmed that it is a policy of his Administration to enforce antitrust laws against “the rise of the dominant Internet platforms, especially as they stem from serial mergers, the acquisition of nascent competitors, the aggregation of data, unfair competition in attention markets, the surveillance of users, and the presence of network effects.”

“The American information technology sector has long been an engine of innovation and growth, but today a small number of dominant Internet platforms use their power to exclude market entrants, to extract monopoly profits, and to gather intimate personal information that they can exploit for their own advantage,” wrote President Biden. “Too many small businesses across the economy depend on those platforms and a few online marketplaces for their survival. And too many local newspapers have shuttered or downsized, in part due to the Internet platforms’ dominance in advertising markets.”

Predictably, the Democratic Commissioners were supportive of President Biden’s words, while the Republican Commissioners were less so. “Our economy thrives on competition. It is the reason the United States is home to some of the most dynamic companies in the world. I welcome this effort by the President to enhance competition in the American economy and in the nation’s communications sector,” said Acting Chair Rosenworcel. “Today’s Executive Order spotlights the values that should drive our work toward that goal: affordability, fairness, competition, innovation, and consumer choice … I applaud President Biden’s sustained focus on these important issues,” said Commissioner Starks.

On the other hand, “I believe that the President’s vision for net neutrality would be better accomplished by a bipartisan effort in Congress,” said Commissioner Simington. Commissioner Carr was even more vociferous: “[The Executive Order] embraces a backwards-looking, Obama-era approach to Internet regulation—one that would give the lobbyists at Google, Facebook, and Amazon the regulatory protections and price controls they’ve long sought while doing nothing to address Silicon Valley’s threats to free speech and an open Internet.”

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

FCC Modifies Supply Chain Reimbursement Program Rules

On July 13, the FCC adopted an Order that incorporates changes to the Secure and Trusted Communications Networks Reimbursement Program. Specifically, key changes in the Order include:

  • Increasing the eligibility cap for participation in the Reimbursement Program from providers serving two million or fewer customers to those with 10 million or fewer customers;
  • Modifying the equipment and services eligible for the Reimbursement Program to include all communications equipment and services produced or provided by Huawei Technologies Company or ZTE Corporation;
  • Establishing June 30, 2020 as the new date by which covered communications equipment and services must have been obtained to be eligible for Reimbursement Program funds;
  • Enacting the prioritization scheme expressly provided for in the Consolidated Appropriations Act if demand for Reimbursement Program funding exceeds the $1.895 billion appropriated by Congress; and
  • Clarifying some Reimbursement Program requirements to assist eligible providers as they prepare to seek reimbursement for expenses related to removing, replacing, and disposing of covered communications equipment or services.

The FCC created the Reimbursement Program in 2020 to reimburse providers of advanced communications services for costs reasonably incurred in removing, replacing, and disposing of communications and equipment that pose an unacceptable risk to national security.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and John Prendergast.

FCC Proposes Updates to Short Range Radar Sensing Technology Rules

On July 13, the FCC adopted a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in which it proposes updated rules for short-range radars in the 60 GHz spectrum band. Cutting edge radar sensing technology has been used to enable in-car radar-based technology to monitor for children left in dangerous, hot cars and touchless control of devices, including to promote accessibility for users with mobility or speech impairments. Comment and reply comment deadlines have not yet been established.

Specifically, the NPRM proposes expanding the permissible uses for short-range radars in the 57 to 64 GHz band while promoting coexistence with other unlicensed users and not interfering with licensed and authorized users in the band. This item proposes allowing unlicensed field disturbance sensors like radar devices to operate in mobile environments at a higher power level than authorized today, modeled after successful waivers previously granted by the FCC’s Office of Engineering and Technology for Google’s gesture control device and to a number of parties for applications including hot car sensors. It also seeks comments on the use of sensing technology such as Listen-Before-Talk to allow transmission at the same power level as other unlicensed devices in this band.

Under current FCC rules, unlicensed devices that operate in the 57 to 71 GHz band generally include devices such as wireless local area networking devices, outdoor fixed point-to-point communication links, and radar devices that are used in fixed applications or mobile short-range interactive motion sensor uses. Today’s action seeks to open the door for additional technological uses in the 57 to 64 GHz portion of that band while asking questions about the applicability in the broader 57 to 71 GHz band, and proposing rules and seeking comment on how best to ensure coexistence among new and existing users.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino.

