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Wireless News Aggregation

Friday — June 10, 2022 — Issue No. 1,014

Welcome Back To

The Wireless
Messaging News

Wireless Messaging News

  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Two-way Radio
  • Technology
  • Telemetry
  • Science
  • Paging
  • Wi-Fi
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This Week's Wireless News Headlines

  • Hands-On With macOS Ventura
  • Apple Mail modernizes with several new features in macOS Ventura and iOS 16
  • WWDC 2022
  • Protect Your Confidential Business & Personal Information!
    • Learn How to Secure Apps, Smartphones, Connected Products & PCs
  • Apple Maps Copying Google Maps Isn’t a Bad Thing
  • FCC Proposes to Fine Ham for Firefighting Interference
  • HDMI cables are about to get a big upgrade to make your life easier
    • HDMI Cable Power promises stronger transmission over longer distances without external power
  • FCC to Accept Applications for 800 MHz 12.5 kHz Channels Starting July 7
    • Stop Use Recall on Select 3M Lanyards Immediate Action Required
    • Comment Window on BDC Engineer Certification Requirement Closes June 15
    • FCC to Consider ACAM Extension Proposal and Other Targeted USF Changes
    • Proposed Data Privacy Bill Stands a Shot at Becoming First Comprehensive Federal Privacy Law
    • FCC to Open Filing Window for 800 MHz Interstitial Applications on July 7
    • Wireless Carrier Agrees to Pay $48k to Settle Network Outage Reporting Errors
    • EAS Providers May Need to Update Handset Displays by July 31
    • FCC Releases Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for FY2022 Regulatory Fees
    • Sohn Nomination Stalled; No End in Sight for Partisan Deadlock at the FCC
    • Deadlines
    • BloostonLaw Contacts
    • Calendar At-a-Glance
    • Who Is BloostonLaw?
    • Analyzing Every Second of the Classic Dial-Up Modem Sound
    • “Daddy Sang Bass”
    • The French Family Band


This doesn't mean that nothing is ever published here that mentions a US political party—it just means that the editorial policy of this newsletter is to remain neutral on all political issues. We don't take sides.

About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the INTERNET for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.

Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association. I don't intend to hurt anyone's feelings, but I do freely express my own opinions.

Click on the image above for more info about advertising in this newsletter.



How would you like to help support The Wireless Messaging News? Your support is needed. New advertising and donations have fallen off considerably.
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There is not a lot of news about Paging these days but when anything significant comes out, you will probably see it here. I also cover text messaging to other devices and various articles about related technology.

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Advertiser Index

Easy Solutions  (Vaughan Bowden)
Frank Moorman
IWA Technical Services, Inc.  (Ira Wiesenfeld)
Leavitt Communications  (Phil Leavitt)
Prism-IPX Systems  (Jim Nelson & John Bishop)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC  (Ron Mercer)

Service Monitors and Frequency Standards for Sale

Motorola Service Monitor

IFR Service Monitor

IFR 500A Service Monitor

(Images are typical units, not actual photos of items offered for sale here.)

Qty Item Notes
2 Late IFR 500As  
1 Motorola R 2001D  
4 Motorola R 2400 and 2410A  
5 Motorola R 2600 and R 2660 late S/Ns  
4 Motorola R 1200  
2 Motorola R 2200  
2 Stand-alone Efratom Rubidium Frequency Standards 10 MHz output
1 Telawave model 44 wattmeter Recently calibrated
1 IFR 1000S  
All sold with 7-day ROR (Right of Refusal), recent calibration, operation manual, and accessories.  
Factory carrying cases for each with calibration certificate.  
Many parts and accessories  

Frank Moorman animated left arrow

(254) 596-1124

Calibration and Repair (NIST 17025)
Upgrades: We can add the FE 5680A 10 MHz rubidium clock to your unit. Small unit fits into the well in the battery compartment — making it a world standard accuracy unit that never needs to be frequency calibrated.
Please inquire by telephone or e-mail.
Most Service Monitor Accessories in stock.

Hands-On With macOS Ventura

Friday June 10, 2022 12:30 pm PDT by Juli Clover

Apple on Monday introduced macOS Ventura, the newest version of the operating system that runs on the Mac. Set to come out this fall, ‌macOS Ventura‌ is currently available to developers, so we thought we'd take a deep dive to show MacRumors readers all of the new features that are in the update.

Our latest YouTube video highlights Stage Manager, FaceTime Handoff, Continuity Camera, and more, with a full list of what's covered in the video available below.

  • Mail - Mail offers up smart search suggestions that are more relevant to what you're looking for, and there are options to unsend an email message, schedule an email message, get a reminder to reply to an email, and follow up on a message that you send that doesn't get a response. Mail supports rich links, and it can let you know if you forget to add an attachment.
  • Spotlight - Spotlight now supports previewing files with Quick Look (just press the space bar), and it includes rich results for contacts, actors, musicians, movies, TV shows, sports, and more. You can also use Spotlight to search for text in images and to look for images by location, scenes, and image content. Spotlight can also perform tasks like setting an alarm, activating a Focus, or running a Shortcut.
  • Passkeys - Apple is aiming to replace passwords with Passkeys, a next-generation authentication technology. Passkeys use a two-key system, with one key stored on device and authenticated through Face ID and Touch ID. You'll have one passkey per login, and passkeys will sync across all of your devices and will be accessible on non-Apple devices, too. Passkeys are almost impossible to be phished or stolen, preventing unwanted access to online accounts.
  • Shared Tab Groups - Safari Tab Groups can now be shared with friends or family members, so you can bookmark sites collaboratively for planning trips, working on projects, and more. Everyone has access to the tabs that are added, and Tab Groups update instantly for all participants.
  • Stage Manager - Stage Manager is a new multitasking feature that organizes your apps and windows into a single view so you can stay focused on your main app while quickly swapping between apps as needed.
  • FaceTime Handoff - Handoff supports ‌FaceTime‌, so you can start a ‌FaceTime‌ call on iPhone and transfer it to the Mac, and vice versa.
  • Continuity Camera - With Continuity Camera, an ‌iPhone‌ can be used as a webcam for a Mac. It works seamlessly, and it offers neat features like special lighting and a Desk View so you can show off what you're doing on your desktop. It also supports Center Stage for keeping you in the frame as you move around the room.
  • Redesigned System Settings - System Preferences is now System Settings, and the design is more similar to the iOS Settings app. There's a sidebar that lists all of the available settings so it's easier to get to what you need without swapping between preferences.
  • Clock and Weather apps - Apple brought the iOS Clock and Weather apps to the Mac for the first time. The apps are identical to what's available on the ‌iPhone‌ and the iPad.

‌macOS Ventura‌ is limited to developers at the current time, but Apple plans to provide a public beta in July. The operating system will see a public launch this fall.

Source: Mac Rumors

Leavitt Communications


50 years experience providing and supporting radio and paging customers worldwide. Call us anytime we can be useful!






Minitor VI

Leavitt sells and supports most pager brands. We stock Unication G1, G5, Secure and some Elegant pagers. Call or e-mail for price and availability.

