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Wireless News Aggregation

Friday — November 25, 2022 — Issue No. 1,038

Wireless Messaging News

  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Two-way Radio
  • Technology
  • Telemetry
  • Science
  • Paging
  • Wi-Fi
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This Week's Wireless Headlines:

  • Bill Nelson: Orion Spacecraft To Go ‘Further Than Any Human-Rated Spacecraft Has Ever Been’
  • Apple engineer details how the company improved the audio quality of AirPods Pro 2 without Lossless
  • Dr. Ulrich Rohde, N1UL, to Be Inducted to the Indian National Academy of Engineering
    • NSR Predicts Multiple Challenges to FCC’s New Broadband Maps
    • BloostonLaw wishes our clients a Happy Thanksgiving Holiday. Our offices will be closed Thursday, November 24 and Friday, November 25.
    • FCC Releases Pre-Production Draft of National Broadband Map; Challenge/Correction Process Begins
    • FCC Adopts Broadband “Nutrition Label” Requirements
    • FCC Extends Deadlines in Areas Affected by Hurricane Nicole
    • Reply Comment Deadline for Robotext Blocking NPRM Extended to December 9
    • FCC Revises PSAP Notification Requirements
    • Revised FM Antenna Verification Rules Effective Nov. 10
    • Lifeline and Affordable Connectivity Program Awareness Bill Passes House
    • Google Settles Location-Tracking Allegations for $391 Million
    • FCC Announces Process to License Broadband Serviceable Location Fabric Data for Non-ISPs
    • NTIA Announces $4.9 Million Planning Grant to Idaho; $5.5 Million to Nebraska
    • Deadlines
    • BloostonLaw Contacts
    • Calendar At-a-Glance
    • Who Is BloostonLaw
    • How Diodes Work
    • The Petersens - First Live Concert from Branson


This doesn't mean that nothing is ever published here that mentions a US political party—it just means that the editorial policy of this newsletter is to remain neutral on all political issues. We don't take sides.

About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the INTERNET for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.

Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association. I don't intend to hurt anyone's feelings, but I do freely express my own opinions.


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How would you like to help support The Wireless Messaging News? Your support is needed. New advertising and donations have fallen off considerably.
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There is not a lot of news about Paging these days but when anything significant comes out, you will probably see it here. I also cover text messaging to other devices and various articles about related technology.

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Advertiser Index

Easy Solutions  (Vaughan Bowden)
Frank Moorman
IWA Technical Services, Inc.  (Ira Wiesenfeld)
Leavitt Communications  (Phil Leavitt)
Prism-IPX Systems  (Jim Nelson & John Bishop)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC  (Ron Mercer)

Service Monitors and Frequency Standards for Sale

Motorola Service Monitor

IFR Service Monitor

IFR 500A Service Monitor

(Images are typical units, not actual photos of items offered for sale here.)

Qty Item Notes
2 Late IFR 500As  
1 Motorola R 2001D  
4 Motorola R 2400 and 2410A  
5 Motorola R 2600 and R 2660 late S/Ns  
4 Motorola R 1200  
2 Motorola R 2200  
2 Stand-alone Efratom Rubidium Frequency Standards 10 MHz output
1 Telawave model 44 wattmeter Recently calibrated
1 IFR 1000S  
All sold with 7-day ROR (Right of Refusal), recent calibration, operation manual, and accessories.  
Factory carrying cases for each with calibration certificate.  
Many parts and accessories  

Frank Moorman animated left arrow

(254) 596-1124

Calibration and Repair (NIST 17025)
Upgrades: We can add the FE 5680A 10 MHz rubidium clock to your unit. Small unit fits into the well in the battery compartment — making it a world standard accuracy unit that never needs to be frequency calibrated.
Please inquire by telephone or e-mail.
Most Service Monitor Accessories in stock.

Leavitt Communications


50 years experience providing and supporting radio and paging customers worldwide. Call us anytime we can be useful!






Minitor VI

Leavitt sells and supports most pager brands. We stock Unication G1, G5, Secure and some Elegant pagers. Call or e-mail for price and availability.

Philip C. Leavitt, V.P.
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Web Site:
Mobile phone: 847-494-0000
Telephone: 847-955-0511
Fax: 270-447-1909
Skype ID: pcleavitt

Source: YouTube  

Paging Transmitters 150/900 MHz

The RFI High Performance Paging Transmitter is designed for use in campus, city, state and country-wide paging systems. Designed for use where reliable simulcast systems where RF signal overlap coverage is critical.