Law and Regulation

Mobile Legacy High Cost Usage Flexibility Certifications Due August 16

On July 14, the FCC announced the opening of the window for competitive eligible telecommunications carriers (ETCs) that spend less than one-third of their legacy high cost support in 2021 on 5G networks to file the required certification about their use of such support. Competitive ETCs to which this certification applies must file no later than August 16, 2021.

In 2020, the FCC adopted a requirement that competitive ETCs spend an increasing percentage of their support on the deployment of 5G services as a new public interest obligation for the receipt of legacy high-cost support for mobile services –at least one-third of the support it receives for 2021, at least two-thirds of the support it receives for 2022, and all support it receives for 2023 and every year thereafter. Recognizing that competitive ETCs’ budgets and deployment plans for 2021 may have already been finalized at the time that these requirements were adopted, the FCC granted competitive ETCs the flexibility to spend less than the required one-third of their legacy support in 2021 on 5G and make up any shortfall by proportionally increasing the requirement to spend at least two-thirds of their legacy support in 2022 on 5G.

To take advantage of this support usage flexibility, the FCC adopted the requirement that competitive ETCs electing to do so certify their use of legacy support. Carriers with questions about filing the certification may contact the firm for more information.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Sal Taillefer.

Comment Sought on Elimination or Revision of Certain Broadcast Technical Rules

On July 12, the FCC issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking eliminate or update certain broadcast technical rules. Comment and reply comment deadline shave not yet bene established.

Specifically, the FCC proposes the following rule changes:

  • eliminate the maximum rated transmitter power limit rule for AM stations set out in section 73.1665(b) of the rules;
  • update the NCE FM community of license coverage requirement set out in sections 73.316(c)(2)(ix)(B) and 73.1690(c)(8)(i) to match that used in section 73.515;
  • eliminate the requirement that applicants demonstrate the effect of their FM transmitting antenna on nearby FM or TV broadcast antennas, as set out in section 73.316(d);
  • update the signal strength contour overlap requirements for NCE FM Class D stations set out in section 73.509(b) to harmonize with the contour overlap requirements for all other NCE FM stations, set out in section 73.509(a);
  • eliminate the requirement for broadcast services to protect grandfathered common carrier services in Alaska operating in the 76-100 MHz frequency band set out in sections 73.501(b), 74.1202(b)(3), 74.702(a)(1), and 74.786(b);
  • amend the definition of an “AM fill-in area” set out in section 74.1201(j) to conform to section 74.1201(g); and
  • amend allocation and power limitations for broadcast stations within 320 kilometers of the Mexican and Canadian borders, set out in sections 73.207(b) and 74.1235(d), to comply with current treaty provisions.

Carriers interested in commenting on the FCC’s proposed revisions may contact the firm for more information.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.


GAO Finds Current Broadband Speeds Not Fast Enough for Small Business Needs

On July 8, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report on the suitability of current broadband speeds to small business needs. According to the report, “[m]uch of the literature GAO reviewed suggests that FCC's current broadband minimum benchmark speeds—25 megabits per second (Mbps) for downloading and 3 Mbps for uploading—are likely too slow to meet many small business speed needs.” As a result, the GAO officially recommended that “the Chair of FCC solicit input from stakeholders and conduct analysis of small businesses broadband speed needs and incorporate the results of this analysis into its determination of the benchmark for broadband.”

Highlights include:

  • In 2017, BroadbandUSA, a NTIA program, published a fact sheet stating that small businesses needed a minimum of 50 Mbps speeds in order to conduct tasks such as managing inventory, operating point-of-sale terminals, and coordinating shipping.
  • A 2019 USDA report on rural broadband and agriculture stated that as technology advances and volumes of data needed to manage agriculture production grow, speeds in excess of 25/3 Mbps will likely be necessary.3
  • Approximately 23 percent of 2,300 small businesses and farms that submitted documents in support of broadband providers’ funding application to the RUS program reported wanting download speeds of at least 100 Mbps.

This report responds to a provision in the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 as well as a request for GAO to examine broadband for small businesses. Among other objectives, this report examines (1) small business access to broadband and how federal broadband funding programs may serve small businesses; and (2) the extent to which FCC's broadband speed benchmark meets the needs of small businesses.