Philip C. Leavitt, V.P.
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Web Site:
Mobile phone: 847-494-0000
Telephone: 847-955-0511
Fax: 270-447-1909
Skype ID: pcleavitt

Apple Mail modernizes with several new features in macOS Ventura and iOS 16

Allison McDaniel - Jun. 7th 2022 7:57 am PT

While Apple’s Mail app didn’t quite get the overhaul we were looking for at WWDC, the app is still getting its largest update in years. We have notable new features coming to Mail alongside macOS Ventura, iOS 16, and iPadOS 16 later in the fall; let’s see what’s ahead.

New features coming to Mail

Users can schedule emails in advance and have a “moment” to cancel the delivery of a message before it reaches the recipient’s inbox. We don’t know yet how long this moment will last. Also, Mail will now detect if a users forgot to include part of the message like an attachment. Thankfully, we can save ourselves some embarrassment. Who’s sent emails to dozens of people at once, only to forget the attachment?

Additionally, users will have the option to go back to previous messages at a later date and time with Remind Later and Follow Up suggestions. These features automatically remind you to follow up on an email if you haven’t received a response.

The update also brings a revamp to searching within the Mail app, delivering more relevant and accurate results. Users can view their recent emails, contacts, documents, and links as soon as they begin to search for e-mails.

9to5Mac’s Take

I’m glad to see Apple making efforts to bring new features to its Mail app. While Mail has potential, it needed a bit of TLC. I’m personally looking forward to scheduling e-mails; I like to plan ahead, and this sounds like it’ll help me stay efficient.

Source: 9to5Mac  

Paging Transmitters 150/900 MHz

The RFI High Performance Paging Transmitter is designed for use in campus, city, state and country-wide paging systems. Designed for use where reliable simulcast systems where RF signal overlap coverage is critical.

  • Commercial Paging systems.
  • Healthcare Paging systems.
  • Public Safety Emergency Services Paging systems.
  • Demand Response Energy Grid Management.

Built-in custom interface for Prism-IPX ipBSC Base Controller for remote control, management and alarm reporting.


  • Use as a stand-alone unit or in wide area network.
  • Mix with other transmitter brands in an existing paging network.
  • Adjustable from 20-250 watts.
  • 110/240 VAC or 48VDC.
  • Absolute Delay Correction.
  • Remote Diagnostics.
  • Configurable alarm thresholds.
  • Integrated Isolator.
  • Superb Reliability.
  • Improved amplifier efficiency.
  • Most reliable high-powered paging transmitter available.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:

IMPORTANT left arrow

“Is Paging Going Away?” by Jim Nelson

  • Click here for English.
  • Click here for German. (Berlin Revision: November 8, 2016)
  • Click here for French.

Here is an English PDF edit of this paper formatted with page breaks and suitable for printing.

Volunteers needed for translations into other languages.

Board of Advisors

The Wireless Messaging News
Board of Advisors

Frank McNeill
Founder & CEO
Communications Specialists
Jim Nelson
President & CEO
Prism IPX Systems International
Kevin D. McFarland, MSCIS
Sr. Application Systems Analyst
Medical Center
Paul Lauttamus, President
Lauttamus Communications & Security
R.H. (Ron) Mercer
Wireless Consultant
Barry Kanne
Paging Industry Veteran
Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
Consulting Engineer
Allan Angus
Consulting Engineer

The Board of Advisor members are people with whom I have developed a special rapport, and have met personally. They are not obligated to support the newsletter in any way, except with advice, and maybe an occasional letter to the editor.


Can You Help The Newsletter?

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You can help support The Wireless Messaging News by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above. It is not necessary to be a member of PayPal to use this service.

Reader Support

Newspapers generally cost 75¢ $1.50 a copy and they hardly ever mention paging or wireless messaging, unless in a negative way. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially?

A donation of $50.00 would certainly help cover a one-year period. If you are wiling and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above .

Source: C Net Click on image for complete coverage of Apple's WWDC 2022


PRISM IPX Systems Critical Messaging Solutions


Thousands of Users Worldwide Depend on Prism IPX

Our Customers Trust Us To Make Sure That Their Messages Get Delivered

Prism-IPX Systems products include full-featured radio paging systems with VoIP input, IP based transmitter control systems and paging message encryption. Other options include email messaging, remote switch controllers, Off-The-Air paging message decoders and logging systems.

How Can We Help You With Your Critical Messaging Solutions?


MORE INFO HERE left arrow

Easy Solutions

easy solutions

Providing Expert Support and Service Contracts for all Glenayre Paging Systems.

The GL3000 is the most prolific paging system in the world and Easy Solutions gladly welcomes you to join us in providing reliable support to the paging industry for many more decades in the future.

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don’t just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost-effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full-time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or  e-mail  us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023
Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119
Telephone: 214-785-8255

Protect Your Confidential Business & Personal Information!

Learn How to Secure Apps, Smartphones, Connected Products & PCs

Intrusive app developers, including those from China and Russia, pose massive cybersecurity, privacy and safety threats to:

  • Businesses & Corporations
  • Healthcare Providers
  • Academic Institutions
  • Government Agencies
  • Journalists & News Organizations
  • Business Leaders & Professionals
  • Attorneys & Legal Professionals
  • Government & Elected Officials
  • Individuals, Including Teens & Children

Smartphones, tablet PCs, connected products and PCs are supported by intrusive and addictive apps/social media platforms enabling the developers to monitor, track and data mine end users for financial gain posing threats to highly confidential information.

My Smart Privacy can help you protect your confidential business, personal, medical, legal and employment information through cybersecurity and privacy advisory services that include an executive briefing, needs analysis and best practices.

My Smart Privacy has provided advisory services to the U.S. Government, Major Corporations, Oil & Gas Companies, Healthcare Providers, Cybersecurity Professionals, Defense Contractors and Lawmakers.

My Smart Privacy is here to help you, or your organization protect the most valuable commodity on the planet, your business and personal information.

Contact My Smart Privacy for more information

Source: My Smart Privacy  


Service Contracts

I would like to recommend Easy Solutions for Support of all Glenayre Paging Equipment. This Texas company is owned and operated by Vaughan Bowden. I have known Vaughan for over 35 years. Without going into a long list of his experience and qualifications, let me just say that he was the V.P. of Engineering at PageNet which was—at that time—the largest paging company in the world. So Vaughan knows Paging.

GTES is no longer offering support contracts. GTES was the original group from Vancouver that was setup to offer support to customers that wanted to continue with the legacy Glenayre support. Many U.S. customers chose not to use this service because of the price and the original requirement to upgrade to version 8.0 software (which required expensive hardware upgrades, etc.). Most contracts ended as of February 2018.

If you are at all concerned about future support of Glenayre products, especially the “king of the hill” the GL3000 paging control terminal, I encourage you to talk to Vaughan about a service contract and please tell him about my recommendation.

Click on the image above for more info about advertising here.

INTERNET Protocol Terminal

The IPT accepts INTERNET or serial messaging using various protocols and can easily convert them to different protocols, or send them out as paging messages.

An ideal platform for hospitals, on-site paging applications, or converting legacy systems to modern protocols.