  • Commercial Paging systems.
  • Healthcare Paging systems.
  • Public Safety Emergency Services Paging systems.
  • Demand Response Energy Grid Management.

Built-in custom interface for Prism-IPX ipBSC Base Controller for remote control, management and alarm reporting.


  • Use as a stand-alone unit or in wide area network.
  • Mix with other transmitter brands in an existing paging network.
  • Adjustable from 20-250 watts.
  • 110/240 VAC or 48VDC.
  • Absolute Delay Correction.
  • Remote Diagnostics.
  • Configurable alarm thresholds.
  • Integrated Isolator.
  • Superb Reliability.
  • Improved amplifier efficiency.
  • Most reliable high-powered paging transmitter available.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 Email:

IMPORTANT left arrow

“Is Paging Going Away?” by Jim Nelson

  • Click here for English.
  • Click here for German. (Berlin Revision: November 8, 2016)
  • Click here for French.

Here is an English PDF edit of this paper formatted with page breaks and suitable for printing.

Volunteers needed for translations into other languages.

Board of Advisors

The Wireless Messaging News
Board of Advisors

Frank McNeill
Founder & CEO
Communications Specialists
Jim Nelson
President & CEO
Prism IPX Systems International
Kevin D. McFarland, MSCIS
Sr. Application Systems Analyst
Medical Center
Paul Lauttamus, President
Lauttamus Communications & Security
R.H. (Ron) Mercer
Wireless Consultant
Barry Kanne
Paging Industry Veteran
Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
Consulting Engineer
Allan Angus
Consulting Engineer

The Board of Advisor members are people with whom I have developed a special rapport, and have met personally. They are not obligated to support the newsletter in any way, except with advice, and maybe an occasional letter to the editor.


Can You Help The Newsletter?

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You can help support The Wireless Messaging News by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above. It is not necessary to be a member of PayPal to use this service.

Reader Support

Newspapers generally cost 75¢ $1.50 a copy and they hardly ever mention paging or wireless messaging, unless in a negative way. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially?

A donation of $50.00 would certainly help cover a one-year period. If you are wiling and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above .


PRISM IPX Systems Critical Messaging Solutions


Thousands of Users Worldwide Depend on Prism IPX

Our Customers Trust Us To Make Sure That Their Messages Get Delivered

Prism-IPX Systems products include full-featured radio paging systems with VoIP input, IP based transmitter control systems and paging message encryption. Other options include email messaging, remote switch controllers, Off-The-Air paging message decoders and logging systems.

How Can We Help You With Your Critical Messaging Solutions?


MORE INFO HERE left arrow

Easy Solutions

easy solutions

Providing Expert Support and Service Contracts for all Glenayre Paging Systems.

The GL3000 is the most prolific paging system in the world and Easy Solutions gladly welcomes you to join us in providing reliable support to the paging industry for many more decades in the future.

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don’t just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost-effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full-time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or  e-mail  us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023
Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119
Telephone: 214-785-8255

Readers of the Newsletter who are Ham Radio Operators

Pete Oesterle VE3HOH/W3
John Nagel W5EXJ
Anthony Hedge KD9BKH
Jerry Daugherty W9FS
Marshall Sherard KE4ZNR
Barry Kanne W4TGA
Steve Siegel K3SLS
Loren Anderson KEØHZ
Dan Ruhe KE3UC
Bill Woods N9SVU
Paul Sadowski AH6LS & DH6LS
Larry Gabriel K4BZY
Gary Blinckmann WA2IQC
Peter Moncure W4PWM
James Petera N8IXP
Ed Lyda WA4OEI
Brad Dye K9IQY
Bill Waugaman WA3OJG
Paul DeLong KF4LNB
Albert Erdmann KJ4BWW
Ken Pearce N4KCD
Tim Jones K4MSP / W4FWD (Repeater)
Brent Finster K6BEF
Charles Tindall KF5VPB
Frank Moorman KE5CSP
Graham Jones W5AAG
Denis Gignac VE2EAM
Ira Wiesenfeld WA5GXP
John Linko N3RTS
Miguel Gonzalez YY5OGU
Philip Leavitt N9CPO
Chris Baldwin KF6AJM (KB3PX Repeater)

Source: Amateur Radio callsigns of readers. Please click here to add yours.


Service Contracts

I would like to recommend Easy Solutions for Support of all Glenayre Paging Equipment. This Texas company is owned and operated by Vaughan Bowden. I have known Vaughan for over 35 years. Without going into a long list of his experience and qualifications, let me just say that he was the V.P. of Engineering at PageNet which was—at that time—the largest paging company in the world. So Vaughan knows Paging.