JULY 31: FCC FORM 507, LINE COUNT DATA (A-CAM AND ALASKA PLAN RECPIENTS). Sections 54.313(f)(5) and 54.903(a)(1) of the FCC’s rules requires all rate-of-return telecommunications carriers to provide line count information on FCC Form 507 to USAC, the universal service Administrator. Carriers receiving Connect America Fund Broadband Loop Support (CAF BLS) must submit this information annually on March 31st of each year, and may update the data on a quarterly basis. Carriers that receive Alternative Connect America Model (A-CAM) I, A-CAM II, or Alaska Plan support are required to file by July 1st of each year. For 2020, the FCC has extended the A-CAM filing deadline until July 31.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Gerry Duffy and Sal Taillefer.

JULY 31: CARRIER IDENTIFICATION CODE (CIC) REPORTS. Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Reports must be filed by the last business day of July (this year, July 31). These reports are required of all carriers who have been assigned a CIC code by NANPA. Failure to file could result in an effort by NANPA to reclaim it, although according to the Guidelines this process is initiated with a letter from NANPA regarding the apparent non-use of the CIC code. The assignee can then respond with an explanation. (Guidelines Section 6.2). The CIC Reporting Requirement is included in the CIC Assignment Guidelines, produced by ATIS. According to section 1.4 of that document: At the direction of the NANPA, the access providers and the entities who are assigned CICs will be requested to provide access and usage information to the NANPA, on a semi-annual basis to ensure effective management of the CIC resource. (Holders of codes may respond to the request at their own election). Access provider and entity reports shall be submitted to NANPA no later than January 31 for the period ending December 31, and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. It is also referenced in the NANPA Technical Requirements Document, which states at 7.18.6: CIC holders shall provide a usage report to the NANPA per the industry CIC guidelines … The NAS shall be capable of accepting CIC usage reports per guideline requirements on January 31 for the period ending December 31 and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. These reports may also be mailed and accepted by the NANPA in paper form. Finally, according to the NANPA website, if no local exchange carrier reports access or usage for a given CIC, NANPA is obliged to reclaim it. The semi-annual utilization and access reporting mechanism is described at length in the guidelines.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

AUGUST 1: FCC FORM 499-Q, TELECOMMUNICATIONS REPORTING WORKSHEET. All telecommunications common carriers that expect to contribute more than $10,000 to federal Universal Service Fund (USF) support mechanisms must file this quarterly form. The FCC has modified this form in light of its recent decision to establish interim measures for USF contribution assessments. The form contains revenue information from the prior quarter plus projections for the next quarter. Form 499-Q relates only to USF contributions. It does not relate to the cost recovery mechanisms for the Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS) Fund, the North American Numbering Plan Administration (NANPA), and the shared costs of local number portability (LNP), which are covered in the annual form (Form 499-A) that was due April 1.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

AUGUST 1: FCC FORM 502, NUMBER UTILIZATION AND FORECAST REPORT: Any wireless or wireline carrier (including paging companies) that have received number blocks—including 100, 1,000, or 10,000 number blocks—from the North American Numbering Plan Administrator (NANPA), a Pooling Administrator, or from another carrier, must file Form 502 by August 1. Carriers porting numbers for the purpose of transferring an established customer’s service to another service provider must also report, but the carrier receiving numbers through porting does not. Resold services should also be treated like ported numbers, meaning the carrier transferring the resold service to another carrier is required to report those numbers but the carrier receiving such numbers should not report them. Reporting carriers file utilization and forecast reports semiannually on or before February 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending December 31, and on or before August 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending June 30.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

AUGUST 1: LIVE 911 CALL DATA REPORTS – Non-Nationwide Providers that do not provide coverage in any of the Test Cities must collect and report aggregate data based on the largest county within its footprint to APCO, NENA, and NASNA on the location technologies used for live 911 calls in those areas. Clients should obtain spreadsheets with their company’s compliance data from their E911 service provider (e.g., Intrado / West).

BloostonLaw Contact: Cary Mitchell.

AUGUST 29: COPYRIGHT STATEMENT OF ACCOUNTS. The Copyright Statement of Accounts form plus royalty payment for the first half of year is due to be filed August 29 at the Library of Congress’ Copyright Office by cable TV service providers.

BloostonLaw Contact: Gerry Duffy.