Input Protocols: Serial and IP
Output Protocols: Serial and IP
FLEX (optional PURC control)   POCSAG (optional PURC control)

Additional/Optional Features

  • Database of up to 5000 subscribers.
  • 4 serial ports on board.
  • Up to 8 phone lines (DID or POTS).
  • Can be configured for auto-fail-over to hot swap standby.
  • 1RU rack mount unit appliance—no moving parts.
  • Easily secure legacy system messages leaving site for HIPAA compliance.
  • Only purchase the protocols/options you need.
  • Add Paging Encryption for HIPAA compliance on site.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Apple Maps Copying Google Maps Isn’t a Bad Thing

10 Jun 2022, 22:40 UTC · by Bogdan Popa

The rivalry between Apple and Google has made many diehard fans accuse the two companies of copying each other’s ideas on way too many occasions.

In fact, almost every new major update that Android and iOS receive typically comes with such claims, as fanboys see even the smallest resemblance as an intention of stealing the ideas pioneered by rivals.

Case in point, Apple’s debut of multi-stop routing in Apple Maps.

Announced at WWDC earlier this week, this new feature essentially makes it possible for Apple Maps users to configure a route that includes more than a single stop.

This option can be useful in a wide variety of ways, but in order to understand its impact, just think of someone who delivers stuff for a living. With this new feature, they can configure Apple Maps in one go before even leaving on a journey, obviously optimizing their routes and saving precious time.

While for Apple users this is an all-new capability, the multi-route support has been around for a very long time in Google Maps. The only difference is that Apple allows up to 15 stops in Apple Maps, while Google Maps supports a maximum of 9.

It was obviously just a matter of time until Google fans expressed their frustration online, once again accusing Apple of copying features available in Google Maps.

But no matter if Apple indeed looked at Google Maps or not before rolling out multi-stop routing in Apple Maps, the iPhone maker copying its rival’s ideas isn’t necessarily a bad thing.

First and foremost, let’s be honest about it. Multi-stop routing in a navigation app is a no-brainer. Sure, Apple needed way too much time to understand this is a key feature of a navigation solution, but at the end of the day, this option should be part of the essential feature arsenal of pretty much any piece of software in this software category.

Then, it’s not a secret that Apple Maps is lagging behind Google Maps in terms of features. So while Apple Maps doesn’t yet come with as many navigation features as Google Maps, it’s getting better, especially as far as the essential package I told you about is concerned. As a result, it doesn’t make much sense to accuse Apple of stealing Google’s ideas when, in fact, what the company does is only bring essential functionality to its app.

And last but not least, even if Apple is indeed copying Google’s features, this could end up becoming a good thing for users out there.

Google Maps is by far the best navigation app on the market, and Apple is pretty much the only company that can build a worthy competitor on mobile devices. Sure, the likes of Sygic, TomTom, and HERE also developed advanced solutions on this front, but let’s not forget that Apple Maps comes pre-loaded with every iPhone out there, so it’s often the first choice for most users anyway.

But before turning Apple Maps into a fully-featured alternative to Google Maps, Apple must first make sure everything is there. Obviously, investing in innovations that could help set its software apart from the rest of the crowd should at one point become a priority, but right now, Apple Maps isn’t necessarily in a place where such a thing should be the main focus.

So at the end of the day, Apple Maps getting better, no matter if this means getting the capabilities available elsewhere, is something that could eventually help Apple build a worthy alternative to Google Maps.

Competition is a good thing, there’s no doubt about it, but sometimes, maybe it just has to start with a close look at what your rivals have to offer before eventually doing the same thing better than them.

Source: Auto Evolution  

Paging Data Receiver PDR-4

The PDR-4 is a multi-function paging data receiver that decodes paging messages and outputs them via the serial port, USB or Ethernet connectors.

Designed for use with Prism-IPX ECHO software Message Logging Software to receive messages and log the information for proof of transmission over the air, and if the data was error free.

  • Option—decode capcode list or all messages.
  • Large capcode capacity.
  • Serial, USB and Ethernet output.
  • POCSAG or FLEX page decoding, special SA protocols.
  • Receivers for paging bands in VHF, UHF, 900 MHz.
  • Message activated Alarm Output.
  • 8 programmable relay outputs.
  • Send notifications of a system problem.
  • Synthesized Receiver Tuning.
  • Selectivity better than 60 dB.
  • Frequencies 148-174, 450-470, 929-932 MHz.
  • Image Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Spurious Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Channel Spacing 12.5 or 25 kHz.
  • Power 5VDC.
  • Receiving Sensitivity 5µV at 1200 bps.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Wireless Network Planners

Wireless Network Planners
Wireless Specialists

R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street
East Northport, NY 11731

ron mercer
Telephone: 631-786-9359 left arrow left arrow

FCC Proposes to Fine Ham for Firefighting Interference

Jason Frawley told commission he was trying to help


The Federal Communications Commission is proposing to fine an amateur radio operator for alleged interference with firefighting efforts in Idaho last year.

It said Jason Frawley, WA7CQ, apparently interfered with radio communications that were guiding fire suppression aircraft working the “Johnson fire” near Elk River. It said that he used his amateur hand-held radio eight times over two days on frequencies allocated and authorized for government use.

Frawley later told the FCC he was only trying to help.

The $34,000 fine would the largest of its kind, the commission said in issuing its notice of apparent liability. All four commissioners approved the NAL. Frawley now has the opportunity to respond, and the FCC would then consider final action.

Commenting on the notice, Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel wrote: “You can’t interfere with public safety communications. Full stop. So today we propose the largest fine of its type for this interference that put fire suppression and public safety itself at risk.”

“Comm tech”

The U.S. Forest Service and Idaho Department of Lands were fighting the 1,000-acre wildfire on national forest land.

“As firefighting crews from the Forest Service and Idaho Department of Land worked to fight the wildfire, Forest Service radio communications received eight unauthorized transmissions on government frequencies from an individual identifying himself as ‘comm tech,’” the FCC said in its announcement.

“The individual interfered with communications between fire suppressant aircraft and ground crews by communicating his observations of hazards near the Elk Butte airstrip, where he and his radio equipment were located.”

According to the FCC account, a Forest Service supervisor drove to the airstrip, identified Frawley as the person and told him to stop.

“Mr. Frawley admitted to the supervisor to broadcasting on government frequencies as ‘comm tech.’ Mr. Frawley subsequently admitted to his conduct in a taped interview with an agent from the U.S. Forest Service Law Enforcement and Investigations Branch at his residence and in response to an FCC letter of inquiry which followed a Forest Service complaint to the commission.”

The commission says Frawley — the owner of Leader Communications, licensee of eight microwave licenses and one business license — told the FCC he did not mean harm and instead meant to help the firefighters by providing them with details regarding Elk Butte.

“Regardless of the intent, the FCC finds that the apparent willful violations cannot be overlooked as interfering with authorized radio communications — and especially public safety related communications — is a serious violation of the law and can put lives and property at risk.”

Source: Radio World

Consulting Alliance

Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, Vic Jackson, and Ira Wiesenfeld are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects.

Click here left arrow for a summary of their qualifications and experience. Each one has unique abilities. We would be happy to help you with a project, and maybe save you some time and money.