GTES is no longer offering support contracts. GTES was the original group from Vancouver that was setup to offer support to customers that wanted to continue with the legacy Glenayre support. Many U.S. customers chose not to use this service because of the price and the original requirement to upgrade to version 8.0 software (which required expensive hardware upgrades, etc.). Most contracts ended as of February 2018.

If you are at all concerned about future support of Glenayre products, especially the “king of the hill” the GL3000 paging control terminal, I encourage you to talk to Vaughan about a service contract and please tell him about my recommendation.

Click on the image above for more info about advertising here.

INTERNET Protocol Terminal

The IPT accepts INTERNET or serial messaging using various protocols and can easily convert them to different protocols, or send them out as paging messages.

An ideal platform for hospitals, on-site paging applications, or converting legacy systems to modern protocols.

Input Protocols: Serial and IP
Output Protocols: Serial and IP
FLEX (optional PURC control)   POCSAG (optional PURC control)

Additional/Optional Features

  • Database of up to 5000 subscribers.
  • 4 serial ports on board.
  • Up to 8 phone lines (DID or POTS).
  • Can be configured for auto-fail-over to hot swap standby.
  • 1RU rack mount unit appliance—no moving parts.
  • Easily secure legacy system messages leaving site for HIPAA compliance.
  • Only purchase the protocols/options you need.
  • Add Paging Encryption for HIPAA compliance on site.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Paging Data Receiver PDR-4

The PDR-4 is a multi-function paging data receiver that decodes paging messages and outputs them via the serial port, USB or Ethernet connectors.

Designed for use with Prism-IPX ECHO software Message Logging Software to receive messages and log the information for proof of transmission over the air, and if the data was error free.

  • Option—decode capcode list or all messages.
  • Large capcode capacity.
  • Serial, USB and Ethernet output.
  • POCSAG or FLEX page decoding, special SA protocols.
  • Receivers for paging bands in VHF, UHF, 900 MHz.
  • Message activated Alarm Output.
  • 8 programmable relay outputs.
  • Send notifications of a system problem.
  • Synthesized Receiver Tuning.
  • Selectivity better than 60 dB.
  • Frequencies 148-174, 450-470, 929-932 MHz.
  • Image Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Spurious Rejection better than 55 dB.
  • Channel Spacing 12.5 or 25 kHz.
  • Power 5VDC.
  • Receiving Sensitivity 5µV at 1200 bps.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Wireless Network Planners

Wireless Network Planners
Wireless Specialists

R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street
East Northport, NY 11731

Telephone: 631-786-9359 left arrow

Apple engineer details how the company improved the audio quality of AirPods Pro 2 without Lossless

Filipe Espósito - Nov. 25th 2022 6:21 am PT

Apple this year released the second generation AirPods Pro, and while it brings a lot of improvements, Apple’s new wireless earbuds still lack Lossless audio support. However, according to an Apple engineer, the company has been focusing on other ways to provide high-quality audio on AirPods without the need for the Lossless codec.

Apple acoustics team engineer Esge Andersen was interviewed by What Hi-Fi (via MacRumors). Andersen, who has worked at Apple for over 11 years, gave his insight into the development of the AirPods Pro 2 and answered questions about why Apple’s AirPods still don’t have Lossless support.

According to the engineer, Apple wanted to “give everyone AirPods Max in their pocket” with AirPods Pro 2. Of course, AirPods Pro are much more compact than AirPods Max, so it requires a lot of engineering work to make the earbuds sound as good as Apple’s over-ear headphones. Although the design of the AirPods Pro 2 is almost identical to the previous one, the microphones and vents have been repositioned to optimize the airflow for the driver.

Now, instead of two vents, AirPods Pro 2 has only one vent at the back of each earbud, Thanks to the new venting system, the new AirPods Pro reach cleaner highs and deeper bass. Engineers have also optimized the airflow for better excursion, as any interference in the airflow can distort the sound.

Why AirPods Pro 2 still lack Lossless?

Many AirPods users were upset that Apple didn’t introduce Lossless support with the second generation AirPods Pro. For those unfamiliar, Lossless codecs have minimal or no compression, which means you can hear high-fidelity sound. Even though Apple Music has a catalog with millions of Lossless songs, there are no AirPods models that are compatible with such codec.

For Andersen, however, there are other ways to provide high-quality sound without changing the audio codec used by the AirPods. The engineer said that Apple has made “big striders” with AirPods Pro 2 even without Lossless audio, and that the decision to keep with the AAC codec is “more about reliability.”

Andersen also mentioned that Bluetooth technology is not a limitation for delivering high-quality audio.