SEPTEMBER 1: FCC FORM 477, LOCAL COMPETITION AND BROADBAND REPORTING FORM. Three types of entities must file this form. (1) Facilities-based Providers of Broadband Connections to End User Locations: Entities that are facilities-based providers of broadband connections – which are wired “lines” or wireless “channels” that enable the end user to receive information from and/or send information to the Internet at information transfer rates exceeding 200 kbps in at least one direction – must complete and file the applicable portions of this form for each state in which the entity provides one or more such connections to end user locations. For the purposes of Form 477, an entity is a “facilities-based” provider of broadband connections to end user locations if it owns the portion of the physical facility that terminates at the end user location, if it obtains unbundled network elements (UNEs), special access lines, or other leased facilities that terminate at the end user location and provisions/equips them as broadband, or if it provisions/equips a broadband wireless channel to the end user location over licensed or unlicensed spectrum. Such entities include incumbent and competitive local exchange carriers (LECs), cable system operators, fixed wireless service providers (including “wireless ISPs”), terrestrial and satellite mobile wireless service providers, MMDS providers, electric utilities, municipalities, and other entities. (Such entities do not include equipment suppliers unless the equipment supplier uses the equipment to provision a broadband connection that it offers to the public for sale. Such entities also do not include providers of fixed wireless services (e.g., “Wi-Fi” and other wireless ethernet, or wireless local area network, applications) that only enable local distribution and sharing of a premises broadband facility.) (2) Providers of Wired or Fixed Wireless Local Telephone Services: Incumbent and competitive LECs must complete and file the applicable portions of the form for each state in which they provide local exchange service to one or more end user customers (which may include “dial-up” ISPs). (3) Providers of Interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Service: Interconnected VoIP service is a service that enables real-time, two-way voice communications; requires a broadband connection from the user’s location; requires Internet-protocol compatible customer premises equipment; and permits users generally to receive calls that originate on the public switched telephone network and to terminate calls to the public switched telephone network. Interconnected VoIP providers must complete and file the applicable portions of the form for each state in which they provide interconnected VoIP service to one or more subscribers, with the state determined for reporting purposes by the location of the subscriber’s broadband connection or the subscriber’s “Registered Location” as of the data-collection date. “Registered Location” is the most recent information obtained by an interconnected VoIP service provider that identifies the physical location of an end user. (4) Providers of Mobile Telephony Services: Facilities-based providers of mobile telephony services must complete and file the applicable portions of this form for each state in which they serve one or more mobile telephony subscribers. A mobile telephony service is a real-time, two-way switched voice service that is interconnected with the public switched network using an in-network switching facility that enables the provider to reuse frequencies and accomplish seamless handoff of subscriber calls. A mobile telephony service provider is considered “facilities-based” if it serves a subscriber using spectrum for which the entity holds a license that it manages, or for which it has obtained the right to use via lease or other arrangement with a Band Manager.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Gerry Duffy.

SEPTEMBER 30: FCC FORM 396-C, MVPD EEO PROGRAM REPORTING FORM. Each year on September 30, multi-channel video program distributors (“MVPDs”) must file with the FCC an FCC Form 396-C, Multi-Channel Video Programming Distributor EEO Program Annual Report, for employment units with six or more full-time employees. Users must access the FCC’s electronic filing system via the Internet in order to submit the form; it will not be accepted if filed on paper unless accompanied by an appropriate request for waiver of the electronic filing requirement. Certain MVPDs also will be required to complete portions of the Supplemental Investigation Sheet (“SIS”) located at the end of the Form. These MVPDs are specifically identified in a Public Notice each year by the FCC.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Gerry Duffy and Sal Taillefer.

Calendar At-a-Glance

Jul. 7 – Reply comments are due on 12Ghz NPRM.
Jul. 12 – Comments on National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Proceeding are due.
Jul. 13 – Analog Termination Deadline for LPTV/Translator Stations.
Jul. 15 – EBB Reimbursement Claims from May 2021 on are due.
Jul. 15 – New application fee rates effective for Experimental Radio, Media Services.
Jul. 27 – Auction 109 – AM/FM Broadcast Auction begins.
Jul. 21 – Short forms for Auction 110 are due (6:00 PM ET).
Jul. 31 – Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Report is due.