Note: We do not like Patent Trolls, i.e. “a person or company who enforces patent rights against accused infringers in an attempt to collect licensing fees, but does not manufacture products or supply services based upon the patents in question.” We have helped some prominent law firms defend their clients against this annoyance, and would be happy to do some more of this same kind of work.

Some people use the title “consultant” when they don't have a real job. We actually do consulting work, and help others based on our many years of experience.

“If you would know the road ahead, ask someone who has traveled it.” — Chinese Proverb

Remote AB Switches

ABX-1 switches are often used at remote transmitter sites to convert from old, outdated and unsupported controllers to the new modern Prism-IPX ipBSC base station controllers. Remotely switch to new controllers with GUI commands.


ABX-3 switches are widely used for enabling or disabling remote equipment and switching I/O connections between redundant messaging systems.


Common Features:

  • RJ45 for A, B and Common connectors.
  • Manual push button or use Prism IP commands to switch one or more relays.
  • Single or Dual Port Control card for IP or Serial connection.
  • Form C relay—control local connection.
  • Power Loss Indicator.
  • Rear Panel Connector for controlling the switch externally.
  • Power Source: 5VDC for ABX-1; 12VDC for ABX-3.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

HDMI cables are about to get a big upgrade to make your life easier

By Nick Pino published June 7, 2020

HDMI Cable Power promises stronger transmission over longer distances without external power

(Image credit: Shutterstock)

Connecting the best TVs and best soundbars with HDMI cables is about to get a new feature that should make your life a lot easier. Dubbed HDMI Cable Power, the feature allows devices like Blu-ray players and streaming video players to power HMDI cables over a certain length.

That's a big change from how this works currently, where you need to connect a USB-C cable with the HDMI cable for lengthier connections. HDMI Cable Power will do away with that requirement.

HDMI Cable Power has gotten the OK from the HDMI Licensing Administrator (LA), the organization that oversees the launch of new HDMI products.

All that said, you won’t need HDMI Cable Power for consoles or devices located right next to your TV. But it will be useful for anyone connecting devices from one room to a display in another room.

In terms of technical specs, new cables with the feature can draw up to 300 mA from the 5V supply of the source — enough to maintain signal integrity over long distances. The HDMI LA hasn’t quite said how far yet those distances are, and there are some unique limitations on it.

For one, you’ll need both an HDMI cable that supports Cable Power and a device that supports Cable Power — of which, none yet exist.

For another, you’ll need to be careful about how you connect those cables. According to the HDMI LA: “One end of the cable is specifically labeled for attachment to the HDMI Source (transmitting) device, and the other end of the cable must be attached to the HDMI Sink (receiving) device.”

According to the HDMI LA, manufacturers will start producing HDMI cables with Cable Power in all four of the major HDMI cord types currently available: Standard, High Speed, Premium High Speed and Ultra High Speed. (The latter of which is the one that supports HDMI 2.1a.)

The good news is that any HDMI cable with Cable Power will work like any standard HDMI cable — you can just plug it in and it will work like normal. Even better, the cables will support ARC and eARC, which is nice if you need to connect an external sound system.

There’s no word yet on when the new version of the cables will start to roll out but we’ll be keeping an eye out for them… and the inevitable eye-rolling they cause for folks who now have yet another specification they need to look for on a pack of HDMI cables.

Nick Pino
Managing Editor, TV and AV
Nick Pino heads up the TV and AV verticals at Tom's Guide and covers everything from OLED TVs to the latest wireless headphones. He was formerly the Senior Editor, TV and AV at TechRadar (Tom's Guide's sister site) and has previously written for GamesRadar, Official Xbox Magazine, PC Gamer and other outlets over the last decade.
Source: tom's guide

Leavitt Communications

We can supply alphanumeric display, numeric display, and voice pagers.

We also offer NEW and refurbished Alphamate 250s, refurbished Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate refurbished, and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts, and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging! Outstanding service is our goal.

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information, or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

Phil Leavitt

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

June 7, 2022

FCC to Accept Applications for 800 MHz 12.5 kHz Channels Starting July 7

In a Public Notice released June 6, the Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau and the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau (Bureaus) announce the availability for licensing of interstitial (12.5 kHz bandwidth) channels in the 800 MHz Mid-Band (809-817/854-862 MHz). The Bureaus will begin accepting applications for interstitial channels on July 7, 2022.

Please note that if you have filed an application that is now pending at the FCC that includes a waiver request seeking early access to interstitial channels in the 800 MHz mid-band, the Bureaus will dismiss the application without prejudice. The dismissal intends to provide equal opportunity to all applicants and establish a stable spectral environment for the release of these interstitial channels. Any dismissed application must be refiled to be considered.

Please contact your Enterprise Wireless Alliance Spectrum Advisor or call EWA at 800-482-8282 to apply for these channels, which are available nationwide.

Copyright © 2022 Enterprise Wireless Alliance, All rights reserved.

Source: Enterprise Wireless Alliance  

Inside Towers Newsletter

Friday, June 10, 2022

Volume 10, Issue 113

Stop Use Recall on Select 3M Lanyards
Immediate Action Required

Late yesterday, 3M issued a Stop Use Recall on Select 3M™ DBI-SALA® ShockWave™2 Arc Flash Shock Absorbing Lanyards. 3M stated the product should be removed from service until inspection is performed although no reports of injuries or accidents have occurred.

The company issued the following statement: “As part of 3M Fall Protection’s ongoing commitment to delivering high quality safety equipment, we are notifying our customers of the following information related to specific 3M™ DBI-SALA® ShockWave™2 Arc Flash Shock Absorbing Lanyards. During an internal review, 3M Fall Protection has identified a potential manufacturing issue with a limited number of devices. This manufacturing issue could result in the lanyard not performing properly in the event of a fall, which could result in severe injury or death. Please reference Appendix A for products that are impacted by this notice. There have been no reports of injuries, accidents, or complaints associated with this issue.”

A copy of this notice can be found here.

Source: Inside Towers newsletter Courtesy of the editor of Inside Towers, Jim Fryer.
Inside Towers is a daily newsletter by subscription.

BloostonLaw Newsletter

Selected portions [sometimes more — sometimes less — sometimes the whole updates] of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP — are reproduced in this section of The Wireless Messaging News with kind permission from the firm's partners. The firm's contact information is included at the end of this section of the newsletter.

  BloostonLaw Telecom Update Vol. 25, No. 22 June 8, 2022  

Comment Window on BDC Engineer Certification Requirement Closes June 15

The FCC has established an initial comment deadline of June 8, and a reply comment deadline of June 15, for the proposal to require the certification of broadband data by a Professional Engineer (P.E.)


FCC to Consider ACAM Extension Proposal and Other Targeted USF Changes

In October 2020, the ACAM Broadband Coalition, a group of current Alternative Connect America Cost Model (ACAM) I and II support recipients (including Great Plains, TDS, Arvig and others), submitted a Petition for Rulemaking that proposed a six-year extension of the current ACAM terms at the same levels of support in return for increased obligations to deploy 25/3 Mbps service. Subsequently, the Coalition modified its service proposal to encompass the deployment of 100/20 Mbps service to 90% of eligible Fabric locations and 25/3 Mbps service to the remaining 10%, plus an increase of their ACAM support to the higher of $300 or 80% of the estimated ACAM cost per location.