We want to push the sound quality forward, and we can do that with a lot of other elements. We don’t think that the codec currently is the limitation of audio quality on Bluetooth products.

Audio codecs capable of streaming higher bitrate audio over Bluetooth already exist, such as Sony’s LDAC and aptX, but Apple has never shown interest in bringing them to AirPods. Still, Andersen told What Hi-Fi that “Apple is always open to change.”

More about AirPods Pro 2

In addition to improved sound quality, the second generation AirPods Pro feature improved noise cancellation and an updated charging case with Find My support. It is priced at $249 in the US, although you can find it for lower prices at other stores like Amazon.

Filipe Espósito
Filipe Espósito is a Brazilian tech Journalist who started covering Apple news on iHelp BR with some exclusive scoops — including the reveal of the new Apple Watch Series 5 models in titanium and ceramic. He joined 9to5Mac to share even more tech news around the world.

Consulting Alliance

Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, and Ira Wiesenfeld are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects.

Click here left arrow for a summary of their qualifications and experience. Each one has unique abilities. We would be happy to help you with a project, and maybe save you some time and money.

Note: We do not like Patent Trolls, i.e. “a person or company who enforces patent rights against accused infringers in an attempt to collect licensing fees, but does not manufacture products or supply services based upon the patents in question.” We have helped some prominent law firms defend their clients against this annoyance, and would be happy to do some more of this same kind of work.

Some people use the title “consultant” when they don't have a real job. We actually do consulting work, and help others based on our many years of experience.

“If you would know the road ahead, ask someone who has traveled it.” — Chinese Proverb

Remote AB Switches

ABX-1 switches are often used at remote transmitter sites to convert from old, outdated and unsupported controllers to the new modern Prism-IPX ipBSC base station controllers. Remotely switch to new controllers with GUI commands.


ABX-3 switches are widely used for enabling or disabling remote equipment and switching I/O connections between redundant messaging systems.


Common Features:

  • RJ45 for A, B and Common connectors.
  • Manual push button or use Prism IP commands to switch one or more relays.
  • Single or Dual Port Control card for IP or Serial connection.
  • Form C relay—control local connection.
  • Power Loss Indicator.
  • Rear Panel Connector for controlling the switch externally.
  • Power Source: 5VDC for ABX-1; 12VDC for ABX-3.

Prism-IPX Systems LLC.

11175 Cicero Dr., Alpharetta, GA 30022
Ph: 678-242-5290 e-mail:

Dr. Ulrich Rohde, N1UL, to Be Inducted to the Indian National Academy of Engineering

The Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE) will induct Dr. Ulrich Rohde, N1UL, as a fellow during ceremonies in mid-December. Dr. Rohde is only the third foreign fellow elected by the INAE, preceded by Dr. Jeffrey Wineland, who won a Nobel Prize in Physics, and Dr. Philip H. Knight.

In the formal announcement issued November 19, 2022, the INAE thanked Dr. Rohde for "outstanding contributions to engineering and also your dynamic leadership in engineering domain, which have immensely contributed for the faster development of the country."

Dr. Ulrich Rohde, N1UL.

The INAE was founded in 1987 and describes itself as including "India's most distinguished engineers, engineer-scientists, and technologists covering the entire spectrum of engineering disciplines."

Dr. Rohde has been an avid amateur radio operator holding several licenses in the United States and Germany. He has been licensed since 1956 and involved mostly in technology and systems. In 2015, he won first place in the ARRL International DX Contest in the Northern New Jersey Section. He also operates N1UL/MM on his yacht, the Dragonfly, and is Trustee of the Marco Island Radio Club, K5MI.

"It is great to see Ulrich get this award," said Ed Hare, W1RFI, ARRL Laboratory Manager. "His contributions to technology have clearly been global in scope and even though his accomplishments have clearly been professional, amateur radio has also played a role in his being a world-class engineer. The ARRL Lab has appreciated his help and support over decades of time, and we join in offering our congratulations for another important achievement.

ARRL The National Association for Amateur Radio® recognized Dr. Rohde as the 2022 recipient of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Photonics Society Engineering Achievement Award. The award is for outstanding engineering achievement in the field of optoelectronic signal generation and optical measurement equipment for next-generation intelligent optical networks. Dr. Rohde is an ARRL Maxim Society and Life Member.

Source: The ARRL Letter for November 23, 2022

Leavitt Communications

We can supply alphanumeric display, numeric display, and voice pagers.

We also offer NEW and refurbished Alphamate 250s, refurbished Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate refurbished, and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts, and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging! Outstanding service is our goal.