Aug. 1 – FCC Form 502 due (North American Numbering Plan Utilization and Forecast Report).
Aug. 1 – FCC Form 499-Q (Quarterly Telecommunications Reporting Worksheet) is due.
Aug. 1 – Live 911 Call Data Reports from Non-Nationwide Providers are due.
Aug. 6 – Comments are due on Extension of CAF Phase II Letter of Credit Waiver.
Aug. 10 – Reply comments on National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Proceeding are due.
Aug. 11 – Comments on Space Launch Industry Spectrum are due.
Aug. 11 – Nationwide WEA and EAS test. Aug. 12 – ETRS Form Two is due.
Aug. 23 – Reply comments are due on Extension of CAF Phase II Letter of Credit Waiver.
Aug. 29 – Copyright Statement of Accounts is due.

Sep. 1 – FCC Form 477 due (Local Competition and Broadband Report).
Sep. 10 – Reply comments on Space Launch Industry Spectrum are due.
Sep. 27 – ETRS Form Three is due.
Sep. 30 – FCC Form 396-C (MVPD EEO Program Annual Report).

Law Offices Of
Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens,
Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

2120 L St. NW, Suite 300
Washington, D.C. 20037
(202) 659-0830
(202) 828-5568 (fax)


Harold Mordkofsky, 202-828-5520,
Benjamin H. Dickens, Jr., 202-828-5510,
Gerard J. Duffy, 202-828-5528,
John A. Prendergast, 202-828-5540,
Richard D. Rubino, 202-828-5519,
Mary J. Sisak, 202-828-5554,
D. Cary Mitchell, 202-828-5538,
Salvatore Taillefer, Jr., 202-828-5562,

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.

Complete Technical Services for the Communications and Electronics Industries

Technical Services Inc.

Texas Registered Engineering Firm #F16945

“It's more than Push-To-Talk”

7711 Scotia Drive
Dallas, TX 75248-3112

Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.

President • Principal Engineer

Cell: 214-707-7711
Toll Free: 844-IWA-TECH (844-492-8324)

Design  •  Installation  •  Maintenance  •  Training


Technician's Corner

UHF connectors

In reference to an intermittent coax connection one reader was having, I received the following from a group ( that I subscribe to:


You could have M-Type connectors (from Wikipedia): UHF connector (e.g., PL-259/SO-239). Some Japanese manufacturers such as Diamond Antennas use an M-type clone which has the measures and thread translated to metric.

These metric type are often what you get with Chinese import connectors. Unless all the sockets and plugs are the same type, the connections will not be reliable.

For checking the center pin connection, when you first insert the plug, make sure you feel some friction resistance. If the center pin slides in with no resistance, then you can work on the socket a bit. It has four leaves for making contact with the center pin. Using a small flat bladed screwdriver, or knife point, you can insert it between each blade and the insulator and slightly bend the leaf towards the center. Sometimes these are made wrong, or get spread apart by having a solder blob on the center pin.


Mark — N7EKU

So here is the Wikipedia article:

UHF connector

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Classic" UHF connector with a soldered center pin. The fringe of braided shielding at the rear has not been completely trimmed away.

The UHF connector is a name for a threaded RF connector. The connector design was invented in the 1930s for use in the radio industry, and is a shielded form of the "banana plug". It is a widely used standard connector for HF transmission lines on full-sized radio equipment, with BNC connectors predominating for smaller, hand-held equipment.

The name "UHF" is a source of confusion, since the name of the connectors did not change when the frequency ranges were renamed. The design was named during an era when "UHF" meant frequencies over 30 MHz. Today Ultra high frequency (UHF) instead refers to frequencies between 300 MHz and 3 GHz and the range of frequencies formerly known as UHF is now called "VHF".

Unlike modern connector designs that replaced it, no active specification or standard exists to govern the mechanical and electrical characteristics of the so-called "UHF" connector system making it effectively a deprecated design with no guarantee for suitability to an electrical or mechanical purpose. Evidence of inconsistency exists. Testing reveals post WWII connectors designs, such as N connector and BNC Connector are electrically superior to the 'UHF' connector for modern UHF frequencies. Other testing reveals one UHF connector sample shows negligible effect on frequencies up to 435 MHz.

Other names

The connector reliably carries signals at frequencies up to 100 MHz. The coupling shell has a 5⁄8 inch 24 tpi UNEF standard thread. The most popular cable plug and corresponding chassis-mount socket carry the old Signal Corps nomenclatures PL-259 (plug) and SO-239 (socket). These are also known as Navy type 49190 and 49194 respectively. A double-ended SO-239 connector is designated as an SO-238. PL-259, SO-239, PL-258, and several other related military references refer to one specific mechanical design collectively known as the UHF Connector. In some countries, for example in Israel, the term 'PL connector' is confusingly associated rather with the analog phone connector. The designations come from the Joint Electronics Type Designation System, its predecessor AN system, and the earlier SCR (Set, Complete, Radio) system.