The FCC adopted a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on May 19 to consider questions whether it should adopt an Enhanced ACAM Program that may be similar in some or many respects to the modified Coalition proposal. The NPRM has not yet been published in the Federal Register. When it is, comments will be due in 30 days, with reply comments initially due 15 days thereafter (a schedule that is likely to be extended, at least for the reply stage). We will advise our clients once these comment dates have been fixed.

The NPRM deals predominately with ACAM issues. However, it does touch upon several Connect America Fund – Broadband Loop Support (CAF-BLS) and High-Cost Loop Support (HCLS) matters. First, it asks whether Enhanced ACAM Program election offers should be extended not only to current ACAM recipients but also to CAF-BLS/HCLS recipients. Second, the NPRM states that the FCC will separately and subsequently consider the broadband deployment obligations and funding levels that will apply to CAF-BLS/HCLS recipients beginning in 2024, including how it should align the service obligations, funding levels, eligible locations and timeframes of such program with those that may be adopted for the Enhanced ACAM Program. Finally, the NPRM also seeks comment on a number of administrative issues common to all High-Cost Programs, including study area boundary waivers, mergers of commonly-owned study areas, exchange transactions involving both ACAM and CAF-BLS/HCLS recipients, relinquishment of Eligible Telecommunications Carrier (ETC) designations, and various reporting and certification requirements.

The NPRM asks numerous questions about the Coalition proposals and the ultimate composition of an Enhanced ACAM Program. While it is not possible to read anything definitive in the NPRM’s approach at this time, it does appear that any Enhanced ACAM Program adopted by the FCC is likely to differ in at least some significant respects from the Coalition proposal.

Questions asked in the NPRM include:

  • How should FCC’s Broadband DATA Act maps be applied to determine eligible areas and deployment obligations for an Enhanced ACAM Program (including the delays and impacts of challenges)?
  • Should Enhanced ACAM recipients be required to deploy at least 100/20 Mbps to all eligible locations (rather than 90%), or to all unserved and other locations where 100/20 Mbps service is not cost prohibitive?
  • How will the potential be avoided for two providers to receive funding from two different sources (for example, Enhanced ACAM support and NTIA BEAD grants) to deploy broadband to the same locations? Should the FCC proceed with Enhanced ACAM elections and commitments before BEAD grants are allocated, or refrain from implementing an Enhanced ACAM Program until after BEAD grants are awarded?
  • Should the interim milestones and final deployment obligations of an Enhanced ACAM Program be aligned with the 4-year deployment timeframe of the BEAD Program, or some other timeframe?
  • Should Enhanced ACAM Program recipients be required to participate in the Affordable Connectivity Program?
  • Do changes in location data and other model inputs require the current ACAM model to be revised or updated, and how much time would such modification require? Would a competitive mechanism be more efficient in light of broadband service needs and time constraints?
  • Do the proposed Enhance ACAM deployment obligations justify the proposed support increases – both in the aggregate and for specific recipients? What is the appropriate level of Enhanced ACAM support in light of existing deployment commitments and the incremental costs of proposed increased speeds?
  • How will differences between model locations and Fabric locations affect density and other factors influencing ACAM and Enhanced ACAM costs and support?
  • Should census blocks that were ineligible for ACAM I because they were served with fiber-to-the-premises (FTTP) be included in Enhanced ACAM? Or should census blocks where an ACAM recipient is already offering 100/20 Mbps service be excluded from Enhanced ACAM eligibility?
  • Should census blocks that were excluded from ACAM I or II because an unsubsidized competitor was already offering 10/1 or 25/3 Mbps service be eligible for Enhanced ACAM if no unsubsidized competitor is offering 100/20 or greater service?
  • Should the FCC require a minimum level of carrier participation before implementing an Enhanced ACAM program?
  • Should the FCC further align an Enhanced ACAM program with the BEAD Program by requiring cybersecurity and supply chain risk management practices like those applicable to BEAD grantees?

As one can see, the FCC has initiated a substantial and far-reaching inquiry that can result in an Enhanced ACAM Program that is similar to or different from the ACAM Broadband Coalition proposal, and that can also create precedents that affect CAF-BLS/HCLS recipients as well. BloostonLaw is following this proceeding closely, and stands ready to advise and assist clients.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Gerry Duffy and Ben Dickens

Proposed Data Privacy Bill Stands a Shot at Becoming First Comprehensive Federal Privacy Law

A discussion draft of a comprehensive data privacy bill was released last Friday by a bipartisan group of legislators in the House and Senate. Consumer rights advocates say the proposed compromise legislation is the biggest step to date toward granting individuals meaningful privacy protections.

The draft bill, currently known as the American Data Privacy and Protection Act (the “Data Privacy Act”), would allow users to opt out of target advertisements and to sue Internet companies that improperly sell their data. It is sponsored by US Reps Frank Pallone, Jr (D-NJ) and Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-WA), who are Chairman and Ranking Member of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, and US Senator Roger Wicker (RMS), Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation. However, insiders say the legislation faces an uphill battle without the support of Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA), who is chair of the Senate Commerce Committee. Cantwell is believed to support more liberal priorities for online user rights.

“This bipartisan and bicameral effort to produce a comprehensive data privacy framework has been years in the making, and the release of this discussion draft represents a critical milestone,” Pallone, Rodgers, and Wicker said. “In the coming weeks, we will be working with our colleagues on both sides of the aisle to build support and finalize this standard to give Americans more control over their personal data. We welcome and encourage all of our colleagues to join us in this effort to enable meaningful privacy protections for Americans and provide businesses with operational certainty. This landmark agreement represents the sum of years of good faith efforts by us, other Members, and numerous stakeholders as we work together to provide American consumers with comprehensive data privacy protections.”

As summarized by a House Energy and Commerce Committee press release, the Data Privacy Act would:

  • Establish a strong national framework to protect consumer data privacy and security;
  • Grant broad protections for Americans against the discriminatory use of their data;
  • Require covered entities to minimize on the front end, individuals’ data they need to collect, process, and transfer so that the use of consumer data is limited to what is reasonably necessary, proportionate, and limited for specific products and services;
  • Require covered entities to comply with loyalty duties with respect to specific practices while ensuring consumers don’t have to pay for privacy;
  • Require covered entities to allow consumers to turn off targeted advertisements;
  • Provide enhanced data protections for children and minors, including what they might agree to with or without parental approval;
  • Establish regulatory parity across the Internet ecosystem; and
  • Promote innovation and preserve the opportunity for start-ups and small businesses to grow and compete.

The legislation would give individual users new rights to access, correct and delete their digital data, and companies would be responsible for informing third parties to make changes to the data of users that have submitted a verified request. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) would be required to maintain a public registry of data brokers and create a mechanism of users to opt out of targeted advertisements and other data sharing practices. Individuals would be permitted to sue companies, but only after a four-year waiting period after the legislation is enacted. They would also need to notify state and federal officials before proceeding, and they could not pursue their legal action of a government prosecutor takes up their case.