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information, or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

Phil Leavitt

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Inside Towers Newsletter

Tuesday, November 22, 2022 Volume 10, Issue 228

NSR Predicts Multiple Challenges to FCC’s New Broadband Maps

By Leslie Stimson, Inside Towers Washington Bureau Chief

New Street Research Policy Advisor Blair Levin predicts there will be multiple challenges to the first draft of the FCC’s new broadband maps that were released last Friday. So does FCC Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel, Inside Towers reported. She said the maps will be continually updated and invited the public to send the agency the details of what they believe is inaccurate.

The maps are critical for how NTIA will distribute $42.5 billion of the Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment portion of Infrastructure Law funds to the states to fund high-speed Internet in unserved and underserved areas. The records will allow stakeholders, particularly the states, to review and challenge the accuracy of the maps.

States can now challenge the maps up until January 13, 2023. The FCC will then use the input from the challenges to finalize the maps. That will enable NTIA to announce the final allocations to the states—who will at the same time, be developing their own plans—by June 30, 2023.

Levin says NSR predicts many challenges to the maps. New York has already filed a challenge, Inside Towers reported. The more states that challenge the accuracy of the maps, “the greater the financial and political incentives for other states to do so,” says Levin in a note to investors.

The more challenges there are, the more difficult it will be for the FCC and NTIA to meet their deadlines, according to Levin. “This could cause a delay in allocating the funds and deploying the networks. This would have a differential impact on ISPs,” writes the policy expert.

Levin says a delay is not necessarily bad for incumbent phone companies because they’re already stretched thin with their own market-driven and privately financed fiber expansion plans. “More time allows them to focus internal and construction resources on the more lucrative areas and stretch out other deployment plans,” he notes.

However, for smaller carriers focused on areas dependent on government funding, a delay is “likely to be a negative as their plans will be pushed back.” More time means higher overall costs and pushes back the timeline for “when they can start obtaining revenues,” according to Levin.

Source: Inside Towers newsletter Courtesy of the editor of Inside Towers, Jim Fryer.
Inside Towers is a daily newsletter by subscription.

BloostonLaw Newsletter

Selected portions [sometimes more — sometimes less — sometimes the whole updates] of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP — are reproduced in this section of The Wireless Messaging News with kind permission from the firm's partners. The firm's contact information is included at the end of this section of the newsletter.

  BloostonLaw Telecom Update Vol. 25, No. 45 November 21, 2022  

BloostonLaw wishes our clients a Happy Thanksgiving Holiday. Our offices will be closed Thursday, November 24 and Friday, November 25.


FCC Releases Pre-Production Draft of National Broadband Map; Challenge/Correction Process Begins

On November 18, the FCC issued a Public Notice announcing the release of the pre-production draft of the National Broadband Map (the Broadband Map). The map shows fixed and mobile broadband availability data submitted by Internet service providers through the FCC’s Broadband Data Collection (BDC). Consumers, state, local, and Tribal governments, service providers, and other entities can now begin to file challenges to the fixed and mobile broadband availability data shown on the Broadband Map. In addition, consumers may begin to submit corrections, in the form of individual challenges, to the location data in the Broadband Serviceable Location Fabric (Fabric).

BloostonLaw encourages all clients to review the Broadband Map as soon as possible. BloostonLaw attorneys are available to assist in identifying overlaps and preparing challenges. As we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, NTIA is encouraging all ISPs to file their challenges by January 13, 2023. This is the date NTIA plans to review the Broadband Map to determine which areas will be available to obtain BEAD support:

  • Fixed Availability Challenges: Challengers may dispute the availability of fixed broadband service at a particular location, including whether a connection could be installed or the network technology and maximum advertised download and upload speed reported by a provider, based on one of nine pre-established challenge reasons or categories. Providers must respond by either conceding or disputing a challenge. Providers are expected to communicate and work with the challengers directly to resolve the challenges. If a provider concedes the challenge, fails to rebut it, or loses the challenge, the provider will be required to update its BDC data within 30 days, and the challenged service will no longer show as available for that location or area on the Broadband Map.
  • Mobile Availability Challenges: Stakeholders may dispute the availability of mobile broadband service using on-the-ground speed test data. Governments and other entities may collect and submit mobile speed test data for use in the challenge process using the FCC Speed Test app or through their own software and hardware. Mobile providers must rebut a challenge using on-the-ground speed test data or, in some cases, infrastructure information to support their claim of coverage in the disputed area.
  • Location Challenges: Since September 12, 2022, the FCC has been receiving bulk challenges from state governments, service providers, and other entities to assist in updating and augmenting the data used to populate the Broadband Serviceable Location Fabric dataset, which is used to map provider availability data at individual locations throughout the United States and its territories. With the release of the Broadband Map, individuals can also file a location challenge directly through the map interface if they believe a location is missing or the information about a location point is incorrect.