By design, all connectors in the UHF connector family mate using the 5⁄8 inch 24 tpi threaded shell for the shield connection and an approximately 0.156 inch-diameter (4 mm) pin and socket for the inner conductor. Similar connectors (M connectors) with an incompatible 16 mm diameter, 1 mm metric thread have been produced, but these are not standard UHF connectors by definition. [Emphasis added.]

Surge impedance

UHF connectors have a non-constant surge impedance. For this reason, UHF connectors are generally usable through HF and the lower portion of what is now known as the VHF frequency range. Despite the name, the UHF connector is rarely used in commercial applications for today's UHF frequencies, as the non-constant surge impedance creates measurable electrical signal reflections above 100 MHz.

Virtually all of the impedance bump and loss is in the UHF female. A typical SO-239 UHF female, properly hooded, has an impedance bump of about 35 Ohms. The length of the bump is typically 1⁄2 inch, where the female pin flares to fit over the male pin. This bump can be mitigated by using a honeycomb dielectric in the female pin area. Many VHF/UHF amateur operators use special UHF females that maintain a 50 Ohm surge impedance.


Some samples of UHF connectors can handle RF peak power levels well over one kilowatt based on the voltage rating of 500 Volts peak. In practice, some UHF connector products will handle over 4 kV peak voltage. Manufacturers typically test UHF jumpers in the 3-5 kV range. UHF connectors are standard on HF amateur amplifiers rated at 1500+ Watts output.

In practice, voltage limit is set by the air gap between center and shield. The center pin diameter and contact area is large enough that pin heating is not an issue. UHF connectors are generally limited by cable heating rather than connector failure.

Environmental tolerance

The UHF connector is not weatherproof.


In many applications, UHF connectors were replaced by designs that have a more uniform surge impedance over the length of the connector, such as the N connector and the BNC connector. UHF connectors are still widely used in amateur radio, Citizens Band radio, and marine VHF radio applications.

Please note that this Wikipedia article was reproduced without all of its citations and footnotes. To read the original and more academic version click on the source below.

Source: Wikipedia  


“My Love Is . . .”

Bernadette Seacrest — “My Love Is” @ Velvet Note, Alpharetta, GA — Saturday, May 15, 2021

Bernadette Seacrest — vocals
Kris Dale — 6 string bass
Darren Stanley — drums



Apple Music
Web Site
Amazon left arrow purchase album here

Source: YouTube  

Best regards,
brad's signature
Newsletter Editor
Licensed since 1957
Current member or former member of these organizations.
The National

Rifle Association

mensa member
If you are curious about why I joined Mensa, click here.

A Public Library of
animated gif
Paging and Wireless Messaging
wireless logo medium

Brad Dye
P.O. Box 266
Fairfield, IL 62837 USA

Critical Messaging
European Mobile Messaging Association
emma logo
Former Board Member

Radio Club of Paraguay
Quarter Century
Wireless Association
Back To Paging
Still The Most Reliable
Wireless Protocol
For Emergencies!
American Association

of Woodturners
U.S. Navy

U.S. Navy

radioman second class
Second Class
Petty Officer
Boy Scouts of America

National Honor Society
Creator of the

Paging Wheel of Fortune
National Skeet

Shooting Association
Institute Electrical and
Electronics Engineers

The Radio Club

of America


Life is good!

I am a person in


Skype: braddye
Twitter: @BradDye1
Telephone: +1-618-599-7869
Wireless: Consulting page
Paging: Home Page
Marketing & Engineering Papers
K9IQY: Ham Radio Page

Amateur Radio

  • ex KN9IQY, KN4BK, KM5NK, WB4JCF, ZP5TQ, WA4VXU, WA9RVL, /TI2, /9Y4, /6Y5, /KP4, HH2FJ
  • Licensed FCC Amateur Radio operator since 1957
  • Licensed FCC First-Class-Commercial Operator/Engineer since 1964

United States Navy

Home Page Directory Consulting Newsletters Free Subscription Products Reference Glossary Send e-mail