Proposed exceptions in the current draft (at Section 209) would generally allow collection, processing or transfer of covered data for narrowly-tailored purposes such as completing transactions, when data is collected to perform system maintenance, diagnostics or when addressing security incidents, among other things. The draft bill also provides exemptions for small entities that earned gross annual revenues of $41 million or less for the prior three years, that did not collect or process the covered data of 100,000 individuals in a year (except for processing payments and promptly deleting covered data for requested products/services) and that did not derive more than half their revenue from transferring covered data. These smaller entities may choose to delete, rather than correct, and individual’s covered data.

The Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT), a nonprofit research group that receives funding from tech companies such as Apple and Google, issued the following statement upon the release of the proposal:

“This draft shows that there is a bipartisan path forward on long-overdue legislation to protect consumers’ privacy. Americans want and desperately need legislation to protect their personal data and promote trust in the online world. While it’s not perfect, the draft is a hopeful first step. We urge Congress to move forward with the legislative process and pass legislation by the end of this year.”

Our clients will want to monitor this legislation to determine whether it imposes new obligations on them.

Click here to read the discussion draft bill text.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Cary Mitchell.

Law and Regulation

FCC to Open Filing Window for 800 MHz Interstitial Applications on July 7

The FCC’s Wireless Telecommunications and Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureaus have announced that the FCC will begin accepting applications for the 800 MHz interstitial channels on July 7, 2022. The interstitial channels are 12.5 kHz bandwidth channels in the 809-817/854-862 MHz band.

The FCC will dismiss any pending applications for the interstitial channels that include a waiver request seeking early access to this spectrum, in order to provide an equal opportunity to all applicants and to establish a stable spectral environment for the release of these interstitial channels pursuant to the FCC’s Public Notice announcing the acceptance of applications for these 800 MHz Interstitial channels. The FCC has made clear that any dismissed application must be refiled in order to be considered without any preference or priority — meaning that applications should generally be processed in date receipt order/on a first-come, first-served basis.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino

Wireless Carrier Agrees to Pay $48k to Settle Network Outage Reporting Errors

The FCC has entered into a consent decree with Liberty Mobile USVI, Inc. (Liberty) for failing to report in a timely manner to the Commission an outage on its wireless network on May 10, 2021, in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Under the terms of the settlement, Liberty has agreed to pay a $48,000 civil penalty and to implement a three-year compliance plan.

In Liberty’s case, a contractor performing excavation work on behalf of a third party inadvertently cut a fiber optic cable and Liberty didn’t provide the Commission’s Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau with details until a week later. The PSHSB advised Liberty that the outage may be reportable under the Rules, and provided instructions on submitting reports in the Commission’s Network Outage Reporting System (NORS). Liberty then submitted a late notification and a late initial report on June 1, 2021, almost three weeks after the outage was discovered.

Confirming when network outages are reportable to the FCC can be tricky but all outages of 30 minutes duration or longer should be scrutinized carefully to make sure any notifications and initial/final reports are timely filed. For instance, after determining that an outage is reportable, wireline, cable, satellite, wireless and Signaling System 7 providers must submit a NORS notification within 120 minutes with preliminary information. The service provider must submit an initial outage report within three calendar days, followed by a final report no later than 30 days after discovering the outage. Please contact our law firm immediately if you have any questions about outage reporting and we will be glad to assist you.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast, Cary Mitchell and Sal Taillefer

EAS Providers May Need to Update Handset Displays by July 31

The National Defense Authorization Act for 2021 (NDAA21) Report and Order adopted new rules to improve the Emergency Alert System (EAS) and Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA). Recent OMB approval for information requests associated with the NDAA21 R&O means that participating Commercial Mobile Service (CMS) providers will need to update their handset displays by July 31, 2022, to reflect the name change of “Presidential Alerts” to “National Alerts.”

Although the Commission does not require participating CMS providers to display Presidential Alert headers or to identify these alerts in settings menus, some providers have elected to do so. For those providers that have elected to display such headers, the change is intended to alleviate potential public confusion from receiving an alert from the FEMA Administrator that is labeled as a Presidential Alert.

BloostonLaw Contact: Cary Mitchell

FCC Releases Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for FY2022 Regulatory Fees

The FCC has released its NPRM in order to establish the fee schedule and any procedural changes in connection with the collection of regulatory fees for the fiscal year that will end on September 30, 2022. For FY2022, the FCC is required to collect $381,950,000. As shown below, the FCC has proposed to increase certain regulatory fees, and reduce others, but none of the changes relevant to our clients seem to be substantial. Comments will be due July 5, 2022 and Reply Comments will be due July 18, 2022.

Treatment of De Minimis Fees

Of note, the FCC is asking for comment regarding whether it would be appropriate to increase the De Minimis dollar threshold which currently sits at $1,000. Any regulated entity with a total fee due of less than $1,000 from all regulated sources is currently treated as “de minimis” and therefore exempt from the payment of regulatory fees. The $1,000 de minimis threshold was based upon the FCC’s estimated cost of collecting a debt – which includes several administrative steps including: data compilation, preparation and validation; invoicing; debt transfer for third party collection; responding to debtor questions and disputes; and processing payments. The National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) has requested that the Commission increase this threshold; and the FCC is now asking for comments concerning how it should calculate the costs of collection of regulatory fees and whether the cost of collecting a regulatory fee begins after the regulatory fees are due and once delinquencies occur. Alternatively, the FCC has asked whether the cost of collection should begin when the Commission collects data on a payor’s regulatory fee status, which is generally prior to the regulatory fee due date? The FCC has indicated that commenters who advocate for a higher annual de minimis threshold should discuss which steps in the debt collection process should be included in “the cost of collecting a regulatory fee.” As an example, should the Commission also consider the costs associated with reviewing and resolving waiver requests and installment payment requests?

Proposed FY 2022 Regulatory Fees

Fee Category FY2022 Fee FY2021 Fee

CMRS Mobile/Cellular (per unit) (Parts 20, 22, 24, 27, 80 and 90) (Includes non-geographic telephone number
CMRS Messaging/Paging (Parts 20, 22, 24 & 90)
Broadband Radio Service (per license) (Part 27)
LMDS (per license) (Part 101)
CARS (per license) (Part 78)
CATV (including IPTV) (Part 76) per subscriber
Interstate Telecommunications Service Providers (per revenue dollar)
Toll Free (per toll free subscriber)
Earth Stations (per license) (Part 25)
PLMRS (per license) (Exclusive Use) (Part 90)
PLMRS (per license) (Shared Use) (Part 90)
Microwave (per license) (Part 101)
Marine Ship (per station) (Part 80)
Marine Coast (per license) (Part 80)
Rural Radio (per license) (Part 22)
Aviation (Aircraft – per station) (Part 87)
Aviation Ground (per license) (Part 87)



BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Richard Rubino    


Sohn Nomination Stalled; No End in Sight for Partisan Deadlock at the FCC

The Biden administration’s telecom agenda appears to be in peril, with little movement in Congress on the confirmation of Gigi Sohn. In the absence of a fifth FCC commissioner to break the current partisan deadlock, Biden policy initiatives such as expanding broadband access and affordability may be at risk.

Ms. Sohn, a lawyer and co-founder of the telecom advocacy group Public Knowledge, has been a lightning rod for criticism because of her strong advocacy for net neutrality. She previously served as an aide to former FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler, who established the agency’s net neutrality rules in 2015. Those rules were later overturned by the FCC under Chairman Ajit Pai.