The Broadband Map is available at It is supposed to display fixed and mobile Internet service availability as of June 30, 2022.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Sal Taillefer.

FCC Adopts Broadband “Nutrition Label” Requirements

On November 17, the FCC adopted a Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking requiring broadband Internet access service providers to display labels (reminiscent of nutrition labels) to assist consumers when comparison shopping for broadband services. Comment and reply comment deadlines for the FNPRM have not yet been established.

In the Report and Order, the FCC adopted the following requirements:

  • Prominent Display. The Order requires that consumers see their actual label when purchasing broadband by requiring providers to display the label – not simply an icon or link to the label – in close proximity to an associated plan advertisement.
  • Account Portals. The Order requires ISPs to make each customer’s label easily accessible to the customer in their online account portal, as well as to provide the label to an existing customer upon request.
  • Machine Readability. To further assist with comparison shopping, the Order requires that providers make the information in the labels machine-readable to enable third parties to more easily collect and aggregate data for the purpose of creating comparison-shopping tools for consumers.

The FCC also adopted a Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on ways that it can further refine and improve its rules, including different ways to display broadband performance information.

The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act directed the FCC to require providers to display consumer-friendly labels with information about their broadband services. The new label is based on voluntary labels the FCC previously approved in a 2016 Public Notice:

BloostonLaw attorneys can assist you in making sure that your proposed labeling is compliant with the new requirements. BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Sal Taillefer.

FCC Extends Deadlines in Areas Affected by Hurricane Nicole

On November 10, the FCC issued a Public Notice extending certain deadlines occurring from November 9 to December 9 for licensees and applicants affected by Hurricane Nicole. For the purposes of this relief, the FCC defines “affected areas” as the State of Florida.

Specifically, the following deadlines are extended to December 10:

  • any deadlines currently set within the period from November 9 to December 9, inclusive, with respect to Wireless Radio Service applications, notifications, and reports pursuant to Parts 1 (Subpart F only), 13, 20, 22, 24, 27, 30, 74 (excluding Subparts G, and L), 80, 87, 90, 95, 96, 97, or 101 of the FCC’s rules (such as filings regarding certain minor license modifications, license renewals, and notifications of construction); and
  • all construction deadlines and other regulatory deadlines currently set within the period from November 9 to December 9, inclusive, applicable to Wireless Radio Services pursuant to Parts 1 (Subpart F only), 13, 20, 22, 24, 27, 30, 74 (excluding Subparts G, and L), 80, 87, 90, 95, 96, 97, or 101 of the FCC’s rules.

The FCC also waived Section 1.931(a) of the rules through December 10, to allow the filing of STA requests for Wireless Radio Services in manners other than electronically on FCC Form 601, e.g., by requesting STAs by telephone call to FCC staff.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.

Law and Regulation

Reply Comment Deadline for Robotext Blocking NPRM Extended to December 9

On November 18, the FCC granted a request filed by the National Consumer Law Center (NCLC) and CTIA—The Wireless Association (CTIA) for an extension of the time in which to file reply comments in response to the FCC's Targeting and Eliminating Unlawful Text Messages Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. Comments on the NPRM were due on November 10, and reply comments are now due on December 9.

As we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, the NPRM proposes and seeks comment on applying existing caller ID authentication standards to text messaging. It also proposes requiring mobile wireless providers to block texts, at the network level, that purport to be from invalid, unallocated, or unused numbers, and numbers on a Do-Not-Originate (DNO) list. Finally, the NPRM also seeks input on other actions the FCC might take to address illegal texts, including enhanced consumer education.

Providers interested in filing reply comments on the NPRM may contact the firm for more information.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.

FCC Revises PSAP Notification Requirements

On November 17, the FCC adopted a Report and Order in PS Docket Nos. 13-75, 15-80 and ET Docket No. 04-35 adopting rules to promote public safety by ensuring that 911 call centers receive timely and useful notifications of network disruptions that affect 911 service. Specifically, the updated rules standardize the type of information conveyed in the network outage notifications providers that serve PSAPs are required to provide to those entities. The updated rules also require service providers to maintain up-to-date contact information for the 911 call centers they serve. In addition, the FCC retained its current requirement that covered 911 service providers file annual 911 reliability certifications, which will help the FCC promote the continuity of 911 service during the transition to Next Generation 911.

Providers that serve PSAPs may contact the firm for more information.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and Sal Taillefer.

Revised FM Antenna Verification Rules Effective Nov. 10

On November 10, the FCC published in the Federal Register its FM Broadcast Directional Antenna Performance Verification Order of May 19, 2022. There, the FCC revised its broadcast radio procedures and rules, including sections 73.316 and 73.1690 of the rules, to allow for FM and LPFM directional antenna pattern verification by computer modeling performed by the directional antenna’s manufacturer. As a result of the Order's publication in the Federal Register, the revised rules are now effective.

When seeking a license, FM radio stations using directional antennas are required to provide measurements of the radiated signal to verify their directional pattern. To do this, stations must either build a full-size mockup of the antenna or build a scale model. The FCC noted that these measurements can involve considerable expense to the applicant. The revised rules allow FM and LPFM broadcasters the option to verify directional antenna patterns by using computer modeling prepared by the antenna manufacturer rather than real-world measurements, after the model is initially verified for accuracy.

BloostonLaw Contacts: John Prendergast and Cary Mitchell.

Lifeline and Affordable Connectivity Program Awareness Bill Passes House

On November 17, Rep. Elaine Luria’s (D-VA) Ensuring Phone and Internet Access Through Lifeline and Affordable Connectivity Act of 2021 (H.R. 4275) passed the House of Representatives. According to a press release, Rep. Luria’s legislation would require the FCC to study and report to Congress on the number of households that enroll in the Lifeline and ACP programs through each of the qualifying programs, and would also require the Government Accountability Office to report on outreach and publicity efforts to promote Lifeline and ACP to ensure that all qualified households are aware and able to enroll. The purpose of the bill, which has bipartisan support, is to help more Americans afford phone and Internet service by providing transparency into enrollment of these programs and examining effectiveness of outreach for the programs.

“As we have learned through the COVID-19 pandemic, Internet access is a necessity for many Americans,” Rep. Luria said. “I am proud to have worked across the aisle to secure the passage of this bipartisan bill that will help more Americans who need this financial assistance to learn about and enroll in these important programs.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens, Gerry Duffy, and Sal Taillefer.


Google Settles Location-Tracking Allegations for $391 Million

On November 14, 40 state attorneys general led by Oregon AG Ellen Rosenblum and Nebraska AG Doug Peterson announced a $391.5 million settlement with Google over its location tracking practices. A press release by the Oregon AG office indicates that, as outlined in the settlement, Google misled its users into thinking they had turned off location tracking in their account settings, when, in fact, Google continued to collect their location information.

The attorneys general opened the Google investigation following a 2018 Associated Press article that revealed Google “records your movements even when you explicitly tell it not to.” The article focused on two Google account settings: Location History and Web & App Activity. Location History is “off” unless a user turns on the setting, but Web & App Activity, a separate account setting, is automatically “on” when users set up a Google account, including all Android users.

According to the press release, the attorneys general found that Google violated state consumer protection laws by misleading consumers about its location tracking practices since at least 2014. Specifically, Google confused its users about the extent to which they could limit Google’s location tracking by adjusting their account and device settings.

The settlement requires Google to be more transparent about its practices, including showing additional information to users whenever they turn a location-related account setting “on” or “off”; making key information about location tracking unavoidable for users (i.e., not hidden); and giving users detailed information about the types of location data Google collects and how it’s used at an enhanced “Location Technologies” webpage.

In addition to Oregon and Nebraska, the other states assisting in the negotiations include: Arkansas, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee. The settlement is also joined by Alabama, Alaska, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

FCC Announces Process to License Broadband Serviceable Location Fabric Data for Non-ISPs

On November 15, the FCC issued a Public Notice announcing that parties may now begin the process of obtaining a license to the Broadband Serviceable Location Fabric (Fabric) for purposes of preparing and submitting challenges through the FCC’s Broadband Data Collection (BDC). As we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, the FCC made the Fabric data available to Internet service providers and state, local, and Tribal governmental entities starting on June 23 so that they could submit broadband availability data prior to the close of the filing window on September 1. Now, other entities and organizations may begin the process of obtaining a license to access the Fabric.