If Sohn isn’t confirmed before the summer recess, Democrats may lose their chance to fill the position should Republicans gain control of Congress in November. And pulling Sohn’s nomination at this stage would put the administration in the tough position of having to get a new nominee through hearings and confirmed on a very short timeline.

President Biden nominated Sohn to serve as a Democratic member of the FCC in October of 2021, at the same time he nominated Jessica Rosenworcel to serve as FCC chair. But while Rosenworcel’s confirmation last December went smoothly, Sohn’s nomination quickly ran into partisan problems. In addition to her progressive telecom policy positions, Republicans have criticized Sohn for social media posts that they say show hostility toward Fox News, and for liking posts that suggested support for the “defund” police movement. The latter development led the Fraternal Order of Police to oppose her nomination.

Sohn has said that the tweets expressed her views as a private citizen, and won’t bear on how she would carry out her duties at the FCC.

Despite the controversy, the White House says it “continues to strongly back” Sohn, according to reporting from Axios. It’s worth noting that Sohn has also won support from a variety of telecom and NTCA, the Rural Broadband Association.

“I urge Congress to move forward with the nomination of Sohn as the fifth commissioner to the FCC,” wrote NTCA’s CEO Shirley Bloomfield in an online op-ed last January. "Her confirmation is critical to ensuring all hands will be on deck as the FCC considers the future of universal service and builds upon its efforts to get and keep every American connected."

The Communications Workers of America (CWA) recently announced a six-figure digital advertising campaign aimed securing Sohn’s confirmation.

The Senate Commerce Committee voted in early March to advance the nomination of Sohn to the full Senate, and that’s where things remain at a standstill. Democrats currently hold a slim majority in that chamber, but Senators Joe Manchin (D-WV) and Mark Kelly (D-AZ) are still undecided, according to Axios. And with the war in Ukraine and other matters requiring Senate time and having higher priority, a quick end to the partisan deadlock at the FCC appears increasingly unlikely.


[WAIVED; NEW DEADLINE NOT YET ESTABLISHED] JULY 1: FCC FORM 481 (CARRIER ANNUAL REPORTING DATA COLLECTION FORM). All eligible telecommunications carriers (ETCs) must report the information required by Section 54.313, which includes information on the ETC’s holding company, operating companies, ETC affiliates and any branding in response to section 54.313(a)(8); its CAF-ICC certification, if applicable; its financial information, if a privately held rate-of-return carrier; and its satellite backhaul certification, if applicable.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Sal Taillefer.

JULY 1: MOBILITY FUND PHASE I ANNUAL REPORT. Winning bidders in Auction 901 that are authorized to receive Mobility Fund Phase I support are required to submit to the FCC an annual report each year on July 1 for the five years following authorization. Each annual report must be submitted to the Office of the Secretary of the FCC, clearly referencing WT Docket No. 10-208; the Universal Service Administrator; and the relevant state commissions, relevant authority in a U.S. Territory, or Tribal governments, as appropriate. The information and certifications required to be included in the annual report are described in Section 54.1009 of the FCC’s rules.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Sal Taillefer.

JULY 31: FCC FORM 507, LINE COUNT DATA (A-CAM AND ALASKA PLAN RECPIENTS). Sections 54.313(f)(5) and 54.903(a)(1) of the FCC’s rules requires all rate-of-return telecommunications carriers to provide line count information on FCC Form 507 to USAC, the universal service Administrator. Carriers receiving Connect America Fund Broadband Loop Support (CAF BLS) must submit this information annually on March 31st of each year, and may update the data on a quarterly basis. Carriers that receive Alternative Connect America Model (A-CAM) I, A-CAM II, or Alaska Plan support are required to file by July 1st of each year. For 2020, the FCC has extended the A-CAM filing deadline until July 31.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Gerry Duffy and Sal Taillefer.

JULY 31: CARRIER IDENTIFICATION CODE (CIC) REPORTS. Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Reports must be filed by the last business day of July (this year, July 31). These reports are required of all carriers who have been assigned a CIC code by NANPA. Failure to file could result in an effort by NANPA to reclaim it, although according to the Guidelines this process is initiated with a letter from NANPA regarding the apparent non-use of the CIC code. The assignee can then respond with an explanation. (Guidelines Section 6.2). The CIC Reporting Requirement is included in the CIC Assignment Guidelines, produced by ATIS. According to section 1.4 of that document: At the direction of the NANPA, the access providers and the entities who are assigned CICs will be requested to provide access and usage information to the NANPA, on a semi-annual basis to ensure effective management of the CIC resource. (Holders of codes may respond to the request at their own election). Access provider and entity reports shall be submitted to NANPA no later than January 31 for the period ending December 31, and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. It is also referenced in the NANPA Technical Requirements Document, which states at 7.18.6: CIC holders shall provide a usage report to the NANPA per the industry CIC guidelines … The NAS shall be capable of accepting CIC usage reports per guideline requirements on January 31 for the period ending December 31 and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. These reports may also be mailed and accepted by the NANPA in paper form. Finally, according to the NANPA website, if no local exchange carrier reports access or usage for a given CIC, NANPA is obliged to reclaim it. The semi-annual utilization and access reporting mechanism is described at length in the guidelines.

BloostonLaw contact: Sal Taillefer.

Law Offices Of
Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens,
Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

2120 L St. NW, Suite 300
Washington, D.C. 20037
(202) 659-0830
(202) 828-5568 (fax)


Benjamin H. Dickens, Jr., 202-828-5510,
Gerard J. Duffy, 202-828-5528,
John A. Prendergast, 202-828-5540,
Richard D. Rubino, 202-828-5519,
Mary J. Sisak, 202-828-5554,
D. Cary Mitchell, 202-828-5538,
Salvatore Taillefer, Jr., 202-828-5562,

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.

Calendar At-a-Glance

Jun. 8 – Comments are due on BDC Engineer Certification Requirement petition.
Jun. 15 – Reply comments are due on BDC Engineer Certification Requirement petition.
Jun. 16 – 15-Day Access Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 21 – Comments are due on Wireless Emergency Alert FNPRM.
Jun. 23 – Petitions to suspend 15-Day Access Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 24 – 7-Day Tariff Filings are due.
Jun. 27 – Replies to Petitions to Suspend 15-Day Access Tariff Filings are due (NOON ET).
Jun. 27 – Petitions to Suspend 7-Day Tariff Filings are due (NOON ET).
Jun. 27 – Comments are due on Pole Replacement FNPRM.
Jun. 29 – Replies to Petitions to Suspend 7-Day Tariff Filings are due (NOON ET).
Jun. 30 – Inmate Calling Service data reports are due.
Jun. 30 – Reply comments are due on Pole Replacement Dispute Process.
Jun. 30 – Reply comments are due on Digital Discrimination NOI.
Jun. 30 – COVID Lifeline waivers set to expire.