To access the Fabric data, each entity must register in the Commission Registration System (CORES), log into the BDC system, and execute a limited end-user license agreement for the Fabric. Some organizations may need to provide a brief description of how their use of the Fabric data aligns with BDC purposes, and how your organization is involved in issues around broadband availability. The FCC has also recently released documentation that describes the methodology used to create the initial production version of the Fabric. A public version is available for all interested stakeholders under the Key Reference Documents Tab of the Resources section of the Broadband Data Collection webpage at

NTIA Announces $4.9 Million Planning Grant to Idaho; $5.5 Million to Nebraska

Last week, the Department of Commerce’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) announced that Idaho and Nebraska received their first “Internet for All” grants for deploying high-speed Internet networks and developing digital skills training programs. Specifically, Idaho is receiving $4,940,793.09 in funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, and Nebraska is receiving $5,598,563.04. The Infrastructure Law's Internet for All initiative funds, among other programs, the Broadband, Equity, Access and Deployment (BEAD) program and the Digital Equity Act programs.

As we reported in a previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, all 50 U.S. states and six territories applied for planning grant funding for the BEAD program and the Digital Equity Act program. Grant awards for all 56 eligible entities will be announced on a rolling basis.


JANUARY 18: Form 855 HAC Compliance Certification. The next Hearing Aid Compatibility regulatory compliance certification, certifying compliance with the FCC’s HAC handset minimums as well as enhanced record retention and website posting requirements for the 2022 calendar year, will be due Monday, January 18, 2023, for all CMRS service providers (including CMRS resellers) that had operations during any portion of 2022. Companies that sold their wireless licenses during the 2022 calendar year will need to file a partial-year HAC compliance certifications if they provided mobile wireless service at any time during the year.

BloostonLaw has prepared a 2022 HAC Regulatory Compliance Template to facilitate our clients’ compliance with the revised HAC rules. Contact Cary Mitchell if you would like to obtain a copy of the HAC Regulatory Compliance Template.

BloostonLaw Contact: Cary Mitchell.

JANUARY 31: FCC FORM 555, ANNUAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER CERTIFICATION FORM. All Lifeline Program service providers are required to file the FCC Form 555, except where the National Verifier, state Lifeline administrator, or other entity is responsible. Since January 31 falls on a weekend or holiday this year, Form 555 may be filed by February 1. The FCC Form 555 must be submitted to the Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC) electronically via USAC’s E-File (One Portal). Carriers must also file a copy of their FCC Form 555 in the FCC's Electronic Comment Filing System, Docket 14-171, and with their state regulatory commission. The form reports the results of the annual recertification process and non-usage de-enrollments. Recertification results are reported month-by-month based on the subscribers’ anniversary date.

BloostonLaw Contacts: Ben Dickens and John Prendergast.

Law Offices Of
Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens,
Duffy & Prendergast, LLP

2120 L St. NW, Suite 825
Washington, D.C. 20037
(202) 659-0830
(202) 828-5568 (fax)


Benjamin H. Dickens, Jr., 202-828-5510,
Gerard J. Duffy, 202-828-5528,
John A. Prendergast, 202-828-5540,
Richard D. Rubino, 202-828-5519,
Mary J. Sisak, 202-828-5554,
D. Cary Mitchell, 202-828-5538,
Salvatore Taillefer, Jr., 202-828-5562,

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm.

Calendar At-a-Glance

Nov. 21 – Reply comments are due on Enhanced Competition Incentive Program.

Dec, 10 – Reply comments are due on Robotexting NPRM.

Jan. 13 – NTIA is encouraging carriers to participate in the BDC challenge process by January 13.
Jan. 15 – Annual Hearing Aid Compatibility Report is due.
Jan. 31 – FCC Form 555 (Annual Lifeline ETC Certification Form) is due.

Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP is a telecommunications law firm representing rural telecommunications companies, wireless carriers, private radio licensees, cable TV companies, equipment manufacturers and industry associations before the FCC and the courts, as well as state and local government agencies. Our clients range from Fortune 500 companies to small and medium-sized enterprises whose vitality and efficiency depend on the effective deployment of communications.

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How Diodes Work

In this video, we're going to learn how diodes work. We're going to start by reviewing the basic properties of diodes, and then we'll move on to discuss how diodes are used in circuits. By the end of the video, you'll have a basic understanding of how diodes work and what they are used for!

Source: YouTube  


The Petersens - First Live Concert from Branson

Streamed live on Apr 24, 2020
This is the first concert we have done in a while, and our first ever YouTube concert. It feels good to be playing more than one song at a time! We don't know what we would do without all of you guys supporting us. Thanks for being such an amazing audience!

Also, did you know you can customize the captions if you are using a computer? Just go to the settings (gear icon ⚙️ on the video) and click "subtitles/CC":

  • To change the size, click "options"
  • To choose another language, click "auto-translate"

And if you want to read along, click on the three dots below the video and click "open transcript."

Petersens web site.

Source: YouTube  

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