Jul. 1 – FCC Form 690 (Mobility Fund Phase I Auction Winner Annual Report) is due.
Jul. 19 – Reply comments are due on Wireless Emergency Alert FNPRM.
Jul. 27 – Auction 109 – AM/FM Broadcast Auction begins.
Jul. 27 – Reply comments are due on Pole Replacement FNPRM.
Jul. 29 – Auction 108 – 2.5GHz Flexible-Use Auction begins.
Jul. 31 – Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Report is due.
Jul. 31 – FCC Form 507 A-CAM/Alaska Plan Line Count Data is due.

FCC Form 481 (Carrier Annual Reporting Data Collection Form) is due.

Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP is a telecommunications law firm representing rural telecommunications companies, wireless carriers, private radio licensees, cable TV companies, equipment manufacturers and industry associations before the FCC and the courts, as well as state and local government agencies. Our clients range from Fortune 500 companies to small and medium-sized enterprises whose vitality and efficiency depend on the effective deployment of communications.

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Analyzing Every Second of the Classic Dial-Up Modem Sound

Back in the days of dial-up, your computer performed a symphony just to get online. Here’s what every bleep, screech, and ding actually did.


Long before the vwip! of iMessage and the funky beats of the Skype startup song, digital communication had a strange soundtrack. Dial-up modems, which connected to servers and other computers via public telephone networks, bracketed the otherwise silent browsing experience with their inimitable song.

But what seemed to Internet users to be a noisy side effect of the mystical mechanical process of “going online” actually was the process. Known to technicians as a “handshake,” the sound was a means of negotiating terms between remote machines, after which they could successfully exchange data during browsing—also with sound, though virtually un-processable to the human ear.

The few breakdowns of the mysterious dial-up handshake that remain online invariably include the “example handshake” graphic by Finnish software developer Oona Räisänen below. Räisänen developed the graphic in 2012 to satisfy her own curiosity about the dial-up sound, which was then the subject of a wave of nostalgia for the early days of the commercial Internet.


“I had always been intrigued by the fact that computers can literally make phone calls to each other, and I wanted to know exactly how they do that,” Räisänen tells Popular Mechanics. “I found the information by reading through the ITU-T standards, the technical documents that define different parts of the handshake procedure.”

Räisänen discovered that every section of the dial-up song serves a specific purpose: to establish the terms of the coming data transfer for maximal security and minimal information loss. Here, with her help, we break down the iconic sound below, beat by beat.


The earliest networks, like ARPANET, were limited in reach by their own infrastructure. Dial-up Internet was introduced in the early 1990s as a way to work around that obstacle by taking over a signaling system that was already in place worldwide: the Public Switched Telephone Network, or PTSN. The first dial-up modems connected to the Internet by using the phone much like humans do: by putting their speakers next to the mouthpiece. Later models could be connected more directly to a building’s phone line, though they still took over the phone line completely.

That channel monopoly was essential, because the dial-up sound, rather than being a side effect, was the actual conversation between modems; any non-modem audio would just interfere with the signal. “The handshake is not an artifact; it is the actual negotiation,” writes Räinänen. “All information that the computers exchange is audible in that sound.”

Thus the first sound of the handshake is the dial tone, followed by a phone number in the familiar key of Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency, a system that assigns a special tone to every digit, including a country code, area code, and seven-digit phone number. After a pause, the answering modem responds with a tone that initiates a protocol, or a special conversational routine, like V.8bis, another ITU recommendation. When the calling modem accepts the protocol, the real negotiations can begin.


This part of the handshake, in which modems list their capabilities and settle on terms for the connection, really does sound like a conversation. The speakers overlap a little, as conversing humans do, but still leave the impression of a back-and-forth. There’s even a bit of a business vibe, albeit what a business would sound like if it were conducted between giant robot-bird-aliens in a screeching tonal shorthand over a busted CB radio.

In the original graphic, Räisanen captures that professional atmosphere by having the modems make requests by saying “please” and sprinkling the translated conversation with chipper exclamation points. “Computer protocols are like extremely rigid rules of etiquette,” Räisänen says. “I thought every rule of etiquette should mandate a level of politeness.”


Hijacking a phone system to connect to the Internet requires a lot less hardware than, say, building an international fiber-optic cable network, but dial-up pays a steep price for using borrowed infrastructure. The PSTN offers a few technological features that strongly favor human callers over modems. One of these is echo suppression, which relies on the fact that humans generally take turns speaking on the phone; when one starts talking, the network silences the return channel, which prevents the speaker from being confused by hearing echoes of their own voice.

But modems are full-duplex, which means they have no problem talking and listening at the same time, says Räisänen, so echo suppression just halves the efficiency of the conversation. To eliminate it, the answering modem plays a special tone that disables echo suppression circuit and another circuit modems don’t need, called an echo canceller.



Non-sound information, like bits, doesn’t travel happily over sound-only channels like phone lines. It’s a classic information theory problem and one of the first topics introduced in digital communications courses. The channel is analog (varying in pitch and volume along the sonic spectrum), but the data are digital (limited to a closed set of symbols like zeroes and ones).

A modem’s job is to put one form of information in terms that are legible in the other using one of several protocols that define the unit equivalents between analog and digital data. Turning binary code sequences into analog waveforms—think of the wiggly sound wave you see in audio editing platforms—is called modulation, and recreating a binary sequence out of a received waveform is demodulation. Modems must perform both processes simultaneously.

In order to understand one another, it’s essential that the modems use the same key to make their translations, which is why much of the handshake consists of modems chatting about which modes and protocols they prefer. Finding the right modulation mode requires both talking and testing; the modems list the modes they support until they find one they both know, and then emit a series of test tones to figure out which speed will work best over the phone line.


At this point, the distinct tones and beeps yield to what sounds like an electric snowstorm that suddenly shifts to a lower pitch before falling silent. The modems have now switched to scrambled data in order to keep the power distribution even across the channel and to weed out any annoying patterns on the line, Räisänen says. More test tones follow in this format; the modems adjust their equalizers to make sure they’re not missing any important sounds.

The end of the song comes when modem speakers go silent, allowing the computers themselves to start transferring data according to the terms set during the handshake.


The post dial-up generation of computers relies on its own network infrastructure, satellites, or other wireless transmitters (rather than phone line audio) to connect to the Internet, all of which are “hugely faster methods that can’t even be expressed as sounds.” The most modern routers transmit over specific radio frequencies, bypassing hardware altogether, though they still have to negotiate the way they’ll communicate.

“Almost all connections between computers involve some kind of handshake,” says Räisänen, but the modern versions “vastly exceed the information capacity of human hearing, or of any sense of biological creature, for that matter.”

Robotic communication is now frequently too complex to be understood by humans, including the engineers who design it. Nostalgia for the days of dial-up may be a sign that transparency is almost worth the slowest connection imaginable.

Lynne Peskoe-Yang is a science writer and researcher in New York. Her reporting on civil engineering, machine learning, and artificial intelligence has appeared in Marketplace, IEEE Spectrum,, and Sludge; her essays on science and language live over at Popula.
Source: Popular Mechanics  


“Daddy Sang Bass”

The French Family Band

Apr 27, 2021

  • Sonny French - Acoustic Guitar
  • Dennis Crouch - Double Bass
  • Camille French - Acoustic Guitar
  • Gregg Stocki - Snare
  • Stuie French - Vocals and Electric Guitar
  • Manaia French - Vocals
Source: YouTube  

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